E1 European long distance path
The E1 European long distance path, or just E1 path, is one of the European long-distance paths with a total length of some 4,960 km. It begins in Sweden, and crosses the Kattegat between Sweden and Denmark by ferry. It passes through Denmark, Germany and Switzerland to finish at Scapoli, Italy. This path is planned to be extended all the way north to the Nordkapp, Norway and southwards to Sicily, in Italy.
Specific E1 waymarks are only seen in some locations such as at border crossings or at intersections with other paths, instead the signs and markings of the local routes which make up the E1 are used. The path is described here in a north to south direction, however it is waymarked in both directions.
During 2010–2011, the Norwegian Trekking Association created a marked hiking trail from Nordkapp to Kautokeino. Also following the Nordkalottleden Trail and Grensesømmen, this extended the E1 all the way to the North Cape. The Nordkalottleden Trail (Kautokeino-Treriksrøysa-Abisko-Sulitjelma) and Grensesømmen (Sulitjelma-Røssvatnet-Børgefjell-Gressåmoen-Sylan-Grövelsjön) cross the Norwegian-Finnish and Norwegian-Swedish border several times. The route between Nordkapp and Grövelsjön does in part go in very remote areas with very few shelters and very little service available. Parts of the path is unmarked so that the hikers need to find their own route.
Responsible organisation: Svenska Turistföreningen
The path starts at Grövelsjön (Lake Grövel), which lies near the Norwegian-Swedish border near Idre. It uses a series of connecting established paths down to Varberg, a city on the coast south of Göteborg, from where the ferry to Denmark sails.
From its start it follows Vasaloppsleden, Siljansleden, southern part of the Malingsbo-Kloten Rundan, Bergslagsleden, Västre Vätterleden along the western edge of lake Vättern, a short part of Södra Vätterleden at Ulricehamn and a connecting trail to Sjuhäradsleden, then Knalleleden, Vildmarksleden and Bohusleden to Göteborg and Hallandsleden to Varberg.
Total length of the path in Sweden: appr. 1200 km
The route consist mostly of narrow footpaths running through the forested hills of middle Sweden and avoids most population centers. There are not many shops along the route so it may be necessary to plan or go off-route for supplies. The paths are printed on the Swedish topographic maps so special maps or guidebooks are not necessary. Wild camping in Sweden is allowed. Alternatively there are many vindskydd along the route. These are simple three-sided log cabins with the open side facing a campfire. They are often in idyllic places and are free to use.
- External links
Responsible organisation: Dansk vandrelaug
The ferry from Varberg in Sweden arrives in Grenå. The link from Grenå to Vrads Sande on the Hærvej was inaugurated in 2006. The first part of this new stage is the Mols route from to Århus, then it uses the Århus - Silkeborg route via Skanderborg to Virklund and from Virklund to Vrad on the Horsens Silkeborg naturstien. At Vrad it connects to the historic Hærvej which is followed south to the German border. It meets up with the European walking route E6 near Padborg. From Bov a part of the Gendarmstien is used to link the Hærvejen to the German Ochsenweg. The border is crossed between Kruså and Kupfermühle. The total length in Denmark is 325 km.
Camping in the wild is not allowed in Denmark, there are however primitive campsites (Danish: lejrplads) along the route which commonly have room to pitch a few tents, a water tap or pump and a simple toilet and are often free to use. The route takes the walker along easy going paths and quiet roads through the rolling Danish landscape. It often visits larger towns so other forms of accommodation are possible and supplies are no problem.
- External links
- Dansk vandrelaug—Danish walking organisation
- Mols route—Downloadable leaflet with map of the Mols route
- Horsens Silkeborg—Downloadable leaflet with map of the Horsens - Silkeborg route
- Århus Silkeborg—Downloadable leaflet with map of the Århus - Silkeborg route
- Hærvejen –– website of the Hærvejen
In Germany regional walking organisations are responsible for waymarking and maintaining the E1 in their area, with the Verband Deutscher Gebirgs- u. Wandervereine e. V. as umbrella organisation.
Total length of the path in Germany: 1829.5 km
Schleswig-Holstein and Hamburg 
Responsible organisation: Wanderverband Norddeutschland
On the first section the E1 European walking route runs together with the E6 route. The path crosses the border at Kupfermühle near Flensburg and leads through the towns of Flensburg and Schleswig. It touches the "Naturpark Hüttener Berge" and runs parallel to the coast of the Baltic Sea until it reaches the town of Kiel. After Kiel it incorporates the towns Preetz, Plön, Malente-Gremsmühlen, Eutin and Neustadt on its way to Lübeck. It goes on via Ratzeburg and Mölln until Güster – here the path of the E1 branches away from the E6. Near Hamburg the route crosses the river Elbe.
The Schlei - Eider - Elbe Wanderweg is known as the west alternative (Westvariant) of the E1 between Flensburg and Hamburg. It runs parallel to the Northsea coast and the Elbe instead of the Baltic
Detailed route: Kupfermühle – Sankelmark – Schleswig – Ascheffel – Aschau - Strande – Kiel – Preetz – Niederkleveez – Schönwalde am Bungsberg – Klingberg – Kreutzkamp – Krummesee – Mölln – Güster – Witzhave – Hamburg
Lower Saxony 
Hamburg – Fischbek – Buchholz in der Nordheide – Undeloh – Soltau – Müden – Celle – Führberg – Otternhagen – Haste – Springe – Hameln – Bösingfeld
Length of the route: 339 km
North Rhine-Westphalia 
Bösingfeld – Lemgo – Horn Bad Meindberg – Herbrahmwald – Blankerode – Marsberg – Wirminghausen – Schwalefeld – Altastenburg – Bad Berleburg – Bad Laasphe – Lahnhof – Siegen – Herdorf
Length of the route: 276 km
Rhineland-Palatinate (Rheinland-Pfalz) 
Herdorf – Fuchskaute – Unnau – Selters – Montabaur – Nassau – Balduinstein – Michelbach – Idstein
Length of the route: 169 km
Idstein – Oberursel – Frankfurt-Sachsenhausen – Dreieichenhain – Ober-Ramstadt – Bensheim – Nieder-Liebersbach – Heidelberg Length of the route: 166.5 km
The E1 in the Black Forest follows pre-existing long-distance paths. Initially it follows the Schwarzwald Hochweg Westweg (Westway) from the town of Heidelberg to Schlierbach – Rauenberg – Odenheim – Bretten – Pforzheim – Dobel – Forbach via Kaiser-Wilhelm-Tower (984 m, lookout tower) – Lake Mummelsee via Badener Höhe (1001 m) – Hausach – Titisee (Lake Titi) – peak of Feldberg (1487 m) – Schluchsee to Kappel. From there it follows the Schwarzwald-Querweg Freiburg-Bodensee to Boll, Riedöschingen, Engen, Singen, Langenrain and Konstanz.
Length of this section: 464 km
- External links
- A hike along the path of E1 in Germany – from Henri Floor (a Dutch website).
- A hike in the Black Forest - Walking the section of the European Long Distance Path E1 (Black Forest section referred to as Westweg) from Heidelberg-Schlierbach to the Feldberg.
Responsible organisation: Schweizer Wanderwege.
Switzerland has a dense network of walking path nodes with signposted junctions. The E1 is only rarely separately waymarked on these signposts, but the national routes which the E1 follows are generally marked. The route of the E1 leads from Konstanz to Wattwil, and then follows the ViaJacobi (part of St James's Way) to reach Lake Lucerne at Brunnen. From Brunnen it follows the shore of the lake to Flüelen on the Swiss Path. From Flüelen to the Italian border, the Trans-Swiss Trail is used, waymarked as Fernwanderweg 2. The path then climbs over the St. Gotthard pass, the highest point of the path at 2091 m. After following the Strada alta Leventina through Ticino, the E1 reaches the border at Porto Ceresio, Italy.
Total length of the route in Switzerland: 348 km.
- External links
Responsible organisation: Federazione Italiana Escursionismo
Via Lake Maggiore into the Ligurian Mountains (there is a spur to the Mediterranean at Genova) to Passo della Bochetta. Length of the route: appr. 200 km
Through the eastern part of Ligurian Mountains (Alta Via dei Monti Liguri) to Passo dei Due Santi. Length of the route: appr. 150 km
Along the Apennine ridge through Tuscany (Grande Escursione Appenninica) to Bocca Trabaria. Length of the route: appr. 400 km
Along Apennine ridge through Umbria to Castelluccio. Length of the route: appr. 200 km
Through mountains along the Abruzzo/Lazio border: Simbruini, Ernici, Abruzzo national park to Lazio/Molise border at Scapoli. Length of the route: appr. 200 km
Total length of the route in Italy: 1150 km
There is a plan to lengthen the route of E1 through southern Italy to Sicily along the Apennines.
- E1 - maps and information by European Ramblers' Association.