Evercreech

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Coordinates: 51°08′40″N 2°30′24″W / 51.1445°N 2.5068°W / 51.1445; -2.5068

Evercreech
Evercreech Church.jpg
Church of St Peter, Evercreech
Evercreech is located in Somerset
Evercreech
Evercreech
 Evercreech shown within Somerset
Population 2,334 [1]
OS grid reference ST645385
District Mendip
Shire county Somerset
Region South West
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town SHEPTON MALLET
Postcode district BA4
Dialling code 01749
Police Avon and Somerset
Fire Devon and Somerset
Ambulance South Western
EU Parliament South West England
UK Parliament Wells
List of places
UK
England
Somerset

Evercreech is a village and civil parish 3 miles (4.8 km) south east of Shepton Mallet, and 5 miles (8.0 km) north east of Castle Cary, in the Mendip district of Somerset, England. The parish includes the hamlet of Stoney Stratton and the village of Chesterblade.

History[edit]

The village was recorded as Evrecriz in the Domesday Book of 1086.[2]

Small Down Knoll, (or Small Down Camp), is a Bronze Age hill fort above the village which rises to 728 feet (221.9 m).

The parish was part of the hundred of Wells Forum.[3]

Governance[edit]

The parish council has responsibility for local issues, including setting an annual precept (local rate) to cover the council’s operating costs and producing annual accounts for public scrutiny. The parish council evaluates local planning applications and works with the local police, district council officers, and neighbourhood watch groups on matters of crime, security, and traffic. The parish council's role also includes initiating projects for the maintenance and repair of parish facilities, as well as consulting with the district council on the maintenance, repair, and improvement of highways, drainage, footpaths, public transport, and street cleaning. Conservation matters (including trees and listed buildings) and environmental issues are also the responsibility of the council.

The village falls within the Non-metropolitan district of Mendip, which was formed on 1 April 1974 under the Local Government Act 1972, having previously been part of Shepton Mallet Rural District,[4] which is responsible for local planning and building control, local roads, council housing, environmental health, markets and fairs, refuse collection and recycling, cemeteries and crematoria, leisure services, parks, and tourism.

Somerset County Council is responsible for running the largest and most expensive local services such as education, social services, libraries, main roads, public transport, policing and fire services, trading standards, waste disposal and strategic planning.

It is also part of the Somerton & Frome county constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. It elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election, and part of the South West England constituency of the European Parliament which elects seven MEPs using the d'Hondt method of party-list proportional representation.

Landmarks[edit]

Evercreech has two pubs within it, The Bell Inn,and the Shapway inn. The Pecking Mill is within a very short distance to the south. Historically, one of the local pubs, The Brewers Arms, celebrated New Year's Eve with fireworks but greeted faithful locals the very next day, New Years Day 2005, with notice that it had closed forever. Rumours were rife around the reasons for the closure (most likely due to the non-profitability of such a local enterprise)—popularly noting that the real estate value of the site was extremely high. The Shapway Inn A locals drinking pub opened in December 2009 after being closed for over 2 years.

Cutterne Mill is an old watermill[5] which is now being used for electricity generation as part of the South Somerset Hydropower Group.

Industry[edit]

Historic industries in Evercreech include quarrying of blue lias and clay; brick making; milk processing; and agriculture, which remains the leading industry today. From the late 18th century until just after WW1, silk processing was an important industry for Evercreech, a spillover from mills at nearby Bruton and Sherborne. The workforce for the village's three silk factories was made up almost entirely of young women and girls, some of whom started working as young as seven or eight years of age. Fulfilling orders from London, two of the factories were throwing mills which produced high quality spun silk thread. The third mill wove silk thread into cloth. Bales of raw silk were imported to the mills from France, Italy, and India by London merchants . Employment in the mills was erratic, driven by highly volatile demand for English woven silk. This volatility, in turn was caused by embargoes on imported woven silk, duty taxes, and then the lifting of import restrictions in 1860.[6]

Transport[edit]

Evercreech Junction was a railway station on the Somerset and Dorset Joint Railway. It was replaced by Evercreech New railway station from 1874 to 1966, when it closed. Nowadays, the nearest railway stations to Evercreech are in Bruton and Castle Cary.

Religious sites[edit]

Street scene. Stone cross on a pillar rising from 5 step plinth. Iron lampost left and right of the road are stone terraced houses.
Market Cross

The Church of St Peter dates from the 14th century and is a Grade I listed building. The three-stage tower has set-back buttresses ascending to pinnacles, with a very tall transomed two-light bell-chamber with windows on each face The embattled parapet has quatrefoil piercing, with big corner pinnacles and smaller intermediate pinnacles. The four-light west window has extensively restored tracery. This tower is of the East Mendip type.[7] On the north wall of the tower is a roll of honour to victims of World War I. It is within a rectangular wooden case with a glazed door crowned by a triangular pediment and plaque below.[8]

The clock face features an unusual mistake as it is missing the X(10) and instead has an X1(11)and then two XII(12). Rumour has it that the person who paid for the clock was told by his wife he had to be in from the pub by 10. Hence no 10(X) on the clock!

At Chesterblade the tiny Church of St Mary dates from the 12th century.[9]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Evercreech Parish". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 1 January 2014. 
  2. ^ Bush, Robin (1994). Somerset: The Complete Guide. Dovecote Press. pp. 96–97. ISBN 1-874336-26-1. 
  3. ^ "Somerset Hundreds". GENUKI. Retrieved 12 September 2011. 
  4. ^ "Shepton Mallet RD". A vision of Britain Through Time. University of Portsmouth. Retrieved 4 January 2014. 
  5. ^ "Cutterne Mill". Images of England. English Heritage. Retrieved 10 January 2009. 
  6. ^ Doble, Jim, et al. (2001). The Silk Industry in Evercreech. Evercreech & District Local History Society. pp. 1–2. 
  7. ^ "Church of St Peter". Images of England. Retrieved 25 November 2006. 
  8. ^ "Church of St Peter and churchyard, Evercreech". Somerset Historic Environment Record. Retrieved 5 March 2008. 
  9. ^ "Church of St Mary". Images of England. English Heritage. Retrieved 10 January 2009. 

External links[edit]