Exira, Iowa

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Exira, Iowa
City
Location of Exira, Iowa
Location of Exira, Iowa
Coordinates: 41°35′30″N 94°52′42″W / 41.59167°N 94.87833°W / 41.59167; -94.87833Coordinates: 41°35′30″N 94°52′42″W / 41.59167°N 94.87833°W / 41.59167; -94.87833
Country  United States
State  Iowa
County Audubon
Area[1]
 • Total 1.02 sq mi (2.64 km2)
 • Land 1.02 sq mi (2.64 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation 1,263 ft (385 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 840
 • Estimate (2012[3]) 801
 • Density 823.5/sq mi (318.0/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 50076
Area code(s) 712
FIPS code 19-26265
GNIS feature ID 0456456

Exira is a city in Audubon County, Iowa, United States, along the East Nishnabotna River and U.S. Route 71. The population was 840 at the 2010 census.

History[edit]

The oldest town in Audubon County, Exira was founded in 1857. The town was named for Exira Eckman, daughter of Judge John Eckman from Ohio, who agreed to purchase a lot of property in the town if the town was named for his daughter.

The main industries in and around Exira are agriculture and agribusiness. Exira has an elementary school, built in 1913, and a high school, completed in 1959. There are four churches in the town.

On July 2, 1958, Exira was ravaged by the flooding of the East Nishnabotna River. Nineteen persons in the area lost their lives, 75 homes were destroyed and almost 20 businesses in the western part of Exira were damaged.

Exira is well known for its Fourth of July celebrations, which have been celebrated since 1861. The morning parade and the evening fireworks draw thousands of visitors to the town. Other attractions in the area include the Plow in the Oak Park, south of Exira on Highway 71, and Littlefield Recreation Area, 6 miles (9.7 km) southeast of Exira, which features a 70-acre (280,000 m2) lake, prairie restoration area and a live bison pair.

Geography[edit]

Exira is located at 41°35′30″N 94°52′42″W / 41.59167°N 94.87833°W / 41.59167; -94.87833 (41.591617, -94.878247).[4]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.02 square miles (2.64 km2), all of it land.[1]

Demographics[edit]

Historical populations
Year Pop.   ±%  
1860 83 —    
1870 161 +94.0%
1880 604 +275.2%
1890 575 −4.8%
1900 851 +48.0%
1910 787 −7.5%
1920 840 +6.7%
1930 937 +11.5%
1940 1,046 +11.6%
1950 1,129 +7.9%
1960 1,111 −1.6%
1970 966 −13.1%
1980 978 +1.2%
1990 955 −2.4%
2000 810 −15.2%
2010 840 +3.7%
Source:"American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau.  and Iowa Data Center

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 840 people, 381 households, and 217 families residing in the city. The population density was 823.5 inhabitants per square mile (318.0 /km2). There were 422 housing units at an average density of 413.7 per square mile (159.7 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 98.6% White, 0.2% African American, 0.1% Native American, 0.4% Asian, and 0.7% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.4% of the population.

There were 381 households of which 21.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.8% were married couples living together, 10.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.2% had a male householder with no wife present, and 43.0% were non-families. 38.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 20.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.06 and the average family size was 2.63.

The median age in the city was 49.7 years. 16.4% of residents were under the age of 18; 7.1% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 19.4% were from 25 to 44; 27.8% were from 45 to 64; and 29.3% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 43.1% male and 56.9% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[5] of 2000, there were 810 people, 362 households, and 211 families residing in the city. The population density was 791.0 people per square mile (306.6/km²). There were 394 housing units at an average density of 384.7 per square mile (149.1/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 98.64% White, 0.25% African American, 0.12% Native American, 0.49% Asian, and 0.49% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.86% of the population.

There were 362 households out of which 24.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.2% were married couples living together, 10.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 41.7% were non-families. 38.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 27.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.08 and the average family size was 2.74.

In the city the population was spread out with 21.9% under the age of 18, 4.6% from 18 to 24, 19.0% from 25 to 44, 20.9% from 45 to 64, and 33.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 49 years. For every 100 females there were 73.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 69.7 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $26,319, and the median income for a family was $32,222. Males had a median income of $25,917 versus $17,656 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,124. About 9.9% of families and 11.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.0% of those under age 18 and 13.0% of those age 65 or over.

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-05-11. 
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-05-11. 
  3. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-05-23. 
  4. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  5. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ "JENSEN, Benton Franklin". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved February 18, 2011. 
  7. ^ "Jack Pardee". National Football League. Retrieved February 18, 2011. 

External links[edit]