Eurovision Song Contest 2001
|Eurovision Song Contest 2001
|Final date||12 May 2001|
|Presenter(s)||Natasja Crone Back
|Executive supervisor||Christine Marchal-Ortiz|
|Host broadcaster||Danmarks Radio (DR)|
|Opening act||Olsen Brothers with "Fly on the Wings of Love" and "Walk Right Back"|
|Interval act||Aqua and Safri Duo|
|Number of entries||23|
|Voting system||Each country awarded 12, 10, 8-1 points to their 10 favourite songs.|
|Winning song|| Estonia
|Eurovision Song Contest|
The Eurovision Song Contest 2001 was the 46th Eurovision Song Contest and was held on 12 May 2001 in the Parken Stadium in Copenhagen, Denmark. It was the first time in 36 years that Denmark hosted the Eurovision Song Contest, thanks to the Olsen Brothers' win the previous year in Stockholm. The Olsen Brothers Opened the show with a snippet from their winning song "Fly on the Wings of Love", followed by their latest single "Walk Right Back", which was already a smash hit in Denmark. The presenters were Danish journalist and TV-show presenter Natasja Crone Back and the famous Danish actor Søren Pilmark who spoke most of their announcements in rhyme. The contest was won by Estonia who were represented by Tanel Padar, Dave Benton & 2XL with the song "Everybody", written by Ivar Must and Maian Kärmas. Dave Benton, who was born and raised in Aruba, was the first black person and, at the age of 50 years and 101 days, the oldest contestant to date to win the contest.
Copenhagen, the capital of Denmark was the host city for the ninth edition of Eurovision. First documentation of the city was in the 11th century, Copenhagen became the capital of Denmark in the beginning of the 15th century. During the 17th century, under the reign of Christian IV, it became a significant regional centre. Its strategic location and excellent infrastructure, with the largest airport in Scandinavia, Kastrup, located 14 minutes by train from the city centre, have made it a regional hub and a popular location for regional headquarters and conventions.
The venue choice for the contest was the Parken Stadium, a football stadium in the Indre Østerbro (Inner Østerbro) district of Copenhagen, Denmark, built from 1990–1992. A total of 35,000 spectators saw the show live from within the stadium, breaking a record held by the previous hosts Sweden in 2000.
The logo of the 2001 Eurovision Song Contest was made out of four circles, placed in the shape of a heart. The four circles were also present in the stage design, with the light construction was made of the same four rings.
The Danish national broadcaster faced some problems whilst organising the contest such as the lack of funds and the search for a suitable venue. The event was eventually located in the football stadium Parken, after the company running the stadium agreed to add a retractable roof to the building. This solution made it the biggest venue ever to host a Eurovision Song Contest, but the scale of it wasn't entirely a success: many of the 38,000 people in the audience could not see the stage, and for many entries the hall appeared to be too big.
All of the countries participating in this year's Eurovision were required to use televoting for the first time after becoming compulsory. The jury backup votes were only used by some countries with either technical problems with their televotes or a weak fixed-telephone infrastructure. Further changes occurred in the qualification process for the 2002 Contest: along with the "Big 4" countries, the top 15 placed countries of the country would qualify for next year's competition. The other spots for 2002 would be filled by countries that were excluded from the 2001 contest because of their low point average for the years 1996-2000.
France, Greece and Slovenia were the heavy favourites to win the contest, however as the voting progressed it became a two-horse race between Denmark and Estonia, with Estonia ending as the unexpected winners.
Controversy was again rife in the 2001 Contest: the United Kingdom TV commentator Terry Wogan repeatedly made critical comments about the hosts and dubbed them "Doctor Death and the Tooth Fairy/The Little Mermaid" after providing their entire commentary in rhyming couplets. The Danes were so offended that the BBC was obliged to issue an apology on Wogan's comments. Controversy also surrounded the Swedish song, "Listen To Your Heartbeat", which was repeatedly accused as a plagiarism of the Belgian entry for the 1996 Contest, "Liefde is een kaartspel". Eventually the EBU decided for the matter to be settled in court, with the song allowed to compete as long as the courts did not declare the song as plagiarism.
During the voting the Danish band Aqua performed with a medley of their singles, with percussion ensemble Safri Duo performing in the medley. Although enjoyable, people complained about it being a little bit "rude" as there was some swearing during the performance, both at the beginning and end of "Barbie Girl".
Participating countries 
Due to the EBU's relegation rule of the lowest ranked countries from the contest had to miss the follow year's contest, meant several countries had to withdraw, while relegated countries from the 1999 contest were able to return this year. Bosnia and Herzegovina, Greece, Lithuania, Poland, Portugal, and Slovenia returned, while Austria, Belgium, Cyprus, Finland, Macedonia, Romania, and Switzerland withdrew, as they were the lowest ranking countries from the 2000 contest. This brought the total number of participating countries to twenty-three.
Returning artists 
No returning acts were present this year, the first time it happened since 1989.
The majority of participating countries held a televote, where the top ten most voted for songs were awarded the 12, 10, 8, 7, 6, 5, 4, 3, 2, 1 points. This year the EBU introduced for the first time a mix of voting systems (50% televoting and 50% jury) for those countries that didn't want to use 100% televoting. According to the EBU rules (published on 05/10/00), every broadcaster was free to make a choice between the full televoting system and the mixed 50-50 system. In exceptional circumstances, where televoting was not possible at all, only a jury was used: Bosnia & Herzegovina, Turkey and Russia. Only a few countries are confirmed to have used the mixed voting system: Croatia, Greece and Malta.
12 points 
Below is a summary of all 12 points in the final:
|N.||Recipient nation||Voting nation|
|9||Estonia||Greece, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Netherlands, Poland, Slovenia, Turkey, United Kingdom|
|6||Denmark||Iceland, Croatia, Estonia, Germany, Ireland, Norway|
|3||France||Bosnia and Herzegovina, Portugal, Russia|
International broadcasts and voting 
The table below shows the order in which votes were cast during the 2001 contest along with the spokesperson who was responsible for announcing the votes for their respective country. Each national broadcaster also sent a commentator to the contest, in order to provide coverage of the contest in their own native language. Details of the commentators and the broadcasting station for which they represented are also included in the table below.
|01||Netherlands||Marlayne||Willem van Beusekom||Nederland 2|
|Hijlco Span||Nederlands Radio 2|
|02||Iceland||Eva María Jónsdóttir||Gísli Marteinn Baldursson||Sjónvarpið|
|03||Bosnia and Herzegovina||Segmedina Srna||Ismeta Dervoz-Krvavac||BHT1|
|04||Norway||Roald Øyen||Jostein Pedersen||NRK1|
|05||Israel||Yoav Ginai||No commentator||IBA|
|Daniel Pe'er||Reshet Gimel|
|06||Russia||Larisa Verbitskaya||Alexandr Anatolievich & Konstantin Mikhailov||Public Russian Television|
|Vadim Dolgachev||Voice of Russia|
|07||Sweden||Josefine Sundström||Henrik Olsson||SVT1|
|Carolina Norén||SR P3|
|08||Lithuania||Loreta Tarozaitė||Darius Užkuraitis||LTV|
|09||Latvia||Renārs Kaupers||Kārlis Streips||Latvijas Televīzija|
|10||Croatia||Danijela Trbović||Ante Batinović||HRT 1|
|Draginja Balaš||HR 2|
|11||Portugal||Margarida Mercês de Mello||Eládio Clímaco||RTP1|
|12||Ireland||Bláthnaid Ní Chofaigh||Marty Whelan||RTÉ One|
|Brendan Balfe||RTÉ Radio 1|
|13||Spain||Jennifer Rope||José Luis Uribarri||TVE1|
|14||France||Corinne Hermès||Marc-Olivier Fogiel & Dave||France 3|
|Olivier Chiabodo||France Bleu|
|15||Turkey||Meltem Ersan Yazgan||Ömer Önder||TRT 1|
|Ümit Tunçağ||TRT Radyo 3|
|16||United Kingdom||Colin Berry||Terry Wogan||BBC One|
|Ken Bruce||BBC Radio 2|
|17||Slovenia||Mojca Mavec||Andrea F||SLO1|
|18||Poland||Maciej Orłoś||Artur Orzech||TVP1|
|19||Germany||Axel Bulthaupt||Peter Urban||Das Erste|
|Thomas Mohr||Deutschlandfunk/NDR 2|
|20||Estonia||Ilomai Küttim "Elektra"||Marko Reikop||Eesti Televisioon|
|Vello Rand||ERR Raadio 2|
|21||Malta||Marbeck Spiteri||Alfred Borg||PBS|
|22||Greece||Alexis Kostalas||Dafni Bokota||ET1|
|23||Denmark||Gry Johansen||Hans Otto Bisgaard & Hilda Heick||DR1|
|-||Australia1||(non-participating country)||Terry Wogan||SBS|
|-||Austria||(non-participating country)||Andi Knoll||ORF1|
|Stermann & Grissemann||FM4|
|-||Belgium||(non-participating country)||André Vermeulen & Anja Daems||VRT TV1|
|Jean-Pierre Hautier||RTBF La Une|
|Julien Put & Michel Follet||VRT Radio 2|
|Laurent Daube & Éric Russon||RTBF La Première|
|-||Cyprus||(non-participating country)||Evi Papamichail||RIK 1|
|-||Finland||(non-participating country)||Jani Juntunen & Asko Murtomäki||YLE TV1|
|-||Macedonia||(non-participating country)||Milanka Rašik||MTV 2|
|-||Romania||(non-participating country)||Andreea Marin & Leonard Miron||TVR2|
|-||Switzerland||(non-participating country)||Sandra Studer||SF2)|
|Jean-Marc Richard||TSR 2|
|Jonathan Tedesco||TSI 1|
|-||Yugoslavia2||(non-participating country)||Boško Negovanović||RTS2|
- 1.^ Although Australia is not itself eligible to enter, the event was broadcast on SBS. As is the case each year, it did not however broadcast it live due to the difference in Australian time zones. This year, the broadcast contained a locally produced addition of a studio audience of young representatives from the competing countries. However, a number of complaints saw the United Kingdom's broadcast, including commentary from Terry Wogan, shown a few weeks later.
- 2.^ After the breakup of Yugoslavia, Federal Republic of Yugoslavia was last participated in 1992. YU Info channel broadcast the show, although Yugoslavia did not participate.
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