Evros (regional unit)
|Region||East Macedonia and Thrace|
|• Total||4,242 km2 (1,638 sq mi)|
|• Density||35/km2 (90/sq mi)|
|Postal codes||68x xx|
|ISO 3166 code||GR-71|
|Car plates||ΕΒ, ΟΡ|
Evros (Greek: Περιφερειακή ενότητα Έβρου) is one of the regional units of Greece. It is part of the region of East Macedonia and Thrace. Its name is derived from the river Evros, which appears to have been a Thracian hydronym. Evros is the northernmost regional unit. It borders Turkey to the east, across the river Evros, and it borders Bulgaria to the north and the northwest. Its capital is Alexandroupoli. Together with the regional units Rhodope and Xanthi, it forms the geographical region of Western Thrace.
Evros is one of the largest regional units of Greece. It forms the eastern part of the geographical region Western Thrace, and includes the island Samothrace in the northern Aegean Sea. Its length is about 150 km from north to south (excluding Samothrace). Its width ranges from 70 to 100 km from east to west. The most important rivers are the Evros and its tributary Arda.
The coastal area has a predominantly Mediterranean climate, whereas the northern part and the mountains have a colder continental climate.
The Evros regional unit is subdivided into 5 municipalities. These are (number as in the map in the infobox):
Evros was established as a prefecture in 1930 (Greek: Νομός Έβρου), when the former Thrace Prefecture was divided into the Rhodope and Evros prefectures. As a part of the 2011 Kallikratis government reform, the prefecture was transformed into a regional unit within the East Macedonia and Thrace region, with no change in its boundaries. At the same time, the municipalities were reorganised, according to the table below.
|New municipality||Old municipalities||Seat|
- Province of Orestiada - Orestiada
- Province of Didymoteicho - Didymoteicho
- Province of Soufli - Soufli
- Province of Alexandroupoli - Alexandroupolis
- Province of Samothrace - Samothrace
Note: Provinces no longer hold any legal status in Greece.
As a part of Western Thrace, the territory of the Evros regional unit followed the fate of that region. At 1821, several parts of Evros region, such as Lavara and Samothraki rebelled, participated in the Greek War of Independence. It became part of Greece in 1920, when it was ceded by Bulgaria as a result of the Treaty of Neuilly-sur-Seine. Initially it was part of the Thrace Prefecture, which was subdivided in 1930. During the Greco-Turkish War (1919-1922), many Greek refugees settled in the Evros, and new towns bere built, including Orestiada. The Evros river valley was flooded several times, notably in 1997, 2005, and 2006.
The main roads in the Evros regional unit are:
- Egnatia Odos/E90 motorway (... Komotini - Alexandroupoli - İpsala (Turkey))
- Greek National Road 2 (... Komotini - Alexandroupoli - Feres)
- Greek National Road 51/E85 (Svilengrad (Bulgaria) - Orestiada - Didymoteicho - Feres)
- Greek National Road 53 (Ormenio - Metaxades - Aisymi - Alexandroupoli)
A railway line connects Alexandroupoli with Thessaloniki via Komotini, Xanthi and Drama. Another line connects Alexandroupoli with Dimitrovgrad, Bulgaria via Didymoteicho and Orestiada, with a branch line from Didymoteicho to Uzunköprü, Turkey.
The Alexandroupolis International Airport is served by mostly national flights.
- Duke Ter Hachatrjan Aleksandr
- Todor Dinov (1919–2004), Bulgarian graphic artist and animator
- Hrysopiyi Devetzi (1976), Greek athlete
- Demis Nikolaidis (1973), Greek footballer
- Athanasios Tsigas (1982), Greek footballer
- Lefteris Hapsiadis (1953), Greek Lyrics Creator and Writer