European chub

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For European chubs other than this particular species, see Squalius.
Chub
Squalius cephalus Prague Vltava 2.jpg
Conservation status
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Cypriniformes
Family: Cyprinidae
Genus: Squalius
Species: S. cephalus
Binomial name
Squalius cephalus
(Linnaeus, 1758)
Synonyms

Leuciscus cephalus (Linnaeus, 1758)

The chub[1][2] (Squalius cephalus) is a European species of freshwater fish in the carp family Cyprinidae. It frequents both slow and moderate rivers, as well as canals and still waters of various kinds. In North America, this species is referred to as the European chub.[1] Other names used for the species include round chub, fat chub, chevin, and pollard.[citation needed]

Distribution[edit]

The species is distributed in most of the countries of Europe.[3]

Fishing for chub[edit]

European chub are popular with anglers due to their readiness to feed, and thus to be caught, in almost any conditions. Small chub are freely biting fish which even inexperienced anglers find easy to catch. As they become larger, however, chub become more wary and are easily spooked by noise or visual disturbance. Consequently, large chub (in excess of 2 kg) are keenly sought by anglers who prefer to target specific fish.

The British angling record for chub was broken in May 2007 when Steve White caught a 4.2-kg (9.2-lb) fish from a southern stillwater on a mainline boilie.[4] The chub can reach a maximum length of 60-80 cm (24-31.5 in).

Tackle[edit]

Small chub can be caught readily on light tackle: fly-fishing gear, a lure rod or a float rod, for example. Lines and hooks can be small, but baits are often of a relatively large size due to the chub's "greedy" nature. Larger chub, especially in floodwater conditions, must be fished with more substantial tackle: a stiff to moderately stiff rod, a strong line, strong hooks, and a large bait. Such enhanced equipment is needed due to the chub's predilection for taking cover in underwater snags. They frequently conceal themselves in deep holes or under the roots of trees, etc., and venture out to feed before returning quickly to cover.

Chub will readily take any natural bait. In addition to natural baits, however, they are renowned for their voracious appetites and will often be caught on baits as diverse as cheese, sweetcorn, bread, earthworms, and wasp larvae.

German chub catch from the typical environment

Tactics[edit]

As with many river fish, the best conditions for chub fishing are when the water is "carrying colour", when the clarity of the water has been temporary clouded by mud washing into the river, often following heavy rainfall. Under these conditions, a big, smelly bait is the best bet. Lob worms are a particular favourite, as is breadflake or paste. Another smelly favourite for chub are cheese flavours and a flavour called "scopex" which can be sprayed onto bait. When rivers are clear or swims are heavily fished, big baits are unlikely to work, so the best baits are single or double maggot close to, or under, the far bank features like overhanging trees. In certain waters, chub can become predators and can be caught on spinners or spoons.[5] Chubs have sharp, bone-crushing pharyngeal teeth at the back of their mouths, so care should be used when removing hooks.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. (2012). "Leuciscus cephalus" in FishBase. 5 2012 version.
  2. ^ World Conservation Monitoring Centre 2010. Squalius cephalus. 2008 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Downloaded on 5 April 2010.
  3. ^ Squalius cephalus. 2008 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Downloaded on 5 April 2010.
  4. ^ "Chub Record Broken - FishingMagic Catch Reports". 
  5. ^ The Concise Encyclopedia of Fishing by Gareth Purnell, Alan Yates and Chris Dawn