European Parliament election, 2014 (Spain)
|Most voted party in each autonomous community and province.|
The European Parliament election of 2014 in Spain were held on 25 May 2014 to elect the country's delegation to the European Parliament. As of the Treaty of Lisbon of 2007, Spain kept the previous 54 seats.
The election was won by the People's Party (PP) with 26.1% of the votes and 16 seats, losing 2.6 million votes and 8 seats from the 24 it had won in 2009. The Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) lost 9 seats and 2.5 million votes, obtaining 23.0% of the votes and 14 seats. Another 8 political forces won seats, with newly formed Pablo Iglesias' We Can (Podemos) party winning 5 seats and 8.0% of the votes (1.2 million), an unprecedented result for a party only 4 months old. Podemos' surge and the extent of PP and PSOE vote collapse was not foreseen by opinion polls during the campaign, which had predicted around 32% and 28% of the vote for PP and PSOE respectively, and at most 1 or 2 seats for Podemos. Plural Left (IP) and Union, Progress and Democracy (UPyD) also obtained satisfactory results, with 10.0% and 6.5% of the vote and 6 and 4 seats, respectively, though this was less than what polls had predicted both during 2013 and earlier in 2014. Other parties and coalitions such as Coalition for Europe (CEU), Left for the Right to Decide (EPDD), Citizens - Party of the Citizenry (C's), European Spring (PE) and Peoples Decide (LPD) also won seats.
All 54 seats are elected within a single, national district, using the D'Hondt method with no electoral threshold.
The electoral campaign started at 12:00 AM on 9 May. However, a traffic accident in Badajoz resulting in the deaths of 5 people (1 adult and 4 children) and 12 injured forced the suspension of the start of the campaign in Extremadura.
On Monday 12 May, Isabel Carrasco, president of the provincial government of Leon and member of the PP, was shot dead in the street. Policial investigation concluded that the crime's motive were of vengeance, since the two women arrested for committing the crime, wife and daughter of the Chief Inspector of the Police of the nearby town of Astorga, were affilied to the PP; one of them having been previously fired from the Provincial Deputation presided by Carrasco.
- People's Party (PP): "What is at stake is the future (Lo que está en juego es el futuro)"
- Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE): "You move Europe (Tú mueves Europa)"
- Coalition for Europe (CEU)
- CiU: "Let us win Europe (Guanyem-nos Europa / Ganémonos Europa)"
- PNV: "More Euskadi, More Europe (Euskadi Gehiago, Europa Berrian / Más Euskadi, más Europa)"
- CC: "Be demanding for Canarias (Exigente por Canarias)"
- CxG: "The Europe we want (A Europa que queremos / La Europa que queremos)"
- Plural Left (IP): "The power of people (El poder de la gente)"
- Union, Progress and Democracy (UPyD): "Unity is strength (La Unión hace la fuerza)"
- Left for the Right to Decide (EPDD): "Let us begin the new country. Now, in Europe (Comencem el nou país. Ara a Europa / Comencemos el nuevo país. Ahora, en Europa)"
- Peoples Decide (LPD)
- European Spring (PE): "The Europe of people (La Europa de las personas)"
- Citizens–Party of the Citizenry (C's): "The strength of the union (La fuerza de la unión)"
- We Can (Podemos): "Another Europe is possible, together We Can (Otra Europa es posible, juntos Podemos)", "When was the last time you voted with illusion? (¿Cuándo fue la última vez que votaste con ilusión?)" & "Of course We Can! (¡Claro que Podemos!)"
- Vox (VOX): "The solution is to change (La solución es cambiar)"
Poll results are listed in the table below in reverse chronological order, showing the most recent first. The highest percentage figure in each polling survey is displayed in bold, and the background shaded in the leading party's colour. In the instance that there is a tie, then no figure is shaded. The lead column on the right shows the percentage-point difference between the two parties with the highest figures. Poll results use the date the survey's fieldwork was done, as opposed to the date of publication. However, if such date is unknown, the date of publication will be given instead.
Opinion polls showing seat projections are displayed in the table below. The highest seat figures in each polling survey have their background shaded in the leading party's colour. In the instance that there is a tie, then no figure is shaded.
|People's Party (PP)||4,098,339||26.09||−16.03||16||−8|
|Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE)||3,614,232||23.01||−15.77||14||−9|
|Plural Left (IP)||1,575,308||10.03||+6.32||6||+4|
|We Can (Podemos)||1,253,837||7.98||New||5||+5|
|Union, Progress and Democracy (UPyD)||1,022,232||6.51||+3.66||4||+3|
|Coalition for Europe (CEU)||851,971||5.42||+0.32||3||±0|
|Left for the Right to Decide (EPDD)||630,072||4.01||+1.52||2||+1|
|Citizens–Party of the Citizenry (C's)||497,146||3.16||+3.02||2||+2|
|Peoples Decide (LPD)||326,464||2.08||+0.96||1||+1|
|European Spring (PE)||302,266||1.92||New||1||+1|
|Animal Rights Party (PACMA)||177,499||1.13||+0.87||0||±0|
|Blank Seats (Eb)||115,682||0.74||New||0||±0|
|Citizen Democratic Renewal Movement (RED)||105,666||0.67||New||0||±0|
|X Party, Party of the Future (Partido X)||100,561||0.64||New||0||±0|
|Andalusian Party (PA)||49,523||0.32||New||0||±0|
|Pirate Confederation-European Pirates (Piratas)||38,690||0.25||New||0||±0|
|Asturian Forum (FAC)||32,962||0.21||New||0||±0|
|Disabled and Rare Diseases (DER)||32,833||0.21||New||0||±0|
|Zero Cuts (Recortes Cero)||30,827||0.20||New||0||±0|
|Communist Party of the Peoples of Spain (PCPE)||29,324||0.19||+0.09||0||±0|
|Feminist Initiative (IFem)||23,140||0.15||+0.09||0||±0|
|Spanish Falange of the JONS (FE-JONS)||21,687||0.14||+0.08||0||±0|
|United Free Citizens (CILUS)||18,287||0.12||New||0||±0|
|Social Impulse (Impulso Social)||17,879||0.11||New||0||±0|
|Spain Underway (LEM)||17,035||0.11||New||0||±0|
|Parties with less than 0.1% of the vote||118,354||0.75||–||0||±0|
|Humanist Party (PH)||14,896||0.09||+0.05||0||±0|
|National Democracy (DN)||13,079||0.08||+0.02||0||±0|
|Europe Project (ACNV-BAR-PRAO-REPO-UNIO)||11,502||0.07||New||0||±0|
|Land Party (PT)||9,940||0.06||New||0||±0|
|Individual Freedom Party (P-LIB)||9,670||0.06||New||0||±0|
|Republican Social Movement (MSR)||8,909||0.06||+0.02||0||±0|
|United Extremadura (EU)||8,821||0.06||+0.03||0||±0|
|Republican Alternative (ALTER)||8,593||0.05||New||0||±0|
|For the Republic, for the Rupture with the EU (RRUE)||8,309||0.05||New||0||±0|
|Internationalist Solidarity and Self-Management (SAIn)||6,929||0.04||±0.00||0||±0|
|Regionalist Party of the Leonese Country (PREPAL)||6,759||0.04||+0.01||0||±0|
|Extremenians for Europe (IPEX-PREX-CREX)||5,967||0.04||New||0||±0|
|Red Stream Movement (MCR)||4,980||0.03||New||0||±0|
|Votes cast / turnout||15,998,141||43.81||−1.09|
|Source: Ministry of the Interior|
Results by parliamentary group
|Party||Political groups of the 8th European Parliament|
|People's Party||16 (PP)||−8|
|Spanish Socialist Workers' Party||14 (PSOE)||−9|
|Plural Left||4 (IU)
|Union, Progress and Democracy||4 (UPyD)||+4||−1|
|Coalition for Europe||1 (UDC)||±0||1 (CDC)
|Left for the Right to Decide||1 (ERC)
|Citizens–Party of the Citizenry||2 (C's)||+2|
|Peoples Decide||1/0 (EHB)||+1/±0||0/1 (BNG)||±0/+1|
|European Spring||1 (C/Q)||+1|
Results by region and seat extrapolation to general elections
The election resulted in a massive loss of support for the two main political parties of Spain, which together fell from a combined total of 80.9% in the previous European election to a record-low 49.1% of the vote (a net total of –31.8 pp, –16.0 each one). Podemos, a party running on an anti-establishment platform, won an unprecedented 8.0% of the vote and 5 out of 54 seats to the European Parliament.
The People's Party won in most autonomous communities except in Andalusia, Asturias and Extremadura, where the PSOE won, the Basque Country, where the PNV won, and Catalonia, where ERC won for the first time in 80 years; in these two communities the PP polled fourth. Significant were, however, their results in Madrid, Valencian Community and Murcia; in the first two it polled below the 30% mark for the first time in 25 years, while in the latter it experienced a spectacular drop in support, falling from the 60% mark it had maintained since the 2000 general election to below 40% of the vote. Also, except for the autonomous cities of Ceuta and Melilla, it didn't surpass the 40% mark in any region, not even its strongholds of Galicia (where it polled a mere 35%), Castile and León or Castile-La Mancha (38% in both of them).
The Spanish Socialist Workers' Party, except for those communities where it won, experienced a significant drop in support. It suffered most notably in Catalonia and Basque Country (where it finished in 3rd place). In Catalonia in particular, the PSOE's sister party, the Socialists' Party of Catalonia, had previously won all general and European elections held in the region (except for those of 1994 and 2011, where it polled second just behind Convergence and Union). Until this election, the worst result of the party in this region in such elections had been the 2011 result of 26.7%; in this election it fell to 14.3%.
Other parties benefiting from the collapse of the PP and PSOE parties were United Left-led Plural Left (IP) coalition, which with a 10.0% obtained its best results since 1996, and Union, Progress and Democracy (UPyD), whose 6.5% is the highest the party has won in a nation-wide election. The Citizens party (C's) entered the European Parliament with 2 seats and 3.2% of the vote.
The election backlash had immediate consequences on the Socialist party (PSOE), which scored its worst result ever in an election held at a nation-wide scale: a bare 23.0% of the vote, compared to the already dismaying results the party had obtained in the general election of 2011, with 28.8%. Alfredo Pérez Rubalcaba, which had won the party's leadership on a 2012 party federal congress, announced his intention to resign from his post after his party holds an extraordinary Federal Congress on 19–20 July to elect a new Secretary-General, ahead of the scheduled November Socialist primaries to elect the party's candidate for the 2015 election. Rubalcaba also announced his intention not to run in these primaries. Several regional party leaders followed suit and announced their intention to hold regional extraordinary party congresses as well.
On the other hand, People's Party (PP) leaders refused to publicly acknowledge the negative results of the party in the election, despite losing 40% of its 2009 vote and scoring the worst result the party has obtained in a national election since 1989, instead opting to highlight the fact that they had won the election. Despite this, the party had to cancel the victory celebration that was to be held in their national headquarters in Madrid due to the poor affluence of party supporters which went to the place, a result of election results much worse than expected. Concerns arose among party regional leaders on the prospects of such electoral results being displayed at the local and regional level in the May 2015 elections, something which could potentially force the PP out from the government of party strongholds' such as Madrid and Valencia.
On 26 May El País ran the headline "Harsh punishment to PP and PSOE", whilst El Mundo declared that "Bipartisanship crumbles". International media focused instead on the rise of Podemos party, with the BBC headlining that "Spain's 'we can' party proves it can" or "Spain's Podemos party challenges system", while others stated how the final election results "stunned analysts and pollsters".
Abdication of King Juan Carlos I
One week after the election, Spanish King Juan Carlos I announced his intention to abdicate in favour of his son, Felipe. Allegedly, the election results had no influence in the King's abdication. Rather, the elderly monarch had taken the decision the day of his 76th birthday in January and had spoken about it with Prime Minister Mariano Rajoy in 31 March and with opposition leader Rubalcaba three days later, but was not until after the election that he announced it in order not to meddle with the electoral process. However, abdication was not regulated under the Spanish Constitution of 1978 and thus required the approval of an Organic Law on the matter. PP, PSOE, UPyD, CC, FAC and UPN all pledged their support for the law's approval. Attention then turned on PSOE's leader Alfredo Pérez Rubalcaba as rumours spread about him not resigning right away the day after the election in order to keep controlling the party so as to ensure the affirmative vote of its parliamentary group on the law. This was received with criticism from several of the party's regional federations but also from its militants and the Socialist Youth, openly republican, who demanded the party ask for a referendum on the monarchy issue.
Furthermore, there was speculation on the opportunity of the King abdicating at the time he did. In fact, due to the crisis of the bipartisanship self-evidenced by the European election results, the idea of the King precipitating his decision before the 2015 general election, when the election results could translate into PP and PSOE losing a host of seats in the Congress of Deputies, making the building of large majorities more difficult, became extended among public opinion. The fact that the future of the Spanish Socialist Workers' Party's position on the monarchy, as well as the future of the party itself, looked uncertain after the debacle in the European election and Rubalcaba's renounciation seemed to have also played a key part in precipitating the King's decision. PM Rajoy said, on the day the King announced he would abdicate, that "This is the best time [for it to happen], within a short time the Prince shall be proclaimed King".
- The composition of these coalitions of parties is different than in 2009 election. Final compositions were not known in early polls, so the exact parties included in each coalition changes among the polls.
- Poll results are shown projected over candidacy votes (that is, votes going for political parties, excluding blank ballots). The vote percentage in the official election is calculated including blank ballots into the estimation. In order to obtain data comparable to both the official results as well as those of other polls, a rule of three has been applied to the poll projections, with the results of the calculation being shown instead.
- This survey provides data ranges and/or approximations. In order to simplify, the average of those ranges is given.
- "Cañete será el cabeza de lista del PP" [Cañete will be PP's list head] (in Spanish). El País. 2014-04-09.
- "Elena Valenciano será la cabeza de lista de la candidatura del PSOE a las europeas" [Elena Valenciano will be PSOE candidacy's list head to the European election] (in Spanish). El País. 2014-02-10.
- "IU propondrá a Willy Meyer para los comicios de la Eurocámara" [IU proposes Willy Meyer for the European election] (in Spanish). El País. 2004-04-21.
- "IU elige por tercera vez a Willy Meyer para encabezar su lista europea" [IU chooses Willy Meyer for a third time to head its european list] (in Spanish). El Mundo. 2014-03-01.
- "Pablo Iglesias se impone en las primarias de Podemos para las europeas" [Pablo Iglesias wins Podemos' primaries to the European election] (in Spanish). El Diario. 2014-04-03.
- "Sosa Wagner encabezará la candidatura europea de UPyD, el partido de Rosa Díez" [Sosa Wagner will head UPyD's (Rosa Díez' party) European candidacy] (in Spanish). La Nueva España. 2008-09-03.
- "Francisco Sosa Wagner liderará la candidatura de UPyD a las europeas" [Sosa Wagner will lead UPyD's candidacy to the European election] (in Spanish). El Mundo. 2014-01-18.
- "Mas sustituye a Guardans por un soberanista en las listas europeas" [Mas replaces Guardans for a sovereigntist in the European lists] (in Spanish). El País. 2009-01-13.
- "CDC confiará en Tremosa para las europeas si falla la coalición unitaria" [CDC will trust in Tremosa for the European election if the unitary coalition talks fail] (in Spanish). El País. 2014-01-13.
- "El inicio de la campaña electoral en Extremadura queda suspendido" [The start of the electoral campaign in Extremadura is suspended] (in Spanish). ABC. 2014-05-09.
- "Matan a tiros a la presidenta de la Diputación y del PP de León, Isabel Carrasco" [Shot dead the president of the Deputation of the PP of Leon, Isabel Carrasco] (in Spanish). El Mundo. 2014-05-12.
- "Las detenidas por el asesinato de Isabel Carrasco son militantes del PP" [Those arrested for the murder of Isabel Carrasco are members of the PP] (in Spanish). Libertad Digital. 2014-05-12.
- "Dos militantes del PP asesinan presuntamente a una dirigente del PP" [Two PP militants allegedly murder a PP leader] (in Spanish). El Diario. 2014-05-13.
- "Las dos detenidas por el crimen de Isabel Carrasco son la mujer e hija de un inspector de policía pero no usaron su arma reglamentaria" [The two arrested for the crime of Isabel Carrasco are the wife and daughter of a police inspector but did not use his service weapon] (in Spanish). Diario de León. 2014-05-12.
- "Los partidos suspenden sus actos de campaña tras el asesinato de Isabel Carrasco en León" [Parties suspend their campaigns after the murder of Isabel Carrasco in Leon] (in Spanish). RTVE. 2014-05-12.
- "Bildu y BNG no suspenden la campaña tras el asesinato de Isabel Carrasco" [Bildu and BNG don't suspend their campaigns after the murder of Isabel Carrasco] (in Spanish). ABC. 2014-05-13.
- "Campaña electoral europea: candidatos, lemas y programas" [European electoral campaign: candidates, slogans and programs] (in Spanish). Mas Consulting. 2014-05-09.
- "Terricabras (ERC) quiere cambiar la Europa "mercadera y mercenaria" y lograr un Estado catalán" [Terricabras (ERC) wants to change the "merchant and mercenary" Europe and to obtain a Catalan state] (in Spanish). La Información. 2014-05-09.
- "PNV abrirá campaña en Hondarribia, EH Bildu en Pamplona, PP y Vox en Vitoria y PSE-EE, UPyD y Ezker Anitza-IU en Bilbao" [PNV will open its campaign in Hondarribia, EH Bildu in Pamplona, PP and Vox in Vitoria and PSE-EE, UPyD and Ezker Anitza-IU in Bilbao] (in Spanish). Europa Press. 2014-05-07.
- "El BNG no suscribirá créditos y renuncia a la subvención y a enviar propaganda" [The BNG will not assume loans and renounces to grants and to send propaganda] (in Spanish). Europa Press. 2014-04-24.
- "UPyD y C's concurren con dos lemas 'calcados': 'La unión hace la fuerza' y 'La fuerza de la unión'" [UPyD and C's concur with two 'copied' slogans : 'Unity is strength' and 'The strength of the union'] (in Spanish). La Información. 2014-05-09.
- "¿Cuándo fue la última vez que votaste con ilusión? / ¡Claro que Podemos!" [When was the last time you voted with illusion? / Of course We Can!] (in Spanish). podemos.info.
- "Pierde el bipartidismo tras el fuerte castigo de los electores a PP y PSOE" [Bipartisanship loses after the harsh result of voters to PP and PSOE]. El País. 2014-05-26.
- "Podemos se convierte en la sorpresa y logra cinco escaños en Estrasburgo" [Podemos turns out into a surprise and wins five seats in Strasburg] (in Spanish). El País. 2014-05-26.
- "IU y UPyD confirman su subida y se postulan como bisagras para 2015" [IU and UPyD comfirm their rise and postulate as key for 2015] (in Spanish). El País. 2014-05-25.
- "Rubalcaba tira la toalla y convoca en julio congreso extraordinario tras la debacle" [Rubalcaba throws in the towel and calls for an extraordinary congress after the debacle] (in Spanish). El País. 2014-05-26.
- "Rubalcaba anunciará este lunes que no se presenta a las primarias" [Rubalcaba shall announce this Monday that he will not run for the primaries] (in Spanish). Libertad Digital. 2014-05-25.
- "Patxi López también se va y pide "una revolución"" [Patxi López also leaves and asks for "a revolution"] (in Spanish). El País. 2014-05-27.
- "Cospedal destaca que ha ganado el partido que apoya al Gobierno" [Cospedal highlights that the party supporting the government has won] (in Spanish). ABC. 2014-05-25.
- "Sin balcón en Génova ni ovación en Ferraz, así ha terminado la noche electoral más fría" [Neither balcony at Genova nor acclaim at Ferraz, thus ends the most bleak electoral night] (in Spanish). ABC. 2014-05-26.
- "El PP cancela la celebración en Génova, pese a anunciar su victoria electoral" [The PP cancels the celebration in Génova, despite announcing their election victory] (in Spanish). La Sexta Noticias. 2014-05-26.
- "Aguirre y Fabra, preocupados por los resultados del PP, llaman a la reflexión" [Aguirre and Fabra, worried about the PP results, call for thought] (in Spanish). El Confidencial. 2014-05-26.
- "Fuerte castigo a PP y PSOE" [Harsh punishment to PP and PSOE] (in Spanish). El País. 2014-05-26.
- "El bipartidismo se desmorona" [Bipartisanship crumbles] (in Spanish). El Mundo. 2014-05-26.
- "Spain's 'we can' party proves it can". BBC News. 2014-05-26.
- "Spain's Podemos party challenges system". BBC News. 2014-05-26.
- "Spain's New Left-Wing Party Scored One Of The Most Stunning Victories In The European Elections". Business insider. 2014-05-26.
- "Spain's new leftwing party stuns pollsters". The Financial Times. 2014-05-26.
- "El Rey abdica". El País. 2014-06-02.
- "El Rey tomó la decisión en enero y encargó un informe del proceso" [The King took the decision in January and commissioned a report on the process] (in Spanish). El País. 2014-06-02.
- "El resultado de las elecciones no ha influido en la abdicación del Rey" [The election result had no influence in the King's abdication] (in Spanish). Estrella Digital. 2014-06-05.
- "El Gobierno prepara una ley orgánica ceñida a regular la abdicación de Don Juan Carlos" [The Government prepares an organic law in order to regulate the adbication of Juan Carlos] (in Spanish). La Vanguardia. 2014-06-02.
- "King Juan Carlos of Spain abdicates". BBC News. 2014-06-02.
- "La sucesión tendrá casi el 90% de síes" [The succession will have the support of 90% [of parliament]] (in Spanish). El País. 2014-06-03.
- "Rubalcaba no dimitió para controlar al PSOE en el proceso de abdicación" [Rubalcaba did not resign in order to control the PSOE during the process of abdication] (in Spanish). El Diario. 2014-06-02.
- "La renuncia del Rey desata otro cisma en las filas del PSOE" [The King's farewell unleashes another schism in the ranks of PSOE] (in Spanish). El Boletín. 2014-06-02.
- "Rajoy, Rubalcaba y Casa Real pactaron el relevo tranquilo de Juan Carlos I" [Rajoy, Rubalcaba and the Royal House did pact the Juan Carlos I's quiet takeover] (in Spanish). El Diario. 2014-06-02.
- "El Rey abdica para salvar a la Monarquía de la crisis institucional" [The King abdicates in order to save the Monarchy from the institutional crisis] (in Spanish). El Confidencial. 2014-06-02.
- "El Rey confía a sus amigos que la caída de Rubalcaba fue lo que precipitó la abdicación" [The King tells his friends that Rubalcaba's fall precipitated the abdication] (in Spanish). Vozpópuli. 2014-06-09.
- "Rajoy: "Este es el mejor momento, en un plazo breve se proclamará Rey al Príncipe"" [Rajoy: "This is the best time, within a short time the Prince shall be proclaimed King"] (in Spanish). El País. 2014-06-02.