Everett, Massachusetts

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Everett, Massachusetts
City
Everett in winter as viewed from the Whidden Hospital in 2007.
Everett in winter as viewed from the Whidden Hospital in 2007.
Flag of Everett, Massachusetts
Flag
Official seal of Everett, Massachusetts
Seal
Motto: "City of Pride, Progress, and Possibilities"[1]
Location in Middlesex County in Massachusetts
Location in Middlesex County in Massachusetts
Coordinates: 42°24′30″N 71°03′15″W / 42.40833°N 71.05417°W / 42.40833; -71.05417Coordinates: 42°24′30″N 71°03′15″W / 42.40833°N 71.05417°W / 42.40833; -71.05417
Country United States
State Massachusetts
County Middlesex
Settled 1630
Incorporated 1870
City 1892
Government
 • Type Mayor-council city
 • Mayor Carlo DeMaria, Jr.
Area
 • Total 3.7 sq mi (9.5 km2)
 • Land 3.4 sq mi (8.8 km2)
 • Water 0.3 sq mi (0.7 km2)
Elevation 10 ft (3 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 41,667
 • Density 12,255.0/sq mi (4,734.9/km2)
Time zone Eastern (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern (UTC-4)
ZIP code 02149
Area code(s) 617 / 857
FIPS code 25-21990
GNIS feature ID 0612739
Website cityofeverett.com

Everett is a city in Middlesex County, Massachusetts, United States, near Boston. The population was 41,667 at the time of the 2010 United States Census.

Everett is the last city in the United States with a bicameral legislature,[2] which is composed of a seven-member Board of Aldermen and an eighteen-member Common Council. On November 8, 2011, the voters approved a new City Charter that will change the City Council to a unicameral body with eleven members - six ward councilors and five councilors-at-large; an event that provoked an emotional response from many Everett residents. The new City Council will be elected at the 2013 City Election.

History[edit]

Everett was originally part of Charlestown, and later Malden. It separated from Malden in 1870.[3] In 1892, Everett changed from a town to a city. On December 13, 1892, Alonzo H. Evans defeated George E. Smith to become Everett's first Mayor.[4]

The city was named after Edward Everett,[5] who served as U.S. Representative, U.S. Senator, the 15th Governor of Massachusetts, Minister to Great Britain, and United States Secretary of State. He also served as President of Harvard University.[6]

Geography[edit]

Everett is bordered by Malden on the north, Revere on the east, Chelsea on the southeast, Boston and the Mystic River on the south, and Somerville and Medford on the west. Everett is 4 miles (6.4 km) north of Boston. Glendale Park is the city's largest park.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 3.7 square miles (9.6 km2), of which 3.4 square miles (8.8 km2) is land and 0.3 square miles (0.78 km2) (7.63%) is water.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1870 2,220 —    
1880 4,159 +87.3%
1890 11,068 +166.1%
1900 24,336 +119.9%
1910 33,484 +37.6%
1920 40,120 +19.8%
1930 48,424 +20.7%
1940 46,784 −3.4%
1950 45,982 −1.7%
1960 43,544 −5.3%
1970 42,485 −2.4%
1980 37,195 −12.5%
1990 35,701 −4.0%
2000 38,037 +6.5%
2010 41,667 +9.5%
* = population estimate. Source: United States Census records and Population Estimates Program data.[7][8][9][10][11][12][13][14]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 41,667 people, 15,435 households, and 9,554 families residing in the city. The population density was 11,241.1 people per square mile (4,345.0/km²). There were 15,908 housing units at an average density of 4,701.3 per square mile (1,817.2/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 53.6% Non-Hispanic Whites, 14.3% African American, 4.8% Asian, 0.4% Pacific Islander, 2% from other races, and 3.8% were multiracial. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 21.1% of the population (9.3% Salvadoran, 3.0% Puerto Rican, 1.1% Colombian, 1.1% Dominican, 1.0% Guatemalan, 0.8% Mexican).[15] The city also has a large number of people of Brazilian and Italian descent.[16]

There were 15,435 households out of which 27.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 41.8% were married couples living together, 15.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 38.1% were non-families. 31.3% of all households were made up of individuals, and 11.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 3.11.

The population was spread out with 21.6% under the age of 18, 8.9% from 18 to 24, 34.8% from 25 to 44, 19.9% from 45 to 64, and 14.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 91 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.4 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $49,737. The median income for a family is $49,876. Males had a median income of $36,047 versus $30,764 for females. The per capita income for the city was $23,876. About 9.2% of families and 11.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.9% of those under age 18 and 10.0% of those age 65 or over.

Foreign-born residents[edit]

In 2010, 33% of the residents of Everett were born outside the United States. This percentage was around 11% in 1990.[17]

Government[edit]

Government type[edit]

Everett has a mayor-council form of government, where the mayor serves a two-year term. The Everett city council is bicameral, consisting of a Board of Aldermen and a Common Council. As of November 8, 2011, it will become a unicameral City Council.

Board of Aldermen

The Board of Aldermen consisted of seven members one from each of the City's six wards and one Alderman-at-Large. All Aldermen were elected city-wide for a term of two years.

In addition to the duties they shared with the Common Council, the Board of Aldermen was the licensing authority in the City and approved licenses for motor dealers, second-hand dealers, awnings, lodging houses, junk dealers, pool tables, open-air parking lots, coin-operated devices, Lord's Day licenses, antique and precious metal dealers.

Common Council

The Common Council consists three members elected per ward for a total of eighteen members. The Common Council shares equally responsibility for most legislative actions with the exception of licensing and confirmation of most Mayoral appointees.

Voter Party Enrollment[edit]

Voter Registration and Party Enrollment as of October 15, 2008[18]
Party Number of Voters Percentage
  Democratic 9,970 52.02%
  Republican 975 5.09%
  Unaffiliated 8,099 42.25%
  Minor Parties 123 0.64%
Total 19,167 100%

Education[edit]

Everett has eight public schools, which include six elementary schools, five middle schools, and one high school, Everett High School. The city also has a number of private schools, including three K-8 schools and one high school, Pope John XXIII High School. Everett High School moved to its new location, at 100 Elm Street, beginning in the 2007-2008 school year.

Sites of interest[edit]

Part of the historic Revere Beach Parkway listed on the National Register of Historic Places, lies in Everett. Also, The Leavitt Corporation has been manufacturing its trademark Teddie Peanut Butter in the city since 1924.

On September 16, 2014, the Massachusetts Gaming Commission voted to approve Wynn Resorts’ proposal for a $1.6 billion casino to be located in Everett. [19]

Notable people[edit]

See also Category:People from Everett, Massachusetts

View of Everett Square in 1902
1852 Map of the Boston area showing South Malden, which later became Everett

In popular culture[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "City of EverettMassachusettes". City of Everett. Retrieved October 4, 2012. 
  2. ^ "City of Everett City Council". City of Everett. Retrieved 2013-07-16. 
  3. ^ Hogan, Julia Rich. "Town of Everett / 1870-1892". Retrieved September 21, 2012. 
  4. ^ "City of Everett / 1892-1970". Retrieved September 21, 2012. 
  5. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 122. 
  6. ^ "Profile for Everett, Massachusetts". ePodunk. Retrieved 2010-05-16. 
  7. ^ "TOTAL POPULATION (P1), 2010 Census Summary File 1, All County Subdivisions within Massachusetts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 13, 2011. 
  8. ^ "Massachusetts by Place and County Subdivision - GCT-T1. Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 12, 2011. 
  9. ^ "1990 Census of Population, General Population Characteristics: Massachusetts". US Census Bureau. December 1990. Table 76: General Characteristics of Persons, Households, and Families: 1990. 1990 CP-1-23. Retrieved July 12, 2011. 
  10. ^ "1980 Census of the Population, Number of Inhabitants: Massachusetts". US Census Bureau. December 1981. Table 4. Populations of County Subdivisions: 1960 to 1980. PC80-1-A23. Retrieved July 12, 2011. 
  11. ^ "1950 Census of Population (Volume 1)". Bureau of the Census. 1952. Section 6, Pages 21-10 and 21-11, Massachusetts Table 6. Population of Counties by Minor Civil Divisions: 1930 to 1950. Retrieved July 12, 2011. 
  12. ^ "1920 Census of Population". Bureau of the Census. Number of Inhabitants, by Counties and Minor Civil Divisions. Pages 21-5 through 21-7. Massachusetts Table 2. Population of Counties by Minor Civil Divisions: 1920, 1910, and 1920. Retrieved July 12, 2011. 
  13. ^ "1890 Census of the Population". Department of the Interior, Census Office. Pages 179 through 182. Massachusetts Table 5. Population of States and Territories by Minor Civil Divisions: 1880 and 1890. Retrieved July 12, 2011. 
  14. ^ "1870 Census of the Population". Department of the Interior, Census Office. 1872. Pages 217 through 220. Table IX. Population of Minor Civil Divisions, &c. Massachusetts. Retrieved July 12, 2011. 
  15. ^ "American FactFinder - Results  ". Retrieved 20 September 2014. 
  16. ^ "Everett (city) QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-07-16. 
  17. ^ Sacchetti, Maria. "A melting pot stretches out to the suburbs." Boston Globe. September 15, 2010. p. 1 (Archive). Retrieved on September 23, 2014.
  18. ^ "2008 State Party Election Party Enrollment Statistics" (PDF). Massachusetts Elections Division. Retrieved 2010-07-07. 
  19. ^ WBUR News & Wire Services (16 September 2014). "Panel Picks Wynn’s Everett Casino Proposal". WBUR. Retrieved 20 September 2014. 

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]