Eurovision Song Contest 1975
|Eurovision Song Contest 1975
|Final date||22 March 1975|
|Venue||Stockholm International Fairs
|Executive supervisor||Clifford Brown|
|Host broadcaster||Sveriges Radio (SR)|
|Interval act||The World of John Bauer|
|Number of entries||19|
|Voting system||Each country awarded 12, 10, 8-1 points to their 10 favourite songs|
|Winning song|| Netherlands
|Eurovision Song Contest|
The Eurovision Song Contest 1975 was the 20th edition of the contest hosted by SR and held in Stockholm, Sweden. The arena for the event was the newly built Stockholm International Fairs in Älvsjö in southern Stockholm. ABBA's victory in Brighton the previous year gave Sweden the right to host the contest for the first time. The Contest was won by Teach-In, who sang "Ding-a-dong" in English, representing the Netherlands.
Stockholm is the capital and the largest city of Sweden and constitutes the most populated urban area in Scandinavia. Founded no later than c. 1250, possibly as early as 1187, Stockholm has long been one of Sweden's cultural, media, political, and economic centres. Its strategic location on 14 islands on the south-central east coast of Sweden at the mouth of Lake Mälaren, by the Stockholm archipelago, has been historically important. Stockholm has been nominated by GaWC as a global city, with a ranking of Alpha-.
Stockholmsmässan (or Stockholm International Fairs in English) was the venue for the twentieth edition of Eurovision. The main building is in Älvsjö – a southern suburb of Stockholm Municipality for which the building got its nickname – and was constructed in 1971, and holds 4,000 people.
This year a new scoring system was implemented, one which is still used today. Each jury would now give 12 points to the best song, 10 to the second best, then 8 to the third, 7 to the fourth, 6 to the fifth and so forth until the tenth best song (in the jury's opinion) received a single point. The host Karin Falck several times confused the new system with questions like "How much is seven in France?" Unlike today, the points were not given in order (from 1 up to 12), but in the order the songs were performed. The current procedure was not established until 1980.
Greece withdrew from this contest in response to the 1974 Turkish invasion of Cyprus, in protest of Turkey's participation. Despite this, a record of nineteen countries took part. Turkey made their début, while France and Malta returned to the contest.
The Portuguese entry "Madrugada" was an unabashed celebration of the Carnation Revolution, during which the country's 1974 Eurovision entry had played a pivotal practical role. According to author and historian John Kennedy O'Connor in his book The Eurovision Song Contest - The Official History, the Portuguese performer had to be dissuaded from wearing his Portuguese army uniform and carrying a gun onto the stage. Some competitors (notably Portugal and Yugoslavia) opted to perform their songs in English for the rehearsals heard by the judges, but in their native tongue at the final. Others, such as Belgium and Germany, opted for a mix of their own language and English.
- Netherlands - Harry van Hoof
- Ireland- Colman Pearce
- France - Jean Musy
- Germany - Rainer Pietsch
- Luxembourg - Phil Coulter
- Norway - Carsten Klouman
- Switzerland - Peter Jacques
- Yugoslavia - Mario Rijavec
- United Kingdom - Alyn Ainsworth
- Malta - Vince Tempera
- Belgium - Francis Bay
- Israel - Eldad Shrem
- Turkey - Timur Selçuk
- Monaco - André Popp
- Finland - Ossi Runne
- Portugal - Pedro Osório
- Spain - Juan Carlos Calderón
- Sweden - Lars Samuelson
- Italy - Pier Natale Massara
Below is a summary of all 12 points in the final:
|6||Netherlands||Israel, Malta, Norway, Spain, Sweden, United Kingdom|
|4||United Kingdom||France, Luxembourg, Monaco, Yugoslavia|
International broadcasts and voting
The table below shows the order in which votes were cast during the 1975 contest along with the spokesperson who was responsible for announcing the votes for their respective country. Each national broadcaster also sent a commentator to the contest, in order to provide coverage of the contest in their own native language. Details of the commentators and the broadcasting station for which they represented are also included in the table below.
Intelligence reports at the time pointed out the festival as a possible target for a terrorist attack by the Red Army Faction which forced the organizers to tighten security considerably. The attack struck the West German embassy in Stockholm instead about a month later (see West German embassy siege).
The Swedish left movement protested against the contest and its commercial aspect. At first the criticism was directed towards SR for the huge amount of money they spent on the contest but soon the protests developed into a movement against commercial music overall. When the Eurovision Song Contest took place an alternative festival was organized in another part of Stockholm where anybody who wanted could perform a song. Most popular became Sillstryparn's entry "Doing the omoralisk schlagerfestival" (Doing the immoral Eurovision festival). In the autumn of 1975 SR informed that Sweden would not participate in the 1976 edition of the Eurovision Song Contest due to the high costs that came with hosting the show. The rules later changed so that the costs were split more equally between the participating broadcasters. In the end, SR did not broadcast the 1976 Contest.
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- Baumann, Peter Ramón (OGAE Switzerland)
- Eurovision Song Contest 1975 BBC Archives
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