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|Jurisdiction||Republic of China|
|Agency executives||Jiang Yi-huah, President
Mao Chi-kuo, Vice President
Chen Wei-zen, Secretary General
Organization and structure
It is headed by a president (often translated as premier), and has a vice president (vice premier), and eight cabinet ministers, various chairpersons of commissions, and five to seven ministers without portfolio as its members. The vice premier, ministers, and chairpersons are appointed by the President of the Republic of China on the recommendation of the premier.
Its formation, as one of five Yuans of the government, stemmed from the Three Principles of the People, the constitutional theory of Sun Yat-sen, but was adjusted constitutionally over the years to adapt to the situation in Taiwan by changes in the laws and the Constitution of the Republic of China.
|Title Name Executive (Ministry)||Minister|
|Foreign Affairs||外交||Wàijiāo||David Lin|
|National Defense||國防||Guófáng||Kao Hua-chu|
|Economic Affairs||經濟||Jīngjì||Chang Chia-juch|
|Transportation and Communications||交通||Jiāotōng||Yeh Kuang-shih|
Councils and Commissions
Empowered by various laws, or even the Constitution, under the Executive Yuan several individual boards are formed to enforce different executive functions of the government. Unless regulated otherwise, the chairs are appointed by and answer to the Premier. The committee members of the boards are usually (a) governmental officials for the purpose of interdepartmental coordination and cooperation; or (b) creditable professionals for their reputation and independence.
- Council of Agriculture
- Atomic Energy Council
- Hakka Affairs Council
- Council of Indigenous Peoples
- Council for Economic Planning and Development
- Council of Labor Affairs
- Mainland Affairs Council
- National Science Council
- Public Construction Commission
- Research, Development and Evaluation Commission
- Veterans Affairs Commission
According to Articles three and four of the organic law of the Executive Yuan, the commissioners of following two commissions hold the rank of minister.
There are, or would be, five independent executive commissions under the Executive Yuan. The chiefs of these five institutions would not be affected by any change of the Premier. However, the related organic laws are currently under revision or dispute.
- Central Bank
- Central Election Commission
- Fair Trade Commission
- Financial Supervisory Commission
- National Communication Commission
Authorized by Article Five of the organic law of the Executive Yuan:
Authorized by Article Nine of the amendments of the Constitution of the Republic of China:
No longer under Executive Yuan
Based on Executive Yuan website, the following bodies are no longer the agencies of Executive Yuan:
- Aviation Safety Council
- Consumer Protection Commission: an executive commission authorized by the law of Consumer Protection.
- National Disaster Prevention and Protection Commission: a task-force-grouped committee authorized by the law of Disaster Prevention and Protection.
Dissolved or cease to function
Ministers without portfolio
In the Executive Yuan, the currently ministers without portfolio are:
- Lin Junq-tzer (林政則), also serving as the Governor of Taiwan Province
- Chen Shyh-kwei (陳士魁), also serving as the Governor of Fujian Province
- Chern Jenn-chuan (陳振川), also serving as the Minister of Public Construction Commission
- Kuan Chung-ming (管中閔), also serving as the Minister of Council for Economic Planning and Development
- Luo Ying-shay (羅瑩雪), also serving as the Minister of Mongolian and Tibetan Affairs Commission
- Chang San-cheng (張善政)
- Huang Kuang-nan (黃光男)
- Schive Chi (薛琦)
- Yang Chiu-hsing (楊秋興)
Executive Yuan Council
The Executive Yuan Council, commonly referred to as "The Cabinet" (內閣), is the chief policymaking organ of the ROC government. It consists of the premier, who presides over its meetings, the vice premier, ministers without portfolio, the heads of the ministries, and the heads of the Mongolian and Tibetan Affairs Commission and the Overseas Chinese Affairs Commission. The secretary-general and the deputy secretary-general of the Executive Yuan also attend, as well as heads of other Executive Yuan organizations by invitation, but they have no vote. Article 58 of the Constitution empowers the Executive Yuan Council to evaluate statutory and budgetary bills concerning martial law, amnesty, declarations of war, conclusion of peace or treaties, and other important affairs before submission to the Legislative Yuan.
Relationship with the Legislative Yuan
A common scene in Taiwanese news consists of ministers being asked harsh questions by legislative committees. Legally, the Executive Yuan must present the Legislative Yuan with an annual policy statement and an administrative report. The Legislative Yuan may also summon members of the Executive Yuan for questioning.
Whenever there is disagreement between the Legislative Yuan and Executive Yuan, the Legislative Yuan may pass a resolution asking the Executive Yuan to alter the policy proposal in question. The Executive Yuan may, in turn, ask the Legislative Yuan to reconsider. Afterwards, if the Legislative Yuan upholds the original resolution, the premier must abide by the resolution or resign. The Executive Yuan may also present an alternative budgetary bill if the one passed by the Legislative Yuan is deemed difficult to execute.
- "Executive Yuan Officials - Ministers without Portfolio". Executive Yuan of the Republic of China. 21 May 2013. Retrieved 21 May 2013.