Events of National Historic Significance (Canada)

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The years of triumphs and tribulations of the Montreal Canadiens, seen here during the 1912-3 season, were designated the Club de hockey Canadien National Historic Event in 2008

Events of National Historic Significance (also called National Historic Events) (French: Les événements d'importance historique nationale) are events that have been designated by Canada's Minister of the Environment, on the advice of the national Historic Sites and Monuments Board of Canada, as being defining actions, episodes, movements or experiences in Canadian history.[1] To be designated, an event must have occurred at least 40 years previous; events that continue into the more recent past are evaluated on the basis of what occurred at least 40 years ago.[2] As of April 2015, there are 451 designated Events of National Historic Significance.[3][4]

There are related federal designations for National Historic Sites and National Historic Persons.[1] Events, Sites, and Persons are each typically marked by a federal plaque, but the markers do not indicate which designation a subject has been given. The Welland Canal is an Event, while the Rideau Canal is a Site. The cairn and plaque to John Macdonell does not refer to a National Historic Person, but is erected because his home, Glengarry House, is a National Historic Site.[5][6] Similarly, the plaque to John Guy officially marks not a Person, but an Event—the Landing of John Guy.[7]

Events have been designated in all 10 provinces and three territories, as well as foreign countries: Belgium, China, France, Italy, Netherlands, South Korea, United Kingdom, United States.

List of National Historic Events[edit]

As of April 2015 there were 451 National Historic Events. The "Location" column identifies the place where an event happened or, in the case of widespread or non-specific locations, marks the place where a federal plaque to the event is located or is likely to be located, if known.

Event Date of Event Location Year
designated
Attack at Grand-Pré 1747 Grand-Pré, NS 1924
Cabot's Landfall in the New World 1497 Cape Bonavista, NL and
Cape North, NS
1958
Windsor Agricultural Fair 1765
(started)
Windsor, NS 1935
Calgary Stampede 1912
(started)
Calgary, AB 2012
First Dairy School in Canada 1882
(started)
Saint-Denis-de-La Bouteillerie, QC 1953
Displacement of the Anishinaabeg of
Southern Georgian Bay
1829 to 1840 Coldwater and Beausoleil Island, ON 2011
Voyageurs Sainte-Anne-de-Bellevue, QC 1938
Inuit Co-operative Movement in Canada 1959 to 1968 Kangiqsualujjuaq (George River), QC 2011
1972 Summit Series 1972 Montreal, Toronto, Winnipeg, Vancouver 2012
Immigration to Canada ongoing national 1984
Canadian Federation of University Women 1919 to 1970 Winnipeg, MB 2011
Thule Migration 1000 to 1300 Alaska to YT, NT, NU 1978
Hogg's Hollow Disaster 1960 Toronto, ON 2011
Transportation in the Yukon Whitehorse, YT 1967
Cercles de fermières 1915 to 1968 Plessisville, QC 2011
Battle of Sainte-Foy 1760 Quebec, QC 2011
Fur Trade Lachine, QC 1968
Capitulation of Montréal 1760 Montreal, QC 1952
Manufacturing in Canada national 1987
Canoe Routes of Canada national 1958
Siege of Quebec, 1759 1759 Quebec, QC 2011
Seigneurial System Saint-Jean-d'Orléans, QC 1984
Great Lakes Fisheries 1800s Port Dover, ON 1983
Sisters of Charity of Ottawa 1845
(founded)
Ottawa, ON 1988
Arrival of Foreign Protestants in Nova Scotia (1749-1756) 1749 to 1756 Halifax, NS 2011
Postal Service 1693
(first courier)
1763
(regular service)
Montreal, QC 1927
Columbia Express 1820s to 1855 York Factory, MB, to Pacific coast 2011
Aboriginal Military Service in the First World War 1914 to 1920 national 2011
Arrival and Settlement of Hungarians at Esterhazy-Kaposvar 1886 to 1931 Esterhazy, SK 2007
Franco-Aboriginal Alliance of 1603 1603 Baie-Sainte-Catherine, QC 2005
Craig's Road 1810 Richmond, QC 1939
Brothers of the Christian Schools 1840s Montreal, QC 1988
Arctic Exploration and Inuit Culture the North 1972
Niagara Land Purchases 1781 to 1792 Niagara-on-the-Lake, ON 1928
Athabasca Trail 1875 Edmonton, AB 1957
Congrégation de Notre-Dame 1650
(founded)
Montreal, QC 1988
Railway Rolling Stock Saint-Constant, QC 1961
The Grey Cup 1909
(started)
Toronto, ON 2012
Girl Guide Movement in Canada 1910
(established)
Toronto, ON 2011
Establishment of the Canadian Youth Hostel at Bragg Creek, Alberta 1933
(established)
Bragg Creek, AB 2011
Marquis de Malauze (vessel) 1760 Ristigouche, QC 1943
Experience of Italian Sojourners 1890 to 1914 Montreal, QC 2011
Canadian Participation in the Royal Flying Corps 1916 to 1918 Ontario 2012
Establishment of the Halifax Zoological Garden 1847
(established)
Halifax, NS 1948
Île-aux-Coudres 1535 Île-aux-Coudres, QC 1925
Hydro-Electric Power Development in Canada national 1987
Coming of the New England Planters (Pre-Loyalists) 1760 to 1763 Horton Landing, NS 1958
Settlement of Viger by Maliseets 1827 Saint-Épiphane, QC 2002
Co-operative Union of Canada 1909
(established)
Ontario 1984
Survey of Prince Edward Island 1764 to 1766 Holland Cove, PE 1932
Establishment of the Polymer Corporation 1942
(established)
Sarnia, ON 2005
Bank Fishery Lunenburg, NS 1966
Indian Treaty Nº 3 1873 Kenora, ON 1943
Oil and Gas Extraction 1947 to 1953 Leduc, AB 1955
Pacific Cable 1902
(completed)
Bamfield, BC 1927
First Canadian House of Assembly 1758 Halifax, NS 1957
Nipigon River Forts 1678 and 1727 Nipigon River, ON 1944
Winning of Responsible Government 1855 St. John's, NL 1954
Temiscouata Portage 1746
(French route)
Cabano, QC 1925
Old Town Victoria 1800s Victoria, BC 1990
Covered Bridges 1860s to 1900s eastern Canada 1977
Construction of Yonge Street 1795
(begun)
Oak Ridges, ON 1927
Creation of the Dominion Parks Branch 1911 Banff National Park, AB 2011
Whaling Industry in Eastern Arctic 1820 to 1910 Kekerten Island, NU 1983
Nanaimo 1852 Nanaimo, BC 1924
Battle of Signal Hill 1762 St. John's, NL 1959
Japanese Canadian Soldiers of the First World War and the Fight to Win the Vote 1916 to 1918 Vancouver, BC 2011
Landing of United Empire Loyalists in New Brunswick 1783 Saint John, NB 1923
Battle of Montmorency 1759 Quebec, QC 1951
Black Pioneers Immigration to Alberta and Saskatchewan 1908 to 1940 Alberta and Saskatchewan 2007
Return of the Acadians after 1755 Sainte-Anne-du-Bocage, NB 1955
Chemin Royal 1734 Quebec, QC 1927
Battle of Petitcodiac 1755 Hillsborough, NB 1918
Naval Encounter 1745 Tatamagouche, NS 1938
104th Regiment 1813 to 1814 Fredericton, NB 1934
Introduction of Multilingual Multicultural Radio Stations in Canada 1966 Toronto and Montreal 2011
Lachine Massacre 1689 Lachine, QC 1923
Gananoque 1812 to 1814 Gananoque, ON 1936
Forest Industry in the Ottawa Valley 1806 to 1850s Ottawa, ON 1985
Moravian Missions and the Inuit in Labrador Newfoundland and Labrador 2011
Grenville Canal 1819 to 1833 (built)
1871 to 1882 (enlarged)
Grenville, QC 1929
Brant's Ford Brantford, ON 1927
Abenaki Basket-Making Industry, 1870-1920 1870 to 1920 Quebec 2011
Meductic-Eel River Portage Meductic, NB 1943
Battleford-Swift Current Trail 1885 Swift Current, SK 1954
Welch Company 1895 to 1970 Thunder Bay, ON 2011
Yorkshire Immigration 1772 to 1776 Aulac, NB 1925
Ursulines of Trois-Rivières 1697 (began) Trois-Rivières, QC 1997
Poutrincourt's Mill 1607 Lequille, NS 1947
National Farm Radio Forum Toronto, ON 2009
Distribution of King's Presents, 17th-19th Centuries 1600s to 1800s Quebec 2011
Food and Agriculture Organization 1945 Quebec, QC 1955
Defence of York 1813 Toronto, ON 1924
Prince Edward Island Land Question 1767 to 1866 Charlottetown, PE 1988
Sisters of Providence 1843 (founded) Montreal, QC 1988
First Cheese Factory 1864 Ingersoll, ON 1931
Whaling Industry in Western Arctic Herschel Island, NT 1972
Refugees of the 1956 Hungarian Revolution 1956 national 2010
Galt Irrigation Canal 1898 to 1900 (built) Magrath, AB 1983
Dawson Road 1858 to 1871 Ste. Anne, MB 1933
Sinking of the S.S. VALENCIA 1906 Pacific Rim National Park Reserve, BC 2008
Tadoussac 1535, 1600, 1603 Tadoussac, QC 1923
First Legislature of Manitoba 1871 Winnipeg, MB 1943
First Export of Coal before 1650 Minto, NB 1929
Founding of the Bois-Francs by Charles Héon 1825 Saint-Louis-de-Blandford, QC 1925
Winterhousing early 1700s to mid-1900s Deep Cove, NL 1990
Accommodation (Vessel) 1809 Montreal, QC 1925
Pulp and Paper Industry in Canada 1800s, 1900s regional 1987
Roseau Route 1733 Letellier, MB 1934
Battle of Île-aux-Noix 1813 Île-aux-Noix, QC 1923
First Air Crossing of the Canadian Rockies 1919 Richmond, BC 1961
Cascades Canal 1779 to 1783 Pointe-des-Cascades, QC 1929
Exploitation of the Nova Scotia Coal Fields late 1800s, 1900s Nova Scotia region 1998
Group of Seven 1920
(first exhibition)
Kleinburg, ON 1974
Establishment of the Maritime Wireless Telegraph System 1904 Pointe-à-la-Renommée, QC 2011
Selkirk Settlement 1803 Belfast, PE 1954
Persons Case 1929 Edmonton, AB 1997
Application of Direct Drive Waterpower national 1986
Chaudière Portages 1613 to mid-1800s Gatineau, QC 1927
Jesuit Fathers 1635 to 1759, 1842 onward Montreal, QC 1988
Lachine Rapids Lachine, QC 1982
Canadians and the Normandy Landing 1944 Bernières-sur-Mer, France 1999
Ste. Croix Island 1604 Saint Croix Island, ME,
United States
1968
Nlaka'pamux Basket-Making, Pre-Contact to 1970 British Columbia region 2011
Canadian Women's Christian Temperance Union late 1800s national 1997
Intercolonial Railway 1876 Moncton, NB 1976
Pioneer Fox Farming 1880 to 1910 Alberton, PE 1939
Discovery of Prince Edward Island 1534 Alberton, PE 1924
Queen's University 1842
(founded)
Kingston, ON 1991
Chambly Road 1665 Saint-Hubert, QC 1929
First Banding of a Bird 1905 Toronto, ON 1955
Role of Placentia 1662 to 1713 Placentia, NL 1951
National Council of Jewish Women of Canada Toronto, ON 2008
Fort de Lévis 1760 Johnstown, ON 1968
Forest Industry in New Brunswick 1700s to 1900s St. John, NB 1943
Cornwall Canal 1834 to 1842 and
1876 to 1904
Cornwall, ON 1929
Beothuks before 1829 Grand Falls-Windsor, NL 1955
The Creation of the National Flag 1964 to 1965 Ottawa, ON 2015
Opening of the St. Lawrence to All Nations 1849 Quebec, QC 1925
First Marine Compound Engine 1845 St. John, NB 1926
Dominion Telegraph 1874 to 1878 Humboldt, SK 1943
First Patent in Canada 1824 Quebec, QC 1929
Prairie Settlement Patterns Prairies 1984
Meetings of Parliament 1916 to 1919 Ottawa, ON 1949
Cunningham v. Tomey Homma 1902 British Columbia 2011
Sisters of Ste. Anne 1850 Lachine, QC 1988
Butler's Rangers 1777 to 1784 Niagara-on-the-Lake, ON 1930
Quebec Conferences (1943-1944) 1943 and 1944 Quebec, QC 1946
Torbay 1762 Torbay, NL 1952
Frog Portage before 1774
to after 1828
Churchill River, SK 1977
Canadian Naval Aviation during the Cold War Shearwater, NS 2011
Action at Butler's Farm 1813 Niagara-on-the-Lake, ON 1926
Petitcodiac-Washademoak Portage Petitcodiac, NB 1936
Grey Nuns of Montréal 1737 and later Montreal, QC 1988
Welland Canal 1824
1829 to 1833 (built)
1841 (rebuilt)
Thorold, ON 1924
Creation of the Province of Alberta 1905 Edmonton, AB 1946
Six Nations 1755 to 1763
1775 to 1783
1812 to 1814
1837 to 1838
Six Nations Grand River Reserve, ON 1930
Lemuel Sherman Barn / Military Hospital 1813 Thamesville, ON 1954
Red Fife Wheat 1842 Keene, ON 1931
Atlantic Charter 1941 Placentia-Ship Harbour, NL 1973
First Sault Ste. Marie Canal 1797 to 1798 Sault Ste. Marie, ON 1921
Edmonton Grads 1915 to 1940 Edmonton, AB 1976
Acadian Odyssey 1750s to 1881
and after
Memramcook, NB 1976
On-to-Ottawa Trek 1935 Regina, SK 1997
Breaching of the Gothic Line 1944 Rimini, Emilia-Romagna, Italy 2000
Canadian Landing in Sicily 1943 Pachino, Sicily, Italy 2000
Shield Archaic Culture 5000 BC to 1000 BC Labrador to Maine
Port au Choix, NL
(discovery)
1981
Engagement at the Forty 1813 Grimsby, ON 1954
Isgonish-French River Portage 1700s and 1800s Lower Onslow, NS 1939
Fugitive Slave Movement 1800s
1850 to 1861 (peak)
Windsor, ON 1925
Canadian Presence in Britain 1939 to 1945 London, England, United Kingdom 2000
Founding of New Brunswick 1784 St. John, NB 1934
Hull Timber Slide 1829 Gatineau, QC 1976
Pony Express 1849 Victoria Beach, NS 1950
Founding of Université-Laval 1852 Quebec, QC 1972
W. D. Lawrence (Vessel) 1872 to 1874 (built) Maitland, NS 1955
Discovery of the Mackenzie River 1789 Fort Providence, NT 1969
Canada's Capital 1857 Ottawa, ON 1976
Eagle Pass 1865 and 1885 Craigellachie, BC 1971
Fifth Thule Expedition 1921 to 1924 Danish Island, NU 1977
Carbonear Island 1697 and 1705 Carbonear, NL 1954
Transatlantic Flights 1919 to 1937 Harbour Grace, NL 1951
Battle of the St. Lawrence 1942 to 1944 Forillon National Park, Gaspé, QC 2000
Dominion Lands Survey System 1871 Headingly, MB 1930
Black Loyalist Experience 1783 to 1792
and after
Birchtown, NS 1994
Franklin D. Roosevelt and Campobello Island 1883 to 1921
1933, 1936, 1939
Welshpool, NB 1945
Nancy (vessel) 1814 Wasaga Beach, ON 1923
Henry House 1811 to 1830s Jasper National Park, AB 1926
Bluenose 1921 to 1946 Lunenburg, NS 1952
Caisse Populaire (Mouvement Desjardins) 1900 Lévis, QC 1984
Fédération nationale Saint-Jean-Baptiste 1907 Montreal, QC 2005
Dispersal of Huron-Wendat from Huronia 1650 and 1697 Wendake, QC 1997
Canadian Raid on Dieppe 1942 Dieppe, France 2000
Indian Treaty of 1778 1778 St. John, NB 1971
First Transcontinental Train 1886 Montreal, QC 1939
United Empire Loyalists late 1700s Cornwall, ON 1933
Mattawa Route early 1600s to 1800s Mattawa, ON 1926
Surrender of Indian Lands 1798, 1815 and 1818 Orillia, ON 1932
Survey of the Great Lakes 1814 to 1816
1817 to 1825
Owen Sound, ON 1933
Shipbuilding in New Brunswick late 1700s to 1800s St. Martins (plaque), St. John,
Moncton, Miramichi, NB
1995
First Electric Telegraph 1846 Toronto, ON 1925
Crawford Purchase 1783 Kingston, ON 1929
Herschel Island 1890 to 1920s Herschel Island, YT 1972
Creation of the Province of Manitoba 1870 Winnipeg, MB 1948
Frontier College 1899 Toronto, ON 1998
Building of the St. Clair Tunnel 1889 to 1891 Sarnia, ON 1992
Construction of the Sambro Island Lighthouse 1758 Sambro Island, NS
Sambro, NS (plaque)
1937
Royal Navy on Lake Champlain 1776 to 1777
1812 to 1814
Fort Lennox National Historic Site, Île-aux-Noix, QC 1927
Slave River Rapids 1789, 1880s, 1940s Fort Smith, NT 1969
Antigonish Movement 1928 Antigonish, NS 1981
Siege of Quebec in 1775 1775 to 1776 Quebec, QC 1984
Creation of the Northwest Mounted Police National 1873 Fort Walsh, SK 1972
First Paper Mill in Canada / Argenteuil Paper Mill 1803 to 1805 Saint-André-Est, QC 1925
Good Shepherd Sisters of Québec 1844 Quebec, QC 2010
Missionary Oblates of Mary Immaculate 1841 Ottawa, ON 1988
Japanese Experience in Alberta 1900s Raymond, AB 2007
Battle of the Scheldt 1944 Walcheren Island, Netherlands 2005
Veterans Charter 1945 Ottawa, ON 1999
Discovery of the Coppermine River 1771 Nunavut 1956
Winning of the Vote by Women 1914 and 1916 Winnipeg, MB 1997
Okanagan Brigade Trail 1811 to 1848 Westbank, BC 1943
Landing of the Trans-Atlantic Submarine Cable 1866 Heart's Content, NL 2001
System of Tide Gates (Aboiteaux) mid-1600s Memramcook, NB 1997
Coast Salish Knitters and the Cowichan Sweater late 1800s British Columbia 2011
Struggle for Hudson Bay 1686 to 1713 Ville-Marie, QC 1936
University of Ottawa 1848 Ottawa, ON 1998
Establishment of Fort Maurepas 1739 to 1749 Pine Falls, MB 1931
Dawson to Ashcroft Telegraph Line 1899 Whitehorse, YT 1994
Anglo-Russian Treaty of 1825 1825 Stewart, BC 1975
Kootenay Mining Region late 1800s onward Rossland, BC 1998
Exploration of the Strait of Juan de Fuca 1787 and 1792 Victoria, BC 1924
Boundary Water Treaty of 1909 1909 London, ON 1997
Mckee's Purchase 1790 Blenheim, ON 1931
Yukon Gold Discovery 1896 Bonanza Creek, YT 1926
First Butter Factory in Canada 1873 Athelstan, QC 1943
Sisters of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary 1853 Nicolet, QC 1988
Halifax and Castine 1814 to 1815 Castine, Maine, USA
Halifax, NS (plaque)
1936
Establishment of New Iceland 1875 to 1876 Gimli, MB 1999
Oregon Treaty of 1846 1846 Surrey, BC 1946
Fraser Canyon Transportation Corridor 1857 to 1866
and after
Spuzzum, BC 1985
General Mining Association 1827 to 1865 Stellarton, NS 1983
Williamsburg Canals System 1844 to 1856 Morrisburg, ON 1929
Mohawks at Annapolis Royal 1712 to 1713 Annapolis Royal, NS 1932
Methye Portage 1778 to 1820 La Loche, SK 1933
Creation of the Province of British Columbia 1871 Victoria, BC 1948
Beginnings of Coal Mining 1720 Port Morien, NS 1959
Exploration of the Fraser River 1791, 1793, 1808 Vancouver, BC 1927
Territorial Grain Growers Association 1902 Indian Head, SK 1953
Royal Montreal Curling Club 1807 Montreal, QC 1953
St. John's Regatta 1826 St. John's, NL 1990
New Westminster 1859 to 1868 New Westminster, BC 1924
Beaubassin / Ancient Indian Portage Frosty Hollow, NB 1943
Nineteenth Century Shipbuilding at Quebec 1850s Quebec, QC 1957
Mi'kmaq on Malpeque Bay early 1800s onward Lennox Island,PE 1997
De Havilland 'Beaver' 1946 Toronto, ON 1974
Scouting Movement in Canada 1908 Niagara-on-the-Lake, ON 2009
Mackenzie-Papineau Battalion 1937 to 1939 Toronto, ON 1985
Sack of Lunenburg 1782 Lunenburg, NS 1950
Toronto Carrying Place 1615 to 1796 Humber River to Holland River
Rouge River to Holland River
Toronto, ON (plaque)
1969
Deportation of the Inhabitants of Ile Saint-Jean 1758 Rocky Point, PE 2011
Landing of John Guy 1610 Cupids, NL 1952
First Legislative Assembly of Upper Canada 1792 Niagara-on-the-Lake, ON 1990
Imperial Order of Daughters of the Empire 1900 Toronto, ON 1982
Palliser Expedition 1857 to 1860 Banff National Park, AB 1957
Crowsnest Pass 1873 and 1897 Crowsnest Lake, AB 1971
Transatlantic Wireless 1902 Marconi National Historic Site
Glace Bay, NS
1938
New Brunswick Forest Products Industry 1780s to 1900s Edmunston, NB 1999
Pro Patria 1812 to 1814 Amherstburg and Kingston, ON 1928
Canadians in the Korean War 1950 to 1953 Gapyong-Gun, South Korea 2000
Battle for Ortona 1943 Ortona, Italy 2000
Sisters of the Holy Names of Jesus and Mary 1843 Longueuil, QC 1988
Design and Construction of the Victoria Tubular Bridge 1854 to 1860 Montreal, QC 1999
Creation of the Province of Saskatchewan 1905 Regina, SK 1939
Shannon and Chesapeake (vessels) 1813 Halifax, NS 1925
Noorduyn Aviation Company 'Norseman' 1935 to 1960 Dorval, QC 1974
Expulsion of the Acadians 1755 to 1763 Grand-Pré National Historic Site,
Grand Pré, NS
1955
Original Gold Discovery / Discovery Claim 1896 and 1897 to 1898 Bonanza Creek, YT 1959
Treaty of Montréal in 1701 1701 Montreal, QC 2001
Collins' Overland Telegraph Quesnel, BC 1929
Immigration of the King's Daughters to New France 1663 to 1673 Quebec, QC 2007
Discovery and Development of the McIntosh Apple 1811 Dundela, ON 1999
Petro Mohyla Institute 1916 Saskatoon, SK 2008
Hôtel-Dieu Saint-Joseph de Tracadie 1849 to 1965
1844 to 1894
Tracadie-Sheila, NB 1992
Immigration of Home Children 1869 to 1939 Stratford, ON (plaque) 1999
Establishment of the National Council of Women in Canada 1893 Toronto, ON 2000
1954 Voyage of HMCS Labrador 1954 Resolute, NU 1981
Invention of the Telephone 1874 and 1876 Brantford, ON 1938
Midwives of New France before 1759 Quebec, QC 2007
American Military Presence in Newfoundland 1940 Argentia, NL 1988
First Military Test Flights 1909 Petawawa, ON 1951
Japanese Canadian Internment 1942 to 1949 Vancouver, BC (plaque) 1984
War Brides 1942 to 1948 Halifax, NS (plaque) 1997
Post War Immigration 1945 to 1955 Halifax, NS (plaque) 1988
Origins of Coal Industry in Alberta 1874 and after Lethbridge, AB (plaque) 1926
Canadian Pacific Railway's Trans-Canada Limited (1919-1931) 1919 to 1931 Cranbook, BC 2011
Indian Battle of 1870 1870 Lethbridge, AB 1966
Dalhousie Law School 1883 Halifax, NS 1982
Victorian Order of Nurses - VON 1897 Ottawa, ON 1997
David Thompson on the Columbia River 1807 to 1812 Castlegar, BC 1952
Canadian Sovereignty in the Arctic Archipelago 1880 onward Melville Island, NT 1981
Battle of the Atlantic 1939 to 1945 Halifax, NS (plaque) 2000
Northwest Territories and Yukon Radio System 1923 to early 1960s Dawson, YT 1997
Ice Boat Service 1827 to 1917 Traverse, PE 1955
French Shore Treaty 1713-1904 Port au Choix, NL 1955
Port Arthur 1869, 1870, 1883, 1902 Thunder Bay, ON 1920
First Women's Institute 1897 Stoney Creek, ON 1937
Construction of Dundas Street / Governor's Road 1793 to 1794 Dundas, ON 1927
Underground Railroad early 1800s to 1865 Windsor, ON 1925
Liberation of the Netherlands 1944 to 1945 Wageningen or Nijmegan, Netherlands
Apeldoorn, Netherlands (plaque)
Ottawa, ON (plaque)
2000
Noble and Wolf v. Alley 1950 London, ON 2009
Grain Growers Grain Company 1905 Sintaluta, SK 1984
Winnipeg General Strike 1919 Winnipeg, MB 1974
First Aeroplane Flying in Canada 1909 Baddeck, NS 1934
Club de hockey Canadien 1909 Montreal, QC 2009
Montréal Dressmakers' Strike of 1937 1937 Montreal, QC 2007
Young Women's Christian Association (YWCA) 1870 onward St. John, NB 1998
Establishment of Ice Roads in the Northwest Territories 1945 onward Fort Providence, NT 2000
Arrival of Jacques Cartier at Gaspé 1534 Gaspé, QC 1924
Canol Road 1941 to 1945 Johnsons Crossing, YT (plaque)
Norman Wells, NT (plaque)
1983
Wabana Iron Ore Mines 1895 to 1966 Bell Island, NL
St. John's, NL (plaque)
1988
Preservation of the Plains Bison 1906 and after Lamont, AB
Elk Island National Park, AB
1943
Construction of Hudson Bay Railway 1908 to 1917, 1925 to 1929 The Pas to Churchill, MB 1994
Shipbuilding in Prince Edward Island 1820 to 1880 Cardigan, PE 2009
Gouzenko Affair 1945 to 1946 Ottawa, ON 2002
Queenston-Chippawa Portage Road 1789 to 1829 Stamford, ON 1925
Forest Industry in British Columbia 1800s to 1900s Port Alberni, BC 1943
Overlanders of 1862 1862 Jasper National Park, AB 1938
Development of Whitney Pier 1899 to 1930 Sydney, NS 2015
St. Laurent Class of Canadian Warship 1948 to 1949 Bridgewater, NS 1998
North American Boundary Commission of 1872-1876 1872 to 1876 Emerson, MB 1997
Fort Garry - Fort Edmonton Trail 1800s to 1890 Batoche, SK
Winnipeg, MB
Edmonton, AB
1972
Detention of Second World War Military Prisoners of War and of Enemy Aliens Sent to Canada from Great Britain 1940 to 1947 national
Marathon, ON (plaque)
2011
Cariboo Wagon Road 1862 to 1865 (built) Yale, BC 1923
Quebec Ship Labourers' Benevolent Society 1862
(founded)
Quebec, QC 2005
Bush Pilots of Canada 1920s and 1930s Yellowknife, NT 1960
First Ministry of Health 1918 Fredericton, NB 1938
First Railway in Western Canada 1877 to 1878 Dominion City, MB 1954
Shipbuilding at the Burrard Dry Dock Company 1900s North Vancouver, BC 2004
Career of the Marco Polo (vessel) 1851 to 1883 St. John, NB 1990
Early Land Survey in Ontario 1783 to 1784 Kingston, ON 1932
Upper Canadian Act of 1793 Against Slavery 1793 Niagara-on-the-Lake, ON 1992
Construction of the Lethbridge Viaduct 1907 to 1909 Lethbridge, AB 2005
Ten Acadian National Conventions (1881-1937) 1881 to 1937 Miscouche, PE 1997
Shore Crew of Newfoundland and Labrador 1900s Newfoundland and Labrador 2011
Canada and the South African War 1899 to 1902 and after national
London, ON
2005
Fort Benton-Fort Macleod Trail 1800s until 1882 Coutts, AB (plaque) 1938
Completion of the Canadian Pacific Railway 1885 and 1886 Port Moody, BC 1936
Construction of the St. Lawrence Seaway 1954 to 1959 Iroquois, ON (plaque) 2004
Wyandot (Hurons) 1700s and 1800s Amherstburg, ON 1953
Alouette 1 Satellite Programme 1962 to 1972 Ottawa, ON 2007
Prince Edward Island becomes a Province of Canada 1873 Charlottetown, PE 1950
Capture of the Tigress and Scorpion 1814 off Drummond Island, Michigan, United States
Penetanguishene, ON (plaque)
1927
Women Workers in Canada's Military Munitions Industry 1882 to 1945 national
Quebec, QC (plaque)
2008
Missaguash-Baie Verte Portage / Pre-contact Indian Portage prehistoric Baie Verte, NB 1936
Kaplan & Sprachman, Architects early 1900s to 1950 national
Vancouver, BC (plaque)
2008
Pulp and Paper Industry in Quebec 1900s Trois-Rivières, QC 2005
Formation and development of the Canadian Home and School Federation 1927 national
Baddeck, NS (plaque)
2003
First International Polar Year 1882-1883 1882 to 1883 Fort Conger, Quttinirpaaq National Park, NU
Old Fort Rae, NT
1981
Removal of Ripple Rock 1958 Campbell River, BC 2008
Skirmish at McCrae's House 1813 Chatham, ON 1924
First Submarine Telegraph Cable 1852 Cape Traverse, PE (plaque)
to Cape Tormentine, NB
1932
North Atlantic Treaty of 1949 1949 Ottawa, ON 1999
Postal Service in Nova Scotia 1754 onward Halifax, NS 1924
Founding of the Canadian Jewish Congress 1919 Montreal, QC 2005
Establishment of Continuous Meteorological Record-keeping in Canada 1840 and after Toronto, ON 1989
Stained Glass of Robert McCausland Limited 1856 onward Toronto, ON 1991
Gaultier de La Vérendrye's Journey to the Mandans 1738 Darlingford, MB 1946
Secret Intelligence Activities at Camp X 1941 to 1969 Whitby, ON 2011
Fight at the Long-Sault 1660 Carillon, QC and
Chute-à-Blondeau, ON
1954
Newfoundland's Entry into Confederation 1949 Saint John's, NL 1958
First Steamship on Lake Ontario 1816 Bath, ON 1923
Literary and Historical Society of Quebec 1824 to 1944 Quebec, QC 1984
Maple Products 1900s onward McDonalds Corners, ON
Mont-Saint-Hilaire, QC
2007
First Meeting of the New Brunswick Legislature 1786 St. John, NB 1929
Battle of Passchendaele 1917 Passchendaele, Belgium 2007
Founding of The Royal Canadian Legion 1925 Winnipeg, MB 2009
Seat of Territorial Government 1876 to 1878
1878 to 1883
1883 to 1905
Pelly,
Battleford,
and Regina, SK
1973
Alcock - Brown Transatlantic Flight 1919 Saint John's, NL 1950
Soulanges Canal 1892 to 1899 (built) until 1959 Pointe-des-Cascades, QC 1929
British Commonwealth Air Training Plan 1939 national
Trenton, ON (plaque)
Brandon, MB (plaque)
1983
Canada's Marine Biological Stations 1908 St. Andrews, NB
Nanaimo, BC
2011
First Steam Fog Horn 1854 and 1859 St. John, NB 1925
Battle of Odelltown 1838 Lacolle, QC 1924
Shipbuilding in Nova Scotia 1700s to 1800s Nova Scotia
Yarmouth, NS (plaque)
1960
Newfoundland Outport Nursing and Industrial Association (NONIA) 1924 (founded) Newfoundland and Labrador
Pool's Cove, NL (plaque)
1999
Huron Tract 1826 to 1860 Goderich, ON 1929
Founding of the Canadian Naval Service 1910 national
Halifax, NS (plaque)
2010
Contributions of the Sœurs de Miséricorde 1848 Quebec, QC 2006
Fishing Industry on the East Coast before 1500s to 1800s Bonavista, NL 1975
Black Railway Porters and their Union Activity 1880s to mid-1900s national
Montreal, QC (plaque)
1994
Abolition Movement in British North America 1783 to 1860s Ontario, Quebec, Maritimes
Chatham, ON (plaque)
2004
First Meeting of the Executive Council of Upper Canada 1792 Kingston, ON 1920
Establishment of the Commercial Bush-Flying Industry in Canada 1919 Shawinigan, QC 2005
Survey of the Gulf and River of St. Lawrence 1827 to 1856 Charlottetown, PE (plaque) 1935
Voluntary Aid Detachments 1914 to 1919
1939 to 1945
national
Ottawa, ON
2011
Migration of Doukhobors to British Columbia 1908 to 1913 Castlegar, BC 2008
First Printing Press in North America[8] 1751 Halifax, NS 1923
Founding of the École des hautes études commerciales de Montréal 1907 Montreal, QC 2008
Canadian Military Presence in Newfoundland 1940 and after Botwood, NL 2000
Sisters of Charity of Saint Vincent de Paul, Halifax 1849 onward Halifax, NS 2008
Sternwheel Steamer Snagboats on British Columbia's Rivers British Columbia
New Westminster, BC
2007
White Pass & Yukon Route Railway 1900 Whitehorse, YT 1986
Building of the Canso Causeway 1952 to 1955 Port Hastings, NS 2005
Ranching Industry 1880s to 1906 Prairies
Longview, AB
1968
Coming of the Mohawks 1784 Deseronto, ON 1929
Service of the Royal Canadian Air Force (RCAF) during the Second World War 1939 to1945 Europe, Africa, Asia
London, England, United Kingdom
2000
Maritime Archaic Cemeteries / Phillips Garden Dorset 5000 BC to 1000 BC Labrador to Maine
Port au Choix, NL
1982
Development of Cobalt-60 Beam Therapy Unit (Cobalt Bomb) 1951 London, ON
Saskatoon, SK
1996
Fishing Industry on the West Coast 1830s onward Pacific coast
Richmond, BC
1976
Role of the Canadian Merchant Navy during the Second World War 1939 to 1945 worldwide
Halifax, NS
2001
First Responsible Government in the British Empire Overseas 1848 Halifax, NS 1947
Contributions of the Religieuses hospitalières de Saint-Joseph 1659 onward Montreal, QC 2006
Capture of the Ohio and Somers[9] 1814 Fort Erie, ON 1929
Passenger and Packet Freighters on the Upper Great Lakes to the mid-1900s Upper Great Lakes
Sault Ste. Marie, ON
2008
Indian Treaty Nº 6 1876 Fort Carlton, SK
Fort Pitt, SK
1927
Asahi Baseball Team 1914 to 1941 Vancouver, BC 2008
Abenaki Migrations to New France (1675-1748) 1675 to 1748 New England, Quebec
Wôlinak, QC
Odanak, QC
2007
Canadian Arctic Expedition, 1913-1918 1913 to 1918 High Arctic, Western Arctic coast
Victoria Island, NT/NU
Esquimalt, BC
1925
Chinese Construction Workers on the Canadian Pacific Railway 1880s British Columbia
Yale, BC
1977
Last Spanish Exploration 1792 Salish Sea, Vancouver Island
Vancouver, BC
1927
First Eastward Crossing of the Northwest Passage 1940 to 1942 Northwest Passage
Vancouver, BC to Sydney, NS
Regina, SK (plaque)
1943
Crossing of Lake Ontario by Marilyn Bell 1954 Lake Ontario
Toronto, ON (plaque)
2005
Black Pioneers in British Columbia 1858 Saanichton, BC 1997
Canadian Role in the Defence of Hong Kong 1941 Hong Kong, China
Ottawa, ON (plaque)
2000
Cape Breton - Newfoundland Cable 1856 Newfoundland to Cape Breton
North Sydney, NS
1927
Liverpool Privateers American Revolution
French Revolution
War of 1812
Liverpool, NS 1933
Kaministikwia and Pigeon River Routes before 1688, 1688 to after 1800 Kakabeka Falls, ON (plaque) 1925
Monseigneur Jean-Baptiste de La Croix de Chevrières de Saint-Vallier in Acadia 1686 and 1689 Acadia
Grand Falls, NB
1990
Industry at Trail 1895 onward Trail, BC 1954
Loyalists at Shelburne 1783 Shelburne, NS 1923
Norwegian Training in Canada during the Second World War 1940 to 1945 Gravenhurst, ON (plaque)
Toronto, ON
2001
Beaver 1835 to 1888 Pacific coast
Vancouver, BC
Langley, BC
1923
Explorations of Sir Alexander MacKenzie 1789 and 1793 Prince George, BC (plaque) 1923
Waterloo Pioneers 1800 to 1805 and after Kitchener, ON 1924
Ayling and Reid Flight 1934 Wasaga Beach, ON 1949
Establishment of the Beaver Lake / Mundare Ukrainian Catholic Mission 1902 Mundare, AB 2007
Nº 2 Construction Battalion, C. E. F. 1916 to 1920 Pictou, NS 1992
Alaska Highway 1941 to 1943 Contact Creek, BC
Solders Summit, YT
1954
Establishment and Role of the St. Lawrence River Pilots mid-1600s onward Pointe-au-Père, QC 2000
Indian Treaty Nº 1 1871 Selkirk, MB 1927
Arrival of the Selkirk Settlers 1812 Winnipeg, MB 1924
Contributions of the Augustines de la Miséricorde de Jésus of Québec City's Hôtel-Dieu 1639 to 1960s Quebec, QC 2006
Contribution of German Troops to the Defence of Canada during the American War of Independence (1776-1783) 1776 to 1783 Quebec, QC 2007
Chartering of Local 120 of the United Garment Workers of America at the Great Western Garment Company 1911 Edmonton, AB 2007
Fort William late 1600s, 1804 to 1821
1875, 1883, 1905
Thunder Bay, ON 1923
Capture of Detroit 1812 Port Dover, ON
Windsor, ON
1923
Meetings of Parliament, 1841-1866 1841 to 1866 Kingston, ON
Montreal, QC
Toronto, ON
Quebec, QC
1949
Entry of Women in the Military in World War II 1941 to 1946 Esquimalt, BC
Calgary, AB
Halifax, NS
1994
Establishment of the Experimental Farm Branch 1886 Ottawa, ON
Nappan, NS
Brandon, MB
Agassiz, BC
Indian Head, SK
1981
Mining 1880s onward Sudbury, ON
Cobalt, ON
Noranda, QC
Asbestos, QC
South Porcupine, ON
Labrador City, NL
Port Radium, NT
1973
Nine Mile Portage and Willow Depot 1814 Barrie to Minesing, ON 2014

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "National Historic Sites of Canada System Plan - Persons of National Historic Significance, Events of National Historic Significance". Parks Canada. 2000. Retrieved September 2, 2010. 
  2. ^ Historic Sites and Monuments Board of Canada. "About the Historic Sites and Monuments Board of Canada - Duties". Retrieved September 2, 2010. 
  3. ^ Parks Canada. "Directory of Designations of National Historic Significance of Canada". Retrieved March 3, 2015. 
  4. ^ Government Recognizes the National Historic Significance of Whitney Pier, Parks Canada news release, Feb. 25, 2015
  5. ^ Federal plaque to John Macdonell on Ontarioplaques.com
  6. ^ Glengarry House NHS in Directory of Federal Heritage Designations (DFHD)
  7. ^ Landing of John Guy NHE in DFHD
  8. ^ The Directory of Federal Heritage Designations gives this Event the title "First Printing Press in North America", while the original plaque says it was first in "British North America". Neither appears to be true. The first press in North America was brought from Spain to Mexico City in either 1535 or 1539 (see A Publisher's History of American Magazines, Part Four: The Press in Colonial America, Peter Hutchinson, 2008, p. 20). This source then identifies the first press in British North America as being at Harvard College, Cambridge, Massachusetts, in 1639 (page 20), citing McMurtrie, p. 404. The current plaque says nothing about a first press. Its title is "The Halifax Gazette".
  9. ^ The inscriptions on at least two historical markers call this "the last naval action on the Great Lakes" in the War of 1812 (see Capture of the "Ohio" and "Somers", a federal marker, and Capture of the "Somers" and "Ohio", a provincial marker). Yet two days later, HMS Nancy was attacked in an engagement that involved three US warships (Battle of Nottawasaga Bay). And on Sept. 3 and 5, 1814, the Tigress and Scorpion were captured by the British, the latter vessel after "a sharp fight", in the later Engagements on Lake Huron.

External links[edit]