|Born||Maria Charlotte Michelle Wiesner
21 January 1925
|Died||20 October 2010(aged 85)|
|Genre||Children's (fantasy), historical fiction, romance novels, drama,|
|Notable works||Which Witch?
Journey to the River Sea
|Notable awards||Smarties Prize
Eva Ibbotson, born Eva Maria Charlotte Michelle Wiesner (21 January 1925 – 20 October 2010), was an Austrian-born British novelist, known for her children's books. Some of her novels for adults have been successfully reissued for the young adult market in recent years.
For the historical novel Journey to the River Sea (Macmillan, 2001), she won the Smarties Prize in category 9–11 years, garnered unusual commendation as runner up for the Guardian Prize, and made the Carnegie, Whitbread, and Blue Peter shortlists.
Eva Ibbotson was born Eva Maria Charlotte Michelle Wiesner in Vienna, Austria in 1925 to non-practising Jewish parents. Her father, Berthold P. Wiesner, was a physician who pioneered human infertility treatment. He became a controversial figure, as he is now believed to have used his own sperm to sire perhaps 600 of the children his clinic helped to be born. Her mother, Anna Gmeyner, was a successful novelist and playwright. She had worked with Bertolt Brecht and written film scripts for G. W. Pabst.
Wiesner's parents separated in 1928. What followed for Eva was a " very cosmopolitan, sophisticated and quite interesting, but also very unhappy childhood, always on some train and wishing to have a home," as she later recalled. Her father took up a university lectureship in Edinburgh, Scotland. Her mother left Vienna for Paris in 1933 after her work was banned by Hitler, putting a sudden end to her successful writing career. In 1934 she settled in Belsize Park in North London, and sent for her daughter. Other family members also escaped from Vienna and joined Anna and Maria in London, avoiding the worst of the Nazi regime, which had already affected the family. The experience of fleeing Vienna was a strong thread throughout Ibbotson's life and work.
Eva Wiesner attended Dartington Hall School, which she later fictionalised as Delderton Hall in her novel The Dragonfly Pool (2008). Originally she intended to become a physiologist like her father, and earned an undergraduate degree from Bedford College, London, in 1945. During her postgraduate studies at Cambridge University, she met her future husband, Alan Ibbotson, an ecologist.
Marriage and family
Finding the thought of having to make a career out of conducting experiments on animals appalling, she decided to discontinue her pursuit of a career in scientific research. Ibbotson returned to college, graduating with a diploma in education in 1965 from the University of Durham. She briefly became a teacher in the 1960s before embarking on her writing career.
Ibbotson was widowed. She died at her home in Newcastle on 20 October 2010, having just completed editing the proofs of her last children's book, "One Dog and his Boy" and starting work on another ghost story to add to her long and successful series of children's ghost stories.
|This section needs additional citations for verification. (July 2012)|
Eva Ibbotson began writing with the television drama Linda Came Today, which the British "Television Playhouse" series broadcast in December 1962. Her first English-language book was The Great Ghost Rescue, a juvenile fantasy novel published in 1975 by Macmillan in the UK and Walck in the US, with illustrations by Simon Stern and Giulio Maestro respectively.
Ibbotson wrote more than a dozen books for children, including Which Witch?, The Secret of Platform 13, Dial-a-Ghost, Monster Mission,Journey to the River Sea, The Star of Kazan, The Beasts of Clawstone Castle, and The Dragonfly Pool. She won the Nestlé Smarties Book Prize for Journey to the River Sea, and has been a runner up for major awards in British children's literature several times. WorldCat libraries report holding Which Witch? and Journey to the River Sea in more than five and ten languages, respectively.
The books are imaginative and humorous, and most of them feature magical creatures and places. Ibbotson has said that she disliked thinking about the supernatural, and created the characters because she wanted to decrease her readers' fear of such things. Some of the books, particularly Journey to the River Sea, also reflect Ibbotson's love of nature. She wrote Journey in honour of her husband, a former naturalist who had just died; the book had been in her head for years. Ibbotson had said she disliked "financial greed and a lust for power", and often created antagonists in her books who have these characteristics.
Her love of Austria is evident in works such as The Star of Kazan, A Song For Summer and Magic Flutes/The Reluctant Heiress. These books, set primarily in the Austrian countryside, display the author's love of nature.
Ibbotson was also noted for several works of fiction for adults. Several have been reissued successfully for the young-adult market, some under different titles. Ibbotson was surprised by the repackaging, as she believed they were books for adults, but they have been very popular with teenage audiences. Three are The Secret Countess (originally published as A Countess Below Stairs), A Company of Swans, and Magic Flutes (in some editions published as The Reluctant Heiress).
Ibbotson's writing for adults and teens took a new direction in 1992, when she began to move away from romantic novels. Two of her acclaimed books are set in Europe at the time of World War II and reflect her experience of the time. The first of this setting, The Morning Gift (1993), became a best-seller. Her last novel for adults was A Song For Summer (1997), also set during World War II.
The Secret of Platform 13 and Harry Potter
Critics have observed similarities between Ibbotson's "Platform 13" in The Secret of Platform 13 (1994) and J.K. Rowling's "Platform 9 3/4" in the Harry Potter books (from 1997), both located at King's Cross Station in London. The journalist Amanda Craig has written about the similarities: "Ibbotson would seem to have at least as good a case for claiming plagiarism as the American author currently suing J. K. Rowling [Nancy Stouffer], but unlike her, Ibbotson says she would 'like to shake her [Rowling] by the hand. I think we all borrow from each other as writers'."
These translations were published as small books in Switzerland (Zurich: Verlag die Arche).
- Der Weihnachtskarpfen (1967) (The Christmas Carp; orig. The great carp Ferdinand)
- Am Weihnachtsabend (1968) (On Christmas Eve; orig. A child this day is born)
- In den Sternen stand es geschrieben (1971) (In the stars it was written; orig. The stars that tried)
- The Great Ghost Rescue (1975)
- Which Witch? (1979)
- The Worm & the Toffee Nosed Princess (1983)
- The Haunting of Hiram C. Hopgood (1987); later, The Haunting of Hiram (1988) and The Haunting of Granite Falls (2004)
- Not Just a Witch (1989)
- The Secret of Platform 13 (1994)
- Dial-a-Ghost (1996)
- Monster Mission (1999); later, and in the US, Island of the Aunts
- Journey to the River Sea (2001)
- The Star of Kazan (2004)
- The Beasts of Clawstone Castle (2005)
- The Haunting of Hiram (2008)
- The Dragonfly Pool (2008)
- The Ogre of Oglefort (2010)
- One Dog and his Boy (2010)
- The Abominables (London: Marion Lloyd Books, 2012, ISBN 97814071392976), published posthumously
Adult and young adult fiction
- A Countess Below Stairs (1981); later, The Secret Countess (2007)
- Magic Flutes (1982); later, The Reluctant Heiress (2009)
- A Glove Shop in Vienna and other Stories (1984), a collection
- A Company of Swans (1985)
- Madensky Square (1988)
- The Morning Gift (1993)
- A Song for Summer (1997)
Best Romantic Novel of the Year Published in England, Romantic Novelists Association, 1983, Magic Flutes
- shortlist 1978, Which Witch?
- shortlist 2001, Journey to the River Sea;
- shortlist 2005, The Star of Kazan
Best Books designation, School Library Journal, 1998, The Secret of Platform 13
- shortlist 1998, The Secret of Platform 13
- winner 2001, ages 9–11 years, Journey to the River Sea
- silver medal 2004, 9–11 years, The Star of Kazan
Whitbread Children's Book of the Year, 2001 shortlist, Journey to the River Sea
- highly commended runner up 2001, Journey to the River Sea
- shortlist 2010, The Ogre of Oglefort 28 May 17 Sep
- shortlist 2012, The Abominables 
Film and television
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- Ibbotson wrote Linda Came Today (1962) for television
- In 1978, she wrote Der Große Karpfen Ferdinand und andere Weihnachtsgeschichten for German television.
- A film adaptation of The Great Ghost Rescue was completed in 2011, directed by the French Yann Samuell.
- Michelle Pauli (22 October 2010). "Children's author Eva Ibbotson dies aged 85". London: guardian.co.uk. Retrieved 2012-10-22.
- [Anne Fine], "And the winner is ... : ... a book that lasts. Kevin Crossley-Holland's The Seeing Stone (...)", The Guardian, 9 October 2001. Retrieved 2012-06-19.
- Michelle Pauli, "Guardian children's fiction prize shortlist unveiled". guardian.co.uk. 17 September 2010. Retrieved 2013-10-28.
- "Winner announced for the 2012 Guardian Children's Fiction Prize", guardian.co.uk, 24 October 2012. Retrieved 2013-10-28.
- "Discover the Guardian children's fiction prize 2012 longlist – gallery", The Guardian, 8 June 2012. Retrieved 2012-06-19.
- Martin Fricker, "Grand daddy: Sperm donor scientist may have fathered 1,000 babies at clinic he ran", Mirror, 8 April 2012. Retrieved 2012-04-09.
- Nicholas Tucker, "Eva Ibbotson: Novelist who moved from adult romance to writing entrancing fantasies for children" (obituary), The Independent, 26 October 2010. Retrieved 2010-10-26.
- Michelle Pauli, "Eva Ibbotson: Ogres, aunts and happy endings", guardian.co.uk, 6 October 2010. Retrieved 2011-07-19.
- Hannah Davies, "Eva Ibbotson's son speaks about her legacy", The Journal, 10 May 2011. Retrieved 2011-07-19.
- "Eva Ibbotson" (obituary), The Telegraph, 25 October 2010. Retrieved 2011-07-19.
- "Eva Ibbotson (1925–) Biography – Personal, Addresses, Career, Honors Awards, Writings, Adaptations, Sidelights". jrank. Retrieved 2008.
- "Linda Came Today", Film & TV Database: Television Playhouse, British Film Institute. Retrieved 2010-10-26.
- Eva Ibbotson at the Internet Speculative Fiction Database. Retrieved 2012-11-02. Select a title to see its linked publication history and general information. Select a particular edition (title) for more data at that level, such as a front cover image or linked contents.
- "Ibbotson, Eva". WorldCat. Retrieved 2012-11-02.
- Amanda Craig. "Eva Ibbotson". Archived from the original on 2009-02-03. Retrieved 2009-05-31.
- Adam Dawtrey, "Litlol? agency booking screen time", Variety, 28 July 2004. Retrieved 2008.
- "The Great Ghost Rescue" (2011). IMDB. Retrieved 2008.
- "Horton Foote Award". Natchez Literary and Cinema Celebration. Copiah-Lincoln Community College. Retrieved 2008.
- Eva Ibbotson at the Internet Speculative Fiction Database
- Eva Ibbotson at the Internet Movie Database
- "Author of the month: Eva Ibbotson" (August 2004), The Guardian
- Penguin Reading Guide: Eva Ibbotson
- Eva Ibbotson at Fantastic Fiction
- Eva Ibbotson at panmacmillan
- Eva Ibbotson at jrank
- Ibbotson: "Ich brauche ein glückliches Ende" (2006), a German-language radio interview