Evolutionary Logic is the idea that logical rules can be reduced to biology. It is a theory of rationality in which rational and logical rules emerged for pragmatic reasons, and are therefore not special laws. The formal systems of logic have ordinarily been studied independently, but (continual) progress in evolutionary theory suggests that biology and logic could be intimately interrelated. Evolutionary Logic suggests that the principles of reasoning are neither fixed, absolute, independent, nor elemental. Instead it is the evolutionary dynamic that is elemental.
William S. Cooper argues in the book The Evolution of Reason that logical rules are derived directly from evolutionary principles. Logical rules are derived directly from evolutionary principles, and therefore, have no metaphysical status of their own.
Modularity theory of mind
The Modularity theory of mind is the notion that a mind, at least in part, may be composed of separate innate structures which have established evolutionarily-developed functional purposes. Individuals including Noam Chomsky, Steven Pinker, Leda Cosmides, John Tooby, and David Buss, believed that all brain functions were founded on specific modules – there would be modules for language, for mating, religion, etc., and so logic.
As archaeologist Steven Mithen writes in The Prehistory of Mind (1996), there is evidence that our ancestors began with a generic intelligence, such as we find in apes.
- Naturalized epistemology
- Logic#Criticisms of logic
- Cognitive closure (philosophy)
- William S. Cooper. The Evolution of Reason: Logic as a Branch of Biology. Cambridge Studies in Philosophy and Biology. ISBN 978-0-521-54025-4
- Luís Moniz Pereira. Evolutionary Psychology and the Unity of Sciences – Towards an evolutionary epistemology