European green lizard
|European green lizard|
|Lacerta viridis couple (with a common wall lizard)|
|Range of L. viridis in blue, and L. bilineata in green|
Seps viridis Laurenti, 1768
The European green lizard, Lacerta viridis, is a large lizard distributed across European midlatitudes from Slovenia and eastern Austria to as far east as the Black Sea coasts of Ukraine and Turkey. It is often seen sunning on rocks or lawns, or sheltering amongst bushes.
The lizard reaches up to 13 cm (5.1 in) from the tip of the muzzle to the cloaca. The tail can be up to twice the length of the body, total length is up to 40 cm (16 in). This lizard sheds its tail (autotomy) to evade the grasp of a predator, regrowing it later.
The male has a larger head and a uniform green coloring punctuated with small spots that are more pronounced upon its back. The throat is bluish in the adult male and to a lesser extent in the female. The female is more slender than the male and has a more uniform coloration, often displaying between two and four light bands bordered by black spots.
Ecology and life cycle
- Jelka Crnobrnja Isailovic, Milan Vogrin, Claudia Corti, Valentin Pérez Mellado, Paulo Sá-Sousa, Marc Cheylan, Juan Pleguezuelos, Hans Konrad Nettmann, Bogoljub Sterijovski, Petros Lymberakis, Richard Podloucky, Dan Cogalniceanu & Aziz Avci (2009). "Lacerta viridis". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2011.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved April 15, 2012.
- Media related to Lacerta viridis at Wikimedia Commons