Evaz

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For the administrative subdivision, see Evaz District.
"Avaz, Iran" redirects here. For the village in Razavi Khorasan Province, see Avaz, Razavi Khorasan. For the village in South Khorasan Province, see Avaz, South Khorasan.
For the village in Mazandaran Province, see Owz, Mazandaran.
Evaz
اوز
city
Evaz is located in Iran
Evaz
Evaz
Coordinates: 27°45′36″N 54°00′26″E / 27.76000°N 54.00722°E / 27.76000; 54.00722Coordinates: 27°45′36″N 54°00′26″E / 27.76000°N 54.00722°E / 27.76000; 54.00722
Country  Iran
Province Fars
County Larestan
Bakhsh Evaz
Government
 • Mayor Masoud Keramati
Elevation 950 m (3,117 ft)
Population (2006)
 • Total 14,315
Time zone IRST (UTC+3:30)
 • Summer (DST) IRDT (UTC+4:30)
Area code(s) 0782-362

Evaz (Persian: اوز‎, also Romanized as Awadh, Avaz, Evazeh, and ‘Iwaz)[1] is a city in and the capital of Evaz District, in Fars Province, Iran. At the 2006 census, its population was 14,315, in 3,297 families.[2] The people of Evaz are native Persians of Zoroastian origin who later converted to Sunni Islam, the people of Ewaz speak Achomee with Evazi accent. The majority of Evazi Persians are Sunni Muslims.[3]

It is one of the fastest growing towns in the region due in large part to a number of Evazi individuals who provide financial support for the development of robust academic infrastructure.

Etymology[edit]

The people of Larestan speak Larestani dialects which belongs to the Southwestern Iranian languages. The people refere to themselves as "Khodmuni" meaning "of our own".

Geography[edit]

City[edit]

The town of Evaz is located in the Fars province of Iran and lies about 20km from Gerash and 370 kilometers south east of Shiraz. Evaz is situated about 970 meters above sea level in a valley stretching approximately thirty kilometers in length and four kilometers in breadth with low mountains to the North and South.

Flora and Fauna[edit]

Truffles, an underground mushroom, is commonly found in the region.

Climate[edit]

Evaz receives minimal rainfall, estimated to be approximately 7.5 cm (3 inches) on average per year.

Summers are hot and dry with temperatures reaching as high as 46°C during the day.

Winters are usually cold and similarly dry. Spring and autumn provide a more moderate and pleasant climate.

Temperatures usually drop at night time throughout the year due to being geographically situated in a valley.

Demographics[edit]

Due to a history of mass migration, the precise number of Evazis in the world is difficult to determine at this stage. Many have migrated to other countries, majority of whom to the Arab states of the Persian Gulf (due to the close proximity and cultural ties), some have moved to Europe in countries such as Sweden and more recently to the US and Canada have also hosted significant migration. It has been estimated that approximately 7,000 are outside Evaz but in Iran. It is estimated that at least half a million of Larestanis people of which about 50,000 are of Evazi origin are estimated to live in Arab States of the Persian Gulf.

Ethnicity[edit]

Main article: Lari people (Iran)

The Evazi people consider themselves and their traditions as "Khodmooni" which literally translates to "Of Our Own" in Persian language and Larestani dialects. Some view this as an expression of emphasis that Evazi ( Larestani ) ethnic group distinguishing themselves from other Iranians.

Evazi Larestani are of mixed origins that have become a unique ethnic group.

Language[edit]

Main article: Lari language

The spoken language of Evaz is a dialect form of Achomi vernacular to Evazi, which is distinct from language with influence of other languages making up the mix of Achomee or Larestani ethnic. It is also maintained by some that it is sister to New Persian though it is difficult to verify this claim since the grammatical structure of Evazi Larestani language is different than the Persian counterpart, though many common vocabulary exist in both. The word "Achomi" is used by some Persian Gulf Arab citizens of Larestani ethnicity.

Evazi language is a form of the ancient Persian lanuage. Compared to the other present day Iranian lanuages, it has the least number of Arabic or other foreign lanuages.

Today, Evazi as a mother tongue is being increasingly abandoned by the younger generation in favor of Persian, Arabic or English. Among the Evazis which have migrated to the other countries, many still speak the Evazi dialect at home. However, the large majority of migrants from previous generations have adopted their new domicile's language as either a first or second language. In many cases, the cultural roots of those whose families have migrated several decades ago have been eroded and replaced by the new language of necessity. The most prominent example of this is the large number of Arab nationals of the Cooperation Council for the Arab States of the Gulf (especially in U.A.E. and Qatar) with Evazi (Larestani) roots that have for most part replaced Evazi with Arabic over the years. Even the word Evaz is now predominantly replaced with "Awadh"

Except for 1% or 2% of Evazis of African ethnicity whose ancestors were brought to Evaz for domestic work (To editors: This phrase was part of my sentence and has been incorrectly edited by the previous member), like the rest of the fellow Larestani Ethnic, they are a mix of Arab, Afghan, Baluch, Lur, Persian due to the consecutive migratory iteractions as well as invasions which have occurred within the region of Larestan.

Except for 1% or 2% of the Evazis of African ethnicity whose ancestors were brought to Evaz for domestic work, the rest of Evazis are of Persian ethnicity.

Education[edit]

Evaz is one of the few towns in Fars to aggressively develop its academic infrastructure. In 2011, there were four kindergartens, ten elementary schools, eight secondary schools and six high schools in Evaz. It is a well known that people of Evaz have the highest rate of education per capita amongst their fellow Larestani counterparts.

Higher Education[edit]

Evaz houses a branch of Payame Noor University as well as the Islamic Azad University. Due to lack of financial resources and support in the region, several philanthropic families have privately provided financial aid for 'Payame Noor University' in an effort to create opportunities for residents.

Religion[edit]

Sunni Islam is the dominant religion in Evaz, despite a large portion of Iranians. Evethough the Shiite Islam was made the official religion of the Safavid Dynasty majority of the people in Larestan region remained in favor of Sunni Islam. Evethough the large majority of Iranians today are classified as Shiite Muslims, Evaz remains part of a substantial minority of Sunni Muslims spread throughout the country.

Culture and Tradition[edit]

Evazi people like most of the Larestanis celebrate the customary holidays and events observed by the GCC and not the traditional Persian such as Mehrgan, Yalda, Tirgan and most notably NoRuz.

Weddings[edit]

Evazi weddings are festive occasions. Due to the volume of Evazi migration, weddings will vary depending on the conservatism of the host country and wedding attendees. Traditionally, the customs are closer to the weddings performed within the GCC countries due to the cultural heritage and closeness of Larestani ethnic with the Arabs of GCC. Except for some Evazi weddings in the Persian Gulf Arab States, Evazi weddings follow the Arabic tradition (separation of sexes) with some influences of the Iranian heritage while hosting nation's customs overseas.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Evaz can be found at GEOnet Names Server, at this link, by opening the Advanced Search box, entering "-3062454" in the "Unique Feature Id" form, and clicking on "Search Database".
  2. ^ "Census of the Islamic Republic of Iran, 1385 (2006)" (Excel). Islamic Republic of Iran. Archived from the original on 2011-11-11. 
  3. ^ "Larestani, Lari in Iran". 

External links[edit]

  • Evaz Nama | news and analysis website of Evaz.
  • Evaz4U It's maybe known as the official website of the town.
  • Ewazstars Off the town running website, mostly related to the news of Evaz & Iran
  • Ewaz Football Website The Official Website Of Evaz's Football. Contains Football News Of Evaz and Area.
  • Asr e Evaz Newspaper website of Asr e Evaz Newspaper.