European lawyer

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19th-century painting of lawyers, by French artist Honoré Daumier

A European lawyer, beyond the self-evident definition of 'a lawyer in Europe', also refers to a specific provision under European Communities (Services of Lawyers) Order 1978, which permits a lawyer to practice in European countries they are not licensed in. Also referred to as an EU lawyer.[1]

The order contains a list of countries of origin and the designations which the order applies to for example a professional "entitled to pursue his professional activities"[2] such as an "advokat" in Finland, may practice Europe-wide as an "European lawyer".

The order also imposes temporary limitations on the types of legal work which may be carried out by such persons. European lawyers practicing outside their country of origin must be associated with appropriate co-counsel and upon demand by a competent authority they must verify their status.[2]

After a possible temporary limitation such as the aforementioned, an EU lawyer may acquire and use the title of the country he/she is residing and working in, usually after three years of practice under the title of origin (and possible restrictions) or after an examination that confirms equivalence. The choice is up to the professional, not the bar or country.

Professions Applicable to EU Order[edit]

The full list of professions to whom the title 'European Lawyer' is applicable follows;

Professions recognised under EU Order
Country Profession
Austria Rechtsanwalt
Belgium Avocat
Advocaat
Rechtsanwalt
Bulgaria Advokat
Cyprus Dikegόros
Croatia Odvjetnik
Czech Republic Advokát
Denmark Advokat
Estonia Vandeadvokaat
Finland Asianajaja
Advokat
France Avocat
Germany Rechtsanwalt
Greece Dikegόros
Hungary ügyvéd
Iceland lögmaður
Ireland Solicitor
Barrister
Italy Avvocato
Latvia Zvērināts
Latvia Advokāts
Liechtenstein Rechtsanwalt
Lithuania Advokatas
Luxembourg Avocat
Rechtsanwalt
Malta Avukat
Prokuratur Legali
Netherlands Advocaat
Norway Advokat
Poland Adwokat
Radca Prawny
Mecenas
Prawnik
Portugal Advogado
Romania Avocat
Slovakia Advokát
Advokátka
Slovenia Odvetnik
Odvetnica
Spain Abogado
Advocat
Abokatu
Avogado
Sweden Advokat
Switzerland Rechtsanwalt
Anwalt
Fürsprecher
Fürsprech
Avocat
Avvocato
Advokat
United Kingdom Solicitor
Barrister

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]