Eurovision Song Contest 1991

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Eurovision Song Contest 1991
ESC 1991 logo.png
Dates
Final date 4 May 1991
Host
Venue Studio 15 di Cinecittà
Rome, Italy
Presenter(s) Gigliola Cinquetti
Toto Cutugno
Conductor Bruno Canfora
Director Riccardo Donna
Executive supervisor Frank Naef
Host broadcaster Radiotelevisione Italiana (RAI)
Opening act Sara Carlson singing amongst the ruins of ancient Rome; Toto Cutugno singing "Insieme: 1992" and Gigliola Cinquetti singing "Non ho l'età"
Interval act Arturo Brachetti
Participants
Number of entries 22
Debuting countries None
Returning countries  Malta
Withdrawing countries  Netherlands
Vote
Voting system Each country awarded 12, 10, 8-1 points to their 10 favourite songs
Nul points  Austria
Winning song  Sweden
"Fångad av en stormvind"
Eurovision Song Contest
◄1990 Wiki Eurovision Heart (Infobox).svg 1992►

The Eurovision Song Contest 1991 was the 36th Eurovision Song Contest and was held on 4 May 1991 in Rome. Due to the Gulf War and mounting tensions in Yugoslavia, RAI decided to move the contest from Sanremo to Rome, which was perceived to be more secure.

This was the last event in which the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia participated. The 1992 contest saw the participation of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (comprising only Serbia and Montenegro).

Carola was the winner of this Contest with the song "Fångad av en stormvind". This was the third victory for Sweden, the last one being in 1984. There was a tie between Carola and France's Amina, as both had received 146 points. This necessitated a 'count-back', a tie-breaking measure introduced after the infamous four-way tie in 1969's Contest. Both Sweden and France had received four lots of 12 points, but Sweden had received five lots of 10 points to France's two, so Carola was declared the winner. This was the closest France has ever come to winning the ESC since 1977. Had today's tie-break rule been in place, France would have won in 1969 and 1991, as more countries voted for it.

Contest overview[edit]

The presenters were Gigliola Cinquetti and Toto Cutugno, the latter having some difficulty with the pronunciation of the song titles and names of the artists and conductors. Despite this, in Italy almost seven million people watched the show. In addition to tallying the vote numbers in English and French, Cinquetti and Cutugno gave each of the jury allotments in Italian as well.

Nearly all of the commentary during the voting was given in Italian, which is not an official language of the European Broadcasting Union. (English and French are, and in the Eurovision Song Contest it is mandatory to provide commentary in at least one of those languages)

Sara Carlson gave the opening ceremony performance, titled Celebration, a mixture of modern dance in ancient settings of Ancient Rome, the performance featured Carlson singing and a mixture of street dance and classical dance choreographed to popular sounding music of the time. At the time, Carlson had appeared numerous times on Italian TV and this was seen as one of her largest audiences.

The Netherlands did not participate in this contest as it conflicted with the Remembrance of the Dead national holiday, and so Malta was allowed to participate in the Contest for the first time in 16 years, unable to before due to entry restrictions.

Problems and controversy[edit]

  • During Carola's performance, the sound system in the venue broke down and the audience could not hear her sing. However, the song was broadcast without problems.
  • The show also overran quite significantly, something which subsequent contests have been careful to prevent (except 2002 and 2005).

Results[edit]

Draw Country Language[1] Artist Song English translation Place Points
01  Yugoslavia Serbian Baby Doll "Brazil" (Бразил) 21 1
02  Iceland Icelandic Stefán & Eyfi "Draumur um Nínu" Dream of Nina 15 26
03  Malta English Georgina & Paul Giordimaina "Could It Be" 6 106
04  Greece Greek Sophia Vossou "I Anixi" (Η άνοιξη) Spring 13 36
05  Switzerland Italian Sandra Simó "Canzone per te" A song for you 5 118
06  Austria German Thomas Forstner "Venedig im Regen" Venice in the rain 22 0
07  Luxembourg French Sarah Bray "Un baiser volé" A stolen kiss 14 29
08  Sweden Swedish Carola "Fångad av en stormvind" Captured by a Lovestorm 1 146
09  France French Amina "C'est le dernier qui a parlé qui a raison" It's the last one who spoke who is right 2 146
10  Turkey Turkish İzel Çeliköz, Reyhan Karaca
& Can Uğurluer
"İki Dakika" Two Minutes 12 44
11  Ireland English Kim Jackson "Could It Be That I'm In Love" 10 47
12  Portugal Portuguese Dulce Pontes "Lusitana paixão" Lusitanian Passion 8 62
13  Denmark Danish Anders Frandsen "Lige der hvor hjertet slår" Where The Heart Beats 19 8
14  Norway Norwegian Just 4 Fun "Mrs. Thompson" 17 14
15  Israel Hebrew Duo Datz "Kan" (כאן) Here 3 139
16  Finland Finnish Kaija Kärkinen "Hullu yö" A crazy night 20 6
17  Germany German Atlantis 2000 "Dieser Traum darf niemals sterben" This dream may never die 18 10
18  Belgium Dutch Clouseau "Geef het op" Give it up 16 23
19  Spain Spanish Sergio Dalma "Bailar pegados" Dancing closely 4 119
20  United Kingdom English Samantha Janus "A Message to Your Heart" 10 47
21  Cyprus Greek Elena Patroklou "SOS" 9 60
22  Italy Neapolitan Peppino di Capri "Comme è ddoce 'o mare" How sweet is the sea 7 89

Voting structure[edit]

Each country had a jury who awarded 12, 10, 8, 7, 6, 5, 4, 3, 2, 1 points for their top ten songs.

During the final vote (Italy) none of the top three contenders - Sweden, Israel and France - had received any points up until the last 12-point vote. This vote went to France and for the first time in twenty-two years, there was a tie for first place, with France overcoming a large deficit to catch up with Sweden. However, since the four-way tie of 1969, the rules had been altered to ensure a single outright winner. The first step in the procedure was to check the number of 12-point votes awarded to each country. Sweden and France were still tied. But when counting the number of 10-point votes, Sweden had more and was finally declared the winner.

If the tie occurred under modern tie-breaking rules, France would have won because it had been voted for by more countries than Sweden.

Tiebreak results[edit]

Place Country Artist Points 12 points 10 points Points from each country
1  Sweden Carola 146 4 5 17 of 21
2  France Amina 146 4 2 18 of 21

Score sheet[edit]

Results
ESCTotaltscoreJ.svg ESCYugoslaviaJ.svg ESCIcelandJ.svg ESCMaltaJ.svg ESCGreeceJ.svg ESCSwitzerlandJ.svg ESCAustriaJ.svg ESCLuxembourgJ.svg ESCSwedenJ.svg ESCFranceJ.svg ESCTurkeyJ.svg ESCIrelandJ.svg ESCPortugalJ.svg ESCDenmarkJ.svg ESCNorwayJ.svg ESCIsraelJ.svg ESCFinlandJ.svg ESCGermanyJ.svg ESCBelgiumJ.svg ESCSpainJ.svg ESCUnitedKingdomJ.svg ESCCyprusJ.svg ESCItalyJ.svg
Contestants Yugoslavia 1 1
Iceland 26 4 10 5 7
Malta 106 1 2 6 4 10 12 2 7 12 7 6 10 4 6 7 10
Greece 36 4 5 2 1 1 4 1 1 5 10 2
Switzerland 118 5 5 7 8 12 8 4 2 2 6 5 3 8 5 6 12 8 8 4
Austria 0
Luxembourg 29 4 5 1 3 2 4 3 2 3 2
Sweden 146 6 12 10 10 7 6 3 10 12 8 10 8 12 10 4 12 6
France 146 10 7 3 8 7 12 5 7 5 12 12 10 8 7 8 6 7 12
Turkey 44 7 7 8 7 2 5 8
Ireland 47 3 4 3 1 8 4 7 1 2 2 5 4 3
Portugal 62 8 4 1 2 7 10 5 1 2 7 10 4 1
Denmark 8 3 5
Norway 14 6 1 1 2 4
Israel 139 12 10 8 5 8 5 6 3 12 8 4 10 7 6 8 12 10 5
Finland 6 1 1 4
Germany 10 6 1 3
Belgium 23 3 2 5 3 3 2 5
Spain 119 8 2 6 10 12 7 6 4 6 8 6 8 4 2 4 7 6 1 12
United Kingdom 47 10 3 5 6 3 1 1 3 5 3 1 6
Cyprus 60 2 3 12 12 4 12 5 3 6 1
Italy 89 7 2 6 2 8 10 10 12 10 3 12 7

12 points[edit]

Below is a summary of all 12 point in the final:

N. Contestant Voting nation
4 France Austria, Israel, Italy, Norway
Sweden Denmark, Germany, Iceland, United Kingdom
3 Cyprus France, Greece, Malta
Israel Spain, Turkey, Yugoslavia
2 Italy Finland, Portugal
Malta Ireland, Sweden
Spain Cyprus, Switzerland
Switzerland Belgium, Luxembourg

Returning artists[edit]

Artist Country Previous year(s)
Thomas Forstner  Austria 1989
Stefán Hilmarsson (part of Stefán & Eyfi)  Iceland 1988 (part of Beathoven)
Eiríkur Hauksson (part of Just 4 Fun)  Norway 1986 (for Iceland, part of ICY)
Hanne Krogh (part of Just 4 Fun)  Norway 1971, 1985 (part of Bobbysocks!, winner)
Carola  Sweden 1983

Postcards[edit]

The singers were asked to sing a known Italian song which would then be used as a short clip for the postcard. The songs were in order:

# Country Competing artist Original artist Song
1 Yugoslavia Baby Doll Gigliola Cinquetti "Non ho l'età"
2 Iceland Stefán & Eyfi Eros Ramazzotti "Se bastasse una canzone"
3 Malta Georgina & Paul Giordimaina Claudio Baglioni "Questo piccolo grande amore"
4 Greece Sophia Vossou Lucio Dalla "Caruso"
5 Switzerland Sandra Simó Edoardo Bennato and Gianna Nannini "Un'estate italiana"
6 Austria Thomas Forstner Eros Ramazzotti "Adesso tu"
7 Luxembourg Sarah Bray Ricchi e Poveri "Sarà perchè ti amo"
8 Sweden Carola Fiordaliso "Non voglio mica la luna"
9 France Amina Rita Pavone "La partita di Pallone"
10 Turkey İzel Çeliköz, Reyhan Karaca
& Can Uğurluer
Dalida "Amore scusami"
11 Ireland Kim Jackson Domenico Modugno "Nel blu dipinto di blu"
12 Portugal Dulce Pontes Domenico Modugno "Dio, come ti amo"
13 Denmark Anders Frandsen Giacomo Puccini "Nessun dorma"
14 Norway Just 4 Fun Mario Lanza "Santa Lucia"
15 Israel Duo Datz Sergio Endrigo "Lontano dagli occhi"
16 Finland Kaija Kärkinen Renato Carosone "Maruzzella"
17 Germany Atlantis 2000 Toto Cutugno "L'italiano"
18 Belgium Clouseau Eros Ramazzotti "Musica è"
19 Spain Sergio Dalma Rocky Roberts "Sono tremendo"
20 United Kingdom Samantha Janus Antonello Venditti "Ricordati di me"
21 Cyprus Elena Patroklou Sergio Endrigo "Io che amo solo te"
22 Italy Peppino di Capri Peppino di Capri "Champagne"

Commentators[edit]

Spokespersons[edit]

National jury members[edit]

References[edit]

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  18. ^ Baumann, Peter Ramón (OGAE Switzerland)
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  20. ^ Dyrseth, Seppo (OGAE Norway)
  21. ^ "פורום אירוויזיון". Sf.tapuz.co.il. 1999-09-13. Retrieved 2012-08-10. 
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