European eXPErimental Re-entry Test-bed (EXPERT) is an European Space Agency aerothermodynamics research programme. It was planned that vehicle will be launched on a Russian Volnalaunch system and will provide knowledge and experience in the design and development of re-entry vehicles. As of 2012, one element in a European Space Agency push to develop vehicles capable of re-entry has been pushed back until at least 2013 as the agency seeks a launch alternative to the Russian submarine-launched Volna rocket which was withdrawn. One of its main goals was to test materials for ESA’s Intermediate eXperimental Vehicle (IXV), an unmanned, delta-winged plane launched in 2015 aboard ESA’s new Vega small-satellite launcher. Currently EXPERT remains in storage conditions in Turin.