European Jewish Congress
|This article relies on references to primary sources. (November 2009)|
The European Jewish Congress, (Abbreviation EJC), was founded in 1986. It is based in Paris, with offices in Brussels, Strasbourg, Berlin and Budapest. It is the sole representative body of democratically elected European Jewish communities throughout Europe.
Affiliated to the World Jewish Congress, the EJC works with national governments, European Union institutions and the Council of Europe. The European Jewish Congress is one of the most influential international public associations and a large secular organisation representing more than 2.5 million of Jews throughout Europe. The EJC is an umbrella organisation for 42 national Jewish communities on this continent. The primary mission of the EJC, which is deeply involved in the integration processes in Europe, is to promote European democracy based on good relations between neighbours, mutual understanding and tolerance. The EJC maintains close co-operation with European governments, leading international institutions and European integration associations, including the United Nations, European Union, the Organisation for Security and Cooperation in Europe. EJC has a participatory status with the Council of Europe.
The EJC's goal is to address the most pressing issues faced by today's world, i.e. protecting human rights, fighting xenophobia and anti-Semitism, promoting interfaith dialogue, implementing cultural and educational programmes, and remembering the Holocaust and other tragedies that claimed millions of human lives throughout the world.
To meet these goals, the EJC has initiated and organised several large international projects, in particular the Let My People Live! international forums. The First Forum of the series was held in Krakow in January 2005 to commemorate 60 years since liberation of Auschwitz; the Second Forum took place in Kiev in September 2006 to mark 65 years since the Babi Yar tragedy. The forums were widely supported by leading international organisations, including the Council of Europe and the Council of Europe Parliamentary Assembly, as well as senior politicians from many countries, including Russia, the United States, Germany, Israel, Poland and Ukraine. The next Let My People Live! Forum, this one to commemorate 70 years since die Kristallnacht tragedy, has been held in Krakow, Poland.
On 25 January 2011 at the European Parliament in Brussels on the eve of the International Holocaust Remembrance Day there took place a commemoration meeting devoted to the memory of the Holocaust. It was timed to the 66th anniversary of the liberation of concentration camp Auschwitz-Birkenau by the Soviet Army. The European Jewish Congress was one of the principal organizers of this event.
Another important issue on the EJC's agenda is preventing one of today's most dangerous threats, that of nuclear terrorism. The EJC was a co-organiser of the International Conference on Preventing Nuclear Catastrophe, which took place in Luxembourg this May and brought together a unique team of more than 50 experts in nuclear non-proliferation from 14 countries, led by Director General of the International Atomic Energy Agency Mohammed ElBaradei. Taking into account the level of participants, the conference was the largest and most authoritative gathering to discuss issues of nuclear safety within the past decade.
The EJC's head office is located in Paris, with branches operating in Berlin, Brussels, Budapest and Strasburg.
The President of the European Jewish Congress is elected every two years renewable by a "General Assembly" of Jewish community representatives and works in consortium with an elected "Executive" of community presidents.
Viatcheslav Moshe Kantor was elected President of the European Jewish Congress in June 2007, re-elected in December 2008 and in November 2012. Since 2004 to his election as EJC President, he was Chairman of the EJC Board of Governors.
The EJC lists as its primary objectives on its website the following:
- To combat the resurgence of anti-Semitism through education, justice and security, in co-operation with governments and European institutions.
- To promote a balanced European policy towards Israel and the Middle East, and to assist in the construction of a healthy dialogue between Europeans and Israelis.
- To foster inter-religious dialogue and understanding.
- To ensure memory and education of the Holocaust.
- To contribute to a democratic European society based on peace, understanding and tolerance.
- To assist in the revitalisation of the once rich Jewish life in Central and Eastern Europe.
- To counteract assimilation of the European Jewish population
In 2006 the congress released a report detailing a new wave of anti-semitic incidents in most of Western Europe in the wake of the 2006 Israel-Lebanon conflict, in contrast to neutral or pro-Israel sentiment in the former Eastern bloc as well as in Denmark.
The report cited:
- The first instances of antisemitism in Turkey since the change of regime in 2002;
- 83 instances of anti-semitism in Austria from April through August 2006, compared to 50 in the same period of 2005;
- 61 instances of anti-semitism in France from April through August 2006, compared to 34 in the same period of 2005;
- Normalisation of anti-semitic political and media rhetoric in Greece after the conflict.