European Russia

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For other uses, see Central Russia (disambiguation).
Russia in Europe and Asia.
Ethnic map of European Russian Empire prior to the outbreak of the World War I.

European Russia (also Western Russia or Central Russia) refers to the Western areas of Russia that lie within Europe, comprising roughly 3,960,000 square kilometres (1,528,560 mi2) and spanning across 38% of Europe. Its eastern border is defined by the Ural Mountains and in the south, it is defined by the border with Kazakhstan. This area includes Moscow and Saint Petersburg, the two largest cities in Russia.

Roughly 77% of the entire Russian population (about 110,000,000 people out of a total of circa 143,000,000) lives in Western Russia, at an average of 27 persons per km2 (69.9 per mi2).[1]:6[1]:10 Even though 75% of Russia's territory lies within Asia, the Asian part of Russia accommodates only 22% of its population at 2.5 persons per km2 (6.5 per mi2).[1]:6

The term "European Russia" was used in the Russian Empire to refer to traditional East Slavic territories under Russian control, including what is now Belarus and most of Ukraine (Dnieper Ukraine).[citation needed]


  1. ^ a b c Vishnevsky, Anatoly (15 August 2000). "Replacement Migration: Is it a solution for Russia?" (PDF). EXPERT GROUP MEETING ON POLICY RESPONSES TO POPULATION AGEING AND POPULATION DECLINE /UN/POP/PRA/2000/14. United Nations Population Division, Department of Economic and Social Affairs. pp. 6, 10. Retrieved 2008-01-14. 

Coordinates: 55°N 40°E / 55°N 40°E / 55; 40