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Temporal range: Recent
- The least pygmy squirrel (E. exilis) also known as the plain pygmy squirrel is olive-brown and endemic to forests in Borneo and Banggi Island. It is among the smallest squirrels in the world. Data regarding its population is deficient.
- The Philippine pygmy squirrel (E. concinnus) is endemic to the Philippines and listed as "Least Concern" on the IUCN Red List.
- The tufted pygmy squirrel (E. whiteheadi) is endemic to highland forest in Borneo. The common name of this tiny squirrel refers to its distinctive ear-tufts. Its diet consists mainly of the lichens and mosses which cover the trees it inhabits. It is listed as "Least Concern" by the IUCN.
- Duckworth, J. W., Meijaard, E. & Gumal, M. (2008). Exilisciurus exilis. In: IUCN 2008. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Retrieved 6 January 2009.
- Ong, P., Tabaranza, B., Rosell-Ambal, G., Balete, D. & Heaney, L. (2008). Exilisciurus concinnus. In: IUCN 2008. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Retrieved 6 January 2009.
- Duckworth, J. W., Meijaard, E., Giman, B. & Han, K. H. (2008). Exilisciurus whiteheadi. In: IUCN 2008. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Retrieved 6 January 2009.
- Thorington, R. W. Jr. and R. S. Hoffman. 2005. Family Sciuridae. pp. 754–818 in Mammal Species of the World a Taxonomic and Geographic Reference. D. E. Wilson and D. M. Reeder eds. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore.
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