The Conecuh County Government Center in May 2013
|Nickname(s): The Emerald City|
Location in Conecuh County and the state of Alabama
|Incorporated||March 28, 1873|
|Founded by||James Cosey, George Andrews, and the Clough Brothers|
|• Type||City Council/Mayor|
|• Mayor||Pete Wolff III|
|• Total||15.8 sq mi (40.9 km2)|
|• Land||15.6 sq mi (40.4 km2)|
|• Water||0.2 sq mi (0.5 km2)|
|Elevation||272 ft (83 m)|
|• Density||253/sq mi (97.6/km2)|
|Time zone||Central (CST) (UTC-6)|
|• Summer (DST)||CDT (UTC-5)|
|GNIS feature ID||0118078|
Early settlers to the area came from Georgia and South Carolina beginning in 1818. Evergreen was founded officially in 1819 when Revolutionary War veteran James Cosey and several other men settled within the present limits of the city. The Reverend Alexander Travis first called the town by its present name of Evergreen for the abundance of surrounding green foliage, plants, and ferns.
The former county seat of Sparta was burned in a federal raid during the Civil War. In 1866, the county seat was moved to Evergreen as it was more centrally located in the county. Evergreen was incorporated as a city on March 28, 1873.
In 1882, a tornado hit the city, destroying every building except for the Episcopal church. On November 7, 1895, fire destroyed every business and house located on the east side of the railroad. Five days later, fire destroyed every business and house on the west side. The Conecuh County Courthouse burned in 1868, 1875, 1885, and 1895.
Evergreen is located near the center of Conecuh County at  Interstate 65 passes through the northwest side of the town, leading northeast 75 miles (121 km) to Montgomery and southwest 90 miles (140 km) to Mobile.(31.435025, -86.954905).
As of the census of 2010, there were 3,944 people, 1,536 households, and 981 families residing in the city. The population density was 238.9 inhabitants per square mile (92.2/km2). There were 1,912 housing units. According to the 2000 census the racial makeup of the city was 46.23% White, 52.78% Black or African American, 0.19% Native American, 0.19% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.08% from other races, and 0.50% from two or more races. 0.83% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 1,536 households out of which 31.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 35.5% were married couples living together, 24.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.1% were non-families. 33.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.31 and the average family size was 2.97.
In the city the population was spread out with 28.0% under the age of 18, 8.5% from 18 to 24, 23.6% from 25 to 44, 22.7% from 45 to 64, and 17.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 77.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 69.1 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $20,979, and the median income for a family was $29,258. Males had a median income of $25,357 versus $21,356 for females. The per capita income for the city was $13,828. About 27.6% of families and 34.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 50.6% of those under age 18 and 28.0% of those age 65 or over.
Evergreen's public schools include: 
- Hillcrest High School
- Thurgood Marshall Middle School
- Evergreen Elementary School
Private schools in Evergreen include:
- Sparta Academy 
- Robert Bradley, bluesman, R&B singer, and leader of Robert Bradley's Blackwater Surprise
- Ken Clark (running back), former National Football League player
- Kelvin Davis, professional basketball player who became the oldest rookie to play in the American Basketball Association
- Wayne Frazier, former American Football League player
- Chris Hines, former basketball player for the University of Alabama
- Ben Rudolph former National Football League player
- James Adams Stallworth, member of the United States House of Representatives
- William B. Travis, commander of Texan forces at the Battle of the Alamo
- "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Evergreen city, Alabama". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved June 9, 2014.
- Wiygul, Lauren (December 10, 2009). "Evergreen". Encyclopedia of Alabama. Retrieved 22 January 2010.
- "First Woman Designated Naval Aviator Dies in Plane Crash". Naval Aviation News (Washnington, D.C.: Chief Naval Operations and Naval Air Systems Command (US Navy)). October 1982. p. 48. Retrieved 22 January 2010.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved June 6, 2013.
- "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2013". Retrieved June 3, 2014.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Fact Sheet- Evergreen city, Alabama". American Fast Facts. United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 22 January 2010.
- "About Our Schools -- Conecuh County Board of Education". Retrieved 2 March 2014.
- "Sparta Academy Website". Retrieved 2 March 2014.
- "Evergreen Courant - newspaper in Evergreen, Alabama USA with local news and community events". Retrieved 2 March 2014.
- City of Evergreen official website
- Coastal Gateway Regional Economic Development Alliance
- Conecuh County Board of Education
- The South Alabama News
- Evergreen Chamber of Commerce