Location of Evansville, Wisconsin
|• Total||3.31 sq mi (8.57 km2)|
|• Land||3.25 sq mi (8.42 km2)|
|• Water||0.06 sq mi (0.16 km2)|
|Elevation||912 ft (278 m)|
|• Estimate (2012)||5,074|
|• Density||1,542.2/sq mi (595.4/km2)|
|Time zone||Central (CST) (UTC-6)|
|• Summer (DST)||CDT (UTC-5)|
|GNIS feature ID||1564732|
Evansville was first settled in the 1830s by New Englanders who were attracted to the area by its pristine wooded landscape and the placid Allen Creek. By 1855, the city recorded its first plat and was complete with homes, shops, and churches. Evansville is named for Calvin Evans, an early settler.
In 1863, the Chicago and North Western Railway came to Evansville, accelerating growth. At this point, Evansville's economy was based on industry and manufacturing of carriages, wagons, pumps, windmills and iron castings. The economy was also based on agriculture: dairying; farming (production of wheat and tobacco; and stock raising.
By the turn of the twentieth century Evansville had over 1900 residents, and by the 1920s, most of the buildings in Evansville's future Historic District were completed.
On November 11, 1918, Armistice Day activities celebrating the end of World War I took an ugly turn as some Evansville citizens began rounding up townspeople who they had deemed insufficiently supportive of the war, mainly due to their refusal or inability to buy war bonds. A German minister and his wife were apprehended on their way out of town before being brought downtown and forced to kiss the American flag. Other "slackers" were made to wear sleighbells as they rode atop a car's radiator, while others were forced to dance in a snake formation around a bonfire. A 73-year-old woman who passed on participating in the "Your Share is Fair" war bond campaign was dragged from her home by the mob, placed in a large animal cage and paraded about the streets before being parked before the fire. The woman, Mary J. Shaw, had previously bought bonds and supported the Red Cross and other war relief efforts. After refusing to salute or kiss the flag she was rescued by other citizens. Her attempts to see her assailants punished were brushed aside by the local sheriff, and testimony before the state legislature was similarly disregarded.
The Evansville Historic District, which surrounds Main Street and stretches to the side streets of Garfield Avenue and Liberty Street, includes dozens of historic homes and other structures. The Wisconsin Historical Society called Evansville home to "the finest collection of 1840s to 1915 architecture of any small town in Wisconsin".
The Eager Free Public Library building was built with the bequest of a leading citizen, Almeron Eager, in 1908. Designed by the architectural firm of Claude and Starck of Madison, Wisconsin in the Prairie style, it features stained glass windows and plaster friezes just below the overhanging roof line. A 1994 addition at the rear of the original building was designed to match the original architecture, while adding much needed space and handicapped accessibility. The intersection on which the library stands also contains a Greek Revival home (now a funeral parlor), a High Victorian Gothic brick home (now housing the local Masonic Temple) and a classic Victorian "Painted Lady" home, still a private residence.
The Evansville Seminary was located near College Drive in the district. Its building was designed by architect August Kutzbock.
In 1978, the historic district was placed on the National Register of Historic Places.
Evansville is located at (42.779917, -89.300378).
This 18-acre (73,000 m2) lake was formed by damming Allen Creek in the 1840s as a mill pond. Because of erosion into Allen Creek from upstream farm fields and the resulting silt deposits that accumulated, Lake Leota had become shallower over the years, reaching an average depth of only one and a half feet by 2000. One major issue that faced the city in the last 30 years was how to restore the lake to its original depth. The dam was opened in September 2005 to allow the lake to drain and its bottom to dry out. There was some controversy in Evansville over the cost of dredging, so a referendum was put to the city's voters in November 2008. It passed by almost two to one, and dredging to a maximum of ten-foot depth was completed in February 2009. The dam was closed shortly thereafter, and Lake Leota was refilled slowly. A ceremony to mark the renaissance of the lake was held on July 4, 2009. Citizens can now enjoy the natural beauty of the lake, boating in non-powered craft, and fishing. Since refilling, the lake has been stocked with panfish and bass, and "fish-cribs" sunk below the lake surface to provide breeding areas and cover for small fry.
As of the census of 2010, there were 5,012 people, 1,942 households, and 1,304 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,542.2 inhabitants per square mile (595.4 /km2). There were 2,067 housing units at an average density of 636.0 per square mile (245.6 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 96.0% White, 0.8% African American, 0.5% Native American, 0.7% Asian, 0.5% from other races, and 1.5% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.6% of the population.
There were 1,942 households of which 40.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.0% were married couples living together, 10.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.3% had a male householder with no wife present, and 32.9% were non-families. 27.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.54 and the average family size was 3.12.
The median age in the city was 34.7 years. 29.3% of residents were under the age of 18; 6.2% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 30.5% were from 25 to 44; 22.6% were from 45 to 64; and 11.3% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 48.9% male and 51.1% female.
As of the census of 2000, there were 4,039 people, 1,563 households, and 1,045 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,863.0 people per square mile (718.6/km2). There were 1,635 housing units at an average density of 754.1 per square mile (290.9/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 97.60% White, 0.12% African American, 0.42% Native American, 0.17% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 0.64% from other races, and 0.99% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.78% of the population.
There were 1,563 households out of which 38.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.1% were married couples living together, 10.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.1% were non-families. 27.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.51 and the average family size was 3.08.
In the city the population was spread out with 29.1% under the age of 18, 7.0% from 18 to 24, 33.5% from 25 to 44, 16.8% from 45 to 64, and 13.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 91.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.2 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $44,229, and the median income for a family was $58,451. Males had a median income of $35,614 versus $30,313 for females. The per capita income for the city was $20,766. About 2.6% of families and 4.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.7% of those under age 18 and 5.6% of those age 65 or over.
Evansville has four gas stations, several banks, a full-sized grocery store, and several specialty shops and restaurants. Over the last two decades, many of the downtown buildings have been renovated in the style in which they were originally built. In addition, in 2008, three blocks of Main Street that had been covered with asphalt in the 1960s were re-paved with 1900-era paving bricks, adding to the "old time" feel of Main Street. The re-paving took place when major utility improvements were made to the city's downtown infrastructure.
Evansville shares a fire department with several surrounding rural towns. A new fire station was built in 2008 on Water Street. The police department then moved into the remodeled former fire department building on Church Street. The Evansville EMS is housed separate from the fire department and is located on Church Street as well.
The community has a large central park, Leonard Park, named after Korey Krueger's grandpa Leonard Krueger, on the shore of Lake Leota. Amenities include a baseball diamond with night lighting, a softball diamond, two tennis courts, a basketball court, a swimming pool, picnic shelters, and playgrounds. A skateboard facility was installed in 2006. In addition, there are several smaller community parks, Countryside, Franklin, and Brzenski. In 2008, a new large park was opened on Evansville's west side to accommodate the new subdivisions being built there. The development of this park will take place over a number of years, but two full-size soccer fields and an extensive children's playground are in place. Plans include baseball diamonds, basketball courts and picnic shelters.
The city has four schools: Levi Leonard Elementary, Theodore Robinson Intermediate School, J.C. McKenna Middle School, and Evansville High School. In 2005, Evansville High School earned a Blue Ribbon award from the United States Department of Education. The Blue Ribbons Schools program honors public and private K-12 schools that are academically superior in their states or that dramatically demonstrate superior gains in students achievements
Business and industry
The major employers in Evansville are: Baker Manufacturing Company,a pump and well maker that has been producing quality water systems products under the Monitor brand for since 1873; Stoughton Trailers, which builds semi-trailer chassis; Varco-Pruden, which manufactures prefab metal buildings; ; Evansville Manor, and the local nursing home. Evansville has one home-town bank, Union Bank and Trust Company, which has been in business in Evansville for over a hundred years. Originally founded as the Grange Bank in 1897, it began offering trust services in 1940 and was renamed as Union Bank and Trust Company. UB&T was featured on ABC Evening News with Charles Gibson in March 2009 as a flourishing small bank during the era of large-bank failures. The tracks of the former Chicago & North Western railway remain, although a hollow shell of its former intricacy. The terminal included multiple spur, classification, and industrial tracks, to support a bustling local rail network, located between Water & Main street crossings. In 1996 most of the multiple tracks remained, and the line was sold to Union Pacific railway. The new owners soon abandoned much of the areas trackage, including cutting off service north of town. Nearly all rail facilities in town were removed, including a fully functional system of CTC train signals, a fully functional railroad radio control and interlocking tower, and nearly all the trackage in town. The only rail service remains north east of town, serving Landmark Services Co-Op, since 2003.
On April 4, 2006, Evansville voters participated in two referenda, one to urge a pullout of U.S. troops from Iraq, and the second to gauge whether town residents supported "our honorable President's leadership" against "the unfathomable wickedness of the forces of terror". The first was approved but the second was rejected. While other Wisconsin communities were noted for holding referendums on the Iraq War, Evansville was the only one with two opposing referenda. Evansville received international attention with reporters from National Public Radio, USA Today, and the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation.
One of the early newspapers of Evansville was the "Badger" published by Marilla Andrews & Co. Established by Marilla and sister, Eleanora Andrews in 1894 and ended 1906. It was published every Saturday and subscription rate was $1.00 yearly. The 13"x 20" 8 page republican based newspaper had a weekly circulation of 300. Other early newspapers included, "Enterprise", "Evansville Review" and "Tribune"
- Byron Andrews- journalist, co-owner of the National Tribune, private secretary to U.S. President Ulysses S. Grant
- Merton W. Baker - U.S. Air Force Major General
- Cal Broughton - MLB player and chief of police in Evansville.
- John M. Evans, physician and politician
- Kenneth O. Goehring - abstract expressionist artist
- Kelly Hogan - singer/songwriter
- Burr W. Jones - lawyer, Congressman
- Ora McMurry - Distinguished Service Cross recipient
- Justus Henry Nelson - established the first Protestant church in the Amazon basin, self-supported Methodist missionary in Belém, Pará, Brazil for 45 years
- Janis Ringhand - current Wisconsin state legislator and former Mayor of Evansville
- Theodore Robinson - impressionist painter
- Robert D. Sundby - Justice of the Wisconsin Court of Appeals
- Charles Richard Van Hise - American geologist and academic; president of the University of Wisconsin-Madison
- John Wilde - artist
- "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-11-18.
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- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-11-18.
- "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-06-24.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 122.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- National newspaper directory and gazetteer. Pettingill & Co., 1899. Page 676.
- Proceedings of the ... annual meeting of the State Historical Society of Wisconsin. The Society, 1906
- "Cal Broughton". Evansville History. Retrieved September 22, 2012.
- 'Proceedings of the State Historical Society of Wisconsin, Volume 50, Wisconsin State Historical Society: 1903, Wisconsin Necrology-1903, 94-95
- The Bench and Bar of Wisconsin: history and biography, with portrait illustrations. Published 1882. p.347.
- City of Evansville
- Brief overview of Evansville's history
- Evansville History
- Postcard of Evansville Seminary
- Page about August Kutzbock, the Seminary's architect
- Eager Free Public Library
- Sanborn fire insurance maps: 1894 1899 1907 1914