Evergreen Museum & Library
Evergreen House, August 2011
|Location:||4545 N. Charles St., Baltimore, Maryland, USA|
|Architect:||Niernsee & Nielson; Multiple|
|Architectural style:||Classical Revival, Renaissance|
|Added to NRHP:||January 17, 1983|
Evergreen Museum & Library, also known as Evergreen House, is a historical museum of the Johns Hopkins University in Baltimore, Maryland, USA. It is located between the campuses of the College of Notre Dame and Loyola College. It, along with Homewood Museum, make up the Johns Hopkins University Museums.
The mansion was built in the mid-19th century and bought in 1878 by the president of the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad, John W. Garrett. Railroads were then a key industry in the United States and, as Baltimore's Garrett family owned and managed one of the biggest rail companies, the home grew and became both luxurious and famous. John Garrett's son T. Harrison added a wing containing a billiard room, bowling alley, and a gymnasium, which in later years were converted into an art gallery and private theater. Evergreen House served as a home for the family until 1942, when it was donated to the university. In fact, Garrett was a trustee of the Peabody Institute and asked its founder, George Peabody, to persuade Johns Hopkins to make the bequest that would make possible The Johns Hopkins University, Hospital, and School of Medicine.
The house, a magnificent example of Gilded Age architecture, occupies 26 acres (11 ha) landscaped in Northern Baltimore and is on the National Register of Historic Places. The initial design was a more modest Italianate house but, with the Garretts, it became a 48-room mansion with a 23-karat gold plated bathroom, a 30,000-book library, and a theatre painted by famous Russian artist Leon Bakst. The abundant decorative items in the house reflect the Garretts' travels and interests, including a red Asian room displaying Japanese and Chinese items, paintings by Picasso, Modigliani, and Degas, glass by Tiffany or Dutch marquetry.
Today, the university manages the museum and offers guided tours.
- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2008-04-15.
- Fee, Elizabeth (1991). "Evergreen House and the Garrett Family: A Railroad Fortune". In Fee, Elizabeth; Shopes, Linda; and Zeidman, Linda (eds.). The Baltimore Book: New Views of Local History. Philadelphia: Temple University Press. pp. 11–27. ISBN 0-87722-823-X.
- Evergreen House, Baltimore City, including undated photo, at Maryland Historical Trust
- Evergeen House website
- Evergreen House (grounds entrance) on Google Street View