Ewhurst, Surrey

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Ewhurst
Ewhurst mill.jpg
Hurt Wood or Ewhurst windmill[1]
Ewhurst Parish Church - geograph.org.uk - 535213.jpg
Church of St Peter and St Paul, Ewhurst
Ewhurst is located in Surrey
Ewhurst
Ewhurst
 Ewhurst shown within Surrey
Area  23.79 km2 (9.19 sq mi)
Population 2,391 (Civil Parish)[2]
   – density  101/km2 (260/sq mi)
OS grid reference TQ090406
Civil parish Ewhurst
District Waverley
Shire county Surrey
Region South East
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Cranleigh
Postcode district GU6
Police Surrey
Fire Surrey
Ambulance South East Coast
EU Parliament South East England
UK Parliament Guildford
List of places
UK
England
Surrey

Coordinates: 51°09′15″N 0°26′32″W / 51.1543°N 0.4422°W / 51.1543; -0.4422

Ewhurst /ˈjhɜrst/ is a rural village and civil parish, connected by minor roads in the borough of Waverley in Surrey, 8.3 miles (13.4 km) from Guildford and 28 miles (45 km) from London. Cranleigh is 2 miles (3.2 km) to the west and Shere is 4.5 miles (7.2 km) to the north[3] The parish includes the smaller hamlets of Ellen's Green and Cox Green near the border of West Sussex and stretches in far north to the edge of the Surrey Hills AONB, specifically much of the northern area is Hurt Wood, as it ascends up to the escarpment of the Greensand Ridge. The Greensand Way passes through this area.

History[edit]

Holmbury Hill with its Iron Age settlements in the parishes of Shere, Guildford borough and Abinger, Mole Valley borough Holmbury St Mary for early British settlers would have been a more suitable, accessible settlement than the denser woodland of this area.[4]

A Roman road NNW to SSE just west of the village centre runs from Rowhook over the Sussex border where it met with England's south Stane Street (stone street) between London and Chichester the other end point is not clear however it was traced in the reign of Victoria by James Park Harrison (1816-1901)[5][6] and the Rapley Roman villa's remains are west of the village: interesting discoveries include a tile-kiln discovered and excavated in 1836 and from the villa itself in the 1960s, fragments of a glass goblet and an unusual vase decorated with a 'Mural Crown'.[4][7]

Richard Rawlinson notes [n 1] in 1719 the name Ewehurst appears to have been developed from the wooded hills or hurst and yew due to

"the vast quantities of yew trees that formerly abounded here."

When King John was at Guildford and Knepp Castle in West Sussex on the same day, 21 January 1215, in winter when unmade ways were foul, he very probably used the Roman road. Historian H. E. Malden commented of the village in 1911, nothing shows the backwardness of the Weald more than the absolute disuse and forgetting (and abandonment) of these lines of through passage.[6] Ewhurst is not named in Domesday. It was part of the great royal manor of Gomshall but was probably sparsely inhabited. That there was some population soon afterwards is implied by Norman work in the church, a chapel to Shere, the earliest evidence of it as a parish was in 1291.[6]

The richness of the Weald's natural resources led it to become an industrial centre of Britain, as both the iron and glass industries needed large amounts of timber for fuel.[8] There is a site of a bloomery iron works at Coneyhurst Gill and glassmaking sites at Ellen's Green and Summersbury/Somersbury. The wealth of the area can also be seen in the many fine timber framed houses dating from this medieval and Tudor period, however reliance on coal and the work of the industrial revolution later led to neglect, poverty, highwaymen and smuggling exacerbated by the less well trodden transportation connections.[4]

As shown by the list of prominent Victorian and twentieth century figures, the wood nestled physical geography of the area has led to home building among wealthy individuals in the parish.

Significant places[edit]

Waverley is the parish closest to Mole Valley, Surrey

As shown, Ewhurst is a narrow parish. The northeast of the area includes the large Mullard Space Science Laboratory of UCL formerly Holmbury House laboratory and several sloped copses. Woodland forms a considerable minority of land use also on the wealden clay across the parish such as Upper Canfold Wood (north of Cranleigh Road) and Buildings and Somersbury Woods (north and south of Horsham Road).[9]

There are several of country houses with historically dominant estates, upon which much agriculture and gardening continues[n 2]; the largest is Baynards Park, which formerly had a Grade II listed country house.[10]

Aside from Church of St Peter and St Paul built in the 12th century - largely rebuilt 1838-39 due to a collapse - apart from the nave, which in architecture is a listed building at Grade I,[11] outlying the village is Marylands at Grade II* by Oliver Hill, a 1929-31 home built of sandstone with a green Swedish pantiled roof, built for M C Warner in a blend of Spanish architecture and Lutyens.[12] There are a few listed buildings closer to the church including one at Grade II*, White Hart Cottage.[13] The East window behind the altar in the church was commissioned from Archibald Keightley Nicholson as a memorial window for Captain William Ralph Frecheville who was executed after capture 9 January 1920 aged 24, in Rostov-on-Don, Russia, whilst serving as part of the Allied intervention in the Russian Civil War.[14]

There are several shops in the main village, a village hall for community events and a public houses throughout including at Ellen's Green and Ewhurst Green which is a continuation of the village just south of the main village.

Schools[edit]

  • Hurtwood House residential 16-18, renowned for its theatre and media departments and at £11,725 per term the most expensive school or Higher Education college in the UK
  • Duke of Kent School
  • Ewhurst C of E Infant School

Sport and Leisure[edit]

The village's area includes Sayers Croft, a former evacuee centre that is now an outdoor and environmental education centre. The centre has hosted over half a million visitors in its 70 year history.

Demography and housing[edit]

2011 Census Homes
Output area Detached Semi-detached Terraced Flats and apartments Caravans/temporary/mobile homes shared between households[2]
(Civil Parish) 533 249 89 48 4 0

The average level of accommodation in the region composed of detached houses was 28%, the average that was apartments was 22.6%.

2011 Census Key Statistics
Output area Population Households % Owned outright % Owned with a loan hectares[2]
(Civil Parish) 2,480 923 46.3% 33.8% 2,379

The proportion of households in the civil parish who owned their home outright compares to the regional average of 35.1%. The proportion who owned their home with a loan compares to the regional average of 32.5%. The remaining % is made up of rented dwellings (plus a negligible % of households living rent-free).

Famous residents[edit]

Ewhurst's famous residents include:

Former residents include:

Notes and References[edit]

notes
  1. ^ In fact the 1719 book was almost a complete republication of John Aubrey's earlier Perambulation of Surrey published under the name Natural History and Antiquities of Surrey
  2. ^ e.g. from north to south, all have architecturally Grade II listed buildings
    Lukyns: English Heritage. "Details from listed building database (1044318)". National Heritage List for England. 
    Losely:English Heritage. "Details from listed building database (1352797)". National Heritage List for England. 
    Pollingfold Manor: English Heritage. "Details from listed building database (1044336)". National Heritage List for England. 
    North Breache Manor: English Heritage. "Details from listed building database (1392276)". National Heritage List for England. 
    Somersbury Manor House English Heritage. "Details from listed building database (1044342)". National Heritage List for England.  and
    Ellens or Ellens Manor English Heritage. "Details from listed building database (1044332)". National Heritage List for England. 
    Pollingfold, Somersbury, Coneyhurst, East Pollingfold and Maybanks which has been rebuilt and is near Cox Green were the five manors
references

External links[edit]

Media related to Ewhurst, Surrey at Wikimedia Commons