European Parliament election, 1999

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European Parliament election, 1999
European Union
1994 ←
10–13 June 1999 → 2004

All 626 seats to the European Parliament
314 seats needed for a majority
  First party Second party Third party
  Pöttering, Hans-Gert-9757.jpg Enrique Barón Crespo 2012.JPG Pat Cox (2009).jpg
Leader Hans-Gert Pöttering Enrique Barón Crespo Pat Cox
Party EPP–ED PES ELDR
Last election 157, 27.7% 198, 34.9% 43, 7.6%
Seats won 233* 180* 50*
Seat change Increase76 Decrease18 Increase18
Percentage 37.2% 28.8% 8.0%
Swing Increase9.5% Decrease6.1% Increase0.4%

  Fourth party Fifth party Sixth party
  Heidihautala.jpg Francis Wurtz Front de Gauche 2009-03-08.jpg Charles Pasqua.jpg
Leader Heidi Hautala Francis Wurtz Charles Pasqua
Party Greens–EFA EUL–NGL UEN
Last election 23, 4.1% 28, 4.9% 26, 4.6%
Seats won 48 42* 30
Seat change Increase25 Increase14 Increase4
Percentage 7.7% 6.7% 4.8
Swing Increase3.6% Increase1.8%% Increase0.2%

European Parliament election, 1999.png


Majority Leader before election

Pauline Green
PES

Majority Leader-Elect

Hans-Gert Pöttering
EPP–ED

The European Parliament Election, 1999 was a European election for all 626 members of the European Parliament held across the 15 European Union member states on 10, 11 and 13 June 1999. The voter turn-out was generally low, except in Belgium and Luxembourg, where voting is compulsory and where national elections were held that same day. This was the first such election where Austria, Finland and Sweden voted alongside other the other members, having joined in 1995 and voted separately. The next election was held in 2004 (see European Parliament Election 2004).

Final results[edit]

European Parliament election, 1999 - Final results at 20 July 1999
Group Description Chaired by MEPs
  EPP-ED Conservatives and Christian Democrats Hans-Gert Pöttering 233 European Parliament Composition 1999.svg
  PES Social Democrats Enrique Barón Crespo 180
  ELDR Liberals and Liberal Democrats Pat Cox 50
  G–EFA Greens and Regionalists Heidi Hautala
Paul Lannoye
48
  EUL–
NGL
Communists and the Far Left Francis Wurtz 42
  UEN National Conservatives Charles Pasqua 31
  EDD Eurosceptics Jens-Peter Bonde 16
  TGI Mixed Gianfranco dell'Alba
Francesco Speroni
18
  NI Independents none 8 Total: 626 Sources: [1] [2][3]

Results by country[edit]

The national results as at 13 June 1999 are as follows:

Group
Nation
EPP PES ELDR Greens-ALE GUE-NGL UEN ID NI Total
Austria 7 ÖVP 30,7% 7 SPÖ 31,7% 2 GRÜNEN 9,3% 5 FPÖ 23,4% 21
Belgium 3 CVP 13,5%

1 PSC 5,2%
1 CSP 0,1%

3 PS 9,7%

2 SP.A 8,8%

3 VLD 13,6%

2 PRL 10,2%
1 FDF

3 ECOLO 8,6%

2 AGALEV 7,5%
2 VU 7,6%

2 VB 9,4% 25
Denmark 1 KF 8,5% 3 S 16,5% 5 V 23,4%

1 B 9,1%

1 SF 7,1% 1 N 7,3% 1 DF 5,8% 3 JB 16,1% 16
Finland 4 KOK 25,3%

1 SKL 2,4%

3 SDP 17,9% 4 KESK 21,3%

1 SF 6,8%

2 Vihr. 13,4% 1 Vasem. 9,1% 15
France 12 RPR 12,8%

9 UDF 9,3%

22 PS 22,0% 9 Verts 9,7% 6 PCF 6,8%

5 LO-LCR 5,2%

13 RPF 13,1% 6 CPNT 6,8% 5 FN 5,7% 87
Germany 43 CDU 39,3%

10 CSU 9,4%

33 SPD 30,7% 7 Greens 6,4% 6 PDS 5,8% 99
Greece 9 ND 36,0% 9 PASOK 32,9% 3 KKE 8,7%

2 DIKKI 6,9%
2 Synaspismos 5,2%

25
Ireland 4 FG 24,6%

1 Ind.

1 Lab 8,7% 1 Ind. 2 GP 6,7% 6 FF 38,6% 15
Italy 22 FI 25,2%

4 PPI 4,53
2 CCD 2,6%
2 CDU 2,2%
1 UDEUR 1,6%
1 Pensioners 0,8%
1 RI 1,1%
1 SVP 0,5%

15 DS 17,4%

2 SDI 2,2%

6 Dem. 7,7%

1 PRI 0,5%

2 FDV 1,8% 4 PRC 4,3%

2 PdCI 2,0%

9 AN 10,3% 7 Radicals 8,5%

4 LN 4,5%
1 MSFT 1,6%

87
Luxembourg 2 CSV 31,7% 2 LSAP 23,6% 1 DP 20,5% 1 Greens 10,7% 6
Netherlands 9 CDA 26,9% 6 PvdA 20,1% 6 VVD19,7%

2 D66 5,8%

4 GL 11,9% 1 SP 5,0% 3 SGP-GPV-RPF 8,7% 31
Portugal 8 PSD 32,14% 12 PS 44,55% 2 CDU:PCP 10,7% 2 PP 8,4% 25
Spain 27 PP 40,4%

1 CiU: UDC

24 PSOE 35,9% 2 CiU: CDC

1 CE: CC

1 CN:EA

1 CN: PNV
1 CE: PA
1 BNG 1,7%

1 IU 5,9% 1 EH 1,5% 63
Sweden 5 M 20,8%

2 KD 7,6%

6 S 26,0% 3 FP 13,8%

1 C 6,0%

2 MP 9,5% 3 V 15,8% 22
United Kingdom 36 Cons 33,5%

1 UUP 1,1%

29 Lab 26,3%

1 SDLP 1,8%

10 LD 11,9% 2 GPEW 5,9%

2 SNP 2,5%
2 PC 1,7%

3 UKIP 6,5% 1 DUP 1,8% 87
Total 233 180 50 48 42 31 16 26 626
Group PPE PSE ELDR Greens-ALE GUE-NGL UEN ID NI

Total

Results by group[edit]

Communists/Far Left[edit]

The EUL/NGL group picked up one seat in the election and seven in the subsequent regrouping, raising its total from 34 to 42.

Social Democrats[edit]

The PES group did badly, losing 34 of its seats in the election and slipping to the second-biggest group.

Liberals/Liberal Democrats[edit]

The ELDR group did moderately well, picking up one seat in the election and seven in the regrouping, giving a total of 50 seats and retaining its place as the third biggest group. The European Radical Alliance (ERA) were not so fortunate and slipped badly, losing eight of its 21 members in the election.

Conservatives/Christian Democrats[edit]

The EPP group did well, picking up 23 seats in the election and nine in the regrouping, giving a total of 233 seats and overtaking the left to become the biggest group. To placate the increasingly eurosceptic British Conservatives, the group was renamed "EPP-ED" for the new Parliament, partly resurrecting the name of the former European Democrat group which was merged[1] with the EPP in 1992.

National Conservatives[edit]

The Union for Europe (UFE) group slipped during the election and lost 17 seats. The group split[2] during the regrouping, with Ireland's Fianna Fáil and Portugal's CDS/PP forming a new group called "Union for Europe of the Nations". UEN started the Fifth Parliament with 31 MEPs.

Far-Right Nationalists[edit]

No explicitly far-right group per se was in existence immediately before or after the election. All far-right MEPs that were elected sat as Independents (see below).

Greens/Regionalists[edit]

The Green Group solidified its position, picking up 11 seats in the election to give it 38 MEPs. The European Free Alliance members of the ERA joined with the Green Group to create[3] the Greens/EFA group, which started the Fifth Parliament with 48 MEPs.

Eurosceptics[edit]

The I-EN group trod water, gaining six members in the election but losing five in the regrouping, leaving it with 16 members. The group was renamed[4] "Europe of Democracies and Diversities" (EDD) for the new Parliament.

Independents[edit]

The Non-Inscrits did badly, losing 20 MEPs to the election. Disparate members (two from Belgium, five from France and eleven from Italy)[5] tried to gain Group privilege by creating a group called the "Technical Group of Independent Members" (full title "Group for the technical co-ordination of groups and the defence of independent members", abbreviated to "TGI" or "TDI"). The attempt initially succeeded, with the group allowed to start the Fifth Parliament until the legal position could be checked.[5] In September, the Constitutional Affairs Committee ruled that they lacked a coherent position ("political complexion") and were disbanded[6] - the only group ever to be forcibly dissolved. The TGI members returned to the Non-Inscrits, increasing their number to 27.[7]

See also[edit]

Statistics[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]