European People's Party

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This article is about the European political party. For the European Parliament Group, see European People's Party (European Parliament group).
European People's Party
President Joseph Daul (FR)
Founded 8 July 1976 (1976-07-08)
Headquarters Rue du Commerce / Handelsstraat 10, 1000 Brussels, Belgium
Youth wing Youth of the European People's Party
Ideology Christian democracy[1]
Liberal conservatism
European federalism[2]
Political position Centre-right
International affiliation Centrist Democrat International,
International Democrat Union
European Parliament group European People's Party
Colours Blue and Gold
Political foundation Centre for European Studies
Politics of the European Union
Political parties

The European People's Party (EPP) is a European political party founded in 1976 by Christian democratic parties, though later it increased its membership to include conservative parties and parties of other centre-right political perspectives.[3][4][5][6]

The EPP has been the largest party in the European Parliament since 1999, the European Council since 2002 and is also by far the largest party in the current European Commission. The President of the European Council and the President of the European Commission are both from the EPP. Many of the Founding fathers of the European Union were also from parties that would later form the EPP. Outside the EU, the party also controls a majority in the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe. The EPP has alternated with its centre-left rival the Party of European Socialists (PES) as the largest European political party.

The EPP includes major parties such as the German Christian Democratic Union (CDU), French Union for a Popular Movement (UMP), Spanish People's Party (PP), Polish Civic Platform (PO), but has member parties in almost all EU states. It has no member party in the United Kingdom, as the British Conservative Party does not agree with the EPP's federalist policies, and instead formed the Alliance of European Conservatives and Reformists in 2009.


From left to right:Tindemans, Bukman and Santer; former presidents of the EPP

According to its website, the EPP is "the family of the political centre-right, whose roots run deep in the history and civilization of the European continent and has pioneered the European project from its inception."[7]

The EPP was founded on 8 July 1976 in Luxembourg on the particular initiative of Jean Seitlinger, the then Belgian Prime Minister Leo Tindemans, who also became the first President of the party, and the later Belgian Prime Minister and EPP President Wilfried Martens.

It’s to be noted though, that many political centre-right associations were already on the move since long ago and could be considered as EPP’s predecessors. For example the Nouvelles Equipes Internationales in 1946[8] or 1948,[9] via the European Union of Christian Democrats founded in 1965,[8] although it has been argued that it ultimately descends from the Secretariat International des partis démocratiques d'inspiration chrétienne founded in 1925.[9]

An important movement came in the late 1990s, when Finnish politician Sauli Niinistö, negotiated the merger of the European Democrat Union (EDU), of which he was President, into the EPP. In October 2002, the EDU ceased its activities after being formally absorbed by the EPP at a special event in Estoril, Portugal. In recognition of his efforts, Niinistö was elected Honorary President of the EPP in the same year.

During these 37 years, the EPP has had five Presidents:

At the March 2014, EPP Congress in Dublin, the EPP was visited by Julia Tymoshenko and Vitali Klitschko, who were then leaders of the 2014 Ukrainian revolution.[10]

Platform and manifesto[edit]

Sauli Niinistö and Jyrki Katainen at an EPP summit in Helsinki

Political manifesto and platform[edit]

During its Congress of Bucharest in 2012, the European People's Party updated its political platform after 20 years (EPP Congress of Athens, 1992) and it approved a political manifesto in which it summarises its main values and policies.[11]

Among them, the manifesto highlights:

  • Freedom as a central human right and coupled with responsibility
  • Respect for traditions and associations
  • Solidarity to help those in need, who in turn should also make an effort to improve their situation
  • Ensuring solid public finances
  • Preserving a healthy environment
  • Subsidiarity
  • Pluralist democracy and Social Market Economy

The manifesto also describes the EPP's priorities for the EU including:

Electoral manifesto[edit]

As a central part of its 2009 campaign for the European elections, the EPP approved at the April Congress in Warsaw its 'Election Manifesto'. The EPP 2009 election manifesto calls for:

  • Creation of new jobs. Continuing reforms and investment in education, lifelong learning and employment in order to create opportunities for everyone.[12]
  • Protectionism must be averted. Fiscal and monetary policies must be coordinated.[12]
  • Increasing transparency and surveillance on financial markets.[12]
  • Making Europe the market leader in green technology.[12]
  • Increasing the share of renewable energy to at least 20% of the energy mix by 2020.[12]
  • Family-friendly flexibility for working parents. Better childcare and housing must be provided, family-friendly fiscal policies introduced, and parental leave should be encouraged.[12]
  • Europe should find a strategy to attract skilled workers from the rest of the world to make Europe’s economy more competitive, more dynamic and more knowledge driven.[12]
At its 2009 congress in Warsaw, the EPP endorsed Barroso for a second term as President of the Commission.


The EPP operates as an international non-profit association under Belgian law according to its by-laws, the Statutes of the European People's Party (Statuts du Parti Populaire Européen), originally adopted 29 April 1976.[13]


The Presidency is the executive body of the party. It decides on the general political guidelines of the Party and presides over the Political Assembly. The Presidency is composed of the president, ten vice-presidents, the honorary presidents, the secretary-general and the treasurer. Besides, the chairman of the EPP Group in the European Parliament, the Presidents of the Commission, the Parliament, the Council and the High Representative (as long as they belong to a member party) are all ex officio vice-presidents.

President of the EPP Joseph Daul

Since the EPP Congress of 2012 in Bucharest and after the 12 November 2013 election of Joseph Daul by the EPP Political Assembly, the presidency is formed by:

Political Assembly[edit]

The Political Assembly defines the political positions of the party between each Congress, deciding on membership applications, political guidelines and budget. The Political Assembly is composed of designated delegates from EPP member and associated member parties, member associations and groups.

The Political Assembly meets at least three times a year.


The Congress is the highest decision-making body of the party. It is composed of delegates from member parties, EPP associations, EPP Group MEPs of the member parties, the EPP Presidency, national heads of party and government, and European Commissioners who belong to a member party, with the number of delegates weighted according to the EPP's share of MEPs and individual delegates being elected by member parties according to member parties' rules.[14]

By rule of its statutes, it must meet once every three years, but it also meets normally during the years of elections for the European Parliament (every five years) and extraordinary congresses can be (and have been) summoned. This means that, in fact, the Congress meets more frequently than the three years. It elects the EPP Presidency (every three years), decides on the main policy documents and electoral programmes and provides a platform for the EPP Heads of Government and party leaders.

The last Congress was held on 6–7 March 2014 in Dublin.[15] The previous Congress of the EPP was the Bucharest Congress in October 2012.

Activities within the party[edit]


Regularly, a few hours prior to the meeting of the European Council, EPP leaders meet for the EPP Summit in order to form a common position towards the council.

Invitations are sent by the EPP President and attendants include, besides the party presidency, all Presidents and Prime Ministers that are members of the European Council and belong to the EPP; the presidents of the European Parliament, European Commission and European Council as well as the High Representative for Foreign Affairs given that they belong to the EPP; deputy Prime Ministers or other ministers in those cases where the PM of the respective country does not belong to an EPP member party (i.e. coalition governments); and in the case that no EPP member party is part of the government, the leader of the main EPP opposition party is invited.

Reunion Picture at 2011 Summit

Ministerial meetings[edit]

Following the pattern of the EPP Summit, for the past years the party has organised on a regular basis EPP Ministerial meetings prior to the meetings of the Council of the European Union with ministers, deputy ministers, secretaries of State and MEPs related to the subject attending.

Currently, the EPP organises a total of twelve Ministerial meetings which are:

  • General affairs
  • Foreign Affairs
  • Economy and Finance
  • Home affairs
  • Justice
  • Defence
  • Employment and Social Affairs
  • Industry
  • Agriculture
  • Energy
  • Environment[16]

Other activities[edit]

The EPP also organizes working groups on different issues and on an ad hoc basis, meetings with its affiliated members of the European Commission and it also invites individual Commissioners to the EPP Summit meetings and to EPP Ministerial meetings.

Following the 2007 amendment of the EU Regulation that governs Europarties, the EPP as well as the other Europarties, are responsible for organizing the pan-European campaign for the European elections every five years. According to the Lisbon Treaty, the EPP (like all Europarties) must present, as part of the campaign for the European elections, a candidate for President of the European Commission; the EPP already did this prior to the ratification of the Lisbon Treaty, by endorsing for a second term Jose Manuel Barroso in April 2009, and did do so for the 2014 elections at its Dublin Congress on 6–7 March 2014.[15][17]

Activites within European institutions[edit]

The EPP holds the Presidencies of two of the three main EU institutions: the European Commission led by President José Manuel Barroso (PSD) and the European Council led by Herman Van Rompuy (CD&V), who was nominated by EPP as its first permanent President.

Overview of the European institutions[edit]

Organisation Institution Number of seats
 European Union European Parliament
214 / 751
 European Union Committee of the Regions
125 / 344
 European Union European Commission
13 / 28
 European Union European Council
(Heads of Government)
12 / 28

European Commission[edit]

The EPP during its 2009 European elections campaign, re-nominated at its April 2009 Congress in Warsaw José Manuel Barroso as its candidate for re-election as Commission President if it won the elections. Because the EPP won, Barroso's nomination was endorsed by the European Council and was elected by an absolute majority in the European Parliament for a second term.

On 27 November 2009, Barroso unveiled the 'Barroso II Commission' which includes a total of 13 (out of 27) EPP Commissioners.

State Commissioner Portfolio Political party Photo
BarrosoJosé Manuel Barroso President PSD José Manuel Barroso MEDEF 2.jpg
RedingViviane Reding Justice, Fundamental Rights and CitizenshipVice-President;
Justice, Fundamental Rights and Citizenship
CSV Viviane Reding.jpg
TajaniAntonio Tajani Industry and EntrepreneurshipVice-President;
Industry and Entrepreneurship
FI Flickr - europeanpeoplesparty - EPP Summit 23 March 2006 (37).jpg
PiebalgsAndris Piebalgs Development None Andris Piebalgs on March 31, 2010.jpg
BarnierMichel Barnier Internal Market and Services UMP Barnier, Michel-9568.jpg
SemetaAlgirdas Šemeta Taxation and Customs Union, Audit and Anti-Fraud TS–LKD Algirdas Šemeta.jpg
LewandowskiJanusz Lewandowski Financial Programming and the Budget PO Janusz Lewandowski Sejm 05.JPG
GeorgievaKristalina Georgieva International Cooperation, Humanitarian Aid and Crisis Response None Kristalina Georgieva (1).jpg
OettingerGünther Oettinger Energy CDU Guenther h oettinger 2007.jpg
HahnJohannes Hahn Regional Policy ÖVP JohannesHahnPortrait.jpg
HedegaardConnie Hedegaard Climate Action KFP Connie Hedegaard.jpg
CioloşDacian Cioloş Agriculture and Rural Development None Dacian Ciolos.jpg
BorgTonio Borg Health and Consumer Policy PN Tonio Borg.jpg
Logo of the EPP Group

European Parliament[edit]

In the European Parliament the EPP has the largest parliamentary group – the EPP Group – with 275 MEPs chaired from 2009 to 2014 by the President of the EPP, French MEP Joseph Daul. In 2014, the chair was assumed by Manfred Weber.

In every European election, candidates elected on lists of member-parties of the EPP are obliged to join the EPP Group in the European Parliament.

In the current term of the 7th European Parliament (2009-2014), the EPP is the only Europarty that has a fully corresponding parliamentary group.

After presiding over the Parliament with Polish MEP Jerzy Buzek in the first half of the 2009-2014 term, in the second half the EPP Group holds seven of the fourteen vice-presidencies of the European chamber.

European Council[edit]

The EPP has 12 out of the 28 heads of State or Government that attend the EPP summits in preparation for the European Council:

Member State Representative Title Political party Member of the Council since Photo
 Cyprus Anastasiades, NicosNicos Anastasiades President DISY 28 February 2013 ANASTASIADES Nicos.jpg
 Finland Katainen, JyrkiJyrki Katainen Prime Minister KOK 22 June 2011 Jyrki Katainen A4.jpeg
 Germany Merkel, AngelaAngela Merkel Chancellor CDU 22 November 2005 Angela Merkel Juli 2010 - 3zu4.jpg
 Greece Samaras, AntonisAntonis Samaras Prime Minister ND 20 June 2012 Flickr - europeanpeoplesparty - EPP Congress Bonn (669)(cropped).jpg
 Hungary Orbán, ViktorViktor Orbán Minister-President Fidesz 29 May 2010 OrbanViktor 2011-01-07.jpg
Republic of Ireland Ireland Kenny, EndaEnda Kenny Taoiseach[a 1] Fine Gael 9 March 2011 EndaKenny.jpg
 Latvia Straujuma, LaimdotaLaimdota Straujuma Prime Minister V 22 January 2014 Laimdota Straujuma 2014.jpg
 Poland Donald Tusk President of the Council of Ministers PO 16 November 2007 Premier RP D Tusk.jpg
 Portugal Passos Coelho, PedroPedro Passos Coelho Prime Minister PSD 21 June 2011 Pedro Passos Coelho 1.jpg
 Romania Băsescu, TraianTraian Băsescu President PD-L 23 May 2007 EPP Congress 4732.jpg
 Spain Rajoy, MarianoMariano Rajoy President of the Government PP 21 December 2011 Presidente Mariano Rajoy Brey 2012 - La Moncloa.JPG
 Sweden Reinfeldt, FredrikFredrik Reinfeldt Prime Minister Moderaterna 6 October 2006 EPP Summit June 2011 - Fredrik Reinfeldt.jpg

The EPP also has other heads of State or Government who do not normally take part in the European Council nor EPP summits since that responsibility belongs to the other leaders of their countries: Rosen Plevneliev (Bulgaria, GERB), János Áder (Hungary, Fidesz), Bronisław Komorowski (Poland, PO), Aníbal Cavaco Silva (Portugal, PSD), Sauli Niinistö (Finland, KOK).

National legislatures[edit]

Country Institution Number of seats
 Austria National Council
Lower house
51 / 183
Federal Council
Upper house
28 / 62
 Belgium Chamber of Representatives
Lower house
26 / 150
Upper house
11 / 40
 Bulgaria National Assembly
97 / 240
 Croatia Sabor
44 / 151
 Cyprus House of Representatives
20 / 56
 Czech Republic Chamber of Deputies
Lower house
40 / 200
Upper house
6 / 81
 Denmark The Folketing
8 / 179
 Estonia Riigikogu
23 / 101
 Finland Parliament
44 / 200
 France National Assembly
Lower house
194 / 577
Upper house
132 / 348
 Germany Bundestag
311 / 630
 Greece Parliament
125 / 300
 Hungary Országgyűlés
133 / 199
 Ireland Dáil
Lower house
74 / 166
Upper house
20 / 60
 Italy Chamber of Deputies
Lower house
68 / 630
Upper house
67 / 315
 Latvia Saeima
20 / 100
 Lithuania Seimas
33 / 141
 Luxembourg Chamber of Deputies
23 / 60
 Malta House of Representatives
30 / 69
 Netherlands House of Representatives
Lower house
13 / 150
Upper house
11 / 75
 Poland Sejm
Lower house
235 / 460
Upper house
65 / 100
 Portugal Assembly of the Republic
132 / 230
 Romania Chamber of Deputies
Lower house
52 / 412
Upper house
22 / 176
 Slovakia National Council
35 / 150
 Slovenia National Assembly
36 / 90
 Spain Congress of Deputies
Lower house
185 / 350
Upper house
159 / 266
 Sweden Parliament
126 / 349

Activities beyond the European Union[edit]

In third countries[edit]

Through its associate and observer parties, EPP has four Heads of State and Government in European non-EU countries and one of the three members of the Bosnian Presidency, which jointly are the Head of State of the country. They are invited to attend EPP summits and meetings:

State Representative Title Political party In power since Photo
 Armenia Sargsyan, SerzhSerzh Sargsyan President HHK 9 April 2008 Serzh Sargsyan.jpg
 Bosnia and Herzegovina Izetbegović, BakirBakir Izetbegović Bosniak Member of the Presidency SDA 10 November 2010 Bakir Izetbegović.jpg
 Macedonia Gruevski, NikolaNikola Gruevski Prime Minister VMRO-DPMNE 27 August 2006 Flickr - europeanpeoplesparty - EPP Congress Bonn (570).jpg
 Moldova Leancă, IurieIurie Leancă Prime Minister PLDM 25 April 2013 Iurie Leancă.jpg
 Norway Solberg, ErnaErna Solberg Prime Minister Høyre 16 October 2013 31.08.2013, Erna Solberg.2.jpg

The party has also other Heads of State and Government but they don't normally attend the meetings since the other leaders of their countries are the ones that attend. They are Prime Minister Vjekoslav Bevanda (Bosnia-Herzegovina, HDZ BiH), President Gjorge Ivanov (Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, VMRO-DPMNE), President Bujar Nishani (Albania, PD) and President Abdullah Gul (Turkey, AKP). The same is the case for Doris Leuthard (CVP), member of the Swiss Federal Council and Teodoro Lonfernini (PDCS), one of the two Captain Regents of San Marino.

In the Council of Europe[edit]

The Group of the EPP in the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe defends freedom of expression and information, as well as freedom of movement of ideas and religious tolerance. It promotes the principle of subsidiarity and local autonomy, as well as the defence of national, social and other minorities. The EPP/CD Group is led by Spanish Popular Party membre Pedro Agramunt.

The EPP/CD group comprises also members from parties that are not related to the EPP itself, including members of the Patriotic Union (Liechtenstein), the Progressive Citizens' Party (Liechtenstein), the National and Democratic Union (Monaco) or the Serbian Progressive Party.[18]

In the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe[edit]

The "EPP and like-minded Group" in the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE) parliamentary assembly is the most active political group of that organization. The Group meets on a regular basis and promotes the EPP positions at levels of decision-making process. The members of the EPP Group also participate in election monitoring missions of the OSCE and are committed in promoting democratic values and practices.

The Group is chaired by Walburga Habsburg Douglas (Sweden) and its Vice Presidents are: Consiglio Di Nino (Canada), Vilija Aleknaitė Abramikiene (Lithuania), Laura Allegrini (Italy) and George Tsereteli (Georgia).

This group also includes members of parties not related to the EPP, therefore the "like-minded" part of the name. Among them are members of the Patriotic Union (Liechtenstein), Union for the Principality (Monaco), the Conservative Party of the United Kingdom, the Conservative Party of Canada and the Republican Party of the United States.

In the North Atlantic Treaty Organization[edit]

Following the by-laws of the Party, the EPP is also present in the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) Parliamentary Assembly (NATO-PA) and forms the “EPP and Associated Members” Group. It is an active political group which is led by German CDU politician Karl Lamers, who is also the current President of the NATO-PA.

This group is also integrated by members of the Conservative Party of Canada and the Republican Party of the United States.

From left to right: López-Istúriz, McCain & Martens

Relations within the United States[edit]

The EPP has close relations with the International Republican Institute (IRI), an organization funded by the American government specially to promote democracy and democratization. EPP and IRI cooperate in the framework of the 'European Partnership Initiative'.[19]

EPP President Wilfried Martens endorsed Sen. John McCain, the Republican nominee for president, in the 2008 United States election[20] (McCain is also IRI Chairman).

In 2011, Martens and McCain have made some joint press statements expressing their concerns on the state of democracy in Ukraine and politically motivated trial against former PM Yulia Tymoshenko.[21][22]

Global networks[edit]

The EPP is the European wing of two centre-right global multilateral organisations: the International Democrat Union (IDU) and the Christian Democrat International (CDI).

Centre for European Studies[edit]

Following the 2008 revision of the EU Regulation that governs European political parties allowing the creation of European foundations affiliated to Europarties, the EPP established in the same year its official foundation/think tank, the Centre for European Studies (CES). The CES includes as members all the major national think tanks and foundations affiliated to EPP member parties: Konrad Adenauer Foundation (CDU), Hanns Seidel Foundation (CSU), Foundation for Analysis and Social Studies (PP), Constantinos Karamanlis Institute for Democracy (ND), Jarl Hjalmarson Foundation (MOD), the Political Academy of the Austrian People's Party (ÖVP) and others. During the 2009 European elections campaign, the CES launched a successful web-based campaign module '' to support Jose Manuel Barroso, the EPP candidate, for re-election as Commission President.

The Budapest-based Robert Schuman Institute and the Luxembourg-based Robert Schuman Foundation are also affiliated with the European People's Party.[citation needed]

EPP associations[edit]

EPP is linked to several specific associations which focus in specific groups and which many times, by their own, organise seminars, forums, publications and other activities. Those associations are:

Small and Medium Entrepreneurs Europe (SME Europe)[edit]

Main article: SME Europe

SME Europe, is the official business organization of the European People's Party and serves as a network for pro-business politicians and political organisations. Its main objective is to shape EU policy in a more SME friendly way in close cooperation with the SME Circle of the EPP Group in the European Parliament, DG Enterprise and the pro-business organizations of the national EPP member parties. The importance of the work of the SME Europe can be seen in the fact that SME are considered as the key driver for sustainable jobs, growth and prosperity.

Its top priority is to reform the legal framework for SMEs all over Europe and to promote and support the interests of small and medium-sized enterprises which - due to their willingness to take risks and responsibility - are the engine of the European economy.

SME Europe was founded in May 2012 by the three Members of the European Parliament, Paul Rübig, Nadezhda Neynsky and Bendt Bendtsen. It will be at the centre of the political campaign of the European People's Party for the European Parliament Election in 2014, with its clear focus on strategies to manage and overcome the economic crisis in Europe.

European Democrat Students[edit]

European Democrat Students (EDS) is the official students’ organisation of the EPP. Since it was founded in 1961, EDS brings together students and young political leaders from all over Europe to promote a political exchange.

Although being a students’ organisation, and therefore taking a special interest in topics like the Bologna Process, the organisation is especially aware of the importance of promoting values like freedom, democracy and human rights.

Led by Eva Majewski, the structure has 40 member organisations, representing nearly 1,600,000 students and young people[23] across the continent and currently, it's represented in 31 countries, including non-EU member states like Belarus and Georgia.

EDS is not a centralised organisation, it is an “organisation of organisations”, a networking structure whose general aim is to bundle the power of the various members in order to give young people and students a strong voice.

Every year the organisation hosts Summer and Winter universities and several seminars. It also regularly publishes a magazine called “Bullseye” and campaigns, through various forms, for the interests of young people.

European Senior Union[edit]

Founded in Madrid in 1995 and led by CD&V member Ann Hermans, the European Senior Union (ESU) is the largest political senior citizens’ organisation in Europe.

The ESCU is represented in 26 states with 45 organisations and about 500,000 members and it's dedicated to the advancement of rights of European senior citizens and their engagement in society. The aims of the ESCU are the promotion of the role of the elderly in ageing European societies, the fight against the discrimination of the elderly, the European pension systems, seniors and volunteering, intergenerational relationship and participation.

European Union of Christian Democratic Workers[edit]

The European Union of Christian Democratic Workers (EUCDW) is the workers' organisation of the EPP with 24 member organisations from 18 different countries.

As the officially recognized EPP association of workers, the EUCDW is led by Elmar Brok, MEP, and aims: to press for the political unification of a democratic Europe; to promote the development of the EPP on the basis of Christian-social teaching; to represent and defend worker interests in European Policy; to work for the achievement of Christian-social principles and policies in the European workers' movements; to step up co-operation with the workers and their representatives to realise step by step the European Social Model. Therefore, in the last years, the EUCDW has made a lot of effort in influencing employment policy and defending an undivided Europe of social justice.

Women of the European People’s Party[edit]

The Women of the European People’s Party (EPP Women) is recognised by the EPP as the official association of women from all like-minded political parties of Europe. EPP Women have over 40 member organisations from countries of the European Union and beyond. All member organisations are women‘s organisations from political parties which are members of the EPP.

EPP Women, led by Doris Pack, is dedicated to the advancement of women‘s political participation throughout Europe and to the promotion of important women-related issues.

Youth of the European People’s Party[edit]

The Youth of the European People’s Party (YEPP), led by Konstantinos Kyranakis, is EPP‘s official youth organisation, self-governed by its own statutes, political program and elected representatives. YEPP’s members are national partypolitical youth organisations.

The purpose of all 51 member organisations as well as for YEPP is to provide young people a channel in order to influence the shaping of their societies with democratic means and centre-right, Christian Democratic and conservative ideas. Through its member organisations YEPP brings together between one and two million young people in 38 countries of Europe. This makes YEPP the largest party-political youth organisation in Europe.


Within the EPP there are three kinds of members: full members, associate membres and observers.

Full members are all parties from EU states. They have absolute rights to vote in all the organs and on all the matters; meanwhile associate members have the same voting rights except for matters concerning EU structure or policies. These associate membres are parties from EU-candidate countries and EFTA countries.

On the other hand, observer parties can participate in all the activities of the EPP and attend the Congresses and Political Assemblies, but do not have any voting rights.

Finally, there’s a special membership status which are the “supporting members”, which is granted by the Presidency to individuals and associations. Although they do not have voting rights, they can be invited by the President to attend meetings of certain organs of the party.

It´s worth noting that commissioners Dacian Ciolos, Kristalina Georgieva and Andris Piebalgs are members of the EPP though they do not belong to any national party in their countries.

Full member parties[edit]

European Union
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 Czech Republic






















Associate members[edit]





Observer members[edit]




 Bosnia and Herzegovina






 San Marino





  1. ^ The Irish Prime Minister is commonly referred to as the Taoiseach in both Irish and English. See: Article 28.5.1° of the Constitution of Ireland.


  1. ^ a b Parties and Elections in Europe: The database about parliamentary elections and political parties in Europe, by Wolfram Nordsieck
  2. ^ "It's federalist views were at odds with Conservative policy."
  3. ^ Magone, José María (2006). The New World Architecture: the role of the European Union in the making of global governance. New York: Transaction Publishers. p. 130. ISBN 978-0-7658-0279-8. 
  4. ^ Hloušek, Vít; Kopeček, Lubomír (2010). Origin, Ideology and Transformation of Political Parties: East-Central and Western Europe compared. London: Ashgate Publishing. p. 11. ISBN 978-0-7546-7840-3. 
  5. ^ Colomer, Josep Maria (2008). Comparative European Politics. London: Taylor & Francis. p. 288. ISBN 978-0-415-43755-4. 
  6. ^ Lars Pehrson (12 June 2009). How Unified Is the European Union?: European Integration Between Visions and Popular Legitimacy. Springer. pp. 160–. ISBN 978-3-540-95855-0. 
  7. ^ administrator. "EPP | European People's Party". Retrieved 11 September 2011. 
  8. ^ a b Claey, P. H.; Loeb-Mayer, N. (1979). "Trans-European Party Groupings: Emergence of New and Alinment of Old Parties in the Light of the Direct Elections to the European Parliament". Government and Opposition 14 (4): 455. doi:10.1111/j.1477-7053.1979.tb00257.x.  edit
  9. ^ a b "On the road towards transnational party cooperation in Europe" by Steven van Hecke in "European View", Volume 3, 2006, from the Centre for European Studies
  10. ^ "Tymoshenko among Kiev uprising figures to visit Dublin" (Lynch) 4 Mar 2014
  11. ^ "EPP Congress website". Retrieved November 2012. 
  12. ^ a b c d e f g EPP Manifesto – European Elections 2009[dead link]
  13. ^ Statutes of the European People's Party, Approved by the EPP Congress on 7th December 2011 in Marseille (France)
  14. ^ Jansen & Van Hecke 2011, p. 109.
  15. ^ a b 6-7 March: EPP to hold Congress in Dublin with heads of state and government, 2,000 participants; process to select EPP candidate for EC President starts today, European People's Party, 13 February 2014 
  16. ^ "EPP website". Retrieved September 2011. 
  17. ^ Keating, Dave (29 January 2014). "Commission president debate to be televised". European Voice. 
  18. ^ "PACE website". Retrieved 21 August 2012. 
  19. ^ "European Partnership Initiative | International Republican Institute". IRI. Retrieved 11 September 2011. 
  20. ^ "Financial Times Article Wilfried Martens". Retrieved 11 September 2011. 
  21. ^ "United States Senator John McCain:: Press Office:". 30 August 2011. Retrieved 11 September 2011. 
  22. ^ "Senator McCain and President Martens urge for the release of Yulia Tymoshenko". Retrieved 11 September 2011. 
  23. ^ Students on the Right Way: European Democrat Students 1961-2011. Retrieved on 2013-09-07.


  • Jansen, Thomas (1998). The European People's Party: Origins and Development. MacMillans. 
  • Jansen, Thomas; Van Hecke, Steven (2011). At Europe's Service: The Origins and Evolution of the European People's Party. Springer. doi:10.1007/978-3-642-19414-6. ISBN 978-3-642-19413-9. LCCN 2011927265. 
  • Kaiser, Wolfram (2004). "Transnational Christian Democracy: From the Nouvelles Equipes Internationales to the European People's Party". In Michael Gehler; Wolfram Kaiser. Christian Democracy in Europe since 1945 (Routledge). pp. 194–208. ISBN 0-7146-5662-3. 

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