Evil Under the Sun (1982 film)

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Evil Under the Sun
EvilSun01.jpg
Original film poster
Directed by Guy Hamilton
Produced by John Brabourne
Richard B. Goodwin
Written by Anthony Shaffer
Barry Sandler
Agatha Christie (novel)
Starring Peter Ustinov
James Mason
Maggie Smith
Nicholas Clay
Jane Birkin
Colin Blakely
Sylvia Miles
Denis Quilley
Roddy McDowall
Diana Rigg
Emily Hone
Music by Cole Porter
Cinematography Christopher Challis
Edited by Richard Marden
Production
company
EMI Films
Titan Productions
Mersham Productions
Distributed by Columbia-EMI-Warner
Universal Pictures
Release dates 5 March 1982 (1982-03-05)
Running time 117 minutes
Country United Kingdom
Language English

Evil Under the Sun is a 1982 British mystery film based on the 1941 novel of the same name by Agatha Christie.

Plot[edit]

In the prologue, a hiker reports finding a dead woman on the Yorkshire moors to local police, who identify the strangulation victim as Alice Ruber.

Shortly afterwards Belgian detective Hercule Poirot (Peter Ustinov) is asked to examine a diamond belonging to Sir Horace Blatt (Colin Blakely), a millionaire industrialist, and declares it fake. Blatt paid US$100,000 in New York as a gift to his mistress, now on holiday at an exclusive island resort. Poirot agrees to confront her, and enjoy a holiday of his own, at the former summer palace of the reigning King of Tyrania, now owned by Daphne Castle (Maggie Smith). He gave it to her "for services rendered".

Guests[edit]

Maggie Smith as Daphne Castle

Arlena emotionally abuses her stepdaughter, Linda, and flirts with Patrick. Everyone feels sorry for his meek wife, Christine. Patrick is there only because Arlena arranged it. Ken turns to his old friend, Daphne, who in turn reviles the way that Arlena treats both Ken and Linda. Arlena has caused the Gardeners financial problems by walking out of a major play, and refusing another. Brewster has already spent advanced royalties from his tell-all biography of Arlena.

Act of Murder[edit]

Early one morning, Arlena takes a paddle-boat to Ladder Bay. In search, Patrick brings Myra, and spies a body motionless on the beach. Patrick approaches closer, and announces that Arlena has been strangled. Sir Horace Blatt arrives on his yacht to identify Arlena. There are nine suspects, who may have had motive to murder Arlena.

Alibis[edit]

Kenneth was in his room (heard typing by Daphne). Christine was with Linda at Gull Cove and did not leave until 11:55 for a 12:30 tennis match (Linda confirmed she heard the noon cannon as Christine waved from the clifftop). Sir Horace argued with Arlena at Ladder Bay at 11:30 (confirmed by his yacht crew, and Daphne who saw the argument from the clifftop). Arlena kept the diamond, promising an explanation that evening. Poirot finds the jewel nearby in a grotto. Patrick left at 11:30 with Myra, seeing the Blatt yacht coming, and hearing the noon cannon.

Diana Rigg as Arlena Stuart Marshall and Denis Quilley as Kenneth Marshall

Rex Brewster, on pedalo, met Linda entering Gull Cove at 12:00. He reports a bottle flung from the top of a cliff nearly hit him. Odell was seen reading by Daphne and her staff. He claims low water pressure hindered his 12:15 wash before tennis, but nobody admits to bathing at such a time.

Solution[edit]

Assembling the suspects together, Poirot lists the main clues which lead to accusing Christine: a bathing cap, wristwatch, bath, bottle, diamond, height of the cliff, noon cannon, and resemblance of sunbathers from a distance.

Christine knocked out Arlena and hid her in the nearby grotto. Patrick strangled the helpless Arlena later. Christine posed as Arlena with self-tanning lotion, Arlena's swimsuit and large red hat, to be mis-identified by Patrick. But in the grotto, Poirot smelled Arlena's perfume and found the diamond.

Christine set Linda's watch twenty minutes fast, suggested a swim cap to muffle the noon cannon, and corrected the watch afterward. If Christine had vertigo, she could not have waved from the edge of the cliff. She both tossed out the lotion bottle and bathed off her tan, thus depriving the leaky hotel water system of pressure.

Truth[edit]

Poirot has no proof until he sets a trap for Patrick. He suspects Patrick switched Blatt's jewel with a paste one, which Arlena returned to Blatt. Patrick and Christine killed her to protect the theft.

On leaving the hotel, Christine no longer pretends to be a downtrodden spouse. Patrick pays by cheque, signing the "R" in "Redfern" exactly as he did when he wrote the name "Felix Ruber", husband of the prologue's Yorkshire moor victim, on an insurance form, claiming he was observed smoking in a non-smoking train compartment at the time of the Yorkshire murder. The hiker finding the body had been Christine, establishing his alibi. Patrick had earlier heard an opera aria by Giuseppe Verdi, and translated the composer name from Italian to "Joe Green", triggering Poirot to remember that "Felix Ruber" is Latin for "Red Fern". Poirot knows photos from British police will show Patrick to be grieving husband, Felix.

Lastly, Patrick puts a pipe in his mouth that has never been lit during his stay. When Poirot empties the pipe bowl to reveal the diamond, Patrick punches him. While the Redferns are sent back to the mainland and police, the other guests mock from Blatt's yacht. Poirot, recovering, learns he will be decorated by the King of Tyrania.

Production[edit]

The movie was announced to follow the success of Murder on the Orient Express (1974), but ended up taking several years to be made.[1]

The screenplay was written by Anthony Shaffer (who had worked on previous Christie adaptations) and an uncredited Barry Sandler. The adaptation stayed fairly close to the original plotlines of Christie's work, but truncated scenes for time constraints, removed minor characters and added certain humorous elements that were not present in the novel. Additionally, the novel is set in Devon, but the film is set on an Adriatic island in the fictional kingdom of "Tyrania" (based on Albania). The character line-up is also slightly different. Whereas the characters of Rosamund Darnley and Mrs. Castle are merged, the characters of Major Barry and Reverend Stephen Lane are omitted, and the female character of Emily Brewster is now a man named Rex Brewster, played by Roddy McDowall.

Costumes for the film were designed by Anthony Powell, who had won an Academy Award for his work in the previous film Death on the Nile. Ustinov designed his own bathing suit used in one scene of the film.[2]

Ustinov was making his second film appearance as Hercule Poirot, having previously played the Belgian detective in Death on the Nile (1978), with Maggie Smith and Jane Birkin in that cast as well. Denis Quilley and Colin Blakely had appeared in the earlier Brabourne-produced Murder on the Orient Express, with Albert Finney in the starring role. Guy Hamilton had previously directed another Agatha Christie story, The Mirror Crack'd, in 1980.

Filming locations[edit]

Dragonera from Majorca.

The film was shot at Lee International Studios in Wembley, London, and on location in Majorca, Spain. The actual island used is Sa Dragonera, (an uninhabited islet with 'Natural Park' status, located just off the west coast of Majorca near Sant Elm), but only for the aerial shots. Other locations used were the remote Cala Blanca (39°32′12″N 2°24′26″E / 39.536674°N 2.407315°E / 39.536674; 2.407315) as Ladder Bay, and offshore at Sant Elm (39°34′38″N 2°21′02″E / 39.577317°N 2.350656°E / 39.577317; 2.350656) for the South of France, (Sir Horace's boat scenes). Sa Dragonera can be seen in the background from the boat. Cala d'en Monjo (39°31′44.72″N 002°25′50.49″E / 39.5290889°N 2.4306917°E / 39.5290889; 2.4306917) was used for Daphne's Cove and Hotel; the scenes in which the hotel can be seen as being beside the sea. (The hotel was a private estate owned by a wealthy German, but was subsequently bought by the Island Council of Mallorca, [along with Ajuntament de Calvià - Municipal] to create a Natural Park, and was demolished to its foundations, most of which can still be seen.) Gull Cove is Cala en Feliu on the Formentor Peninsula. (39°55′48.40″N 003°09′48.23″E / 39.9301111°N 3.1633972°E / 39.9301111; 3.1633972). The other hotel exterior shots were filmed at the Raixa Estate, (39°40′50.9628″N 002°40′22.2528″E / 39.680823000°N 2.672848000°E / 39.680823000; 2.672848000) a large Italian style villa, surrounded by Lazzarini-designed gardens, once owned by the German designer Jil Sander, and subsequently purchased by the Island Council of Mallorca. It is located in Buñola, north of Palma. Finally, Poirot boards his boat to the Island from Cala de Deiá, the costal area of the exclusive town. The locations were well stitched together to give the appearance of a few locations near each other on a small island, when in reality they are spread across Majorca. It made full use of its location to adequately convey the intricacies of Christie's plot, in which the hotel guests all appear to be at different parts of the island at the time of the murder. The scenes of the finding of the murdered hiker on moors at the beginning of the film were shot in the Yorkshire Dales, England, with the exterior of the Police Station being the former Literary Institute in Muker, Swaledale.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Boost for studios The Guardian (1959-2003) [London (UK)] 09 July 1975: 5.
  2. ^ Death on the Nile Trivia from IMDb
  3. ^ "IMDb Message Boards: Evil Under the Sun (1981)". IMDb. 6 February 2008. Retrieved 30 March 2009. 

External links[edit]