|Derivation||from Norman French feminine personal name Aveline|
|Look up Evelyn in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.|
As a first name, it can refer to persons of either sex, although it is more commonly borne by females. The name originally was used a surname, which derived from Aveline, a feminine Norman French diminutive of the name Ava.
Evelyn is also sometimes used as an Anglicisation of the Irish or Aibhilín and Éibhleann. Aibhilín is a variant form of Eibhlín, which is also derived from the Norman French Aveline. Éibhleann, on the other hand, is said to be derived from the Old Irish óiph, which means "radiance", "beauty"; a variant of this name is Éibhliu, another Anglicised form of the name is Evilin. Another school of thought is that the name "Evelyn" means "hazelnut". 
Variant forms of the feminine first name Evelyn include: Evelyne, Eveline, Evylen, Eveleen.
Persons with the surname
- John Evelyn (1620–1706), English writer, gardener and diarist.
Persons with the first name
- Evelyn Ashford (born 1957), American sprinter, gold medalist for the 100 m race in the 1984 Summer Olympics
- Evelyn Margaret Ay, winner of the 1954 Miss America pageant
- Evelyn Beatrice Hall, writer and biographer of Voltaire
- Evelyn Braxton, mother of six-time Grammy Award-winning R&B singer-songwriter Toni Braxton
- Evelyn Brent (1901–1975), American film and stage actress
- Evelyn Carrera (born 1971), Dominican Republic volleyball player
- Evelyn Chew, Malaysian-Canadian stage actress
- Evelyn De Morgan (1855–1919), English Pre-Raphaelite painter
- Ewelina Flinta (born 1979), Polish singer
- Evelyn Garcia, Mexican engineer who recently eloped to Central America
- Evelyne Gebhardt (born 1954), German politician and Member of the European Parliament
- Evelyn Gigantes (born 1945), Canadian politician and Cabinet Minister
- Evelyn Grady, first woman to be elected as the Lieutenant Governor of the state of Mississippi, USA (1975)
- Evelyn Hart (born 1956), Canadian ballerina and principal dancer of the Royal Winnipeg Ballet
- Evelyn Hooker (1907–1996), American psychologist most noted for her studies on homosexuality
- Evelyn Hernandez (1978–2002), Salvadoran immigrant to the United States who was found dead in San Francisco in 2002
- Evelyn Keyes (1916–2008), American actress most noted for her role as Suellen O'Hara in the 1939 film Gone with the Wind
- Evelyn Kozak (born August 14, 1899), American supercentenarian who at the age of 114 years, 116 days is the world's oldest living Jewish person.
- Evelyn King (singer) (born 1960), popular American R&B and disco singer of the late '70s and early '80s
- Evelyn Lau (born 1971), Chinese-Canadian poet and novelist
- Evelyn Laye (1900–1996), British theatre actress
- Evelyn Lear (1926–2012), American soprano and opera singer
- Evelyn Lincoln (1909–1995), personal secretary to John F. Kennedy from his election to the Senate in 1953 until his 1963 assassination
- Evelyn Beatrice Longman (1874–1954), American sculptor and first woman to be elected a full member of the National Academy of Design
- Evelyn Matthei (born 1953), Chilean politician, former Minister of Labor and candidate for President of Chile in 2013
- Evelyn Nesbit (1884–1967), American model noted for her entanglement in the murder of her ex-lover by her first husband
- Evelyn Ntoko (1922–2004), South African nurse and first wife of Nelson Mandela
- Evelina Papantoniou (born 1979), Greek model
- Evelina Papoulia (born 1971), Greek actress
- Evelyn Preer (1896–1932), African-American actress and blues singer
- Evelyn Reed (1905–1979), leading member of the American Socialist Workers Party and women's rights agitator
- Evelyn Thomas (born 1945), American disco singer
- Evelyn Tubb, soprano and long-time member of The Consort of Musicke
- Evelyn Underhill (1875–1941), English writer on mysticism and metaphysical poet
- Evelyn Verrasztó (born 1989), Hungarian swimmer
- Evelyn Wells, biographer, especially of the ancient Egyptian royals
- Evelyn Williamson (born 1971), New Zealand triathlon athlete
- Evelyn Wood (teacher) (1909–1995), American advocate of speed reading
- Evelyn Baring, 1st Earl of Cromer (1841–1917), Consul-General of Egypt from 1883 to 1907
- Evelyn Baring, 1st Baron Howick of Glendale (1903–1973), Governor of Kenya from 1952 to 1959
- Evelyn King (UK politician) (1907–1994), British member of Parliament
- Evelyn Owen (1915–1949), Australian inventor of the Owen submachine gun
- Evelyn Pierrepont, 1st Duke of Kingston-upon-Hull (c. 1655 – 1726)
- Evelyn Seymour, 17th Duke of Somerset (1882–1954)
- Evelyn Waugh (1903–1966), English satirical novelist, whose first wife was also named Evelyn
- Evelyn John Webb-Carter, former advisor to Elizabeth, the Queen Mother and current Controller of the Army Benevolent Fund
- Evelyn Wood (British Army officer) (1838–1919), British Field marshal, Victoria Cross recipient
- Evelyn Robert de Rothschild, British financier and member of the prominent Rothschild family.
- Evelyn, portrayed by Sissy Spacek in The Ring 2
- Evelyn Carnahan, played by Rachel Weisz in The Mummy
- Evelyn Doyle, portrayed by Sophie Vavasseur in the 2002 film Evelyn.
- Evelyn Kane, in Agatha Christie's 1952 novel Mrs McGinty's Dead and the 1964 film adaptation Murder Most Foul
- "Angel" (Evelyn) Martin, Jim Rockford's former prison cellmate on The Rockford Files
- Evelyn Salt, portrayed by Angelina Jolie in Salt
- Evelyn Smythe, played by Maggie Stables in a series of audio plays produced by Big Finish Productions based on Doctor Who
- Evelyn Tremble, played by Peter Sellers in the James Bond satire Casino Royale
- Evelynn, the Widowmaker, a playable champion in League of Legends
- Ted Evelyn Mosby, in How I Met Your Mother
- Bill (Evelyn William) McNeal, portrayed by Phil Hartman in NewsRadio
- Evelyn Gardener, in the movie A League of Their Own
- Evelyn, a nurse in Pearl Harbor
- Evelyn, the protagonist in The Passion of New Eve by Angela Carter
- Evelyn Evelyn, conjoined twins Eva and Lyn formed their names together to Evelyn to clear confusion
- Evelyn Harper, played by Holland Taylor in Two and a Half Men
- Evelyn Greenslade, played by Judi Dench in The Best Exotic Marigold Hotel
- Evelyn Bamford, female protagonist in Train Flight stories by Elizabeth Newton
- Evelyn Napier, a character from Downton Abbey, portrayed by Brendan Patricks.
- SS Eveleen, a British coaster in service under this name 1920–43 and 1946–57.
- Hanks, Patrick; Hardcastle, Kate; Hodges, Flavia (2006), A Dictionary of First Names, Oxford Paperback Reference (2nd ed.), Oxford University Press, pp. 95–96, ISBN 978-0-19-861060-1.
- Hanks, Patrick; Hardcastle, Kate; Hodges, Flavia (2006), A Dictionary of First Names, Oxford Paperback Reference (2nd ed.), Oxford University Press, p. 341, ISBN 978-0-19-861060-1.
- Hanks, Patrick; Hardcastle, Kate; Hodges, Flavia (2006), A Dictionary of First Names, Oxford Paperback Reference (2nd ed.), Oxford University Press, p. 347, ISBN 978-0-19-861060-1.