Exhall, Stratford-on-Avon

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Not to be confused with Exhall.

Coordinates: 52°11′N 1°51′W / 52.19°N 01.85°W / 52.19; -01.85

Exhall
Exhall is located in Warwickshire
Exhall
Exhall
 Exhall shown within Warwickshire
OS grid reference SP103551
District Stratford-on-Avon
Shire county Warwickshire
Region West Midlands
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town ALCESTER
Postcode district B49
Dialling code 01789
Police Warwickshire
Fire Warwickshire
Ambulance West Midlands
EU Parliament West Midlands
UK Parliament Stratford-on-Avon
List of places
UK
England
Warwickshire

Exhall is a small village located approximately 1.7 miles (2.7 km) south-south-east of the Roman town of Alcester, and approximately 6 miles (10 km) west of Stratford-upon-Avon in the Stratford-on-Avon district of Warwickshire, England. The civil parish of Exhall includes the hamlet of Little Britain and part of Ardens Grafton (the greater part of which is in the neighbouring civil parish of Temple Grafton). Its two other neighbouring civil parishes are Alcester (which has town status) and Wixford, with which it shares both an ecclesiastical parish[1] and a cricket club.[2]

History[edit]

Exhall is known as one of the Shakespeare villages. William Shakespeare is said to have joined a party of Stratford folk which set itself to outdrink a drinking club at Bidford­-on-Avon, and as a result of his labours in that regard to have fallen asleep under the crab tree of which a descendant is still called Shakespeares tree. When morning dawned his friends wished to renew the encounter but he wisely said "No I have drunk with “Piping Pebworth, Dancing Marston, Haunted Hillboro’, Hungry Grafton, Dodging Exhall, Papist Wixford, Beggarly Broom and Drunken Bidford” and so, presumably, I will drink no more. The story is said to date from the 17th century but of its truth or of any connection of the story or the verse to Shakespeare there is no evidence.[3] The appellation of 'Dodging Exhall' may perhaps have arisen from the fact that the village was not, at any rate in the 18th century, directly approachable either from Alcester or Stratford.[4]

Exhall is first mentioned in the grant of Ceolred of Mercia to Evesham Abbey in 710. It also appears in the list of manors acquired by Abbot Ethelwig and the estates for which William I directed Bishop Wulfstan to give the abbot protection, but it was among the manors seized by Bishop Odo of Bayeux after Ethelwig's death in 1077, being then assessed at 2 hides.[4] By 1086, it is recorded in the Domesday Book as part of the lands of William son of Courbucion; who was appointed Sheriff of Warwick soon after 1086; where it reads, "In Ferncombe Hundred, Thorkell holds 1 1/2 hides in Ecleshelle (Exhall). Land for 1 plough. 2 smallholders. Meadow, 10 acres. The value was 10s now 5s. Swein held it freely before 1066." [5]

Governance[edit]

Exhall is part of the Bardon ward of Stratford on Avon District Council and represented by Councillor Valerie Hobbs, Conservative. [1] Nationally it is part of Stratford-on-Avon (UK Parliament constituency), whose current Member of Parliament is Nadhim Zahawi of the Conservative Party. It is included in the West Midlands electoral region of the European Parliament and the six members are; Mike Nattrass (UK Independence), Liz Lynne,(Liberal Democrat), Malcolm Harbour (Conservative), Michael Cashman (Labour), Philip Bradbourn OBE (Conservative) and Nicole Sinclaire (UK Independence).

Notable buildings[edit]

The parish church for Exhall and Wixford, located in Exhall and dedicated to St. Giles, is a small building with a nave dating from the 12th century, a 13th-century chancel, a south porch and a bell-turett. The Norman origin of the nave is proved by the built up doorway on the North side,[6] with scalloped capitals and a one-step arch.[7]

The church was much restored and in part rebuilt in 1862, mainly at the cost of the then rector.[4] However, the Worcester Diocesian Architectural Society protested in 1861 against the plans of the builder, Soloman Hunt, to remove the Norman doorway, the old windows and the original bell turret and so the Church Building Society refused to make a grant.[7]

The font has a tapering round bowl on an octagonal stem; it is possibly an ancient bowl reworked but shows no signs of former staples for the lid. In the chancel floor are small brass standing effigies of John Walsingham, died 20 January 1566, and Eleanor (Ashfield) his wife. He is shown in Elizabethan armour and is incised on an irregularly rectangular plate, only silhouetted on his left side below the shoulder, possibly a palimpsest. She is in silhouette and wears a close cap, brocaded dress with padded sleeves, and a long cloak. Above the figures are two shields set upside down. The dexter charged with a trefoil between three molets (Ashfield); the sinister charged quarterly the first, destroyed, the second and third, a checky cross between sixteen roundels, and the fourth, a paly of six a fesse (Walsingham).[4]

Notable buildings in the surrounding area include Ragley Hall, at nearby Arrow and the remains of Oversley Castle, near Wixford.

Transport links[edit]

The main waterway in the Exhall is the Hay Brook, a tributary of the River Arrow. The Arden Way footpath also passes through the village.

References[edit]

  1. ^ The Exhall with Wixford page on the Church of England's A Church Near You website
  2. ^ Exhall & Wixford Cricket Club
  3. ^ Highways and Byways in Shakspeares Country, Hutton 1914
  4. ^ a b c d 'Parishes: Exhall', A History of the County of Warwick: Volume 3: Barlichway hundred (1945), pp. 88-91. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=56987 Date accessed: 18 January 2013.
  5. ^ Domesday Book for Warwickshire, Phillimore edited by John Morris ISBN 0-85033-141-2
  6. ^ Old Warwickshire Churches, W Hobart Bird 1936
  7. ^ a b Nikolaus Pevsner and Alexandra Wedgwood, The Buildings of England, Warwickshire, 1966, ISBN 0-14-071031-0