Exmor

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
For the moorland in southwest England, see Exmoor.

Exmor is the name of a technology Sony implemented on some of their CMOS image sensors. It performs on-chip analogue/digital signal conversion and two-step noise reduction in parallel on each column of the CMOS sensor.

CMOS Sony EXMOR R IMX055CHL sensor side+size meter 1/4" 4.2 Mega-pixels FullHD from Video Camera Sony HDR-CX110

Exmor R is a back-illuminated version of Sony's CMOS image sensor.[1] Exmor R usage is limited to smaller sensors for camcorders, compact cameras and mobile phones. It was announced by Sony on 11 June 2008 and was the world's first mass-produced implementation of the back-illuminated sensor technology[2] Sony claims that Exmor R is approximately twice as sensitive as a normal front illuminated sensor. This active pixel sensor is found in several Sony mobile phones and cameras as well as Apple's iPhone 4S and 5.[3][4] The Exmor R sensor allows the camera of the smartphone to capture high definition movies and stills in low lit areas.

List of Exmor sensors[edit]

Model Number Number of effective pixels Sensor size

(Diagonal)

Unit cell size Sensitivity

(typical value F5.6)

Sensor saturation signal

(minimum value)

Output Subpixel layout Release Date Utilizing devices
IMX012 [5][6] 1296 x 985

1.28 MP

4.74 mm

1/3.8"

2.925 μm x 2.925 μm 290 mV 550 mV MIPI 2 Lane

RAW/YUV/JPEG

RGB
IMX035 [5][6] 1329 x 1049

1.39 MP

6.08 mm

1/3"

3.63 μm x 3.63 μm 460 mV 830 mV RGB
IMX036 [7] 2096 x 1561

3.27 MP

6.49 mm

1/2.8"

2.5 μm x 2.5 μm 200 mV 400 mV RGB
ISX005 [8][9] 2064 x 1544

3.19 MP

3.6 mm

1/5"

MIPI 2 Lane RGB
ISX006 [8][9] 2592 x 1944 4.5 mm

1/4"

MIPI 2 Lane RGB
IMX168CQK 2616 x 1968

5.15 MP

4.58mm 1.4 μm x 1.4 μm 120 mV 428 mV MIPI 2/1 Lane September 2013
IMX169CQK 4216 x 3128

13.19 MP

7.35 mm 1.4 μm x 1.4 μm 120 mV 428 mV MIPI 4/2 Lane September 2013

List of Exmor R sensors[edit]

Model Number Number of effective pixels Sensor size

(Diagonal)

Unit cell size Sensitivity

(typical value F5.6)

Sensor saturation signal

(minimum value)

Output Subpixel layout Release Date Utilizing devices
IMX055CHL 2048 x 1536

3.15 MP (gross 4.2MP)

4.5 mm

1/4"

LVDS 4 pair for signal+1 pair for clock RGB
IMX081PQ [10] 4656 x 3496

16.28 MP

6.52 mm

1/2.8"

1.12 μm x 1.12 μm MIPI 4/2/1 Lane RGB
IMX091PQ [10] 4208 x 3120

13.13 MP

5.87 mm

1/3.06"

1.12 μm x 1.12 μm MIPI 4/2/1 Lane RGB
IMX111PQ [10] 3280 x 2464

8.08 MP

4.60 mm

1/4"

1.12 μm x 1.12 μm MIPI 2/1 Lane RGB
IMX119

1.3 MP

3.256 mm

1/7.8"

1.4 μm x 1.4 μm
IMX136 LQJ/LLJ [13] 1944 x 1224

2.38 MP

6.40 mm

1/2.8"

2.80 μm x 2.80 μm 425 mV (LQJ)

637 mV (LLJ)

812 mV RGB (LQJ)

BW (LLJ)

IMX145 3264 x 2448

8 MP

7.938 mm

1/3.2"

1.4 μm x 1.4 μm RGB
IMX174 [16][17] 1920 x 1200

2.3 MP

21.167 mm

1/1.2"

5.86 μm x 5.86 μm RGB
IMX179 3264 x 2448

8 MP

7.938 mm

1/3.2"

1.4 μm x 1.4 μm MIPI 4 Lane

RAW

RGB
IMX188 [18][19] 1328 x 832

1.1 MP

2.16 mm

1/8.3"

1.4 μm x 1.4 μm MIPI 1 Lane

RAW

RGB
IMX208

2.1 MP

4.379 mm

1/5.8"

1.4 μm x 1.4 μm MIPI 2 Lane

RAW

IMX214 4128 x 3096

13 MP

5.867 mm

1/3.06"

1.12 μm x 1.12 μm MIPI 4 Lane

RAW

List of Exmor RS sensors[edit]

Model Number Number of effective pixels Sensor size

(Diagonal)

Unit cell size Sensitivity

(typical value F5.6)

Sensor saturation signal

(minimum value)

Output Subpixel layout Release Date Utilizing devices
IMX134 [22][23] 3280 x 2464

8.08 MP

4.595 mm

1/4"

1.12 μm x 1.12 μm 84mV 260mV MIPI 4/2 Lane RGB March 2013
IMX135 [22][23] 4208 x 3120

13.13 MP

5.867 mm

1/3.06"

1.12 μm x 1.12 μm 84mV 260mV MIPI 4/2 Lane

RAW

RGB January 2013
ISX014 [22][26] 3280 x 2464

8.08 MP

4.6 mm

1/4"

1.12 μm x 1.12 μm 84mV 260mV MIPI 4/2/1 Lane RGB October 2012
IMX220[27] 5264 х 3960

20.7 MP

7.87 mm

1/2.3"

1.2 μm x 1.2 μm MIPI 4 Lane

RAW

RGB
IMX230[30] [31] [32] 5344 х 4016

21 MP

7.487 mm

1/2.4"

1.12 μm x 1.12 μm 78mV 330mV MIPI 4 Lane

RAW

RGB April 2015
IMX240 4608 x 3456

16 MP

6.828 mm

1/2.6"  (0.27")

1.2 μm x 1.2 μm RGB

List of Exmor imaging modules[edit]

Model Number Sensor Module size (WxDxH) AF actuator Lens composition F-number Focal length

(35mm conversion)

Release Date Utilizing devices
IU134F9-Z [22] ISX014 8.5 x 8.5 x 4.65 mm VCM (Voice Coil motor) Plastic

(4 groups 4 elements)

F2.4 28mm November 2012
IU134F9-Z [22][23] IMX134 8.5 x 8.5 x 4.2 mm VCM (Voice Coil motor) Plastic

(4 groups 4 elements)

F2.4 28mm May 2013
IU135F3-Z [22][23] IMX135 8.5 x 8.5 x 5.5 mm VCM (Voice Coil motor) Plastic

(5 groups 5 elements)

F2.2 28mm March 2013

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.sony.net/SonyInfo/technology/technology/theme/exmor_r_01.html
  2. ^ http://www.sony.net/SonyInfo/News/Press/200806/08-069E/index.html
  3. ^ "iPhone 4S Camera Made by Sony". 
  4. ^ "iPhone 5 Teardown". 
  5. ^ a b "Advantage of the CMOS Sensor". 
  6. ^ a b "IMX035LQR". 
  7. ^ "IMX036LQR, IMX036LLR". 
  8. ^ a b "Diagonal 3.6 mm (Type 1/5) 3M-Pixel and Diagonal 4.5 mm (Type 1/4) 5M-Pixel CMOS Image Sensor SOC Devices Include High-Performance Image-Processing Engine and Camera System Functions". 
  9. ^ a b "Diagonal 3.6 mm (Type 1/5) 3M-Pixel and Diagonal 4.5 mm (Type 1/4) 5M-Pixel CMOS Image Sensor SOC Devices Include High-Performance Image-Processing Engine and Camera System Functions". 
  10. ^ a b c "IMX081PQ, IMX091PQ, IMX111PQ". 
  11. ^ Klug, Brian (24 April 2013). "Samsung Galaxy S 4 Review - Part 1". Anandtech. Retrieved 26 September 2014. 
  12. ^ a b c Klug, Brian (5 December 2013). "Google Nexus 5 Review". Anandtech. Retrieved 30 September 2014. 
  13. ^ "IMX136LQJ/LLJ". 
  14. ^ a b "The iPhone 5s Review: Camera". 
  15. ^ "Inside the Xiaomi Mi-2: familiar outside, different inside". Chipworks. 20 December 2012. Retrieved 20 December 2012. 
  16. ^ "IMX174". 
  17. ^ "Sensor Technology: Pregius™ - Sony's Global Shutter CMOS". 
  18. ^ "Diagonal 2.16 mm (Type 1/8.3) Back-illuminated Color CMOS Image Sensor for HD 720p Video Featuring High Picture Quality, Compact Size and Low Power Consumption". 
  19. ^ "Diagonal 2.16 mm (Type 1/8.3) Back-illuminated Color CMOS Image Sensor for HD 720p Video Featuring High Picture Quality, Compact Size and Low Power Consumption". 
  20. ^ a b Shimpi, Anand Lal; Ho, Joshua (4 July 2014). "The LG G3 Review". Anandtech. Retrieved 2 December 2014. 
  21. ^ Ruddock, David (5 September 2014). "Hands-On With The Huawei Ascend Mate 7: The Most Exciting Phone At IFA, Hands Down". Android Police. Retrieved 6 September 2014. 
  22. ^ a b c d e f "Sony Develops "Exmor RS," the World's First*1 Stacked CMOS Image Sensor Also introduces imaging modules that deliver high picture quality and compact size, for use in mobile devices such as smartphones and tablets". 
  23. ^ a b c d "Specification changes to Stacked CMOS Image Sensors, "IMX135" and "IMX134" and Imaging Modules, "IU135F3-Z" and "IU134F9-Z"". 
  24. ^ a b Ho, Joshua (3 September 2014). "Samsung Announces Galaxy Note 4: Hands On". AnandTech. Retrieved 3 September 2014. 
  25. ^ Ho, Joshua (5 September 2014). "Motorola Announces the New Moto X: Initial Impressions and Hands On". AnandTech. Retrieved 5 September 2014. 
  26. ^ "Diagonal 4.6 mm (Type 1/4) 8.08M-Effective Pixel Stacked CMOS Image Sensor (SOC) with Built-in High-Performance Image-Processing Engine and Camera System Functions". 
  27. ^ "Diagonal 7.87mm (Type 1/2.3) 20.7M Pixel CMOS Image Sensor with Square Pixel for Color Cameras". Sony. Retrieved 21 October 2014. 
  28. ^ a b c d e Sinha, Robin (20 October 2014). "Sony Xperia Z4 Specifications Leaked: 5.5-Inch QHD Display, Snapdragon 810". NDTV. Retrieved 21 October 2014. 
  29. ^ T., Florin (12 September 2014). "Meizu MX4 available for international orders starting at $449, shipping and taxes included". phonearena. Retrieved 24 October 2014. 
  30. ^ "Sony Announces the Exmor RS™, the Industry's First*1 Stacked CMOS Image Sensor with an Image Plane Phase Detection Signal Processing Function for High-Speed AF". Sony. 17 November 2014. Retrieved 17 November 2014. 
  31. ^ Armasu, Lucian (17 November 2014). "Sony's IMX230 Sensor To Bring HDR 4k Recording, 192-Point Phase Detection AF". Tom's Hardware. Retrieved 17 November 2014. 
  32. ^ Tato, Tim (17 November 2014). "Sony Unveils the Exmor RS IMX230, 21MP Next-gen Stacked CMOS Image Sensor". Droid-Life. Retrieved 17 November 2014.