Ewell

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This article is about the town in Surrey. For other uses, see Ewell (disambiguation).
Ewell
Dog Gate Bourne Hall and Spring Street Ewell - geograph.org.uk - 365409.jpg
Dog Gate Bourne Hall and Spring Street Ewell
Ewell-StMary-fromWNW-01.JPG
Saint Mary the Virgin, parish church
Ewell is located in Surrey
Ewell
Ewell
 Ewell shown within Surrey
Area  14.09 km2 (5.44 sq mi)
Population 34,872 (2011 census)[1]
   – density  2,475 /km2 (6,410 /sq mi)
OS grid reference TQ2263
   – London 12.1 mi (19.5 km)  
District Epsom and Ewell
Shire county Surrey
Region South East
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town EPSOM
Postcode district KT17 KT19
Dialling code 020
Police Surrey
Fire Surrey
Ambulance South East Coast
EU Parliament South East England
UK Parliament Epsom and Ewell
List of places
UK
England
Surrey

Coordinates: 51°21′00″N 0°14′56″W / 51.350°N 0.249°W / 51.350; -0.249

Ewell /ˈjuː(ə)l/ is a suburban area in the borough of Epsom and Ewell in Surrey with a largely commercial village centre. Apart from this it has named neighbourhoods: West Ewell, Ewell Court, East Ewell, Ewell Grove, and Ewell Downs. One rural locality on the slopes of the North Downs is also a neighbourhood, North Looe. Remaining a large parish, Ewell occupies approximately the north-eastern half of the borough minus Stoneleigh. It borders a south-west boundary of London at Cheam and is within the capital city's commuter belt and contiguous suburbs, 12 miles (19 km) from its centre. Ewell has the main spring, with an adjoining pond, at the head of the Hogsmill river, a small tributary of the River Thames. A majority – 73% – of the population of Ewell is in the ABC1 social class[2]

History[edit]

The name Ewell derives from Old English æwell, which means river source or spring.

Bronze Age remains have been found in Ewell[citation needed] and the Romans are likely to have encountered an existing religious site when they first arrived leaving pottery, bones, and a few other remains, which have been taken to the British Museum.[3] Ewell is on a long line of spring line settlements founded along the foot of hills on a geological line between the chalk of the North Downs to the south, and the clay of the London Basin to the north.

The Roman road Stane Street from Chichester deviates from straight slightly at Ewell to pass by the central spring. Its successor, the A24 (London Road) runs from Merton to Ewell along the course of the Roman road, and leaves Ewell also with a by-pass connecting it to Epsom.[n 1]

Ewell lay within the Copthorne hundred.

Ewell appears in Domesday Book of 1086 as Etwelle. It was held by William the Conqueror. Its assets were: 13½ hides; 2 mills worth 10s, 16 ploughs, 14 acres (57,000 m2) of meadow, woodland and herbage worth 111 hogs. It rendered £25 per year to its feudal system overlords; also £1 from the church in Leatherhead, it was held by Osbert de Ow and was attached to his manor.[4] In the thirteen century Ewell's current spelling appears, in the Testa de Nevill.[3]

King Henry VIII established here in 1538 Nonsuch Palace on the borders of Cheam, considered one of his greatest building projects. The estate, which remains a public park, was one of his favourite hunting grounds, although no trace of the palace remains, having been destroyed during the 17th century and replaced with a grade II* listed 18th century house occasionally open to visitors.[5]

In 1618 Henry Lloyd, lord of the manor, was granted licence to hold a market in Ewell.[3] Tunnels dating from the English Civil War exist underneath Ewell but are poorly documented and inaccessible to the public. One such secret passage is reported to emerge under the shop on the corner of West Street and High Street.[citation needed] The market died away in the early 19th century.[3]

Samuel Pepys visited Ewell on numerous occasions in the 17th century and the area is mentioned several times between 1663 and 1665 in his diary, at which time it was known as Yowell.[6]

The enclosure (privatisation) of its common fields of 707 acres (286 ha) in the east and its infertile land ('waste') of 495 acres (200 ha) was carried out in 1801.[3] In 1811 a National School was established sponsored by Mr. White and Mr. Brumfield. Thomas Calverley built the large architecturally listed home Ewell Castle in 1814 in an imitation castellated style and gave the school financial benefaction, which became available in 1860.[3][7] In 1879 Ewell Court House, latterly a library was built with a grotto that survives.[8]

In the 1980s, an elderly lifelong resident of Ewell, Digeance, recalled the pasture land and orchards that stretched north and west right across to Berrylands in the Royal Borough of Kingston upon Thames. This radical transformation is documented in the photography collected in the book Archive Photos - Epsom and Ewell.[9] The suburban residential development now present across that area is mainly 1930s/40s semi-detached houses, and the Hogsmill Open Space is the last remaining indication of Ewell's very rural pre-war history.

Landmarks[edit]

High Street, Ewell - junction with Cheam Road
The Pond, Bourne Hall, Ewell
Bourne Hall

Ewell's largest landmark is the architecturally impressive Bourne Hall in the centre of the town but not currently listed. Retaining a listed garden wall and waterwheel[10] of Garbrand Hall, the large mansion it replaced, Bourne Hall is now a modernist circular structure with a central glass dome, and is surrounded by a diverse stream-side public park. There is a pond at one end with ducks and swans and a fountain. The building, which is reminiscent of an immense flying saucer, hosts a public library, subterranean theatre, gymnasium, café, and local museum. It regularly holds gatherings such as fayres, yoga and karate lessons.

Ewell has a C of E Parish Church (Saint Mary the Virgin, Ewell), which was designed by Henry Clutton and consecrated in 1848. The current building stands in a prominent position near the centre of the village on the old London Road. A replacement for an earlier church building on the site, it was built in a form of the Decorated Neo-Gothic style and faced with Swanage stone with Bath Stone mullions and tracery. The church is home to the 1889 'Father' Henry Willis pipe organ.

The ruins of the old church's tower that was early medieval form a Scheduled Ancient Monument and stand alone in parkland.[11]

Unlike most parts of its borough, Ewell has telephone numbers using the London 020 area code[n 2]. Ewell also has an unusually large telephone exchange, beside The Spring pub, fitted with underground facilities designed to survive a nuclear conflict during the late years of the Cold War.

It was transferred in 2000 from the Metropolitan Police, in whose district it had been placed since 1839, to the jurisdiction of Surrey Police.

Surrounding Area[edit]

Education[edit]

Ewell Castle School, Church Street

Closest to the town are at senior (secondary) level:

At further education level:

For the wider list of all schools in the borough, see borough of Epsom and Ewell.

Sports and recreation[edit]

Ewell is also home to Ewell St. Mary's Morris Men. Founded in 1979, further to a bequest from the then Vicar, Peter Hogben, for the annual Village Fete - the Team danced into The Morris Ring in the late eighties and now have many unique dances in their repertoire. They dance Cotswold Morris and sport black top hats, red and white baldricks and ribbons.

In Ewell Court, there is a King George's Field in memorial to King George V. The local sports club (Ebbisham Sports Club) cater for badminton, squash and tennis, in addition to having a social club. Also at the King George's Field, there is Ewell Athletics Track, a UK Athletics Class B track where Epsom and Ewell Harriers have trained since the 1950s. Epsom and Ewell Harriers were founded in 1890.[13]

Ewell Tennis Club[14] is located in the town, catering for tennis players of all standards.

Ewell lies on the London Outer Orbital Path walking route.

Transport[edit]

Ewell is served by two railway stations: Ewell West, which has services towards London Waterloo, Dorking and Guildford and Ewell East, which has services towards London Victoria, Dorking and Horsham.

Bus services in Ewell include the 293, 406, 418, 467, 470, E5 and E16

Demography and housing[edit]

2011 Census Homes
Ward Detached Semi-detached Terraced Flats and apartments Caravans/temporary/mobile homes/houseboats Shared between households[1]
Cuddington 627 782 435 520 0 2
Ewell 799 482 402 756 0 0
Ewell Court 666 1,200 127 225 2 0
Nonsuch 1,733 114 22 60 0 0
Ruxley 342 690 501 980 12 0
West Ewell 272 1,257 562 307 1 0
2011 Census Households
Ward Population Households % Owned outright % Owned with a loan hectares[1]
Cuddington 5,934 2,366 39 43 135
Ewell 5,532 2,439 38 37 155
Ewell Court 5,417 2,220 49 40 146
Nonsuch 5,438 1,929 52 44 610
Ruxley 6,174 2,525 29 43 240
West Ewell 6,377 2,399 35 46 123

In art[edit]

Pre-Raphaelite artist William Holman Hunt married and produced several artistically and conceptually outstanding works here. The doorway linking St Mary's church yard and the grounds of Glyn House reproduced as the door on which Christ is knocking is arguably his most praised painting, The Light of the World.

Similarly, the background for John Everett Millais' oil on canvas Ophelia was painted at Ewell.

In film, fiction and the media[edit]

In August 2005 the borough of Epsom and Ewell was rated the most desirable place to live in the United Kingdom by the British television programme The Best and Worst Place to Live in the UK; the following year's edition figured it in 8th place. The borough's low crime rate, good education results and large number of open spaces were all cited as its particularly attractive features, although being less commercial than the centres of Kingston or London, having a relative 'lack of entertainment facilities'.

Other notable residents[edit]

Pop singer Petula Clark was born in Ewell, as well as the broadcaster James Whale, and TV presenter Michaela Strachan. Everwhile guitarist and songwriter Jeff Gay lives in West Ewell, as does Gilly Ralph and Rich Davieson, the band's keyboards and bass player respectively. In sport footballer Ron Harris[n 3] lived in Ewell during the 1970s, cyclist Sean Yates in childhood, and Trevor "Tosh" Chamberlain[n 4] is a resident.

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ It continues as since Roman times to Leatherhead and Dorking however terminates at the more modern resort of Worthing, 5 miles (8.0 km) east of the small port and cathedral city of Chichester on the coast.
  2. ^ Anomaly shared with East Molesey and Thames Ditton in Surrey, Chigwell and Loughton in Essex
  3. ^ Played for Chelsea Football Club
  4. ^ Plays for Fulham Football Club
References

External links[edit]

Media related to Ewell at Wikimedia Commons