Ewha Womans University
|Ewha Womans University|
|Motto||Truth, Goodness, and Beauty
진(眞) · 선(善) · 미(美)
|Established||May 31, 1886 as Ewha School, college-course installed in 1910, re-established as a university on August 15, 1945|
|Location||Seodaemun, Seoul, South Korea|
|Ewha Womans University|
|Revised Romanization||Ihwa Yeoja Daehakgyo|
|McCune–Reischauer||Ihwa Yŏja Taehakkyo|
Ewha Womans University (Korean: 이화여자대학교, Hanja: 梨花女子大學校) is a private women's university in central Seoul, South Korea. It is one of the city's largest institutions of higher learning and currently the world's largest female educational institute. It is one of the best-known universities in South Korea, also considered to be one of the top universities in Korea. Ewha was founded in 1886 by the American Methodist Episcopal missionary Mary F. Scranton.
"Ewha" is a Sino-Korean term for "pear blossom". While the use of "Womans" is unconventional, it carries special meaning. The early founders of the college thought that every woman in this community is worth being respected; to promote this idea, they chose the word "woman" to avoid lumping students together under the word "women." 
Ewha Womans University traces its roots back to Mary F. Scranton's Ihwa Hakdang (also Ewha Hakdang; 이화학당 梨花學堂) mission school for girls, which opened with only one student on May 31, 1886 (Lee, 2001). The name, which means “Pear blossom academy”, was bestowed by the Emperor Gojong the following year. The school began to provide college courses in 1910, and professional courses for women in 1925. Immediately following liberation of Korea on August 15, 1945, the college received government permission to become a university. It was the first South Korean university to be officially organized.
Ewha is now responsible for many firsts in Korean history: Korea's first female doctor, Esther Park; its first woman to get a doctoral degree, Helen Kim (who later became the university's first Korean president); the first female Korean lawyer, Lee Tai-young; the first female justice on the Constitutional Court, Jeon Hyo-sook, and the first female prime minister, Han Myeong-sook, were all Ewha graduates. The "firsts" is in part due to the fact that many Korean women in older generations were discouraged from attending co-ed universities in Korea. Ewha's motto is "Frontier Ewha."
- 1886: In May, Mary F. Scranton, an American Methodist missionary, opens Korea's first school for women in her house with a single student. In November, the construction of a school building (the former base of Ewha Womans University) is completed in Jeong-dong.
- 1887: King Gojong officially names the school "Ihwa (also Ewha)."
- 1910: College courses begin.
- 1925: Ewha Women's Professional School opens.
- 1935: The campus moves to its current location.
- 1946: Ewha becomes Ewha Womans University, Korea's first university for women.
- 1950: Ewha graduate schools open.
- 1977: Women's Studies classes begin.
- 1984: The School of Continuing Education opens.
- 1996: Ewha opens its College of Engineering, the first such school in a women's university.
- 2001: Division of International Studies established.
- 2003: Married women allowed to enroll for the first time.
- 2006: Ewha offers inaugural Ewha Global Partnership Program and completes the restoration of Ewha Hakdang.
- 2007: Ewha establishes Scranton College, a specialized undergraduate college incorporating its honors program and the Division of International Studies.
- 2008: Ki Sung-hwa becomes the first married woman to graduate.
Reputation and performance 
A total of 170,000 women have graduated. The university is proceeding with a plan called "Initiative Ewha" to improve its global reputation. As of 2012, it is ranked 40th in Asia and 341st in the world.
Admission to Ewha Womans University is selective. According to the Joongang Daily's ranking of universities in Korea, Ewha Womans University was ranked 9th in 2003 and 8th in 2007. When Josun Ilbo, another Korean newspaper, and the British Quacquarelli Symonds did its ranking in 2009, Ewha came in 6th. However, the university has been ranked within the top 3 in the NCSI (National Consumer Satisfaction Index) university rankings for four consecutive years. Ewha also topped the Korean Council for University Education's 2005 University General Assessment List.
- Beijing University designates "Ewha University Day"
- Ewha is Korea's only Harvard College in Asia Program (HCAP) partner
- Ewha, Wellesley College and Barnard College agree to jointly develop World Women's Leadership Program
- 15 out of 32 female ministers graduated from Ewha: 46.8%
- 17 out of 40 female members of the 17th parliament graduated from Ewha: 42.5%
- Ewha ranks 5th in the nation for the number of graduates passing the judicial, civil, and foreign officers examinations (2007)
- Ewha produced 2nd largest number of professional women leaders (2005)
- Ranked first among universities on the National Customer Satisfaction Index (NSCI) in the overall evaluation category (1995, 2005)
- Recognized for "Outstanding Programs of Specialization": Bio-science and International Development programs (Recognized for Core Competence Development Project Interdisciplinary Life Science and International Development programs Specialization Program on International Development Cooperation)
- Selected for "2006 National Core Research Center Project": Center for Cell Signalling & Drug Discovery Research
- Selected for a "Creative Research Project": Research Center of MEMS Space Telescope, Symbiosystem Research Center
- Selected for the "Humanities Korea Project": The Trans-Humanities Research Team
- Ewha ranks 4th in the pass rate of the National Judicial Exam level 1
- Ewha students competed against students from around the world, and won top prize at the "Debate Asia" Competition
- An Ewha undergraduate student's paper was published in a leading international chemistry journal
- Lee Yun-jin a third-year student discovered the mechanism of oxygen-transmission protein
- Choi Yoo-Sun became the youngest panelist to debate at the World Economic Forum, "Davos Forum", debating with Gordon Brown, the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
- Prominent international society recognized an Ewhaian Winner of 2007 NIM A Young Scientist Award
- Park Na-hee, a physics student, participated in the "NASA Space Structure Research"
The undergraduate departments of Ewha are divided among 11 colleges with 65 departments. Likewise, the graduate courses are divided into 13 graduate schools.
- College of Liberal Arts
- College of Social Sciences
- College of Engineering
- College of Natural Sciences
- College of Arts (Music/Fine Arts/Design)
- College of Law
- College of Pharmacy
- College of Education
- College of Business Administration
- College of Health Sciences
- Scranton College (Honors Program, Division of International Studies)
Scranton College opened its doors on March 1, 2007. The College was named after Mary F. Scranton, the missionary who founded Ewha 120 years ago. As a unique program that stands at the core of ‘Global Ewha 2010 Project,’ Scranton College is designed to educate our students and enable them to become effective leaders in a globalized world. There are two main programs in the College: the Scranton Honors Program which encompasses a multitude of disciplines, and the Division of International Studies which is specifically aimed at equipping students with the capacity to compete in the global arena. Scranton College offers comprehensive interdisciplinary courses which allow more freedom, creativity, and individuality to students. Small-sized classes conducted in English and the study-abroad programs aim to equip students with an open, flexible mindset and broader scholastic view required in the age of globalization.
The Division of International Studies (DIS) was first established in March 2001 as an undergraduate program where English is the language of instruction. It was the first-of-its-kind to be established in Korea. Now, as part of Scranton College, DIS provides individualized curricula for the students in order to help them gain international expertise in their area of choice.
- The Graduate School
- The Graduate School of International Studies
- The Graduate School of Translation and Interpretation
- The Graduate School of Social Welfare
- The Graduate School of Business
- The Graduate School of Medicine
- The Graduate School of Education
- The Graduate School of Design
- The Graduate School of Theology
- The Graduate School of Policy Sciences
- The Graduate School of Music in Modern Media
- The Graduate School of Clinical Health Sciences
- The Graduate School of Clinical Dentistry
Distinguished Fellows of Ewha Academy for Advanced Studies 
- Muhammad Yunus, President of Grameen Bank, 2006 Nobel Peace Prize Recipient
- Prof. Robert H. Grubbs, 2005 Nobel Chemistry Prize Recipient
- Prof. Francis Fukuyama, author of The End of History
- Prof. Jocelyn Bell Burnell, The first discoverer of pulsars
- Prof. Choy Jin-ho, recipient of Korea's Most Outstanding Scientist Award
- Prof. Park Kyung-seo, Korea's first ambassador of human rights
- Prof. Rhee Sue-goo, Korea's first National Scientist
- Prof. Shin Yong-ha, recipient of Korea's Academy of Science Award
- Prof. Jin Duk-Kyu, first president of Ewha Academy for Advanced Studies
Notable alumnae 
Graduates include the first woman attorney, first woman PhD, first woman Prime Minister of South Korea, and first woman justice of the Constitutional Court of Korea. Ewha alumnae have contributed to the fields of politics, business, media, science, social welfare, civil society, culture, and arts.
- Dr. Jane Meejung Chang Oh — Principal Investigator, Flight Electronics and Software Systems, Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL), California Institute of Technology (Caltech), National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)
- Son Ah-Jeong- Environmental Engineering Faculty in Auburn University USA, Recipient of 2011 National Science Foundation CAREER Award
- Bae Su-ah—Novelist
- Kim Chi-won—Novelist
- Bang Jee-Young—Pianist
- Chunghi Choo (born 1938), jewelry designer and metalsmith
- Yuko Fueki (2004, Informatics)—Japan and Korea-based actress
- Hong Eun-joo (2003, Exercise, and Sport & Leisure Science)—Youngest Korean international football referee
- Grace Park (2003) —LPGA golfer
- Son Ji-ae (1985, Political Science and Diplomacy)—First Korean CNN Seoul Bureau Chief
- Choi In-a (1984, Political Science and Diplomacy)—First female Executive Managing Director in Samsung Group (Executive Vice President)
- Lee Hyang-rim (1984, Biology)—First woman CEO in the imported automobile industry
- No Seok-mi (1980, Business Administration)—First female CPA in Korea
- Sohn Byoung-Ok (1974, English Literature) - First woman CEO of Prudential Life Korea
- Jeon Hyo-sook (1973, Law)—First female justice in the Constitutional Court of Korea
- Lee Sung-nam (1970, English Literature)—First female member of the Monetary Committee
- Han Myung-sook, (1967, French Literature)—First woman Prime Minister of South Korea
- Jeon Sin-ae (1965, English Literature)—Former Assistant Secretary, U.S. Department of Labor
- Jang Myung-soo (1964, Journalism & Mass Communication)—First woman CEO of a daily newspaper
- Insoo Kim Berg (1955, Pharmacy)—US-based world renowned psychotherapist, lecturer and author
- Hai Won Chang (1950, Pharmacy)—First women scientist in the field of chemistry
- Lee Tae-young (1936, Home Economics)—First female attorney of law
- Yu Gwan-sun (1919)—Leader of March 1st Movement
- Helen Kim (1918, College Course)—First female Doctor of Philosophy, First female Bachelor of Arts (1914)
- Hah Ran-sa (1895, Ewha School)—First Korean woman to acquire a U.S. Bachelor of Arts degree
- Esther Park (1886, Ewha School)—First female physician
- Jeon Yeo-ok - South Korean politician
- Mary Kim Joh (1930, Music), composer, honorary degree, 1980
Public transportation 
See also 
- Education in South Korea
- List of colleges and universities in South Korea
- List of Korea-related topics
- Ewha Womans University Station
- Idae area
- "Ewha Information". Ewha Womans University Official Website.
- Lee, B. J. (2005-11-28). "After enduring decades of discrimination, South Korean women are surging into positions of power and influence.". Newsweek International. Retrieved 2011-04-27.
- Lee Jeong-kyu. (2001). The establishment of modern universities in Korea and their implications for Korean education policies. In Education Policy Analysis Archives 9 (27)
- Dunning, Jennifer. "Mary Kim Joh, 101, Who Wrote a Korean Anthem, Is Dead," New York Times. February 11, 2005; retrieved 2012-12-14.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Ewha Womans University|
- Official website, in Korean and English
- Official website for international programs, in Korean and English
- Ewha Womans University at the Open Directory Project