Eurville-Bienville

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Eurville-Bienville
Eurville-Bienville is located in France
Eurville-Bienville
Eurville-Bienville
Coordinates: 48°35′09″N 5°02′14″E / 48.5858°N 5.0372°E / 48.5858; 5.0372Coordinates: 48°35′09″N 5°02′14″E / 48.5858°N 5.0372°E / 48.5858; 5.0372
Country France
Region Champagne-Ardenne
Department Haute-Marne
Arrondissement Saint-Dizier
Canton Chevillon
Intercommunality Communauté de communes de la Vallée de la Marne
Government
 • Mayor Jean Bozek
Area1 20.73 km2 (8.00 sq mi)
Population (1999)2 2,083
 • Density 100/km2 (260/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 52194 / 52410
Elevation 152–242 m (499–794 ft)
(avg. 159 m or 522 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Eurville-Bienville is a commune in the Haute-Marne department in north-eastern France. It is formed by the merger of two former villages which are located on both sides of the Marne river.


History[edit]

The village of Bienville has existed from the 5th century. St. Menehould would have died there in 490 (a chapel marks the presumed location of the house where she would have ended his life), but the first reference is from 1167.

Eurville and Bienville have been separated by a boundary during centuries. Between the two villages passed the "Ditch of France", created by the Treaty of Verdun in 843. Eurville was in Francie and Bienville in Lorraine. Stones posts marking the boundaries are still visible. This boundary has even been restored by the Germans during the Second World War.

In feudal times, Eurville depended on the lord of Dampierre Saint-Dizier, Count of Champagne and the kingdom of France.

There are traces of the village of Eurville in 1233: Guillaume de Dampierre, Seigneur de Saint-Dizier, had usurped half the income of the Abbey of Saint-Urbain in appropriating the serfs of Eurville, Bienville, Prez, Chamouilley.

In 1551, Eurville passed into the hands of Baron de Joinville.

Eurville merges with Bienville in 1972.

See also[edit]