European Liberal Democrat and Reform Party (European Parliament group)

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Group of the European Liberal Democrat and Reform Party
European Parliament group
Name European Liberal Democrat and Reform Party
English abbr. ELDR (1994-2004)
LDR (1985-1994)
LD (1976-1985)
L (1953-1976)
Formal name Group of the European Liberal Democrat and Reform Party
(19 July 1994 to 20 July 2004)[1]
Liberal and Democratic Reformist Group (13 December 1985 to 18 July 1994)[1]
Liberal and Democratic Group[1]
(1976 to 12 December 1985)
Liberals and Allies Group
(23 June 1953 to 1976)
Ideology Liberalism
European parties European Liberal Democrat and Reform Party
From 23 June 1953[2]
To 20 July 2004
Preceded by new establishment
Succeeded by Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe

The Group of the European Liberal Democrat and Reform Party (French: Groupe du parti européen des libéraux, démocrates et réformateurs, ELDR[3]) was a liberal[4] political group in the European Parliament between 1994 and 2004. The group comprised the European Liberal Democrat and Reform Party and its constituent national-level parties.

Its predecessors have existed since 23 June 1953, then under the name of Liberals and Allies Group. In 1976, the name was changed to Liberal and Democratic Group (LD), and on 13 December 1985 to Liberal and Democratic Reformist Group (LDR). The addition of "Reformist" was a concession to the Social Democratic Party of Portugal, which did not identify as a liberal party in the proper sense.[5]

The ELDR group partnered with the European People's Party – European Democrats (EPP-ED) to form the majority-forming coalition for the 5th Parliament, during which time it elected its sole President of the European Parliament, Pat Cox during the second half of the term.[6][7]

The group was replaced following the 2004 European elections by the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe (ALDE) group.[8]

Chairmen[edit]

Presidents of the European Parliament from the Liberal Groups[edit]

Represented parties[edit]


Country

National Party

years
 Belgium Party for Freedom and Progress 1979-1992
Liberal Reformist Party 1979-2002
Flemish Liberals and Democrats 1992-2004
Democratic Front of the Francophones 1994-1999
Reformist Movement 2002-2004
 France Union for French Democracy 1979-1994
National Centre of Independents and Peasants 1989-1992
 Germany Free Democratic Party 1979-1984; 1989-1999
 Italy Italian Liberal Party 1979-1989
Italian Republican Party 1979-2001
Lega Nord 1994-1997
The Democrats 1999-2002
European Republicans Movement 2001-2004
Democracy is Freedom – The Daisy 2002-2004
 Luxembourg Democratic Party 1979-2004
 Netherlands People's Party for Freedom and Democracy 1979-2004
Democrats 66 1989-2004
 Denmark Venstre - Liberal Party 1979-2004
Danish Social Liberal Party 1994-2004
 Ireland Progressive Democrats 1989-1994
Independents 1979-2004
 United Kingdom Liberal Democrats 1994-2004
 Portugal Social Democratic Party 1987-1996
 Spain Democratic and Social Centre 1987-1994
Democratic Convergence of Catalonia 1987-2004
Canarian Coalition 1999-2004
 Sweden Liberal People's Party 1995-2004
Centre Party 1995-2004
 Finland Centre Party 1996-2004
Swedish People's Party 1996-2004

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c http://www.europarl.europa.eu/members/archive/term4/view.do?language=EN&id=1454
  2. ^ http://www.europe-politique.eu/alliance-des-democrates-et-des-liberaux-pour-l-europe.htm
  3. ^ http://www.europarl.europa.eu/election/results/legende.htm
  4. ^ Alexander H. Trechsel (13 September 2013). Towards a Federal Europe. Taylor & Francis. pp. 72–. ISBN 978-1-317-99818-1. 
  5. ^ Steed, Michael; Humphreys, Peter (1988), Identifying liberal parties, Liberal Parties in Western Europe (Cambridge University Press): 432 
  6. ^ http://personal.lse.ac.uk/hix/working_papers/kreppel-hix-cps-2003.pdf
  7. ^ Jean-Pierre Hombach. The Secret About Acta. Lulu.com. p. 217. ISBN 978-1-4716-3083-5. 
  8. ^ David Phinnemore; Lee McGowan (26 June 2013). A Dictionary of the European Union. Routledge. pp. 278–. ISBN 978-1-135-08127-0. Retrieved 7 August 2013.