|The Right Honourable Sir
Bt PC FRS
|Born||9 July 1752
St. Stephens, Cornwall, UK
|Died||2 October 1822
Nepean was born at St. Stephens near Saltash, Cornwall the second of three sons of Nicholas Nepean, an innkeeper, and his second wife, Margaret Jones. His father was Cornish and his mother was from South Wales. The name "Nepean" is thought to come from the village of Nanpean (“the head of the valley”), in Cornwall.
Nepean married Margaret Skinner, the only daughter of Capt. William Skinner, on 6 June 1782 at the Garrison Church at Greenwich. They had eight children, including Sir Molyneux Hyde Nepean, 2nd Bt., and Maj.-Gen. William Nepean, whose daughter Anna Maria Nepean married General Sir William Parke. Their youngest child, Rev. Canon Evan Nepean, became the Canon of Westminster and a Chaplain In Ordinary to Queen Victoria. His son Charles was a Middlesex county cricketer who also played football. Other descendants of Nepean include the actor Hugh Grant (born 1960).
Nepean entered the Royal Navy on 28 December 1773, serving on HMS Boyne as a clerk to Capt. Hartwell. He was promoted to purser in 1775. During the American Revolutionary War he served as secretary to Admiral Molyneux Shuldham, in Boston in 1776 and again at Plymouth (1777–78). From 1780-1782 he was Purser on HMS Foudroyant for Captain John Jervis (later Lord St. Vincent).
On 3 March 1782 (aged only 29) he was appointed Permanent Under-Secretary of State for the Home Department. In this position he came to have responsibility for naval and political intelligence. He served there until December 1791, when he became Under-Secretary of State for War in 1794, secretary to the Board of Admiralty 1795-1804, Chief Secretary for Ireland 1804-1805, Commissioner of the Admiralty, and then governor of Bombay 1812-1819.
He was Member of Parliament for Queenborough from 1796 till 1802, then moving to Bridport where he remained until 1812. He was made a baronet in 1802 and was admitted to the Privy Council of the United Kingdom in 1804.
Places named after Evan Nepean include:
- The former city of Nepean, Ontario, Canada—now a part of the city of Ottawa.
- The Nepean River, Emu Plains and Nepean Hospital, Penrith, New South Wales, the Nepean Highway from Melbourne to Portsea (and nearby Point Nepean) in the south east of Victoria and Nepean Bay where the South Australia Company came to Kingscote, Kangaroo Island, South Australia.
- The Nepean Road and Nepean Sea Road in Mumbai, India.
- Nepean Island (Norfolk Island), a small uninhabited island in the Southwest Pacific
- Knight, Roger (2013). Britain Against Napoleon: The Organization of Victory 1793-1815. London: Allen Lane. ISBN 978-1-846-14177-5
- Sparrow, Elizabeth (n.d.). "Nepean, Sir Evan", in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography Online, (subscription only), accessed 14 March 2014.