Eve de Bermingham, Lady of Offaly

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Eve de Bermingham
suo jure Lady of Offaly
Spouse(s) Gerald FitzMaurice, 1st Lord of Offaly
Geoffrey FitzRobert
Geoffrey de Marisco, Justiciar of Ireland

Issue

Maurice FitzGerald, 2nd Lord of Offaly, Justiciar of Ireland
Robert de Marisco
(possibly) Joan du Marais
Father Robert de Bermingham
Mother Unknown
Born Unknown
Died Between June 1223/December 1226
Ireland

Eve de Bermingham, suo jure Lady of Offaly (died between June 1223/December 1226), was a Norman-Irish heiress, being the only child of Robert de Bermingham who was enfeoffed by Strongbow with part of the kingdom of Ui Failghe.[1] This fief became the barony of Offaly which she as the suo jure heiress, passed on to her first husband, Gerald FitzMaurice, who by right of his wife was created the 1st Lord of Offaly. She had a total of three husbands.

Marriages and issue[edit]

Eve was born on an unknown date, the only daughter and suo jure heiress of Robert de Bermingham, a Norman, who arrived in Ireland with the Cambro-Norman forces of Richard de Clare, 2nd Earl of Pembroke, known to history as "Strongbow". De Bermingham was enfeoffed by Strongbow with part of the kingdom of Ui Failghe, which became the barony of Offaly. Eve's mother's name and identity is not known.

Sometime about 1193, she married her first husband, Gerald FitzMaurice, the second eldest son of Maurice FitzGerald, Lord of Lanstephan. He became the 1st Lord of Offaly by right of marriage to her. Together they had one recorded son:

Gerald FitzMaurice died on 15 January 1204, and was succeeded by their son and heir, Maurice.

Sometime later Eve married her second husband, Geoffrey FitzRobert, Seneschal of Leinster. When he died in 1211, she took a third husband, Geoffrey de Marisco (du Marais), who held the office of Justiciar of Ireland from 1215 to 1221. Her son Maurice would later hold the office from 1232 to 1245. By her third husband, she had at least one son:

It is not known whether Geoffrey's daughter, Joan du Marais, first wife of Theobald le Botiller, was Eve's daughter, or his daughter by an earlier, unrecorded marriage.[2]

The female succession in the de Bermingham fee, as well as Eve's multiple marriages, slowed down the Anglo-Norman advance in the former kingdom of Ui Failghe.[3]

Death[edit]

Eve de Bermingham died in Ireland between June 1223 and December 1226.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Flanagan, Marie Therese, Irish Royal Charters:texts and contexts, p. 220, Google Books, retrieved on 14-11-09
  2. ^ Note:Debrett's Peerage of England, Scotland, and Ireland, on p.1123, describes Eve as having been Geoffrey's first wife. Joan du Marais' son, Theobald le Botiller was born in 1224, which would have made her no older than 12 years old at the birth, had Eve been her mother (Eve married Geoffrey de Marisco sometime after 1211).
  3. ^ Flanagan, p.221
  4. ^ Note:G. E. Cokayne in The Complete Peerage favours the 1226 date as does Charles Cawley in Medieval Lands, Ireland, Earls of Kildare