Euskirchen (district)

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Euskirchen
District
North rhine w eu.png
Country  Germany
State North Rhine-Westphalia
Adm. region Cologne
Capital Euskirchen
Area
 • Total 1,249.093 km2 (482.278 sq mi)
Population (31 December 2013)[1]
 • Total 187,437
 • Density 150/km2 (390/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Vehicle registration EU
Website http://www.kreis-euskirchen.de

Euskirchen is a Kreis (district) in the south-west of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. Neighboring districts are Aachen, Düren, Rhein-Erft-Kreis, Rhein-Sieg, Ahrweiler, Daun, Bitburg-Prüm, and the Liège province (Belgium).

History[edit]

In 1827 a first district around the city of Euskirchen was created, however much smaller than today. In 1932 the district of Rheinbach was dissolved, whereby the Euskirchen district gained its southern part. In 1972 the Euskirchen district grew again by the inclusion of the Schleiden district.

Geography[edit]

Geographically the district is inside the Eifel hill chain. This land is hardly suitable for agriculture, and therefore in historical times the region was rather poor. The only wealth was the iron ore, but today the many forests there make the area interesting for tourists.

Coat of arms[edit]

Coat of arms The coat of arms shows the four signs of the main historical territories or rulers of the district. Top-left are the roses of the counts of Arenberg, top-right the lion of Jülich, bottom-right the wave-line of the counts of Manderscheid-Blankenheim, and bottom-left the Cologne cross.

The coat of arms was granted in 1973.

Towns and municipalities[edit]

Towns Municipalities
  1. Bad Münstereifel (17,395)
  2. Euskirchen (55,502)
  3. Mechernich (26,776)
  4. Schleiden (12,892)
  5. Zülpich (19,689)
  1. Blankenheim (8,534)
  2. Dahlem (4,163)
  3. Hellenthal (8,168)
  4. Kall (11,306)
  5. Nettersheim (7,475)
  6. Weilerswist (15,824)

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Media related to Kreis Euskirchen at Wikimedia Commons

Coordinates: 50°30′N 6°40′E / 50.5°N 6.67°E / 50.5; 6.67