Eustace Percy, 1st Baron Percy of Newcastle

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The Right Honourable
The Lord Percy of Newcastle
PC
Portrait of Lord Eustace Percy.jpg
President of the Board of Education
In office
6 November 1924 – 4 June 1929
Monarch George V
Prime Minister Stanley Baldwin
Preceded by Charles Trevelyan
Succeeded by Sir Charles Trevelyan, Bt
Minister without Portfolio
In office
7 June 1935 – 31 March 1936
Monarch George V
Edward VIII
Prime Minister Stanley Baldwin
Preceded by None
Succeeded by None
Personal details
Born 21 March 1887 (1887-03-21)
Died 3 April 1958 (1958-04-04)
Nationality British
Political party Conservative
Spouse(s) Stella Drummond
Alma mater Christ Church, Oxford

Eustace Sutherland Campbell Percy, 1st Baron Percy of Newcastle PC (21 March 1887 – 3 April 1958), styled Lord Eustace Percy between 1899 and 1953, was a British diplomat, Conservative politician and public servant. He most notably served as President of the Board of Education under Stanley Baldwin between 1924 and 1929.

Background and education[edit]

Percy was born into a superbly well-connected family: he was the seventh son of Henry Percy, 7th Duke of Northumberland, and Lady Edith, daughter of George Campbell, 8th Duke of Argyll. Henry Percy, Earl Percy, and Alan Percy, 8th Duke of Northumberland, were his elder brothers. His uncle, the ninth Duke of Argyll, was married to HRH Princess Louise, daughter of Queen Victoria. A niece later married the sixth Duke of Sutherland. He was educated at Eton and Christ Church, Oxford.[1]

Political career[edit]

Percy served in the Diplomatic Service between 1911 and 1919.[1] In 1921 he was elected Member of Parliament (MP) for Hastings, a seat he held until 1937.[1][2] In March 1923 he was appointed Parliamentary Secretary to the Board of Education by Andrew Bonar Law. When Stanley Baldwin became Prime Minister in May of the same year, Percy was moved to the post of Parliamentary Secretary to the Ministry of Health, which he remained until the fall of the government in January 1924.[1] When the Conservatives returned to power in November 1924, he was appointed President of the Board of Education by Baldwin, with a seat in the cabinet,[3] and sworn of the Privy Council.[4] He continued as head of the Board of Education until the government fell in June 1929.

Percy did not serve in the National Government of Ramsay MacDonald between 1931 and 1935, but when Baldwin returned as Prime Minister in June 1935 he again became a member of the cabinet as Minister without Portfolio, a post he held until 1936.[1] Given charge of policy direction for the government in the latter role, he was often dubbed the "Minister for Thought" by the Press. In the 1930s he called for regional government for the North East of England, specifically wishing to be the minister for the region.[citation needed]

In his 1944 Riddell Lecture Percy made a call for the law to be changed radically to recognise companies as associations of productive employees, rather than as associations of shareholders. These were his words: "Here is the most important challenge to political invention ever offered to the jurist or the statesman. The human association which in fact produces and distributes wealth, the association of workmen, managers, technicians and directors is not an association recognised by law. The association which the law does recognise - the association of shareholders, creditors and directors - is incapable of producing and distributing and is not expected to perform these functions. We have to give law to the real association and withdraw meaningless privilege from the imaginary one."[5]

In 1945, Percy chaired the committee on Higher Technological Education that resulted in the Percy report.[6] He also chaired a Royal Commission that reviewed mental health legislation in the 1950s and was Warden and Vice-Chancellor of the University of Durham between 1937 and 1952.[citation needed] In 1953 he was raised to the peerage as Baron Percy of Newcastle, of Etchingham in the County of Sussex.[7]

Family[edit]

Percy married Stella Katherine, daughter of Major-General Laurence George Drummond, in 1918. They had two daughters. He died in April 1958, aged 71. As he had no sons the barony became extinct on his death.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f Lundy, Darryl. "p. 1051 § 10505 Eustace Sutherland Campbell Percy, 1st and last Baron Percy of Newcastle". The Peerage. [unreliable source]
  2. ^ leighrayment.com House of Commons: Haslemere to Herefordshire
  3. ^ The London Gazette: no. 32989. p. 8042. 7 November 1924.
  4. ^ The London Gazette: no. 32989. p. 8041. 7 November 1924.
  5. ^ Quoted in "Jobs and Fairness" by Robert Oakeshott, published by Michael Russell, 2000.
  6. ^ "Trained Men For Industry Plan To Provide More Technologists". The Times. 7 November 1945. p. 2, col B. 
  7. ^ The London Gazette: no. 39798. p. 1443. 13 March 1953.

External links[edit]

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Laurance Lyon
Member of Parliament for Hastings
19211937
Succeeded by
Maurice Hely-Hutchinson
Political offices
Preceded by
Herbert Lewis
Parliamentary Secretary to the Board of Education
1923
Succeeded by
The Earl of Onslow
Preceded by
The Earl of Onslow
Parliamentary Secretary to the Ministry of Health
1923–1924
Succeeded by
Arthur Greenwood
Preceded by
Charles Trevelyan
President of the Board of Education
1924–1929
Succeeded by
Sir Charles Trevelyan, Bt
Preceded by
None
Minister without Portfolio
1935–1936
Succeeded by
None
Academic offices
Preceded by
Sir Robert Alfred Bolam
Warden and Vice-Chancellor
of the University of Durham

with Sir James Fitzjames Duff

1937–1952
Succeeded by
Sir James Fitzjames Duff
Charles Ion Carr Bosanquet
Peerage of the United Kingdom
New creation Baron Percy of Newcastle
1953–1958
Extinct