Evanston, Wyoming

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Evanston, Wyoming
City
Looking north into Evanston
Looking north into Evanston
Motto: Fresh air, freedom and fun[1]
Location of Evanston, Wyoming
Location of Evanston, Wyoming
Coordinates: 41°15′48″N 110°57′53″W / 41.26333°N 110.96472°W / 41.26333; -110.96472Coordinates: 41°15′48″N 110°57′53″W / 41.26333°N 110.96472°W / 41.26333; -110.96472
Country United States
State Wyoming
County Uinta
Area[2]
 • Total 10.32 sq mi (26.73 km2)
 • Land 10.27 sq mi (26.60 km2)
 • Water 0.05 sq mi (0.13 km2)
Elevation 6,749 ft (2,057 m)
Population (2010)[3]
 • Total 12,359
 • Estimate (2012[4]) 12,262
 • Density 1,203.4/sq mi (464.6/km2)
Time zone Mountain (MST) (UTC-7)
 • Summer (DST) MDT (UTC-6)
ZIP codes 82930-82931
Area code(s) 307
FIPS code 56-25620[5]
GNIS feature ID 1588345[6]
Website evanstonwy.org

Evanston is a city in and the county seat of Uinta County, Wyoming, United States.[7] The population was 12,359 at the 2010 census.

History[edit]

Evanston was named after James E. Evans, surveyor for the Union Pacific Railroad. Another source maintains it is named for John Evans, second Governor of the Territory of Colorado.[8] The town was founded during the construction of the First Transcontinental Railroad. The railroad arrived in the area in November 1868, and Harvey Booth opened a saloon/restaurant in a tent near what is now Front Street. By December the rails had reached Evanston and the first train arrived December 16. However, Orders were later handed down by the railroad managers to move the end of the line 12 miles west, to Wasatch. Within three days most all of Evanston had moved to Wasatch, it appeared that Evanston would become another "end of the tracks" town. Luckily, in June 1869 headquarters returned to Evanston and it continued to grow.[9] Later in 1871, a machine shop and roundhouse were constructed, giving Evanston a longevity not shared with many other railroad towns.[10]

Abundant timber and water along the Bear River made Evanston a refueling station for cross-country locomotives. Coal was mined a few miles north of Evanston in Almy. Similar to other railroad towns in Wyoming, early Evanston had a large population of Chinese railroad workers – in Evanston they lived on the north side of the railroad tracks in a small "China town." Over time, the Chinese population dwindled, disappearing completely in the 1930s.[10]

Evanston was a major stop on the Lincoln Highway. The highway ran east to west from East Service Rd to Bear River Dr, on Front St to Harrison Dr, to Wasatch Rd southwest to Echo Canyon in Utah. It can still be seen along Interstate 80, which follows the railroad tracks in this area.

Evanston underwent massive growth and change during an oil boom in the 1980s. Recent drilling for natural gas has also revitalized the economy of the area. Union Tank Car works on railroad tank cars near the Union Pacific Railroad Complex, locally referred to as the old roundhouse.[11] and there are efforts to restore the roundhouse and the railroad historical buildings in the downtown area.[12] One of the more recent restorations include 1011 Front Street where Michael’s Bar & Grill currently stands. This restaurant is the oldest Bar & Grill in Evanston and once served as a store house for one of the first JCPenney stores in the country. This building, located in historic downtown Evanston, is across the street from the museum in Depot Square.

Geography[edit]

Evanston is located at 41°15′48″N 110°57′53″W / 41.26333°N 110.96472°W / 41.26333; -110.96472 (41.263302, -110.964616).[13] The elevation is 6749 feet (2057 m) above sea level.[6]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 10.32 square miles (26.73 km2), of which, 10.27 square miles (26.60 km2) is land and 0.05 square miles (0.13 km2) is water.[2]

Evanston has a continental climate (Köppen climate classification Dfb) with long, cold, dry winters and short, warm, slightly wetter summers.

Climate data for Evanston
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 57
(14)
60
(16)
75
(24)
77
(25)
92
(33)
94
(34)
99
(37)
94
(34)
89
(32)
80
(27)
69
(21)
64
(18)
99
(37)
Average high °F (°C) 29.5
(−1.4)
34.0
(1.1)
41.6
(5.3)
51.9
(11.1)
61.5
(16.4)
71.9
(22.2)
79.3
(26.3)
77.7
(25.4)
68.4
(20.2)
56.7
(13.7)
40.0
(4.4)
31.5
(−0.3)
53.67
(12.03)
Daily mean °F (°C) 19.5
(−6.9)
22.9
(−5.1)
30.5
(−0.8)
38.9
(3.8)
47.5
(8.6)
55.9
(13.3)
62.4
(16.9)
61.4
(16.3)
52.8
(11.6)
42.5
(5.8)
28.9
(−1.7)
20.8
(−6.2)
40.33
(4.63)
Average low °F (°C) 9.5
(−12.5)
11.7
(−11.3)
19.3
(−7.1)
25.9
(−3.4)
33.4
(0.8)
39.9
(4.4)
45.5
(7.5)
45.0
(7.2)
37.1
(2.8)
28.2
(−2.1)
17.8
(−7.9)
10.1
(−12.2)
26.95
(−2.82)
Record low °F (°C) −35
(−37)
−38
(−39)
−30
(−34)
−7
(−22)
9
(−13)
19
(−7)
24
(−4)
23
(−5)
5
(−15)
−8
(−22)
−22
(−30)
−34
(−37)
−38
(−39)
Precipitation inches (mm) 0.68
(17.3)
0.62
(15.7)
0.89
(22.6)
1.13
(28.7)
1.47
(37.3)
0.96
(24.4)
0.91
(23.1)
0.94
(23.9)
1.27
(32.3)
1.15
(29.2)
0.84
(21.3)
0.67
(17)
11.53
(292.8)
Source #1: NOAA (normals, 1971–2000)[14]
Source #2: The Weather Channel (Records)[15]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1870 77
1880 1,277 1,558.4%
1890 1,995 56.2%
1900 2,110 5.8%
1910 2,583 22.4%
1920 3,479 34.7%
1930 3,075 −11.6%
1940 3,605 17.2%
1950 3,863 7.2%
1960 4,901 26.9%
1970 4,462 −9.0%
1980 6,265 40.4%
1990 10,903 74.0%
2000 11,507 5.5%
2010 12,359 7.4%
[16]

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[3] of 2010, there were 12,359 people, 4,540 households, and 3,135 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,203.4 inhabitants per square mile (464.6 /km2). There were 5,111 housing units at an average density of 497.7 per square mile (192.2 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 89.8% White, 0.3% African American, 1.0% Native American, 0.3% Asian, 0.2% Pacific Islander, 5.9% from other races, and 2.5% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 12.3% of the population.

There were 4,540 households of which 39.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.8% were married couples living together, 12.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.2% had a male householder with no wife present, and 30.9% were non-families. 25.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.67 and the average family size was 3.21.

The median age in the city was 32.7 years. 30% of residents were under the age of 18; 8.5% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 27.3% were from 25 to 44; 25.7% were from 45 to 64; and 8.6% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 50.0% male and 50.0% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[5] of 2000, there were 11,507 people, 4,058 households, and 2,937 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,123.2 people per square mile (433.9/km²). There were 4,665 housing units at an average density of 455.4 per square mile (175.9/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 92.29% Euro American, 0.16% Black, 1.06% Native American, 0.40% Asian, 0.08% Pacific Islander, 4.15% from other races, and 1.87% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 7.29% of the population.

There were 4,058 households out of which 44.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.3% were married couples living together, 11.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.6% were non-families. 23.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.77 and the average family size was 3.30.

In the city the population was spread out with 33.4% under the age of 18, 9.4% from 18 to 24, 30.1% from 25 to 44, 20.0% from 45 to 64, and 7.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31 years. For every 100 females there were 101.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.4 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $42,019, and the median income for a family was $47,220. Males had a median income of $35,843 versus $21,710 for females. The per capita income for the city was $16,725. About 9.1% of families and 11.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.5% of those under age 18 and 5.4% of those age 65 or over.

Religion[edit]

The town's religious adherents are:[17]

Government and infrastructure[edit]

Wyoming State Hospital

The Wyoming Department of Health Wyoming State Hospital, a psychiatric facility,[18] is located in Evanston.[19][20] The facility was operated by the Wyoming Board of Charities and Reform until that agency was dissolved as a result of a state constitutional amendment passed in November 1990.[21]

Evanston from Burnt Hill, south of town.

The United States Postal Service operates the Evanston Post Office.[22]

Education[edit]

Public education in the city of Evanston is provided by Uinta County School District #1. The district operates a total of eight campuses, including four elementary schools (Aspen, Clark, North, and Uinta Meadows) serving grades Kindergarten through five, two middle schools (Davis and Evanston) serving grades six through eight, one high school (Evanston) serving grades nine through twelve, and one secondary alternative school (Horizon).

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.evanstonwy.org/ Retrieved on 2008-07-08.
  2. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-14. 
  3. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-14. 
  4. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-06-01. 
  5. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ a b "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  7. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  8. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 122. 
  9. ^ [1]
  10. ^ a b "Evanston, Wyoming Chamber of Commerce: History". Retrieved 2008-11-10. [dead link]
  11. ^ Buller, Erin (2008-10-28). "Union Tank Car celebrates 10 years at new facility". Uinta County Herald. Retrieved 10 November 2008. 
  12. ^ "Roundhouse Restoration, Inc". Retrieved 2008-11-10. 
  13. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  14. ^ "Climatography of the United States NO.81". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved January 13, 2011. 
  15. ^ "Monthly Averages for Evanston, WY". The Weather Channel. Retrieved January 13, 2011. 
  16. ^ "Historical Decennial Census Population for Wyoming Counties, Cities, and Towns". Wyoming Department of State / U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-06-30. 
  17. ^ [2]
  18. ^ "WDH Who We Are – Wyoming State Hospital." Wyoming Department of Health. Retrieved on December 12, 2010.
  19. ^ "WDH Directory." Wyoming Department of Health. Retrieved on December 12, 2010. "Physical Address: 831 Hwy 150 S Evanston WY 82931-0177" (State Hospital)
  20. ^ "Evanston city, Wyoming." U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved on December 12, 2010.
  21. ^ "About the Department of Corrections." Wyoming Department of Corrections. Retrieved on August 22, 2010.
  22. ^ "Post Office Location - EVANSTON." United States Postal Service. Retrieved on December 12, 2010.
  23. ^ "CLARK, Clarence Don, (1851 - 1930)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved November 18, 2012. 

External links[edit]