European Democratic Alliance

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European Democratic Alliance
European Parliament group
Name European Democratic Alliance[1]
English abbr. EDA[1][2]
French abbr. RDE[3]
Formal name Group of the European Democratic Alliance[2][4][5]
Ideology Conservatism, Gaullism, National conservatism, Regionalism
From 24 July 1984[3]
To 6 July 1995[3]
Preceded by European Progressive Democrats
Succeeded by Union for Europe
Chaired by Jean-Claude Pasty[5]
Christian de La Malène[4]
MEP(s) 29 (July 23 1984)[6]
20 (July 25 1989)[7]
26 (July 19 1994)[8]

The European Democratic Alliance was a heterogeneous political group in the European Parliament between 1984 and 1995. It consisted mainly of deputies from the French Gaullist Rally for the Republic (RPR) and the Irish Fianna Fáil.[9] The grouping had a generally centre-right outlook and strongly defended the European Union's Common Agricultural Policy.[10]

History[edit]

Following the 1984 elections, the Group of European Progressive Democrats[4] renamed itself on 24 July 1984[3] to the Group of the European Democratic Alliance.[2][4] The European Democratic Alliance merged with the Forza Europa group (dominated by MEPs from Forza Italia) to became the "Group Union for Europe" on 6 July 1995.[5][11][12]

Nomenclature[edit]

The name of the group in English is Group of the European Democratic Alliance[2][4][5] in long form, European Democratic Alliance[1] in short form, and the abbreviation is EDA.[1][2] The equivalents in French are Groupe du Rassemblement des Démocrates Européens, Rassemblement des Démocrates Européens, and RDE.[3] Those French equivalents are sometimes rendered in English as Union of European Democrats and UED.[13]

MEPs on 23 July 1984[edit]

Member state MEPs Party MEPs Notes
France 20[6] Rassemblement pour la République[6] 15[6]
Centre National des Indépendants et Paysans[6] 2[6] Magdeleine Anglade,[14] Philippe Malaud[15]
Démocratie Chrétienne Française[6] 1[6] Alfred Coste-Floret[16]
Parti radical valoisien[6] 1[6] Jacqueline Thome-Patenotre[17]
Union pour la Démocratie Française[6] 1[6] (most UDF MEPs joined the Liberal Democratic or the Christian Democratic group)
Ireland 8[6] Fianna Fáil[6] 8[6]
United Kingdom 1[6] Scottish National Party[6] 1[6] Winifred M. Ewing[18]

MEPs on 25 July 1989[edit]

Member state MEPs Party MEPs Notes
France 13[7] Rassemblement pour la République[7] 12[7]
Centre National des Indépendants et Paysans[7] 1[7] Yvon Briant[19]
Ireland 6[7] Fianna Fáil[7] 6[7]
Greece 1[7] Democratic Renewal[7] 1[7] Dimitrios Nianias[20] (split from New Democracy)

MEPs on 1 August 1994[edit]

Member state MEPs Party MEPs Notes
France 14 Rassemblement pour la République 14
Ireland 7 Fianna Fáil 7
Portugal 3 CDS – People's Party 3 was expelled from EPP after rejection of Maastricht treaty[21]
Greece 2 Political Spring 2 split from New Democracy

Sources[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e "Democracy in the European Parliament" (PDF). Retrieved 2012-03-23. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f "Development of Political Groups in the European Parliament". Ena.lu?doc=4327&lang=2. 1997-10-13. Retrieved 2012-03-23. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f "UFE on Europe Politique". Europe-politique.eu. Retrieved 2012-03-23. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f "European Parliament profile of Christian de La Malène". Europarl.europa.eu. 2009-07-14. Retrieved 2012-03-23. 
  5. ^ a b c d e "European Parliament profile of Jean-Claude Pasty". Europarl.europa.eu. 2009-07-14. Retrieved 2012-03-23. 
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s "1984 European Parliament election results at July 23, 1984". Europe-politique.eu. 2007-02-17. Retrieved 2012-03-23. 
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m "1989 European Parliament election results at July 25, 1989". Europe-politique.eu. 2007-02-17. Retrieved 2012-03-23. 
  8. ^ a b "1994 European Parliament election results at July 19, 1994". Europe-politique.eu. 2007-02-17. Retrieved 2012-03-23. 
  9. ^ Smith, Julie (1999), Europe's Elected Parliament, Sheffield Academic Press, p. 89 
  10. ^ Pilkington, Colin (1995), Britain in the European Union today, Manchester University Press, p. 194 
  11. ^ a b "Group names 1999". Europarl.europa.eu. Retrieved 2012-03-23. 
  12. ^ Jansen, Thomas; Van Hecke, Steven (2011), At Europe's Service: The Origins and Evolution of the European People's Party, Springer, p. 63 
  13. ^ a b b961115.htm on the European Parliament website
  14. ^ a b "European Parliament profile of Magdeleine Anglade". Europarl.europa.eu. 2009-07-14. Retrieved 2012-03-23. 
  15. ^ a b "European Parliament profile of Philippe Malaud". Europarl.europa.eu. 2009-07-14. Retrieved 2012-03-23. 
  16. ^ a b "Alfred COSTE-FLORET". Europarl.europa.eu. Retrieved 2014-04-09. 
  17. ^ a b "European Parliament profile of Jacqueline Thome-Patenotre". Europarl.europa.eu. 2009-07-14. Retrieved 2012-03-23. 
  18. ^ a b "European Parliament profile of Winifred M. Ewing". Europarl.europa.eu. 2009-07-14. Retrieved 2012-03-23. 
  19. ^ a b "European Parliament profile of Yvon Briant". Europarl.europa.eu. 2009-07-14. Retrieved 2012-03-23. 
  20. ^ a b "European Parliament profile of Dimitrios Nianias". Europarl.europa.eu. 2009-07-14. Retrieved 2012-03-23. 
  21. ^ Johansson, Karl Magnus (2002), "European People's Party", European Political Parties between Cooperation and Integration (Nomos): 65