European professional club basketball system

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The European professional club basketball system or European professional club basketball pyramid is a series of interconnected competitions for professional basketball clubs in Europe. The system has a hierarchical format with a promotion and demotion system between competitions at different levels. There are currently three different competitions on the pyramid – the 1st tier Euroleague, the 2nd tier Eurocup, and the 3rd tier EuroChallenge. The 1st and 2nd tier competitions are organized by Euroleague Basketball Company, and the 3rd tier competition is organized by FIBA Europe.

Promotion and demotion format[edit]

The 2 finalists of each season's 3rd tier EuroChallenge competition get promoted to the next season's edition of the 2nd tier Eurocup. The winner of each season's 2nd tier Eurocup competition gets promoted to the next season's edition of the 1st tier Euroleague.

Teams that fail to make it through the Euroleague qualifying rounds to qualify to that competition's regular season stage get demoted to the regular season stage of the Eurocup. Teams that fail to make it through the Eurocup qualifying rounds to qualify to that competition's regular season stage get demoted to the regular season stage of the EuroChallenge.

The tier pyramid[edit]

The table below shows the tier structure of the pyramid for both the former FIBA era and the current Euroleague Basketball era. For each competition, the organizer, the last official name, the current sponsorship name, if there is one (which differs from the official name), and the seasons in which the competition was organized are given.

Tier Level

FIBA

Euroleague Basketball

1st Tier

FIBA Euroleague (Defunct)
1958 to 1999–2000
FIBA SuproLeague (Defunct)
2000–2001

EB Euroleague
(Turkish Airlines Euroleague)
2000–2001 to present

2nd Tier

FIBA Saporta Cup (Defunct)
1966–1967 to 2001–2002

EB Eurocup
2002–2003 to present

3rd Tier

FIBA Korać Cup (Defunct)
1971–1972 to 2001–2002
FIBA EuroChallenge
2003–2004 to present

4th Tier

FIBA EuroCup Challenge (Defunct)
2002–2003 to 2006–2007

History[edit]

The evolution of the names of the various international European inter-continental and European inter-regional professional club basketball competitions (1990—2012):

  • 1990—1991:
    • FIBA European Champions' Cup
    • FIBA European Cup Winners' Cup (last season)
    • FIBA Korać Cup
  • 1991—1992:
    • FIBA European League ("FIBA Euro League") (previously named FIBA European Champions' Cup)
    • FIBA European Cup (previously named FIBA European Cup Winners' Cup)
    • FIBA Korać Cup
  • 1992—1993:
    • FIBA European League ("FIBA Euro League")
    • FIBA European Cup
    • FIBA Korać Cup
  • 1993—1994:
    • FIBA European League ("FIBA Euro League")
    • FIBA European Cup
    • FIBA Korać Cup
  • 1994—1995:
    • FIBA European League ("FIBA Euro League")
    • FIBA European Cup
    • FIBA Korać Cup
  • 1995—1996:
    • FIBA European League ("FIBA Euro League")
    • FIBA European Cup (last season)
    • FIBA Korać Cup
  • 1996—1997:
    • FIBA Euroleague (previously named FIBA European Championship ("FIBA Euro League"))
    • FIBA EuroCup (previously named FIBA European Cup)
    • FIBA Korać Cup
  • 1997—1998:
    • FIBA Euroleague
    • FIBA EuroCup (last season)
    • FIBA Korać Cup
  • 1998—1999:
    • FIBA Euroleague
    • FIBA Saporta Cup (previously named EuroCup)
    • FIBA Korać Cup
  • 1999—2000:
    • FIBA Euroleague (last FIBA Europe-sanctioned season)
    • FIBA Saporta Cup
    • FIBA Korać Cup
  • 2000—2001:
    • Euroleague (first Euroleague Basketball-sanctioned season)
    • FIBA SuproLeague (previously known as FIBA Euroleague, when it was still organized by FIBA Europe)
    • FIBA Saporta Cup
    • FIBA Korać Cup
  • 2001—2002:
    • Euroleague (combination of Euroleague Basketball and FIBA SuproLeague)
    • FIBA Saporta Cup (last season)
    • FIBA Korać Cup (last season)
    • Adriatic League (first season)
  • 2002—2003:
    • Euroleague
    • ULEB Cup (first season)
    • FIBA Europe Champions Cup (first season)
    • Adriatic League
  • 2003—2004:
    • Euroleague
    • ULEB Cup
    • FIBA Europe League (first season)
    • FIBA Europe Cup (previously named FIBA Europe Champions Cup)
    • Adriatic League
  • 2004—2005:
    • Euroleague
    • ULEB Cup
    • FIBA Europe League
    • FIBA Europe Cup
    • Adriatic League
    • Baltic League (first season)
  • 2005—2006:
    • Euroleague
    • ULEB Cup
    • FIBA EuroCup (previously named FIBA Europe League)
    • FIBA EuroCup Challenge (previously named FIBA Europe Cup)
    • Adriatic League
    • Baltic League
  • 2006—2007:
    • Euroleague
    • ULEB Cup
    • FIBA EuroCup
    • FIBA EuroCup Challenge (last season)
    • Adriatic League
    • Baltic League
  • 2007—2008:
    • Euroleague
    • ULEB Cup
    • FIBA EuroCup
    • Adriatic League
    • Baltic League
  • 2008—2009:
    • Euroleague
    • Eurocup (previously named ULEB Cup)
    • FIBA EuroChallenge (previously named FIBA EuroCup)
    • Adriatic League
    • Balkan International League (first season)
    • Baltic League
  • 2009—2010:
    • Euroleague
    • Eurocup
    • FIBA EuroChallenge
    • VTB United League (first season)
    • Adriatic League
    • Balkan International League
    • Baltic League
  • 2010—2011:
    • Euroleague
    • Eurocup
    • FIBA EuroChallenge
    • VTB United League
    • Adriatic League
    • Balkan International League
    • Baltic League
  • 2011—2012:
    • Euroleague
    • Eurocup
    • FIBA EuroChallenge
    • VTB United League
    • Adriatic League
    • Balkan International League
    • Baltic League
  • 2012—2013:
    • Euroleague
    • Eurocup
    • FIBA EuroChallenge
    • VTB United League
    • Adriatic League
    • Balkan International League
    • Baltic League
  • 2013—2014:
    • Euroleague
    • Eurocup
    • FIBA EuroChallenge
    • VTB United League
    • Adriatic League
    • Balkan International League
    • Baltic League
  • 2014—2015:
    • Euroleague
    • Eurocup
    • FIBA EuroChallenge
    • VTB United League
    • Adriatic League
    • Balkan International League
    • Baltic League

There also have been a few other international club basketball competitions played in Europe, which do not exist anymore. Many others have changed their names multiple times.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]