Eurosam

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"EUROSAM" redirects here. For the European conference on symbolic and algebraic computation, see International Symposium on Symbolic and Algebraic Computation.
Eurosam GIE
Type Private joint venture
Industry Aerospace
Founded June 1989
Headquarters Paris, France
Products Naval and air-defence missiles
Owner(s) MBDA France (33.3%)
MBDA Italy (33.3%)
Thales Group (33.3%)
Website www.eurosam.com

Eurosam GIE is a European manufacturer of anti-air missiles.[1] Eurosam was established in June 1989 for the development of the Famille de missiles Sol-Air Futurs (Future Surface-to-Air Family of missiles or FSAF). Eurosam was initially a joint venture between Aérospatiale, Alenia and Thomson-CSF. Now Aérospatiale is a part of MBDA (more precisely of the French branch of MBDA), and Missile and Missile Systems activities of Alenia are now the Italian branch of MBDA. Thomson CSF is now the Thales Group. Thus Eurosam is owned by MBDA France and Italy (66%) and Thales Group (33%).[2][3][4]

Aster Missiles[edit]

As originally envisaged under the contract for Phase 1 (signed in May 1990) the FSAF involved the use of the Aster 15 and Aster 30 missiles in the following applications:[5]

  • SAAM (Système Anti-Air Missile) naval autodefence
  • SAMP/T (Sol-Air Moyenne Portée Terrestre) or Ground-to-Air Medium Range Missile System
    • Using Aster 30 missiles in batteries and Arabel radar

Ground-launched systems[edit]

GBAD system, with dual ABT and ATBM capability, SAMP/T is a fully autonomous, self-propelled system with truck-mounted modules. Each system typically includes a Fire Control Unit, with a multi-function radar (MRI) and an Engagement Module (ME), and launching elements, with up to 6 vertical launch platforms (MLT) using for Aster 30 missiles. SAMP/T boasts the unique capability of being able to simultaneously engage TBMs and ABTs coming from any direction.

Naval Systems[edit]

On November 17, 2011 the French Navy air defence frigate Chevalier Paul successfully tested its PAAMS air defence system. It was the longest range intercept to date for the Eurosam system, with any PAAMS system, whether Italian, British or French. Meanwhile, HMS Defender, the Royal Navy’s fifth Type 45 destroyer, equipped with the PAAMS (UK) system christened Sea Viper, completed its initial sea trials before returning to the shipyard, in Glasgow.

Anti Air Application[edit]

In August 1999 FSAF was extended to include PAAMS, the Principal Anti Air Missile System. PAAMS uses both Aster 15 and Aster 30 missiles for self-defence, local area defence and long range area defence. PAAMS is managed by EUROPAAMS, a joint venture between Eurosam (66%) and MBDA subsidiary UKAMS (33%). MBDA also owns 66% of Eurosam, in effect giving it a 77% share of the project. MBDA is itself owned by BAE, EADS and Finnmeccanica PAAMS is to be deployed on the 4 French/Italian Horizon frigates and 6 British Type 45 destroyers.

« Building block » Architecture[edit]

Eurosam’s air-defence systems are based on a modular architecture, with specific modules or « building blocks » which can be combined to precisely tailor each system. A basic system consists of one multi-function radar, a command and control post with Mara computers and Magics operator consoles, and a vertical launch system. Additional sub-systems can be added to optimize the basic system’s capabilities for specific missions, such as naval extended area defense or anti-ballistic missile defense.

Applications[edit]

In March 1998 Saudi Arabia signed a contract for the SAAM system (Aster 15) to be fitted to its DCN Al Riyadh class frigates In August 2011 Turkey's national air and missile competition has attracted bids from a U.S. partnership of Raytheon and Lockheed Martin, offering the Patriot air defense system; Russia's Rosoboronexport, marketing the S-300; China's CPMIEC (China Precision Machinery Export-Import Corp.), offering its HQ-9; and Eurosam's SAMP/T Aster 30.[6][7] Eurosam has delivered to date 14 units to Italy and France, including 2 First of Class units. France will deploy 10 SAMP/T in 5 air defence squadrons, 4 of which are currently equipped or being equipped. The Italian Army will regroup 5 SAMP/T units in one Regiment, in Mantova, with 4 already delivered.[8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Eurosam website
  2. ^ Europe's Weapons Makers Launch Operation Market Shield November 28, 2010
  3. ^ Beyond Patriot? The Multinational MEADS Air Defense Program Jun 20, 2013
  4. ^ Eurosam
  5. ^ High Tier Air Defence 13, June, 2013
  6. ^ NATO Warns Turkey Against Chinese, Russian Systems Aug. 2, 2011
  7. ^ Missile shopping: Turkey to buy long-range missile system June 30, 2012
  8. ^ EUROSAM SAMP/T Scores Again 2008, March, 2013