Ewing Township, New Jersey
|Ewing Township, New Jersey|
|Township of Ewing|
Ewing Township highlighted in Mercer County. Inset map: Mercer County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Ewing Township, New Jersey
|Coordinates: Coordinates: |
|Incorporated||February 22, 1834|
|• Type||Faulkner Act (Mayor-Council)|
|• Mayor||Bert H. Steinmann (term ends December 31, 2014)|
|• Administrator||James McManimon|
|• Clerk||Kim J. Macellaro|
|• Total||15.599 sq mi (40.400 km2)|
|• Land||15.250 sq mi (39.497 km2)|
|• Water||0.349 sq mi (0.903 km2) 2.23%|
|Area rank||174th of 566 in state
8th of 13 in county
|Elevation||125 ft (38 m)|
|Population (2010 Census)|
|• Estimate (2013)||36,547|
|• Rank||66th of 566 in state
3rd of 13 in county
|• Density||2,346.9/sq mi (906.1/km2)|
|• Density rank||260th of 566 in state
6th of 13 in county
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)|
|ZIP codes||08560, 08618, 08628, 08638|
|GNIS feature ID||0882128|
Ewing Township is a township in Mercer County, New Jersey, United States. The township is within the New York metropolitan area as defined by the United States Census Bureau, but directly borders the Philadelphia metropolitan area and is part of the Federal Communications Commission's Philadelphia Designated Market Area. As of the 2010 United States Census, the township's population was 35,790, reflecting an increase of 83 (+0.2%) from the 35,707 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 1,522 (+4.5%) from the 34,185 counted in the 1990 Census.
- 1 History
- 2 Geography
- 3 Neighboring municipalities
- 4 Demographics
- 5 Economy
- 6 Government
- 7 Education
- 8 Transportation
- 9 Points of interest
- 10 Notable people
- 11 References
- 12 External links
The earliest inhabitants of present-day Ewing Township were Lenni Lenape Native Americans, who lived along the banks of the Delaware River. Pre-colonial subsistence activities in the area included hunting, fishing, pottery-making, and simple farming. Europeans began to colonize the area in the 17th and 18th centuries. One of the earliest European settlers was William Green, and his 1717 farmhouse still stands on the campus of The College of New Jersey.
The area that is now Ewing Township was part of Hopewell Township in Burlington County at the beginning of the 18th century. Hopewell was removed from Burlington County and added to Hunterdon County in 1714. By 1719, the area which was to become Ewing Township had been removed from Hopewell Township and added to the newly created Trenton Township. Portions of Trenton Township were incorporated as Ewing Township by an Act of the New Jersey Legislature on February 22, 1834, posthumously honoring Charles Ewing for his work as Chief Justice of the New Jersey Supreme Court. The township became part of the newly created Mercer County on February 22, 1838. After incorporation, Ewing Township received additional territory taken from Lawrence Township and the city of Trenton in 1858, but then gave territory back to the city of Trenton in 1894 and again in 1900.
When it was incorporated in the 19th century, Ewing Township was primarily farmland with a handful of scattered hamlets, including Carleton (now known as Ewing), Cross Keys (now known as Ewingville), Birmingham (now known as West Trenton) and Greensburg (now known as Wilburtha). Since the beginning of the 20th century, the township has developed as a suburb of Trenton. The sections near the city border are distinctly urban, but most of the township is suburban residential development. The main commercial district extends along North Olden Avenue Extension (County Route 622), originally constructed to connect north Trenton residences with the now-closed General Motors Inland Fisher Guide Plant. Ewing Township today is the location of The College of New Jersey, the Community Blood Council of New Jersey, New Jersey State Police headquarters, the Jones Farm State Correction Institute, the Trenton Psychiatric Institute, the New Jersey Department of Transportation headquarters, the Katzenbach School for the Deaf and Trenton-Mercer Airport.
From 1953 until 1997 Ewing was the home of Naval Air Warfare Center Trenton, encompassing 528 acres (214 ha) on Parkway Avenue. It was used as a jet engine test facility for the US Navy until its closure per recommendations of the 1993 Base Closure and Realignment Commission. Nearly 700 civilian positions were lost, most of which were relocated to other facilities in Maryland and Tennessee. The base's Marine operations were transferred to Fort Dix, which has since become Joint Base McGuire-Dix-Lakehurst. A charity to end homelessness acquired the base at no cost in October 2013 in a process involving the United States Department of Defense, the United States Department of Housing and Urban Development, Mercer County and Ewing Township.
The first location of an industrial robot used to replace human workers was at Ewing's Inland Fisher Guide Plant in 1961, a facility that operated in the township for 1938 to 1998, after which the plant was demolished and targeted for redevelopment.
The center of Ewing Township is at United States Census Bureau, the township has a total area of 15.599 square miles (40.400 km2), of which, 15.250 square miles (39.497 km2) of it was land and 0.349 square miles (0.903 km2) of it (2.23%) was water.(40.262722,-74.798307). According to the
The highest elevation in Ewing Township is 225 feet (69 m) AMSL just east of Interstate 95 and just west of Trenton-Mercer Airport, while the lowest point is just below 20 feet (6.1 m) AMSL along the Delaware River near the border with Trenton.
The largest body of water completely within the township is Lake Sylva, a man-made lake that was created in the 1920s when an earthen dam was constructed across the Shabakunk Creek. The 11-acre (4.5 ha) lake is located on the campus of The College of New Jersey. Water courses in Ewing include the Delaware River along its western boundary and the Shabakunk Creek in the eastern and central portions of the township.
Within the township, a number of distinct neighborhoods exist. These include Altura, Braeburn Heights, Briarcrest, Churchill Green, Delaware Rise, Ewing, Ewingville, Fernwood, Ferry Road Manor, Fleetwood Village, Glendale, Green Curve Heights, Hampton Hills, Heath Manor, Hickory Hill Estates, Hillwood Manor, Mountainview, Parkway Village, Prospect Heights, Prospect Park, Scudders Falls, Shabakunk Hills, Sherbrooke Manor, Somerset, Village on the Green, Weber Park, West Trenton, Wilburtha and Wynnewood Manor. Some of these existed before suburbanization, while others came into existence with the suburban development of the township in the 20th century.
||Upper Makesfield Township, PA||Hopewell Township|
|Lower Makesfield Township, PA||Lawrence Township|
1840-1920 1840 1850-1870
1850 1870 1880-1890
1930-1990 2000 2010
* = Lost territory in previous decade.
At the 2010 United States Census, there were 35,790 people, 13,171 households, and 7,982 families residing in the township. The population density was 2,346.9 per square mile (906.1/km2). There were 13,926 housing units at an average density of 913.2 per square mile (352.6/km2). The racial makeup of the township was 63.14% (22,598) White, 27.62% (9,885) Black or African American, 0.30% (109) Native American, 4.30% (1,538) Asian, 0.04% (15) Pacific Islander, 2.24% (803) from other races, and 2.35% (842) from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 7.62% (2,727) of the population.
There were 13,171 households, of which 22.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.0% were married couples living together, 13.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 39.4% were non-families. 30.5% of all households were made up of individuals, and 11.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.40 and the average family size was 2.97.
In the township, 16.3% of the population were under the age of 18, 20.0% from 18 to 24, 23.0% from 25 to 44, 25.9% from 45 to 64, and 14.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37.2 years. For every 100 females there were 88.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.9 males.
The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $69,716 (with a margin of error of +/- $2,668) and the median family income was $86,875 (+/- $4,312). Males had a median income of $56,308 (+/- $6,003) versus $52,313 (+/- $1,887) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $30,489 (+/- $1,527). About 4.7% of families and 10.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.3% of those under age 18 and 6.4% of those age 65 or over.
As of the 2000 United States Census there were 35,707 people, 12,551 households, and 8,208 families residing in the township. The population density was 2,328.6 people per square mile (899.3/km2). There were 12,924 housing units at an average density of 842.8 per square mile (325.5/km2). The racial makeup of the township was 69.02% White, 24.82% African American, 0.15% Native American, 2.27% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 1.83% from other races, and 1.84% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.44% of the population.
There were 12,551 households out of which 25.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.7% were married couples living together, 12.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.6% were non-families. 27.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 3.00.
In the township the population was spread out with 18.0% under the age of 18, 17.3% from 18 to 24, 26.8% from 25 to 44, 22.1% from 45 to 64, and 15.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 93.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.0 males.
The median income for a household in the township was $57,274, and the median income for a family was $67,618. Males had a median income of $44,531 versus $35,844 for females. The per capita income for the township was $24,268. About 3.3% of families and 6.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.4% of those under age 18 and 7.1% of those age 65 or over.
|This section requires expansion. (November 2013)|
In mid–2013, Celator Pharmaceuticals established an office presence in Ewing.
Ewing's decommissioned Marine Reserve Center will be the headquarters of HomeFront, a charity dedicated to ending homelessness in the Mercer region, with construction starting summer 2014, including a shelter, job training and literacy programs, day care, computer rooms and a teaching kitchen.
Ewing Township is governed under the Faulkner Act, formally known as the Optional Municipal Charter Law , within Mayor-Council plan 2 form of New Jersey municipal government, as implemented as of January 1, 1995, based on the recommendations of a Charter Study Commission. The Governing Body of the township consists of five Council members and a Mayor, all of whom are elected by the voters of the community. The Mayor and Members of the Council are elected at-large to four-year terms of office, with either three seats up for election or two seats and the mayoral seast every other year.
As of 2014[update], the Mayor of Ewing Township is Democrat Bert H. Steinmann, whose term of office ends December 31, 2014. Members of the Ewing Township Council are Council President Kevin Baxter (D, 2016), Vice President Jennifer L. Keyes-Maloney (D, 2016), David P. Schroth (D, 2016), Sarah Steward (D, 2014) and Kathy Wollert (D, 2014).
Federal, state and county representation
New Jersey's Twelfth Congressional District is represented by Bonnie Watson Coleman (D, Ewing Township). New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Cory Booker (D, Newark, term ends 2021) and Bob Menendez (D, Paramus, 2019).
For the 2014-2015 Session, the 15th District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Shirley Turner (D, Lawrence Township, Mercer County) and in the General Assembly by Reed Gusciora (D, Trenton) and Bonnie Watson Coleman (D, Ewing Township). The Governor of New Jersey is Chris Christie (R, Mendham Township). The Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey is Kim Guadagno (R, Monmouth Beach).
Mercer County is governed by a County Executive who oversees the day-to-day operations of the county and by a seven-member Board of Chosen Freeholders that acts in a legislative capacity, setting policy. All officials are chosen at-large in partisan elections, with the executive serving a four-year term of office while the freeholders serve three-year terms of office on a staggered basis, with either two or three seats up for election each year. As of 2014[update], the County Executive is Brian M. Hughes (D, term ends December 31, 2015; Princeton). Mercer County's Freeholders are Freeholder Chair Andrew Koontz (D, 2016; Princeton), Freeholder Vice Chair Samuel T. Frisby, Sr. (2015; Trenton), Ann M. Cannon (2015; East Windsor Township), Anthony P. Carabelli (2016; Trenton), John A. Cimino (2014, Hamilton Township), Pasquale "Pat" Colavita, Jr. (2015; Lawrence Township) and Lucylle R. S. Walter (2014; Ewing Township) Mercer County's constitutional officers are County Clerk Paula Sollami-Covello (D, 2015), Sheriff John A. Kemler (D, 2014) and Surrogate Diane Gerofsky (D, 2016).
As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 21,714 registered voters in Ewing Township, of which 9,358 (43.1%) were registered as Democrats, 3,256 (15.0%) were registered as Republicans and 9,087 (41.8%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were 13 voters registered to other parties.
In the 2012 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 73.0% of the vote (11,910 cast), ahead of Republican Mitt Romney with 25.8% (4,218 votes), and other candidates with 1.2% (190 votes), among the 17,947 ballots cast by the township's 23,230 registered voters (1,629 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 77.3%. In the 2008 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 70.0% of the vote here (11,911 cast), ahead of Republican John McCain with 28.1% (4,787 votes) and other candidates with 1.2% (200 votes), among the 17,021 ballots cast by the township's 22,913 registered voters, for a turnout of 74.3%. In the 2004 presidential election, Democrat John Kerry received 62.0% of the vote here (10,091 ballots cast), outpolling Republican George W. Bush with 34.7% (5,653 votes) and other candidates with 0.6% (135 votes), among the 16,284 ballots cast by the township's 22,019 registered voters, for a turnout percentage of 74.0.
In the 2013 gubernatorial election, Democrat Barbara Buono received 53.7% of the vote (5,279 cast), ahead of Republican Chris Christie with 44.7% (4,395 votes), and other candidates with 1.7% (163 votes), among the 10,070 ballots cast by the township's 22,876 registered voters (233 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 44.0%. In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Democrat Jon Corzine received 59.4% of the vote here (6,529 ballots cast), ahead of Republican Chris Christie with 34.1% (3,751 votes), Independent Chris Daggett with 4.7% (520 votes) and other candidates with 0.7% (81 votes), among the 10,989 ballots cast by the township's 22,263 registered voters, yielding a 49.4% turnout.
The Ewing Township Board of Education oversees the Ewing Public Schools. As of the 2011-12 school year, the district's five schools had an enrollment of 3,704 students and 302.7 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 12.24:1. Schools in the district (with 2011-12 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics) are three K-5 elementary schools — W. L. Antheil Elementary School (670 students; in grades PreK-5), Francis Lore Elementary School (516; K-5) and Parkway Elementary School (465; K-5) — Gilmore J. Fisher Middle School (929) for grades 6-8 and Ewing High School (1,124) for grades 9-12.
A court case filed in 1946 challenged a policy of the Ewing Public Schools under which the district provided bus transportation to students living in the districts who attended private parochial schools. In Everson v. Board of Education, the Supreme Court of the United States ruled for the first time that state and local government were subject to the Establishment Clause of the First Amendment to the United States Constitution, but that it had not been violated in this instance.
The Ewing Public Education Foundation, established in 1995, is an independent, not-for-profit citizen’s organization whose mission is to mobilize community support, concern, commitment and resources to help improve the quality of education in Ewing Township. EPEF provides grants to Ewing Township Schools for innovative educational programs through fund-raising activities, and corporate and institutional sponsorship. The Foundation also seeks to match corporate and organizational donors with teachers to fund additional projects of mutual interest. These programs enhance the educational experience without the use of additional taxpayer dollars.
The Mercer County Vocational School District's Thomas J. Rubino Academy (formerly Mercer County Alternative High School) is one of Mercer County's only alternative schools, offering an alternative educational program for students who have struggled in the traditional school environment, featuring smaller classes, mentoring and counseling.
The Marie H. Katzenbach campus of the New Jersey School for the Deaf serves 175 hearing-impaired students on a campus covering 148 acres (60 ha) that was opened in West Trenton in 1926. The school was established in Ewing through the efforts of Marie Hilson Katzenbach and was renamed in her honor in 1965.
Incarnation-St. James Catholic School (formerly Incarnation School), constructed in 1955, is a Pre-K to 8th grade parish school administered by The Sisters, Servants of the Immaculate Heart of Mary and overseen by the Roman Catholic Diocese of Trenton. The school added a parish center in 2003, which includes a gym, locker rooms, offices, meeting rooms, boiler room, and a kitchenette to be used to the benefit of its students, faculty, and staff. In 2006, the Incarnation School and parish combined with the St. James School and parish.
The Villa Victoria Academy is a private Catholic school in Ewing Township, christened as a private academy in 1933, and operated by the Religious Teachers Filippini. This single-gender school offers an education to young women from pre-Kindergarten to twelfth grade.
Ewing Township is traversed by multiple main roadways, as well as by a passenger rail line and is the location of an airport.
Roads and highways
As of 2010[update], the township had a total of 149.74 miles (240.98 km) of roadways, of which 108.73 miles (174.98 km) were maintained by the municipality, 28.16 miles (45.32 km) by Mercer County, 12.65 miles (20.36 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation and 0.20 miles (0.32 km) by the Delaware River Joint Toll Bridge Commission.
Interstate 95 (the Scudder Falls Freeway and Bridge) crosses the northwestern section of the township. It is a 55 to 65 miles per hour (89 to 105 km/h), 4-6 lane divided freeway facility. It was constructed as a 4-lane facility in the 1960s, and widened to 6 lanes in the 1990s, with the exception of the Scudder Falls Bridge over the Delaware River. It connects south with Philadelphia, Pennsylvania and connects north to U.S. 1, where this branch of Interstate 95 ends and becomes Interstate 295. From there, travelers use U.S. 1 or Interstate 195 and the New Jersey Turnpike to reach the next major destination northwards, New York City. The Ewing portion of Interstate 95 will eventually be redesignated as "Interstate 195 Extension" when a direct interchange between Interstate 95 in Pennsylvania and the Pennsylvania Turnpike is completed, re-routing Interstate 95 onto the New Jersey Turnpike at Exit 6 (in Mansfield Township).
U.S. Route 206 (Princeton Avenue) skirts the southeastern section of the township. It is a 25 miles per hour (40 km/h), undivided four-lane facility. Although part of US 206, it is actually maintained by the Mercer County Department of Transportation as part of County Route 583, which is co-signed with US 206. US 206 also connects south to Trenton, and connects north to Princeton and Somerville.
Route 29 (Daniel Bray Highway and River Road) extends north-south along the western edge of the township, along the Delaware River. The southern section, Daniel Bray Highway, is a 55 mph (90 km/h), divided four-lane facility with at-grade intersections and traffic lights, and was constructed in the 1950s. The northern section, River Road, is a 45 mph (70 km/h), undivided two-lane facility whose construction as a state highway dates from the 1930s. NJ 29 connects southwards to Trenton, and northwards to Lambertville and Frenchtown. The entire section of Route 29 in Ewing is designated the Delaware River Scenic Byway, a National Scenic Byway. Route 175 serves as a frontage road along the divided portion of Route 29.
Route 31 (Pennington Road) extends north-south towards the eastern side of the township. It is a 35-45 mph (60–70 km/h), undivided four-lane facility whose construction as a state highway also dates to the 1930s. It once also carried a trolley line, but it has long since been removed. It was once proposed to be bypassed by a freeway, but this plan has since been cancelled. NJ 31 also connects south to Trenton, and connects north to Pennington, Flemington, and Clinton.
The West Trenton Station is at the terminus of SEPTA's West Trenton Line. This commuter rail facility mainly serves commuter traffic to and from Philadelphia. New Jersey Transit has proposed a new West Trenton Line of its own, that would stretch for 27 miles (43 km) to from the West Trenton Station to a connection with the Raritan Valley Line at Bridgewater Township, and from there to Newark Penn Station in Newark.
Ewing Township is the site of the Trenton-Mercer Airport (TTN), which first opened in 1929 and is one of three commercial airports in the state. The airport has 100,000 takeoffs and landings annually, and is served by Frontier Airlines, which offers nonstop service to and from 10 different points nationwide.
Ewing Township is also traversed by the Delaware and Raritan Canal near the Delaware River. Originally important to commerce and trade, the advent of railroads caused the canal's commercial demise. The strip of land along the canal is currently part of the Delaware and Raritan Canal State Park.
Points of interest
- Delaware and Raritan Canal - Runs along the eastern bank of the Delaware River in western Ewing Township.
- Washington Victory Trail - Documents the trail taken by George Washington's army during the American Revolution on December 26, 1776. This led to a successful surprise attack on the Hessian troops occupying Trenton, New Jersey. Victory trail begins in nearby Washington Crossing State Park, enters Ewing Township at Jacobs Creek Road and continues along Bear Tavern Road. General Sullivan's route follows Grand Avenue and Sullivan Way to Trenton. General Greene's route follows Parkway Avenue to Trenton.
- Ewing Presbyterian Church is an historic building dated 1867 and set within the American Revolution era Ewing Church Cemetery. It is the fourth church to be built in the cemetery grounds. The current church building has been under threat of demolition after several engineering studies found the roof trusses are buckling and beyond the point of cost effective repair. Numerous preservation groups say that the structural problems are much easier to resolve than the studies claim. Various organizations have endeavored to raise funds to secure the stability of the original church structure.
- Our Lady of Good Counsel Church, located on W. Upper Ferry Road, is a Roman Catholic church built in the early 1960s to meet the growing needs of the rapidly expanding township. Its architecture is similar to Saint Paul's Church in Princeton. The Church is a major worship center for the Catholic community in what is called the West Trenton section of the township.
- Louis Kahn's Trenton Bath House was an early work of the influential mid-twentieth century architect, made for the Trenton Jewish Community Center (now the Ewing Senior & Community Center).
- The offices and studios of radio station WKXW, "New Jersey 101.5", are located in Ewing.
People who were born in, residents of, or otherwise closely associated with Ewing Township include:
- Pierre Bernard, graphic designer and comedian for Late Night with Conan O'Brien on which he hosts the segment "Pierre Bernard's Recliner of Rage".
- Bonnie Watson Coleman (born 1945), politician, who has served in the New Jersey General Assembly since 1998, where she represents the 15th Legislative District.
- Hollis Copeland (born 1955), former basketball player with the New York Knicks.
- Steve Garrison (born 1986), Major League Baseball relief pitcher who played for the New York Yankees.
- William M. Lanning (1849-1912), Republican Party politician who represented New Jersey's 4th congressional district in the United States House of Representatives from 1903 to 1904.
- Dick LaRossa (born 1946), politician who served two terms in the New Jersey Senate, from 1994 to 2000, where he represented the 15th Legislative District.
- Glenn K. Rieth, former Adjutant General of New Jersey (2002-2011).
- County Subdivisions: New Jersey - 2010 Census Gazetteer Files, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 9, 2013.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- 2013 New Jersey Mayors Directory, New Jersey Department of Community Affairs. Accessed May 12, 2013.
- Mayor's Message, Ewing Township. Accessed October 28, 2014.
- Elected Officials, Mercer County, New Jersey. Accessed October 28, 2014.
- Contact Us, Ewing Township. Accessed November 18, 2012.
- Clerk’s Office, Ewing Township. Accessed November 18, 2012.
- 2012 New Jersey Legislative District Data Book, Rutgers University Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, March 2013, p. 73.
- U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Township of Ewing, Geographic Names Information System. Accessed March 5, 2013.
- DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 for Ewing township, Mercer County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed November 18, 2012.
- Municipalities Grouped by 2011-2020 Legislative Districts, New Jersey Department of State, p. 7. Accessed January 6, 2013.
- Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2010 for Ewing township, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed November 18, 2012.
- PEPANNRES - Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2013 - 2013 Population Estimates for New Jersey municipalities, United States Census Bureau. Accessed June 16, 2014.
- GCT-PH1 Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - State -- County Subdivision from the 2010 Census Summary File 1 for New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed November 18, 2012.
- Look Up a ZIP Code for Ewing, NJ, United States Postal Service. Accessed January 23, 2012.
- Zip Codes, State of New Jersey. Accessed October 11, 2013.
- Area Code Lookup - NPA NXX for Ewing, NJ, Area-Codes.com. Accessed October 11, 2013.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- A Cure for the Common Codes: New Jersey, Missouri Census Data Center. Accessed October 28, 2012.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- New York-Newark, NY-NJ-CT-PA Combined Statistical Area, United States Census Bureau. Accessed December 28, 2014.
- - Philadelphia Market Area Coverage Maps, Federal Communications Commission. Accessed December 28, 2014.
- Table 7. Population for the Counties and Municipalities in New Jersey: 1990, 2000 and 2010, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development, February 2011. Accessed November 18, 2012.
- About the Farmhouse, Friends of the Wm Green Farmhouse. Accessed January 7, 2015. "The house today mirrors the area’s architectural history with sections from three distinct building periods. Circa 1717 to 1730 section: The oldest remaining section, is the southeast segment of the building. This was originally a 2 ½ story brick house. The fine Flemish bond brickwork of this section is similar to that used in the 1719 Trent House in Trenton. Its interior preserves original 18th-century detailing. Circa 1750 to 1790 section: The second oldest section, added as the Green family grew, is located behind the oldest portion. It forms the northeast segment of the house and added four rooms and a stair hall. Circa 1830 section: The third building stage, a two-room-deep brick addition to the west, nearly doubled the size of the house."
- The Story of New Jersey's Civil Boundaries: 1606-1968, Bureau of Geology and Topography; Trenton, New Jersey; 1969. p. 52. Accessed January 7, 2015. "Hopewell township: From Burlington Court records, February 20, 1699/1700: The Hopewell township boundaries were "To begin at Mahlon Stacyes Mill [at what is now Trenton] And so along by York:road, until it comes to Shabbucunck, and up the same until it meet with the line of Partition that divides the Societies 30000 acres Purchase from the 15000 and then along the line of said Societies 30000 acres Purchase to Delaware River."
- The Story of New Jersey's Civil Boundaries: 1606-1968, Bureau of Geology and Topography; Trenton, New Jersey; 1969. p. 162. Accessed January 7, 2015.
1700 Feb 20, item 227: Formed in Burlington Co.
1714 item 4: Set off to Hunterdon Co.
1719 item 332: Part mentioned as Trenton (twp.)"
- The Story of New Jersey's Civil Boundaries: 1606-1968, Bureau of Geology and Topography; Trenton, New Jersey; 1969. p. 164-165. Accessed January 7, 2015.
1719 June 3, item 332: Mentioned. Constable appointed for Hunterdon Co.
1720 Mar. 2, item 371: Boundary recorded.
1792 item 116: Part incorp. as Trenton city.
1798 Feb. 21, item 289: Incorporated.
1831 item 112: Part from Trenton city.
1834 item 102: Part to Ewing twp."
- The Story of New Jersey's Civil Boundaries: 1606-1968, Bureau of Geology and Topography; Trenton, New Jersey; 1969. p. 161-162. Accessed January 7, 2015.
1834 Feb. 22, item 102: Formed from Trenton twp. in Hunterdon Co.
1838 item 99: Set off to Mercer Co.
1858 item 44: Part from Trenton city.
1858 item 403: Part from Lawrence twp.
1894 item 595: Part to Trenton city.
1900 item 282: Part to Trenton city."
- "History of Ewing". Township of Ewing. Retrieved January 11, 2015.
In the early years of settlement, Ewing was chiefly a woodland area; however, after the Revolution, Ewing embarked upon a long period of agricultural growth and activity. In 1844, historians Barber and Howe described the Township as having some of the richest soil in New Jersey. Early development was in the form of small hamlets scattered throughout the Township, including Birmingham (now known as West Trenton), Ewing, Ewingville, and Greensburg (now Wilburtha).
- Former Naval Air Warfare Center Trenton, United States Navy. Accessed October 28, 2014. "The former Naval Air Warfare Center (NAWC) Trenton is located in Ewing Township, New Jersey."
- Staff. "Base-Closing Panel Wraps Up Five Days of Voting", The New York Times, June 28, 1993. Accessed October 11, 2013. "Under the panel's plan for the Ewing unit, the Naval Air Warfare Center, Aircraft Division, would be divided between the Arnold Engineering Center in Tullahoma, Tenn., and the Naval Air Warfare Center at Patuxent River, Md.... Officials were unclear how many people would lose their jobs because of the closing. The Ewing base employs 680 civilians and seven military workers, of whom 157 engineers and other high-level personnel are already awaiting transfer to Patuxent River as part of a 1991 base-closing decision."
- McGrath, Brendan. "HomeFront charity to take over Marine Reserve Center in Ewing", The Times (Trenton), June 16, 2014. Accessed October 28, 2014. "HomeFront, the charity dedicated to ending homelessness in the Mercer region, will soon begin construction on its new headquarters as it takes over the decommissioned Marine Reserve Center in Ewing.... The Marine operations at the base were transferred to Fort Dix, which has since become Joint Base McGuire-Dix-Lakehurst."
- Mickle, Paul. "1961: A peep into the automated future", The Trentonian. Accessed January 17, 2015. "Without any fanfare, the world's first working robot joined the assembly line at the General Motors plant in Ewing Township in the spring of 1961."
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There are two major lakes in Ewing Township: Lake Ceva and Lake Sylva. These open bodies of water are permanent waters and were created by damming Shabakunk Creek. Although they are classified as true lakes by federal and state maps, these lakes are man-made impoundments. Lake Sylva covers 10.6 acres and Lake Ceva covers 6.4 acres.
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- Old Barracks Museum
- Ten Crucial Days
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- via Associated Press. "N.J. 101.5FM studio is renamed after longtime radio personality Jim Gearhart", NJ.com, November 2, 2010. Accessed October 28, 2014. "Millennium Radio has named its New Jersey 101.5FM studio and office building in Ewing the 'Jim Gearhart Broadcasting Center.'"
- Hester, Jr., Tom. "His rants become TV rage", The Times (Trenton), November 16, 2004. "Pierre Bernard has had enough.In recent months, iPods, the Stargate SG-1 television show and Mallomars candy, among other topics, have sent him into a public rage. Now it's the removal of the Nassau Park Boulevard traffic light along Route 1 in West Windsor that has him on edge. 'That's been bugging me since they moved it last month,' the Ewing resident said. 'It's been on my nerves.'"
- About Bonnie, Bonnie Watson Coleman for Congress. Accessed October 28, 2014. "Bonnie and her husband William reside in Ewing Township and are blessed to have three sons; William, Troy, and Jared and two grandchildren; William and Kamryn."
- Emanski, Joe. "Catching up with the Copelands", Ewing Observer, March 2004. Accessed June 20, 2007. "One moment, Ewing High grad Hollis Copeland was negotiating a new contract as a member of the New York Knicks of the National Basketball Association.... After his career ended, they moved to Yonkers, where they lived for 13 years. They’ve lived back in Ewing since 1994."
- Carig, Marc. "Yankees' Steve Garrison, a Ewing native, makes major-league debut", The Star-Ledger, July 26, 2011. Accessed July 26, 2011. "His heart raced and his mouth dried up as if it were filled with cotton, giving Steve Garrison the same nervous feeling he used get before American Legion games in Ewing, N.J."
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- Corzine Names Secretary of State and Military and Veterans Affairs Adjutant General, press release dated January 3, 2006.
- Staff. "Sex Scandal Forces Commander Of N.J. National Guard To ResignMaj. Gen. Glenn Rieth Caught In 'Compromising Position' With Female Aide", WCBS, December 1, 2011. Accessed January 24, 2012. ""Rieth’s Trenton office was all locked up and dark Thursday night. So was his Ewing home, where there were no lights on and no answer at the door."
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Ewing Township, New Jersey.|
- Township of Ewing official website
- Ewing Township Public Schools
- Ewing Public Schools's 2012–13 School Report Card from the New Jersey Department of Education
- Data for the Ewing Public Schools, National Center for Education Statistics
- Ewing Observer (Monthly community newspaper)
- Route 95 & Scotch Road Traffic Camera
- Popular Local Forum (Run by Star-Ledger)
- Local Weather Forecast (NOAA)
- Delaware Valley Regional Planning Commission
- Kahn’s Trenton Bath House