European Parliament election, 2004

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European Parliament election, 2004
European Union
1999 ←
members
10–13 June 2004
Members elected
→ 2009
members

All 732 seats to the European Parliament
367 seats needed for a majority
  First party Second party Third party
  Pöttering, Hans-Gert-9757.jpg Schulz, Martin-2047.jpg GrahamWatsonMEPHead and Shoulders.jpg
Leader Hans-Gert Pöttering Martin Schulz Graham Watson
Party EPP PES ELDR
Alliance EPP–ED PES ALDE
Last election 233, 37.2% 180, 28.8% 50, 8.0%
Seats won 282 203 86
Seat change Increase40 Increase7 Increase43
Popular vote 52,567,771 43,327,099
Percentage 36.6% 25.3% 12.0%
Swing Decrease1.6% Increase3.5% Increase4.0%

  Fourth party Fifth party Sixth party
  Europe Ecologie closing rally regional elections 2010-03-10 n14.jpg Francis Wurtz Front de Gauche 2009-03-08.jpg Nigel Farage MEP 1, Strasbourg - Diliff.jpg
Leader Daniel Cohn-Bendit
(pictured)
Monica Frassoni
Francis Wurtz Nigel Farage (pictured)
Jens-Peter Bonde
Party Green Left AEN
Alliance Greens–EFA EUL–NGL ID
Last election 48, 7.7% 42, 6.7% 16, 2.6%
Seats won 41 37 36
Seat change Increase5 Increase3 Increase18
Percentage 5.7% 5.6% 5.1%
Swing Decrease2.0% Decrease1.1% Increase3.5%

2004 EP election result by Member State.svg

The largest European Parliament group as elected by each Member State:

  EPP-ED   PES   ALDE   UEN   Two groups are tied


Majority Leader before election

Hans-Gert Pöttering
EPP–ED

Majority Leader-Elect

Hans-Gert Pöttering
EPP–ED


European Parliament Election
Europarl logo.svg
Area EU-25
Dates 10–13 June 2004
Seats 732
Electorate 342 million
Turnout 45.6%
Previous 1999
Next 2007
Election methods
All Proportional representation
European Union
Flag of the European Union

This article is part of a series on the
politics and government
of the European Union

Elections to the European Parliament were held between 10 and 13 June 2004 in the 25 member states of the European Union, using varying election days according to local custom. The European Parliamental parties could not be voted for, but elected national parties aggregated in European Parliamental parties after the elections.

Votes were counted as the polls closed, but results were not announced until 13 and 14 June so results from one country would not influence voters in another where polls were still open; however, the Netherlands, voting on Thursday 10, announced nearly complete provisional results as soon as they were counted, on the evening of its election day, a move heavily criticized by the European Commission.

342 million people were eligible to vote, the second-largest democratic electorate in the world after India. It was the biggest transnational direct election in history, and the 10 new member states elected MEPs for the first time. The new (6th) Parliament consisted of 732 Members of the European Parliament (MEPs).

Results showed a general defeat of governing parties and an increase in representatives from eurosceptic parties. No majority was achieved. The balance of power in the Parliament remained the same (largest party EPP-ED, second largest PES) despite the 10 new member states.


Final results[edit]

European Parliament election, 2004 - Final results at 20 July 2004
Group Description Chaired by MEPs
  EPP-ED Conservatives and Christian Democrats Hans-Gert Pöttering 268 PE2004e.svg
  PES Social Democrats Martin Schulz 200
  ALDE Liberals and Liberal Democrats Graham Watson 88
  G–EFA Greens and Regionalists Daniel Cohn-Bendit
Monica Frassoni
42
  EUL–
NGL
Communists, Democratic Socialists and the Far Left Francis Wurtz 41
  ID Eurosceptics Jens-Peter Bonde
Nigel Farage
37
  UEN National Conservatives Brian Crowley
Cristiana Muscardini
27
  NI Independents none 29 Total: 732 Sources: [1][2][3][4][5]

Statistics[edit]

Results by country[edit]

The national results as at 21 July 2004 are as follows:

Party group
Country
EPP-ED PES ELDR Greens-EFA EUL-NGL ID UEN others MEPs % Turnout
Austria 6 (ÖVP) 7 (SPÖ) 2 (GRÜNE) 2 (Liste Dr. Hans-Peter Martin)
1 (FPÖ)
18 2.5% 42.43%
Belgium 4 (CD&V/N-VA)
1 (CDH)
1 (CSP-EVP)
4 (PS)
3 (SP.A, within the SP.A-Spirit coalition)
3 (VLD, within the VLD-Vivant coalition)
3 (MR)
1 (Groen!)
1 (Ecolo)
3 (VB) 24 3.3% 90.81%
Cyprus 2 (DISY)
1 (GTE)
1 (DIKO) 2 (AKEL) 6 0.8% 71.19%
Czech Republic 9 (ODS)
2 (SNK, within the SNK-ED coalition)
2 (KDU–ČSL)
1 (ED, within the SNK-ED coalition)
2 (ČSSD) 6 (KSČM) 1 (Nezávislí, independents) 1 (Nezávislí, independents) 24 3.3% 28.32%
Denmark 1 (Konservative) 5 (S) 3 (V)
1 (RV)
1 (SF) 1 (Folk B.) 1 (Juni B.) 1 (DF) 14 1.9% 47.9%
Estonia 1 (IL) 3 (SDE) 1 (K)
1 (ER)
6 0.8% 26.83%
Finland 4 (Kok.) 3 (SDP) 4 (Kesk.)
1 (SFP)
1 (Vihr.) 1 (VAS) 14 1.9% 41.1%
France 17 (UMP) 31 (PS) 11 (UDF) 6 (Les Verts) 3 (PCF) 3 (MPF) 7 (FN) 78 10.7% 42.76%
Germany 40 (CDU)
9 (CSU)
23 (SPD) 7 (FDP) 13 (GRÜNE) 7 (PDS) 99 13.5% 43.0%
Greece 11 (ND) 8 (PASOK) 3 (KKE)
1 (SYN)
1 (LAOS) 24 3.3% 63.4%
Hungary 12 (FIDESZ)
1 (MDF)
9 (MSZP) 2 (SZDSZ) 24 3.3% 38.5%
Ireland 5 (FG) 1 (Labour Party) 1 (Marian Harkin, indep.) 1 (SF) 1 (Kathy Sinnott, indep.) 4 (FF) 13 1.8% 59.7%
Italy 16 (FI)
5 (UDC)
1 (SVP, within the Uniti nell'Ulivo coalition)
1 (AP-UDEUR)
1 (PP)
12 (DS, within the Uniti nell'Ulivo coalition)
2 (SDI, within the Uniti nell'Ulivo coalition)
2 (indep. within the Uniti nell'Ulivo coalition)
7 (DL, within the Uniti nell'Ulivo coalition)
2 (Lista Emma Bonino)
2 (Società Civile Di Pietro–Occhetto)
1 (MRE, within the Uniti nell'Ulivo coalition)
2 (Verdi) 5 (RC)
2 (PdCI)
4 (LN) 9 (AN) 2 (NPSI, within the Socialisti Uniti per l'Europa coalition)
1 (AS)
1 (MSFT)
78 10.7% 73.1%
Latvia 2 (JL)
1 (TP)
1 (LC) 1 (PCTVL) 4 (TB/LNNK) 9 1.2% 41.34%
Lithuania 2 (TS) 2 (LSDP) 5 (DP)
2 (LiCS)
1 (VNDPS)
1 (LDP)
13 1.8% 48.38%
Luxembourg 3 (CSV) 1 (LSAP) 1 (DP) 1 (Déi Gréng) 6 0.8% 90.0%
Malta 2 (PN) 3 (PL) 5 0.7% 82.37%
Netherlands 7 (CDA) 7 (PvdA) 4 (VVD)
1 (D66)
2 (GL)
2 (ET)
2 (SP) 2 (CU-SGP) 27 3.7% 39.3%
Poland 15 (PO)
4 (PSL)
5 (SLD)
3 (SDPL)
4 (UW) 10 (LPR) 7 (PiS) 6 (SRP) 54 7.4% 20.87%
Portugal 7 (PSD)
2 (CDS-PP)
12 (PS) 2 (PCP, within the CDU coalition)
1 (BE)
24 3.3% 38.6%
Slovakia 3 (SDKÚ)
3 (KDH)
2 (MKP)
3 (SMER) 3 (ĽS-HZDS) 14 1.9% 16.96%
Slovenia 2 (NSi)
2 (SDS)
1 (ZLSD) 2 (LDS) 7 1.0% 28.3%
Spain 24 (PP) 24 (PSOE) 1 (CDC, within the Galeusca coalition)
1 (EAJ-PNV, within the Galeusca coalition)
1 (Los Verdes, included in the PSOE list following an agreement between both parties)
1 (ICV, within the IU-ICV-EUiA coalition)
1 (ERC, within the EdP coalition)
1 (IU, within the IU-ICV-EUiA coalition) 54 7.4% 45.1%
Sweden 4 (M)
1 (KD)
5 (SAP) 2 (FP)
1 (C)
1 (MP) 2 (V) 3 (Junilistan) 19 2.6% 37.8%
UK, including Gibraltar (details) 27 (Conservatives)
1 (UUP)
19 (Labour Party) 12 (Lib Dems) 2 (GPEW)
2 (SNP)
1 (PC)
1 (SF) 11 (UKIP) 1 (UKIP)
1 (DUP)
78 10.7% 38.9%
Total 268 200 88 42 41 37 27 29 732 100.0% 45.6%

Results by EU party (2004 estimated result)[edit]

The estimated votes by EU party are as follows:

estimated votes byEU party
European Parliament Election 2004
Group Votes  % Votes Seats +/- Party/Subgroup Votes  % Votes Seats +/-
  EPP-ED 52,534,612 34.0% 277     EPP 44,670,810 28.9% 227  
  ED 5,189,196 3.4% 37  
  Independents 2,674,606 1.7% 13  
  PES 37,271,453 24.1% 198     PES 36,716,593 23.8% 193  
  Independents 554,860 0.4% 5  
  ELDR 13,732,594 8.9% 66     ELDR 10,835,213 7.0% 59  
  Independents 2,897,381 1.9% 7  
  EUL/NGL 9,999,413 6.5% 41     PEL 5,512,904 3.6% 17  
  NGLA1 623,401 0.4% 4  
  EACL² 529,782 0.3% 0  
  Independents 3,333,327 2.2% 20  
  G/EFA 9,742,287 6.3% 40     EGP 8,290,609 5.4% 33  
  EFA 946,834 0.6% 4  
  Independents 504,844 0.3% 3  
  NI 13,745,847 8.9% 68     Independents 13,745,847 8.9% 68  
  UEN 6,141,614 4.0% 27     UEN 6,141,614 4.0% 27  
  EDD 3,611,803 2.3% 15     ECPM³ 341,895 0.2% 1  
  Independents 3,269,908 2.1% 14  
Not elected 7,094,142 4.6% 0   Not elected 7,094,142 4.6% 0  
Total 154,317,718 100% 732   Total 154,317,718 100% 732  

Registered voters: 353,460,958 (est.)
Votes cast: 154,317,718 (43.66%) (est.)
Total seats: 732

Notes
1. The figures for the Nordic Green Left Alliance and the European Anticapitalist Left include only those members that are not full members of the Party of the European Left.
2. See above.
3. The figures for the European Christian Political Movement exclude a number of members who hold concurrent membership of the European Peoples Party.

Notes on accuracy:

  • These estimated voting figures, using the believed configurations of EU groupings at the time of the 2004 elections, have been compiled by totalling national party figures, using official results where they are available.
  • Where national lists are alliances between more than one political party, attempts have been made to divide that list proportionally, using preferential voting totals where available and, in other circumstances, dividing vote totals equally between candidates (if party membership available) or the MEPs elected (if not).

Results by EU party (2007 national result)[edit]

The notional results by EU party as at 8 January 2007 are as follows:

European Parliament Election 2004: Estimated notional results, January 2007
Group Votes  % Votes Seats +/- Party/Subgroup Votes  % Votes Seats +/-
  EPP-ED 52,567,771 34.1% 277 0   EPP 46,183,932 27.5% 232 +5
  ED1 5,628,052 3.3% 39 +2
  Independents 755,786 1.6% 6 −7
  PES 43,327,099 25.8% 218 +20   PES 41,598,383 24.7% 211 +18
  Independents 1,728,716 1.0% 7 +2
  ALDE 21,375,247 12.7% 106 +40   ELDR 14,106,116 8.4% 76 +17
EDP 6,037,453 3.6% 25 +25
  Independents 1,231,678 0.7% 5 −2
  EUL/NGL 9,873,587 5.9% 41 0   PEL 6,842,489 4.1% 28 +10
  NGLA² 623,401 0.4% 4 0
  EACL³ 345,962 0.2% 0 0
  Independents 2,061,735 1.2% 9 −10
  G/EFA 10,182,153 6.1% 42 +2   EGP 8,457,969 5.0% 33 0
  EFA 1,277,042 0.8% 6 +2
Paul van Buitenen 174,578 0.1% 1
  Independents 272,564 0.2% 2 −1
  NI 10,218,366 6.1% 14 -54   Hans-Peter Martin 262,272 0.2% 1 1
  Roger Helmer 185,681 0.1% 1 1
  Jim Allister 175,761 0.1% 1 1
  Independents 1,658,374 1.0% 11 −57
  UEN 8,934,925 5.3% 44 +17   AEN 5,457,115 3.2% 26 +26
  EUD4 547,318 0.3% 5 +5
  Independents 2,980,491 1.8% 13 −14
  IND/DEM 5,265,991 3.1% 23 +8 ADIE5 1,687,718 1.0% 7 7
  ECPM6 341,895 0.2% 1 0
  EUD7 294,887 0.2% 2 2
  Independents 2,941,491 1.7% 13 −1
  ITS 6,135,671 3.6% 20 0   Euronat8 5,465,545 3.2% 17 0
  Ashley Mote 215,556 0.1% 1 0
  Independents 454,570 0.3% 2 0
Not elected 8,107,746 4.8% 0   Not elected 8,107,746 4.8% 0  
Total 168,222,513 100% 785 +53 Total 168,222,513 100% 785 +53

Registered voters: 378,106,633 (est.)
Votes cast: 168,317,718 (44.49%) (est.)
Total seats: 785 (+53)

Notes
1. Roger Helmer was expelled from the EPP-ED group in 2005, but retains the whip of the British Conservative Party.
2. The figures for the Nordic Green Left Alliance and the European Anticapitalist Left include only those members that are not full members of the Party of the European Left.
3. See 2 above.
4. The EUDemocrats, while having a preference for the IND/DEM group, is currently split between UEN and IND/DEM.
5. In addition to the majority of AIDE MEPs which sit in the IND/DEM group, AIDE also includes Non-Inscrit MEP, Jim Allister, as an individual member.
6. The figures for the European Christian Political Movement exclude a number of members who hold concurrent membership of the European Peoples Party.
7. See 4 above.
8. These figures include parties listed on the Euronat page which appear to have links with Euronat short of full membership.

Other notes

  • These figures estimate 'notional' voting figures based on changes in the configuration of EU political groupings since the 2004 elections and the accession of Bulgaria and Romania. Their purpose is to better estimate the position which the groups will have to defend for the next European Parliament election.
  • These figures incorporate the results of the 2004 Romanian Chamber of Deputies election and the 2005 Bulgarian National Assembly election, on which the distribution of Bulgarian and Romanian MEPs is temporarily based. These figures will consequentially change after the 2007 European Parliament elections in those countries.
  • These figures include the ITS group.

New parties in the 2004 election[edit]

Voting in the election, in the Netherlands
  • A European Union-wide political party, the European Greens, was established in Rome on 21 February 2004 to contest this election.

New inclusion[edit]

Gibraltar participated as a result of the judgement in Matthews v. United Kingdom

Political group reshuffle after the 2004 election[edit]

Other elections[edit]

A poster for the European Parliament election 2004 in Italy, showing party lists

The elections coincided with legislative elections in Luxembourg and presidential elections in Lithuania. They also coincided with local and regional elections in England and Wales, Irish local elections, regional elections in Belgium, local or regional elections in most of Italy, and state parliament elections in the German state of Thuringia.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Results[edit]

European Election information sites[edit]

Candidates[edit]