European Urban Renaissance

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

The European Urban Renaissance is an architectural movement aiming at developing the European cities according to the principles of the Traditional City and the New Urbanism.

Typology of intervention[edit]

The first exhibition dedicated to the movement was opened on March 1996 by H.R.H. The Prince of Wales at the “A Vision of Europe” Bologna Triennale II. The exhibition has been curated by Gabriele Tagliaventi and assembling more than 150 projects and built works in 24 countries. Both the exhibition and the accompanying English/French/Italian catalogue were organized by using an order of typology of intervention:

  1. Reconstructing the Belgian capital city Brussels, 1985–95
  2. Continuity of the classical tradition in the construction of the American capital city Washington, D.C., 1905–95
  3. Continuing the construction of a bourgeois city, 1985–95
  4. Urbanizing the suburbs
  5. Extending the city with new urban quarters
  6. Founding new traditional cities
  7. Re-qualifying the urban space through the demolition of obsolete modernist buildings
  8. Constructing new traditional public buildings
  9. Reconquering the centre of the city
  10. Reconquering the sacred space
  11. Revitalizing the garden city
  12. Healing the city

Works and main figures[edit]

The catalogue, published by Grafis, Bologna, contains a foreword by H.R.H. The Prince of Wales and essays by Gabriele Tagliaventi, Leon Krier, Maurice Culot, Dawid Watkin, Carroll William Westfall and featured for the first time the largest operation of Urban Renaissance in Europe: the new mixed-use urban block of Rue de Laeken (1989–1995) designed by Tagliaventi & Associates, Atelier 55, Sylvie Assassin, barthelemy Dumons, Philippe Gisclard, Nathalie Prat, Jean Philippe Garric, Valerie Negre, Javier Cenicacelaya, Iñ igo Saloña, Liam O’Connor, John Robins, Joseph Altuna, Marie Laure Petit.

Since 1996, the movement for the Urban Renaissance spread all over Europe, from the new town of Poundbury in England (1988–2007) masterplanned by Leon Krier to the new Medina of Hammamet (2000–2005) designed by Tarak Ben Miled, from the new town of Potsdam Kirchsteigfeld (1993–2002) in Germany designed by Rob Krier and Christoph Kohl to the new urban neighborhood in Lisbon Barrio Alto (2000–2007) designed by José Baganha, from the Borgo Città Nuova new urban neighborhood in Alessandria (1995–2002) designed by Leon Krier and Gabriele Tagliaventi to the new town of Val d’Europe (1995–2007) built near Paris according to the masterplan by Cooper-Robertson to the new village of Pitious at Spetses (1992–96) designed by Demetri Porphyrios, from the Richmond Riverside neighborhood (1987–1992) in London by Quinlan Terry to the new urban neighborhood of Sankt Eriksgaten in Stockholm (1995–2004) designed by Alexander Wolodarski.

Due to the success of these operations of re-urbanization of both suburban and central areas, many new interventions are actually under construction all around Europe, including the Quartier am Tacheles in Berlin-Mitte (2000–2007) masterplanned by Andres Duany & Elizabeth Plater-Zyberk with buildings by Demetri Porphyrios, Piotr Choynowski, Tagliaventi & Associates, Hammond Beeby Rupert Ainge, Robert A. M. Stern, Calvin TsaO, the reconstruction of the historical centre of Palermo (1996–2007), the new Beguinage at Valenciennes (2002–2007) by Styles Architectes, the new urban centre of Plessis-Robinson, France, (1992–2007) designed by Jean François Spoerry, Xavier Bohl, Marc and Nada Breitman, the new urban centre of the Via della Pietra Neighborhood in Bologna by Tagliaventi & Associates (2002–2007).

References[edit]

  • Tagliaventi, Gabriele (1996),URBAN RENAISSANCE, Grafis - Bologna
  • Culot, Maurice (1995), THE RECONSTRUCTION OF THE LAEKEN STREET IN BRUXELLES, AAM Ed.- Bruxelles
  • Tagliaventi, Gabriele (2004),NEW CIVIC ARCHITECTURE. THE ECOLOGICAL ALTERNATIVE TO SUB-URBANIZATION, ALINEA - Florence, ISBN 88-8125-855-2
  • Culot, Maurice (2005), XX ALTER ARCHITECTURE, AAM Ed.- Bruxelles ISBN 2-87143-165-5
  • Tagliaventi, Gabriele (2006),FROM SLAB-URBIA TO THE CITY, ALINEA - Florence ISBN 88-8125-860-9

External links[edit]