European Square (Kiev)
European Square (Ukrainian: Європейська Площа, Yevropeys’ka Ploshcha) is a square located in what is known as the Old Town (Stare Misto) or the Upper Town, in Kiev, the capital of Ukraine. It is also located at the north-eastern end of the Khreschatyk, the city's main thoroughfare. Other streets connected to the square are Tryokhsvyatytelska Street, Volodymyrskyi Descent, and Hrushevsky Street.
The square was known under at least nine different names during the last two hundred years.
- Originally, the square was called the Horse's Square (Konnaya Ploschad), because its location was used for horse trading.
- Тhe square was later called Theatre Square (Teatralnaya Ploschad) after the 1805–1806 construction of the first theater in Kiev by the architect Andriy Melensky located at the current place of Ukrainian House.
- In 1851, when the Yevropeysky Hotel was built to the designs of the architect Alexander Vikentievich Beretti, the square was officially renamed to European Square ('Yevropeyskaya Ploschad) — the name that was returned to in post-Soviet times.
- Between 1869 and 1919 the square was called Tsar Square (Tsarskaya Ploschad, due to the monument of Alexander II of Russia erected there). During that time the square was also referred to as Aleksandrovskaya for the same reason.
- In Soviet times the square was renamed Third International's Square (Ploshcha Tretioho Internatsionalu).
- Briefly during Nazi occupation it was named after Adolf Hitler.
- In 1944 the square was renamed Stalin Square (Stalinska Ploshchad).
- And in 1961, the square was named Ploscha Leninskoho Komsomolu or Lenin's Komsomol Square.
- Hotel Dnipro
- UNIAN news agency building
- Ukrainian House (Ukrayinskyi Dim) conference and exhibitions hall originally built in the late 1970s as a Lenin Museum
- Kiev Philharmonic (19th century building)
- Parliamentary Library of Ukraine
- Live updates of the protests, Kyiv Post (27, 28 & 29 November 2013)
- Students in Ukraine threaten indefinite national strike, Euronews (26 November 2013)
- Students from various cities across Ukraine are joining the protests, Ukrayinska Pravda (27 November 2013)
- Protests continue in Kyiv ahead of Vilnius EU summit, Euronews (27 November 2013)
- In Ukraine, Protests Highlight 'Generational Rift' , Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty (27 November 2013)
- Ukraine: tension in Kyiv as pro and anti government protesters hold rallies, Euronews (29 November 2013)
- Ukraine opposition demands leader resign after EU snub, Seven News (30 November 2013)
- European Square at Kiev History Site (English)/(Russian)/(Ukrainian)
- An optimistic avenue in Vokrug Sveta (Around the World), November, 2005. (Russian)
- Yevropeyska Ploscha in Wiki-Encyclopedia Kiev (Ukrainian)