The term "European Russia" was used in the Russian Empire to refer to traditional East Slavic territories under Russian control, including what is now Belarus and most of Ukraine (Dnieper Ukraine).
Russia is not proportionately populated between the smaller western (European Russia, Western Russia or Central Russia) portion of the country that is considered part of Europe and the larger eastern portion that is part of Asia. This part of Russia contains about 77% of the country's population (110,000,000 people out of a circa 143,000,000) in an area comprising roughly 3,960,000 square kilometres (1,528,560 mi2); an average of 27 persons per km2 (69.9 per mi2).:6:10 This territory makes up 38% of Europe. Its eastern border is defined by the Ural Mountains and in the south, it is defined by the border with Kazakhstan. This area includes Moscow and Saint Petersburg, the two largest cities in Russia.
The eastern portion of Russia is part of Asia and makes up 75% of the territory with 22% of the country's population at 2.5 persons per km2 (6.5 per mi2).:6
- Vishnevsky, Anatoly (15 August 2000). "Replacement Migration: Is it a solution for Russia?" (PDF). EXPERT GROUP MEETING ON POLICY RESPONSES TO POPULATION AGEING AND POPULATION DECLINE /UN/POP/PRA/2000/14. United Nations Population Division, Department of Economic and Social Affairs. pp. 6, 10. Retrieved 2008-01-14.
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