Exeter College, Oxford
|Colleges and halls of the University of Oxford
|College name||The Rector and Scholars of Exeter College in the University of Oxford|
|Latin name||Collegium Exoniense|
|Motto||Floreat Exon ("Let Exeter Flourish")|
|Named after||Walter de Stapledon, Bishop of Exeter|
|Sister college||Emmanuel College, Cambridge|
Location of Exeter College within central OxfordCoordinates:
|Blazon||Argent, two bends nebuly sable (arms of Stapledon) within a bordure of the last charged with eight pairs of keys, addorsed and interlaced in the rings, the wards upwards, or.|
Exeter College (in full: The Rector and Scholars of Exeter College in the University of Oxford) is one of the constituent colleges of the University of Oxford in England and the fourth oldest college of the University.
The college is located on Turl Street, where it was originally founded in 1314 by Devon-born Walter de Stapeldon, Bishop of Exeter, as a school to educate clergymen. From its foundation Exeter was popular with the sons of the Devonshire gentry and has been associated with a number of notable people, including the novelist J.R.R. Tolkien.
Still situated in its original location in Turl Street, Exeter College was founded in 1314 by Walter de Stapeldon of Devon, Bishop of Exeter and later treasurer to Edward II, as a school to educate clergy. During its first century, it was known as Stapeldon Hall and was significantly smaller, with just twelve to fourteen students. The college grew significantly from the 15th century onward, and began offering rooms to its students. The College motto is "Floreat Exon.", meaning "Let Exeter Flourish".
In the 16th century, donations from Sir William Petre (whose daughter Dorothy Wadham (1534–1618) co-founded Wadham College, Oxford), assumed to be an Exeter graduate, helped to expand and transform the college. Sir John Acland (d.1620), a Devonshire gentleman, donated £800 which largely financed the building of a new dining hall, and also established two scholarships for poor students, the first to be created at the college. In a clever move by the bursar to fill the new buildings as they were completed, a significant number of noble Roman Catholic students were invited to enrol and take classes at the enlarged college; however, they were not allowed to matriculate. As a result, over time, Exeter College became one of the leading colleges in the University.
In the 18th century the college experienced declining popularity, as did all of Oxford's other colleges. University reforms in the 1850s helped to end this period of stagnation.
Until 1979 the college did not allow women students, but in 1993 Exeter College became the first of the former all-male colleges to elect a woman, Marilyn Butler, as its Rector. When Butler's tenure expired in October 2004, the college elected another woman – Frances Cairncross, former Senior Editor of The Economist – as Rector.
Exeter College is the real life basis for the fictional Jordan College in Philip Pullman's novel trilogy His Dark Materials. The 2007 film version of the first novel, The Golden Compass (originally Northern Lights), used the college for location filming.
The Front Quadrangle sits on roughly the site of the medieval college, although of the earliest buildings, only Palmer's Tower in the north-eastern corner remains. Constructed in 1492, the tower, which was once the primary entrance to the College, now houses various offices and lodgings for Fellows, and at its base is a memorial to Members who were killed in the Second World War. The Quadrangle is dominated by the chapel, designed by Sir George Gilbert Scott and constructed in 1854-60, which was heavily inspired by the Sainte Chapelle in Paris. On the opposite side stands the Hall, constructed in 1618, notable for its vaulted ceilings and numerous fine portraits, underneath which is the College bar. Building work over the following century resulted in the Quadrangle taking on its current appearance in 1710.
The Front Quadrangle also houses the Junior, Middle and Senior Common Rooms, as well as lodgings for Fellows and undergraduates.
The Margary Quadrangle was completed in 1964 with the construction of the Thomas Wood building to commemorate the 650th anniversary of the College, although the Quadrangle also incorporates a number of buildings that were constructed prior to this date. The Rector's Lodgings were designed by Gilbert Scott and constructed in 1864, with staircases nine, ten and eleven also being erected during the 19th century.
A passageway from the Front Quadrangle leads through to the College's Fellows' Garden, in which stands the library, designed by Gilbert Scott in the 13th century style. The area is also bounded on the left hand side by Convocation House, the Divinity School and the Bodleian Library, and on the right by Brasenose Lane. The Mound, situated at the end of the Garden, offers views over Radcliffe Square, including All Souls College and the Radcliffe Camera.
|This section does not cite any references or sources. (December 2007)|
As one of the smaller Oxford Colleges, Exeter has a reputation for having a close-knit student body. First year undergraduates are housed on-site in the College’s Turl St. site, and there is dedicated Graduate accommodation for the college on Iffley Road.
As the University’s fourth oldest college, a certain emphasis is placed on tradition, especially during special occasions such as the annual ‘Burns’ Night,’ a dinner in honour of the Scottish poet Robert Burns, when a traditional meal of haggis is always served. The College’s ties with Williams College in the United States, as well as the generally international composition of the MCR makes the annual Thanksgiving dinner a popular occasion as well. The MCR hosts a large number of married students, and non-studying spouses are encouraged to actively participate in the life of college.
The MCR hosts a large number of specialists in Law and Byzantine studies, and the JCR has a high concentration of students reading the popular Modern History and PPE (Philosophy, Politics and Economics) degrees. However, like most other Oxford colleges no single discipline can be said to dominate either common room, and the atmosphere is one of a great deal of interdisciplinary mingling.
Exeter is renowned both in Oxford and nationally for its superb mixed-voice choir, made up of 24 singers, which is administered, conducted and accompanied solely by the Undergraduate Organ Scholars. It is the only College in either Oxford or Cambridge where a choir, run entirely by the Organ Scholar, sings three services a week, and has been heard recently on a number of broadcasts for BBC Radio 4's The Daily Service. The exciting possibilities afforded by this scenario, as well as the spectacular worship setting of the College's neo-Gothic Chapel, have enabled the College to attract a very high calibre of applicants for its Choral and Parry-Wood Organ Scholarships, and former Organ Scholars include Robert Sharpe (Director of Music, York Minster), Christopher Herrick (International Concert Organist and former Organist, Westminster Abbey), and David Trendell (Director of Music, King's College London), as well as the current Directors of Music at Rugby, Charterhouse, Sherborne, and Latymer Upper Schools. The current Senior Organ Scholar is George de Voil; the Junior, Timothy Muggeridge.
Choral Evensong (or, on red-letter days, Holy Mass) is currently sung on Tuesdays, Fridays and Sundays during full term, in addition to which the Choir sings for Gaudy Evensongs, for Special Feasts and Ceremonies (including the All Souls Requiem, Remembrance, the Advent and Christmas Carol Services, Ash Wednesday, and the Passiontide service) and for frequent concerts, commercial events, foreign tours, CD recordings and broadcasts. The choir sings a broad and diverse repertoire, including - in addition to the core Victorian and Edwardian canon - many of the great Tudor Canticles and Anthems and a wide selection of Renaissance and Viennese Masses. However, in a manner befitting the Chapel's French architectural style and French-inspired organ, its speciality is perhaps the music of the great late French tradition, taking in the Masses of Louis Vierne, Maurice Duruflé, Jean Langlais, Charles-Marie Widor and Gabriel Fauré, as well as the motets of Marcel Dupré, Francis Poulenc, Pierre Villette and Olivier Messiaen. The building's fine acoustics are also finely suited to the music of Herbert Howells, Gerald Finzi, Benjamin Britten and Kenneth Leighton.
Like all Oxford Colleges Exeter prides itself on its athletic achievements as well as its academic: in 2005/2006 Exeter students competed at a University level on the varsity lacrosse, football, golf, fencing, rugby, powerlifting, gymnastics, darts, croquet, basketball, ice hockey and wine tasting teams. It also fields several teams on an intra-university college level, particularly in rowing, rugby, hockey, netball and cricket.
In December 2010 Exeter College Hockey Team won the men's intra-university premier division and competed on 8 March 2011 in the College Varsity Match against St Catharine's College, Cambridge at Southgate Hockey Club, London.
In 2010/2011, in what is now commonly referred to as the Invictus season, the college Rugby team repeated the achievement of the 2003/2004 team in completing a perfect season, winning 10 games from 10 and in doing so gained a double promotion. In the 2012/13 season, E.C.R.F.C. won the Cuppers Centenary Plate Competition, in a 30-24 victory over Somerville College.
The college also places an emphasis on preparing students for their future careers once they leave the university. Unusually for an Oxford college, Exeter boasts a dedicated Careers Office and internship programme, with links to a wide range of companies around the globe. The college’s Development Office works not only to help fund the college but also to provide networking opportunities for students through its alumni contacts, and through its annual ‘City Drinks.’
People associated with Exeter
Academics and tutors
- Frank Close
- Edgar F. Codd - Luminary in Computational Logic and Relational Theory (Codd's Theorem)
- Cornelia Druţu
- Raymond Dwek
- Sandra Fredman
- William Gould
- Michael Hart
- Elizabeth Jeffreys
- Eric Waldram Kemp — Fellow, Tutor, and Chaplain 1946-69, later bishop of Chichester
- Jacob Klein
- George Alfred Kolkhorst — Reader in Spanish 1931-58
- John Maddicott — History fellow
- Ben Morgan - English
- George Rawlinson
- Andrew Steane
- Magdi Wahba - Egyptian academic and lexicographer
- Helen Watanabe-O'Kelly — Official Fellow and Tutor in German
- Tariq Ali - British Pakistani military historian, novelist, journalist, filmmaker, public intellectual
- "Undergraduate numbers by college 2011-12". University of Oxford.
- Exeter College Donors' Report 2011 (updated October 2012)
- Acland, Anne. A Devon Family: The Story of the Aclands. London and Chichester: Phillimore, 1981, p.4
- "Filming locations for His Dark Materials: The Golden Compass". IMDb locations page. Retrieved 2007-04-26.
- Exeter College Exeter College: Financial statements for the year ended 31st July 2008
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