European Parliament election, 2009 (United Kingdom)
|Colours indicate winning party.|
The European Parliament election was the United Kingdom's component of the 2009 European Parliament election, the voting for which was held on Thursday 4 June 2009, coinciding with the 2009 local elections in England. Most of the results of the election were announced on Sunday 7 June, after similar elections were held in the other 26 member states of the European Union. Scotland declared its result on Monday 8 June, as counting in the Western Isles was delayed due to observance of the Sabbath.
In total, 72 Members of the European Parliament were elected from the United Kingdom using proportional representation. (This figure would have been 73 if the Lisbon Treaty had entered into force by June 2009.) England, Scotland and Wales used the D'Hondt method of PR, whilst Northern Ireland used Single Transferable Vote (STV). Owing to the expansion of the European Union, the number of members elected for the United Kingdom was fewer than in 2004. This is because the total number of MEPs increased temporarily with the accession of Bulgaria and Romania in 2007, but was subsequently reduced again in accordance with the Treaty of Nice. The number of members elected from each region was modified by the Boundary Commission and Electoral Commission, based on the size of the electorate in each region.
Notable outcomes were the significant drop in support for the Labour Party (in its 12th year as government of the United Kingdom), who came third, and the United Kingdom Independence Party (UKIP) finishing second in a major election for the first time in its history, coming level with Labour in terms of seats but ahead of them in terms of votes. This was the first time in British electoral history that a party in government had been outpolled in a national election by a party with no representation in the House of Commons. Also noteworthy was the election of two British National Party (BNP) candidates. It was the first time the Scottish National Party won the largest share of the European election vote in Scotland, and it was the first time since 1918 Labour had failed to come first in a Welsh election. It was the Democratic Unionist Party's worst ever European election result: the party had previously topped the poll in every European election in Northern Ireland since the first one in 1979. It was also the first time an Irish Republican topped the poll with Bairbre de Brun coming first with 125,000 votes.
Great Britain and Gibraltar – overall result 
Source: BBC News As the total number of UK seats went down compared to the 2004 election, the number of seats won in the 2004 elections is recalculated as it were in 2009 elections. Both figures are included in the table below, with the relative seat changes figures taking into account the changes in seat numbers per region.
Turnout across Great Britain was 15,136,932, representing 34% of the electorate
|Party||Votes||Vote %|| %
People's Alliance (Joint Ticket)
|Jan Jananayagam (Independent)||50,014||0.3%||+0.3||0||0||0||0|
|Duncan Robertson (Independent)||10,189||0.1%||+0.1||0||0||0||0|
- All parties with over 10,000 votes listed.
Northern Ireland 
|Party||Candidate||Seats||Loss/Gain||First Preference Votes|
|Number||% of vote|
|Sinn Féin||Bairbre de Brún||1||0||126,184||25.8|
|Democratic Unionist||Diane Dodds||1||0||88,346||18.1|
|Conservatives and Unionists||Jim Nicholson||1||0||82,892||17.0|
|Traditional Unionist Voice||Jim Allister||0||0||66,197||13.5|
|Green (NI)||Steven Agnew||0||0||15,764||3.2|
Source: BBC News
By European Political Group 
Constituencies and representation 
As has been the case since 1999, the electoral constituencies were based on the government's nine English regions, Scotland, Northern Ireland and Wales, creating a total of 12 constituencies. On 31 July 2007, in line with the required reduction in representation from the United Kingdom, the Electoral Commission recommended reductions in representation from Scotland, and from 5 English regions, resulting in new representation as below:
|East of England||7||7||No Change|
|North East England||3||3||No Change|
|North West England||9||8||−1|
|South East England||10||10||No Change|
|South West England1||7||6||−1|
|Yorkshire and the Humber||6||6||No Change|
|Northern Ireland||3||3||No Change|
1 Includes Gibraltar, the only British overseas territory which is part of the European Union.
2 Had the Treaty of Lisbon come into force prior to these elections, the UK would have been entitled to a 73rd MEP. Were the Electoral Commission to perform a reallocation in keeping with the same procedures they used to allocate 72 MEPs, the extra MEP would have been allocated to the West Midlands constituency, preserving its representation at 7 rather than reducing it to 6.
Source: The Electoral Commission
MEPs retiring 
- Christopher Beazley (East of England)
- John Bowis (London)
- Philip Bushill-Matthews (West Midlands)
- Jonathan Evans (Wales) – Became MP for Cardiff North in 2010
- Chris Heaton-Harris (East Midlands) – Became MP for Daventry in 2010
- Caroline Jackson (South West England)
- Neil Parish (South West England) – Became MP for Tiverton and Honiton in 2010
- John Purvis (Scotland)
- David Sumberg (North West England)
- Jeffrey Titford (East of England)
- John Whittaker (North West England)
- Roger Knapman (South West England)
Liberal Democrat 
- Elspeth Attwooll (Scotland)
- Emma Nicholson, Baroness Nicholson of Winterbourne ((South East England)
- Den Dover (North west England) – Former Conservative MEP, expelled over his expenses.
- Robert Kilroy-Silk (East Midlands) – Former UKIP MEP, created new party Veritas.
- Ashley Mote (South East England) – Former UKIP MEP, expelled for expenses fraud for which he was later jailed.
- Tom Wise (East of England) – Former UKIP MEP, expelled for expenses fraud for which he was later jailed.
MEPs defeated 
- Glyn Ford (South West England)
- Neena Gill (West Midlands)
- Richard Corbett (Yorkshire and the Humber)
Traditional Unionist Voice 
Opinion polls 
In the run up to the election, several polling organisations carried out public opinion polling in regards to voting intentions in Great Britain (i.e. the UK excluding Northern Ireland, which is always excluded from such voting intention surveys). Results of such polls are displayed below.
The following chart shows the results from all opinion polls displayed in the table below, with each line's colour corresponding to a political party, where blue shows the Conservatives, red shows Labour, purple shows the UK Independence Party (UKIP), yellow shows the Liberal Democrats, and grey shows other parties.
|Polling organisation/client||Cons||Lab||UKIP||Lib Dem||Others||first party lead|
|4 June 2009||European Parliament Election Result, 2009 (United Kingdom)||27.7%||15.7%||16.5%||13.7%||26.4%||11.2% over UKIP|
|3 June 2009||YouGov/Daily Telegraph||26%||16%||18%||15%||25%||8% over UKIP|
|31 May 2009||ComRes/Green Party
of England and Wales
|24%||22%||17%||14%||24%||2% over Lab|
|29 May 2009||YouGov/Daily Telegraph||27%||17%||16%||15%||26%||10% over Lab|
|28 May 2009||ICM/Sunday Telegraph||29%||17%||10%||20%||24%||9% over Lab|
|28 May 2009||Populus/Times||30%||16%||19%||12%||22%||11% over UKIP|
|21 May 2009||ICM/Guardian||30%||24%||10%||18%||17%||6% over Lab|
|16 May 2009||YouGov/Daily Telegraph||28%||22%||15%||17%||17%||6% over Lab|
|16 May 2009||BPIX/Mail on Sunday||30%||17%||17%||15%||5%||13% over Lab & UKIP|
|14 May 2009||ComRes/UKIP||28%||23%||15%||14%||20%||5% over Lab|
|14 May 2009||YouGov/Sun||29%||20%||15%||19%||14%||9% over Lab|
|10 May 2009||Populus/Times||34%||25%||6%||20%||14%||9% over Lab|
|8 May 2009||YouGov/Sunday Times||36%||25%||7%||20%||13%||11% over Lab|
|4 May 2009||ICM/TPA||32%||28%||9%||22%||8%||4% over Lab|
|8 January 2009||YouGov/TPA||35%||29%||7%||15%||15%||6% over Lab|
|10 June 2004||European Parliament Election Result, 2004 (United Kingdom)||26.7%||22.6%||16.1%||14.9%||19.7%||4.1% over Lab|
See also 
- European Parliament election, 2009
- Members of the European Parliament for the United Kingdom 2009–2014 (alphabetic order)
- Treaty of Lisbon
- United Kingdom local elections, 2009
- United Kingdom general election, 2010
- Opinion polling for the United Kingdom general election, 2010
- List of political parties in the United Kingdom
- "Salmond hails 'historic' Euro win". BBC News. 8 June 2009. Retrieved 2009-06- 09.
- "Tories top European poll in Wales". BBC News. 8 June 2009. Retrieved 2009-06- 09.
- "DUP's worst ever Euro poll result". BBC News. 8 June 2009. Retrieved 2009-06- 09.
- "Electoral Office for Northern Ireland – Turnout" (PDF).
- "The European Parliament (Number of MEPs and Distribution between Electoral Regions) (United Kingdom and Gibraltar) Order 2008 No. 1954". Opsi.gov.uk. Retrieved 19 May 2009.
- "Distribution between electoral regions of UK MEPs (PDF)" (PDF).