Eurovans

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For the van sold in North America, see Volkswagen Eurovan.
Eurovans
Peugeot 807 HDi FAP 135 Premium (Facelift) – Frontansicht, 9. April 2011, Düsseldorf.jpg
Peugeot 807 (facelift), one of the four Eurovan versions
Overview
Manufacturer Sevel Nord
Production March 1994–June 2014
Assembly Lieu-Saint-Amand, France (Sevel)
Body and chassis
Class Large MPV
Body style 5-door MPV
Layout Front-engine, front-wheel-drive
Related Sevel Nord vans
Chronology
Successor Fiat Freemont
Lancia Voyager

The Eurovans are a family of large MPVs from the Citroën, Peugeot, Fiat and Lancia marques, produced at the jointly-owned Sevel Nord factory in France. It was launched in March 1994, and production ceased in November 2010 for the Fiat and Lancia models, and in June 2014 for the Citroën and Peugeot siblings.[1]

The Eurovans differ little technically and visually, being a prime example of badge engineering. They share mechanicals and body structure with the Sevel Nord light commercial vans, the Citroën Jumpy (Dispatch), Fiat Scudo and Peugeot Expert.[2]

First generation (1994–2002)[edit]

First generation
Citroen evasion side.jpg
Overview
Also called Citroën Evasion (Synergie)
Fiat Ulysse
Lancia Zeta
Peugeot 806
Production March 1994–February 2002
Body and chassis
Platform Sevel Nord vans[citation needed]

The first generation Eurovans were introduced in 1994. They are smaller than American vans, like the Chrysler Voyager, which is also available in Europe. In contrast to the Toyota Previa and like American minivans they had sliding rear side doors, a trait they share with their commercial siblings. In spite of the fact that the Voyager also came in the "Grand" versions with elongated body and wheelbase (and the Espace followed suit in 1997), the Eurovans only came in one size.

The Eurovans were almost identical, the differences consisting in different grilles, lower tailgates/taillights, wheel covers/alloy wheels and exterior and interior badging, as well as different trim levels. In October 1998, the Eurovans were mildly facelifted.

Inside, the gear lever was mounted on the dashboard rather than on the floor, and the handbrake is on the door side of the driver's seat, which allowed for the removal of middle console and opened up a passage between the front seats. The seating configurations included two fixed seats in front and three individual removable seats in the middle row, along with optional two individual removable seats or a three-seater bench in the third row.

Engines[edit]

The first-generation Eurovans utilized PSA's XU/XUD engines, regardless of brand. They were later replaced by the PSA EW/DW engine. All were mated to 5-speed manual transmissions, apart from the 2.0 16v EW petroleum engine, which had an option of a 4-speed automatic.

Name Fuel Volume Output Torque Engine code Notes
1.8 8v Petrol 1,761 cc (1.761 L; 107.5 cu in) 99 PS (73 kW; 98 hp) @5750 rpm 147 N·m (108 lb·ft) @2600 rpm XU7 Not available for Lancia Zeta, phased out in 2000
2.0 8v Petrol 1,998 cc (1.998 L; 121.9 cu in) 121 PS (89 kW; 119 hp) @5750 rpm 170 N·m (130 lb·ft) @2650 rpm XU10 2C Not available for Lancia Zeta, phased out in 2000
2.0 16v Petrol 1,998 cc (1.998 L; 121.9 cu in) 132 PS (97 kW; 130 hp) @5500 rpm 180 N·m (130 lb·ft) @4200 rpm XU10 J4 Phased out in 2000
2.0 16v Petrol 1,997 cc (1.997 L; 121.9 cu in) 136 PS (100 kW; 134 hp) @6000 rpm 190 N·m (140 lb·ft) @4100 rpm EW10 J4 Optional automatic transmission; replaced all previous petroleum engines in July 2000
2.0 8v Turbo Petrol 1,998 cc (1.998 L; 121.9 cu in) 147 PS (108 kW; 145 hp) @5300 rpm 235 N·m (173 lb·ft) @2500 rpm XU10 J2TE Phased out in 2000
1.9 8v TD Diesel 1,905 cc (1.905 L; 116.3 cu in) 90 PS (66 kW; 89 hp) @4000 rpm 196 N·m (145 lb·ft) @2250 rpm XUD9 Phased out in 2000, not available for Lancia Zeta
2.1 12v TD Diesel 2,088 cc (2.088 L; 127.4 cu in) 109 PS (80 kW; 108 hp) @4300 rpm 250 N·m (180 lb·ft) @2000 rpm XUD11 Phased out in 2000
2.0 8v HDi/JTD Diesel 1,997 cc (1.997 L; 121.9 cu in) 109 PS (80 kW; 108 hp) @4000 rpm 250 N·m (180 lb·ft) @1750 rpm DW10AETD PSA's new HDI engine, billed JTD by Fiat in spite of that; introduced in January 2000 to replace both previous diesels
2.0 16v HDi/JTD Diesel 1,997 cc (1.997 L; 121.9 cu in) 136 PS (100 kW; 134 hp) @6000 rpm 270 N·m (200 lb·ft) @1750 rpm DW10BTED4 16-valve version of previous engine, introduced in 2001

Model differences[edit]

Citroën Evasion[edit]

Front view

The Evasion was badged Synergie in the RHD markets of both the United Kingdom and Ireland. However, the car maintained the Evasion name in New Zealand. In 1998, the Citroën Evasion got a slight facelift including a larger logo and a restyling of the front grille and rear bumper. The Citroen brand was sold in Mexico with a headquarters in Detroit.

Peugeot 806[edit]

Front view
Rear view

The 806 was named according to Peugeot's "x0x" system, where the first digit indicates model series (vehicle size/class) and the last indicates the generation, with a central zero. The largest Peugeot series then available was the executive saloon 605, so Peugeot chose 8, potentially leaving room for an in between model. The Eurovans were launched when Peugeot was replacing the "x05" with "x06" models, so it was appropriately labeled "806".

Fiat Ulysse[edit]

Front view
Rear view

The Fiat was named after Ulysses, the Roman name for Odysseus, the hero of Homer's Odyssey. This could have been problematic as Honda used the Odyssey name for their minivan, but the Honda Odyssey was only sold in Europe in its first generation and then named Honda Shuttle. The Ulysse range received a facelift in 1999.

Lancia Zeta[edit]

Front view
Rear view

Following the traditional naming theme, Lancia named its variant with the previously unused Greek letter Zeta. With its big chrome grille, the Lancia served as the "premium" Eurovan, not available with base engines and exceptionally well equipped, with prices up to 20% higher than corresponding versions of other Eurovans.

Second generation (2002–2014)[edit]

Second generation
Ulysse 2.JPG
Overview
Production February 2002–June 2014 (Citroën and Peugeot)
February 2002-November 2010 (Fiat and Lancia)
Body and chassis
Platform Sevel Nord vans[citation needed]
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,823 mm (111.1 in)
Length 4,727 mm (186.1 in) (Peugeot 807)
Width 1,854 mm (73.0 in) (Peugeot 807)
Height 1,752 mm (69.0 in) (Peugeot 807)

In 2002 the second generation of the Eurovans was launched. The 807 itself was launched in June, followed by the C8 in July.[3] The floorpan, wheelbase, and postponement[clarification needed] were not transformed, but all exterior dimensions-including front and rear tracks- were increased. The increase in length of almost 30 cm greatly enhanced interior volume. The new Eurovans were afforded a much more bubbly, contemporary look, along with a modern-looking dashboard with centrally mounted gauges.

The differences between the various versions were more marked, surrounding full front fascias and rear sections (including head- and tail-lights), as well as different interior colour themes. The middle and third row seats now had fore/aft sliders to increase flexibility and also adjustable backs. As with the first generation, a three-seater bench seat was available in the third row, slotting into the standard third row seat runners, with back-lowering and tilt forward arrangements to increase boot space.

The Citroën C8 and Peugeot 807 also got a light facelift in 2008.

The Fiat and the Lancia were slightly wider than PSA vans, and the Phedra is also longer than other Eurovans.[4]

To highlight the launch of the V6 engine, Peugeot presented a design study called Peugeot 807 Grand Tourisme at the 2003 Geneva Motor Show. Despite the fancier 4-passenger interior and some mechanical and visual tuning, the car was essentially a top-of-the-line 807 in a purple colour.

Engines[edit]

The engine range comprised again of different versions of the PSA EW/DW engine, paired with either 5-speed manual or 4-speed automatic transmissions. (A six-speed manual option was added in the UK in late 2004). Additionally, top-of-the-line versions came with the PSA ES V6.

All diesels were PSA's HDIs, but allocated JTD by Fiat also.

Name Fuel Volume Output Torque Engine code Notes
2.0 16v Petrol 1,997 cc (1.997 L; 121.9 cu in) 136 PS (100 kW; 134 hp) @6000 rpm 190 N·m (140 lb·ft) @4100 rpm EW10 J4 Later replaced by the new 140 PS version of the same engine
2.0 16v Petrol 1,997 cc (1.997 L; 121.9 cu in) 140 PS (103 kW; 138 hp) @6000 rpm 200 N·m (150 lb·ft) @4000 rpm EW10 A Replaced the 136 PS version; not available for Fiat or Lancia
2.2 16v Petrol 2,230 cc (2.23 L; 136 cu in) 158 PS (116 kW; 156 hp) @5650 rpm 217 N·m (160 lb·ft) @3900 rpm EW12 J4 Not available for Fiat or Lancia
3.0 24v Petrol 2,946 cc (2.946 L; 179.8 cu in) 204 PS (150 kW; 201 hp) @6000 rpm 285 N·m (210 lb·ft) @3750 rpm ES9 Added in 2003, only available with automatic transmission
2.0 16v HDi/JTD Diesel 1,997 cc (1.997 L; 121.9 cu in) 109 PS (80 kW; 108 hp) @4000 rpm 270 N·m (200 lb·ft) @1750 rpm DW10
2.0 16v HDi/JTD Diesel 1,997 cc (1.997 L; 121.9 cu in) 120 PS (88 kW; 118 hp) @4000 rpm 300 N·m (220 lb·ft) @2000 rpm DW10
2.0 16v HDi/JTD Diesel 1,997 cc (1.997 L; 121.9 cu in) 136 PS (100 kW; 134 hp) @4000 rpm 320 N·m (240 lb·ft) @2000 rpm DW10 BTED4
2.2 16v HDi/JTD Diesel 2,179 cc (2.179 L; 133.0 cu in) 128 PS (94 kW; 126 hp) @4000 rpm 314 N·m (232 lb·ft) @2000 rpm DW12 TED4 Only available with manual transmission, in 2005 changed to 6-speed
2.2 16v HDi/JTD Diesel 2,179 cc (2.179 L; 133.0 cu in) 170 PS (125 kW; 168 hp) @4000 rpm 370 N·m (270 lb·ft) @1500 rpm DW12 From 2008 new 2.2 bi-TURBO

Model differences[edit]

Citroën C8[edit]

Front view
Rear view

Citroën chose to put the minivan in line with its new naming theme, where models were called Cx (x being a number roughly corresponding to the relative size of a given model), hence the Citroën C8.

Peugeot 807[edit]

Front view
Rear view

The 807 replaced the 806.

Fiat Ulysse[edit]

Front view
Rear view

Fiat retained the Ulysse name for its second generation. The direct successor is the Fiat Freemont.[5]

Lancia Phedra[edit]

Front view
Rear view

As the new Lancias didn't use Greek letters in the 2000s (until the Lancia Delta was reintroduced in 2008), the new minivan was called Lancia Phedra, in honor of the Greek mythological figure Phaedra. The successor is the Lancia Voyager.

Sales and production figures[edit]

Year Worldwide Production Worldwide Sales Notes
807 C8 807 C8
2004 TBA TBA 31,200[6] TBA
2005 TBA TBA 27,500[6] TBA
2006 TBA TBA 24,200[6] TBA
2007 TBA TBA 21,100[6] TBA
2008 TBA TBA 13,500[6] TBA
2009 6,200[7] TBA 7,100[7] 5,800[7]
2010 5,700[7] TBA 5,700[7] 5,500[7]
2011 6,376[3] 5,731[3] 6,345[3] 5,540[3] Total 807 production reaches 185,190 units.
Total C8 production reaches 143,761 units.[3]
2012 4,200[8] 3,700[8] 4,500[8] 4,100[8] Total 807 production reaches 189,400 units.
Total C8 production reaches 147,500 units.[8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Fin de parcours pour les Peugeot 807 et Citroen C8". Auto Plus (in French). 30 June 2014. Retrieved 12 August 2014. 
  2. ^ "Fiat Scudo Van Range : Do you do Scudo?". Uk.cars.yahoo.com. Retrieved 2011-11-26. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f "PSA Annual Report 2012". Car manufacturers. PSA. Retrieved 5 April 2013. 
  4. ^ Nowy Auto Katalog. Motor Presse Polska. 2006. pp. 191–271. ISSN 1233-0793.  - technical data based on 2005/06 models
  5. ^ "New model: Fiat Freemont". Italiaspeed.com. 2011-06-16. Retrieved 2012-04-09. 
  6. ^ a b c d e "PSA". Psa-peugeot-citroen.com. 2011-05-19. Retrieved 2011-05-23. 
  7. ^ a b c d e f "Engine specs from PSA Peugeot Citroën". Creator and designer. PSA Peugeot Citroën. Retrieved 9 April 2013. 
  8. ^ a b c d e "Memento Mars 2013" (in French). PSA Peugeot Citroën. 21 February 2013. p. 50. Retrieved 31 July 2013.